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/* pdp18b_defs.h: 18b PDP simulator definitions
Copyright (c) 1993-2016, Robert M Supnik
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
ROBERT M SUPNIK BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER
IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
Except as contained in this notice, the name of Robert M Supnik shall not be
used in advertising or otherwise to promote the sale, use or other dealings
in this Software without prior written authorization from Robert M Supnik.
17-Mar-16 PLB Start GRAPHICS-2 support for PDP-7 UNIX
10-Mar-16 RMS Added 3-cycle databreak set/show routines
26-Feb-16 RMS Added RB09 to PDP-7 for Unix "v0" and RM09 to PDP-9
13-Sep-15 RMS Added DR15C
18-Apr-12 RMS Added clk_cosched prototype
22-May-10 RMS Added check for 64b definitions
30-Oct-06 RMS Added infinite loop stop
14-Jan-04 RMS Revised IO device call interface
18-Oct-03 RMS Added DECtape off reel message
18-Jul-03 RMS Added FP15 support
Added XVM support
Added EAE option for PDP-4
25-Apr-03 RMS Revised for extended file support
04-Feb-03 RMS Added RB09, LP09 support
22-Nov-02 RMS Added PDP-4 drum support
05-Oct-02 RMS Added DIB structure
25-Jul-02 RMS Added PDP-4 DECtape support
10-Feb-02 RMS Added PDP-7 DECtape support
25-Nov-01 RMS Revised interrupt structure
27-May-01 RMS Added second Teletype support
21-Jan-01 RMS Added DECtape support
14-Apr-99 RMS Changed t_addr to unsigned
02-Jan-96 RMS Added fixed head and moving head disks
31-Dec-95 RMS Added memory management
19-Mar-95 RMS Added dynamic memory size
The author gratefully acknowledges the help of Craig St. Clair and
Deb Tevonian in locating archival material about the 18b PDP's, and of
Al Kossow and Max Burnet in making documentation and software available.
*/
#ifndef PDP18B_DEFS_H_
#define PDP18B_DEFS_H_ 0
#include "sim_defs.h" /* simulator defns */
/* Rename of global PC variable to avoid namespace conflicts on some platforms */
#define PC PC_Global
#if defined(USE_INT64) || defined(USE_ADDR64)
#error "18b PDP's do not support 64b values!"
#endif
/* Models: only one should be defined
model memory CPU options I/O options
PDP4 8K Type 18 EAE Type 65 KSR-28 Teletype (Baudot)
??Type 16 mem extension integral paper tape reader
Type 75 paper tape punch
integral real time clock
Type 62 line printer (Hollerith)
Type 550/555 DECtape
Type 24 serial drum
PDP7 32K Type 177 EAE Type 649 KSR-33 Teletype
Type 148 mem extension Type 444 paper tape reader
Type 75 paper tape punch
integral real time clock
Type 647B line printer (sixbit)
Type 550/555 DECtape
Type 24 serial drum
RB09 fixed head disk (Unix V0 only)
Bell Labs GRAPHICS-2 (Unix V0 only)
PDP9 32K KE09A EAE KSR-33 Teletype
KF09A auto pri intr PC09A paper tape reader and punch
KG09B mem extension integral real time clock
KP09A power detection Type 647D/E line printer (sixbit)
KX09A mem protection LP09 line printer (ASCII)
RF09/RS09 fixed head disk
RB09 fixed head disk
RM09 drum
TC59 magnetic tape
TC02/TU55 DECtape
LT09A additional Teletypes
PDP15 128K KE15 EAE KSR-35 Teletype
KA15 auto pri intr PC15 paper tape reader and punch
KF15 power detection KW15 real time clock
KM15 mem protection LP09 line printer
KT15 mem relocation LP15 line printer
FP15 floating point RP15 disk pack
XVM option RF15/RF09 fixed head disk
TC59D magnetic tape
TC15/TU56 DECtape
LT15/LT19 additional Teletypes
DR15C parallel interface to UC15
??Indicates not implemented. The PDP-4 manual refers to a memory
??extension control; there is no documentation on it.
*/
#if !defined (PDP4) && !defined (PDP7) && !defined (PDP9) && !defined (PDP15)
#define PDP15 0 /* default to PDP-15 */
#endif
/* Simulator stop codes */
#define STOP_RSRV 1 /* must be 1 */
#define STOP_HALT 2 /* HALT */
#define STOP_IBKPT 3 /* breakpoint */
#define STOP_XCT 4 /* nested XCT's */
#define STOP_API 5 /* invalid API int */
#define STOP_NONSTD 6 /* non-std dev num */
#define STOP_MME 7 /* mem mgt error */
#define STOP_FPDIS 8 /* fp inst, fpp disabled */
#define STOP_DTOFF 9 /* DECtape off reel */
#define STOP_LOOP 10 /* infinite loop */
/* Peripheral configuration */
#if defined (PDP4)
#define ADDRSIZE 13
#define KSR28 0 /* Baudot terminal */
#define TYPE62 0 /* Hollerith printer */
#define TYPE550 0 /* DECtape */
#define DRM 0 /* drum */
#elif defined (PDP7)
#define ADDRSIZE 15
#define TYPE647 0 /* sixbit printer */
#define TYPE550 0 /* DECtape */
#define DRM 0 /* drum */
#define RB 0 /* fixed head disk */
#define GRAPHICS2 0 /* BTL display */
#elif defined (PDP9)
#define ADDRSIZE 15
#define TYPE647 0 /* sixbit printer */
#define LP09 0 /* ASCII printer */
#define RB 0 /* fixed head disk */
#define RF 0 /* fixed head disk */
#define DRM 0 /* drum */
#define MTA 0 /* magtape */
#define TC02 0 /* DECtape */
#define TTY1 4 /* second Teletype(s) */
#define BRMASK 0076000 /* bounds mask */
#elif defined (PDP15)
#define ADDRSIZE 17
#define LP09 0 /* ASCII printer */
#define LP15 0 /* DMA printer */
#define RF 0 /* fixed head disk */
#define RP 0 /* disk pack */
#define MTA 0 /* magtape */
#define TC02 0 /* DECtape */
#define TTY1 16 /* second Teletype(s) */
#define UC15 0 /* UC15 */
#define BRMASK 0377400 /* bounds mask */
#define BRMASK_XVM 0777400 /* bounds mask, XVM */
#endif
/* Memory */
#define AMASK ((1 << ADDRSIZE) - 1) /* address mask */
#define IAMASK 077777 /* ind address mask */
#define BLKMASK (AMASK & (~IAMASK)) /* block mask */
#define MAXMEMSIZE (1 << ADDRSIZE) /* max memory size */
#define MEMSIZE (cpu_unit.capac) /* actual memory size */
#define MEM_ADDR_OK(x) (((uint32) (x)) < MEMSIZE)
/* Instructions */
#define I_V_OP 14 /* opcode */
#define I_M_OP 017
#define I_V_IND 13 /* indirect */
#define I_V_IDX 12 /* index */
#define I_IND (1 << I_V_IND)
#define I_IDX (1 << I_V_IDX)
#define B_DAMASK 017777 /* bank mode address */
#define B_EPCMASK (AMASK & ~B_DAMASK)
#define P_DAMASK 007777 /* page mode address */
#define P_EPCMASK (AMASK & ~P_DAMASK)
/* Memory cycles */
#define FE 0
#define DF 1
#define RD 2
#define WR 3
/* Memory status codes */
#define MM_OK 0
#define MM_ERR 1
/* Memory management relocation checks (PDP-15 KT15 and XVM only) */
#define REL_C -1 /* console */
#define REL_R 0 /* read */
#define REL_W 1 /* write */
/* Architectural constants */
#define DMASK 0777777 /* data mask */
#define LINK (DMASK + 1) /* link */
#define LACMASK (LINK | DMASK) /* link + data */
#define SIGN 0400000 /* sign bit */
#define OP_JMS 0100000 /* JMS */
#define OP_JMP 0600000 /* JMP */
#define OP_HLT 0740040 /* HLT */
/* IOT subroutine return codes */
#define IOT_V_SKP 18 /* skip */
#define IOT_V_REASON 19 /* reason */
#define IOT_SKP (1 << IOT_V_SKP)
#define IOT_REASON (1 << IOT_V_REASON)
#define IORETURN(f,v) ((f)? (v): SCPE_OK) /* stop on error */
/* PC change queue */
#define PCQ_SIZE 64 /* must be 2**n */
#define PCQ_MASK (PCQ_SIZE - 1)
#define PCQ_ENTRY pcq[pcq_p = (pcq_p - 1) & PCQ_MASK] = PC
/* XVM memory management registers */
#define MM_RDIS 0400000 /* reloc disabled */
#define MM_V_GM 15 /* G mode */
#define MM_M_GM 03
#define MM_GM (MM_M_GM << MM_V_GM)
#define MM_G_W0 0077777 /* virt addr width */
#define MM_G_W1 0177777
#define MM_G_W2 0777777
#define MM_G_W3 0377777
#define MM_G_B0 0060000 /* SAS base */
#define MM_G_B1 0160000
#define MM_G_B2 0760000
#define MM_G_B3 0360000
#define MM_UIOT 0040000 /* user mode IOT's */
#define MM_WP 0020000 /* share write prot */
#define MM_SH 0010000 /* share enabled */
#define MM_V_SLR 10 /* segment length reg */
#define MM_M_SLR 03
#define MM_SLR_L0 001000 /* SAS length */
#define MM_SLR_L1 002000
#define MM_SLR_L2 010000
#define MM_SLR_L3 020000
#define MM_SBR_MASK 01777 /* share base reg */
#define MM_GETGM(x) (((x) >> MM_V_GM) & MM_M_GM)
#define MM_GETSLR(x) (((x) >> MM_V_SLR) & MM_M_SLR)
/* Device information block */
#define DEV_MAXBLK 8 /* max dev block */
#define DEV_MAX 64 /* total devices */
typedef struct {
uint32 dev; /* base dev number */
uint32 num; /* number of slots */
int32 (*iors)(void); /* IORS responder */
int32 (*dsp[DEV_MAXBLK])(int32 dev, int32 pulse, int32 dat);
} DIB;
/* Standard device numbers */
#define DEV_PTR 001 /* paper tape reader */
#define DEV_PTP 002 /* paper tape punch */
#define DEV_TTI 003 /* console input */
#define DEV_TTO 004 /* console output */
#define DEV_TTI1 041 /* extra terminals */
#define DEV_TTO1 040
#define DEV_DRM 060 /* drum */
#define DEV_DR 060 /* DR15 */
#define DEV_RP 063 /* RP15 */
#define DEV_LPT 065 /* line printer */
#define DEV_RF 070 /* RF09 */
#define DEV_RB 071 /* RB09 */
#define DEV_MT 073 /* magtape */
#define DEV_DTA 075 /* dectape */
#ifdef GRAPHICS2
/* Bell Telephone Labs GRAPHICS-2 Display System ("as large as the PDP-7")
* Used by PDP-7 UNIX as a "Glass TTY"
*/
#define DEV_G2D1 005 /* Display Ctrl 1 */
#define DEV_G2D 006 /* (Display Ctrl 2) */
#define DEV_G2LP 007 /* (Light Pen) */
#define DEV_G2DS 010 /* (Display Status) */
#define DEV_G2D3 014 /* (Display Ctrl 3) */
#define DEV_G2D4 034 /* (Display Ctrl 4) */
#define DEV_G2UNK 042 /* (???) */
#define DEV_G2KB 043 /* Keyboard */
#define DEV_G2BB 044 /* Button Box */
#define DEV_G2IM 045 /* (PDP7 int. mask) */
/* PDP-7/9 to 201A Data Phone Interface
* (status bits retrieved with G2DS IOT)
* used for UNIX to GCOS Remote Job Entry
*/
#define DEV_DP 047 /* (Data Phone) */
#endif
/* Interrupt system
The interrupt system can be modelled on either the flag driven system
of the PDP-4 and PDP-7 or the API driven system of the PDP-9 and PDP-15.
If flag based, API is hard to implement; if API based, IORS requires
extra code for implementation. I've chosen an API based model.
API channel Device API priority Notes
00 software 4 4
01 software 5 5
02 software 6 6
03 software 7 7
04 TC02/TC15 1
05 TC59D 1
06 drum 1 PDP-9 only
07 RB09 1 PDP-9 only
10 paper tape reader 2
11 real time clock 3
12 power fail 0
13 memory parity 0
14 display 2
15 card reader 2
16 line printer 2
17 A/D converter 0
20 interprocessor buffer 3
21 360 link 3 PDP-9 only
22 data phone 2 PDP-15 only
23 RF09/RF15 1
24 RP15 1 PDP-15 only
25 plotter 1 PDP-15 only
26 -
27 -
30 -
31 -
32 -
33 -
34 LT15 TTO 3 PDP-15 only
35 LT15 TTI 3 PDP-15 only
36 -
37 -
The DR15C uses four API channels that are assigned by software.
On the PDP-9, any API level active masks PI, and PI does not mask API.
On the PDP-15, only the hardware API levels active mask PI, and PI masks
the API software levels. */
#define API_ML0 0200 /* API masks: level 0 */
#define API_ML1 0100
#define API_ML2 0040
#define API_ML3 0020
#define API_ML4 0010
#define API_ML5 0004
#define API_ML6 0002
#define API_ML7 0001 /* level 7 */
#if defined (PDP9) /* levels which mask PI */
#define API_MASKPI (API_ML0|API_ML1|API_ML2|API_ML3|API_ML4|API_ML5|API_ML6|API_ML7)
#else
#define API_MASKPI (API_ML0|API_ML1|API_ML2|API_ML3)
#endif
#define API_HLVL 4 /* hwre levels */
#define ACH_SWRE 040 /* swre int vec */
/* API level 0 */
#define INT_V_PWRFL 0 /* powerfail */
#define INT_PWRFL (1 << INT_V_PWRFL)
#define API_PWRFL 0
#define ACH_PWRFL 052
/* API level 1 */
#define INT_V_DTA 0 /* DECtape */
#define INT_V_MTA 1 /* magtape */
#define INT_V_DRM 2 /* drum */
#define INT_V_RF 3 /* fixed head disk */
#define INT_V_RP 4 /* disk pack */
#define INT_V_RB 5 /* RB disk */
#define INT_DTA (1 << INT_V_DTA)
#define INT_MTA (1 << INT_V_MTA)
#define INT_DRM (1 << INT_V_DRM)
#define INT_RF (1 << INT_V_RF)
#define INT_RP (1 << INT_V_RP)
#define INT_RB (1 << INT_V_RB)
#define API_DTA 1
#define API_MTA 1
#define API_DRM 1
#define API_RF 1
#define API_RP 1
#define API_RB 1
#define ACH_DTA 044
#define ACH_MTA 045
#define ACH_DRM 046
#define ACH_RB 047
#define ACH_RF 063
#define ACH_RP 064
/* API level 2 */
#define INT_V_PTR 0 /* paper tape reader */
#define INT_V_LPT 1 /* line printer */
#define INT_V_LPTSPC 2 /* line printer spc */
#define INT_PTR (1 << INT_V_PTR)
#define INT_LPT (1 << INT_V_LPT)
#define INT_LPTSPC (1 << INT_V_LPTSPC)
#define API_PTR 2
#define API_LPT 2
#define API_LPTSPC 2
#define ACH_PTR 050
#define ACH_LPT 056
/* API level 3 */
#define INT_V_CLK 0 /* clock */
#define INT_V_TTI1 1 /* LT15 keyboard */
#define INT_V_TTO1 2 /* LT15 output */
#define INT_CLK (1 << INT_V_CLK)
#define INT_TTI1 (1 << INT_V_TTI1)
#define INT_TTO1 (1 << INT_V_TTO1)
#define API_CLK 3
#define API_TTI1 3
#define API_TTO1 3
#define ACH_CLK 051
#define ACH_TTI1 075
#define ACH_TTO1 074
/* PI level */
#define INT_V_TTI 0 /* console keyboard */
#define INT_V_TTO 1 /* console output */
#define INT_V_PTP 2 /* paper tape punch */
#define INT_V_G2 3 /* BTL GRAPHICS-2 */
#define INT_TTI (1 << INT_V_TTI)
#define INT_TTO (1 << INT_V_TTO)
#define INT_PTP (1 << INT_V_PTP)
#define API_TTI 4 /* PI level */
#define API_TTO 4
#define API_PTP 4
#ifdef GRAPHICS2
/*
* A PDP-9 version existed,
* but we're only interested simulating a PDP-7 without API
*/
#define INT_G2 (1 << INT_V_G2)
#define API_G2 4
#endif
/* Interrupt macros */
#define SET_INT(dv) int_hwre[API_##dv] = int_hwre[API_##dv] | INT_##dv
#define CLR_INT(dv) int_hwre[API_##dv] = int_hwre[API_##dv] & ~INT_##dv
#define TST_INT(dv) (int_hwre[API_##dv] & INT_##dv)
/* The DR15C uses the same relative bit position in all four interrupt levels.
This allows software to have a single definition for the interrupt bit position,
regardless of level. The standard macros cannot be used. */
#define INT_V_DR 7 /* to left of all */
#define INT_DR (1 << INT_V_DR)
#define API_DR0 0
#define API_DR1 1
#define API_DR2 2
#define API_DR3 3
/* I/O status flags for the IORS instruction
bit PDP-4 PDP-7 PDP-9 PDP-15
0 intr on intr on intr on intr on
1 tape rdr flag* tape rdr flag* tape rdr flag* tape rdr flag*
2 tape pun flag* tape pun flag* tape pun flag* tape pun flag*
3 keyboard flag* keyboard flag* keyboard flag* keyboard flag*
4 type out flag* type out flag* type out flag* type out flag*
5 display flag* display flag* light pen flag* light pen flag*
6 clk ovflo flag* clk ovflo flag* clk ovflo flag* clk ovflo flag*
7 clk enable flag clk enable flag clk enable flag clk enable flag
8 mag tape flag* mag tape flag* tape rdr empty* tape rdr empty*
9 card rdr col* * tape pun empty tape pun empty
10 card rdr ~busy DECtape flag* DECtape flag*
11 card rdr error magtape flag* magtape flag*
12 card rdr EOF disk pack flag*
13 card pun row* DECdisk flag* DECdisk flag*
14 card pun error lpt flag*
15 lpt flag* lpt flag* lpt flag*
16 lpt space flag* lpt error flag lpt error flag
17 drum flag* drum flag*
*/
#define IOS_ION 0400000 /* interrupts on */
#define IOS_PTR 0200000 /* tape reader */
#define IOS_PTP 0100000 /* tape punch */
#define IOS_TTI 0040000 /* keyboard */
#define IOS_TTO 0020000 /* terminal */
#define IOS_LPEN 0010000 /* light pen */
#define IOS_CLK 0004000 /* clock */
#define IOS_CLKON 0002000 /* clock enable */
#define IOS_DTA 0000200 /* DECtape */
#define IOS_RP 0000040 /* disk pack */
#define IOS_RF 0000020 /* fixed head disk */
#define IOS_DRM 0000001 /* drum */
#if defined (PDP4) || defined (PDP7)
#define IOS_MTA 0001000 /* magtape */
#define IOS_LPT 0000004 /* line printer */
#define IOS_LPT1 0000002 /* line printer stat */
#elif defined (PDP9)
#define IOS_PTRERR 0001000 /* reader empty */
#define IOS_PTPERR 0000400 /* punch empty */
#define IOS_MTA 0000100 /* magtape */
#define IOS_LPT 0000004 /* line printer */
#define IOS_LPT1 0000002 /* line printer stat */
#elif defined (PDP15)
#define IOS_PTRERR 0001000 /* reader empty */
#define IOS_PTPERR 0000400 /* punch empty */
#define IOS_MTA 0000100 /* magtape */
#define IOS_LPT 0000010 /* line printer */
#define IOS_LPT1 0000000 /* not used */
#endif
/* Function prototypes */
t_stat set_devno (UNIT *uptr, int32 val, CONST char *cptr, void *desc);
t_stat show_devno (FILE *st, UNIT *uptr, int32 val, CONST void *desc);
t_stat set_3cyc_reg (UNIT *uptr, int32 val, CONST char *cptr, void *desc);
t_stat show_3cyc_reg (FILE *st, UNIT *uptr, int32 val, CONST void *desc);
/* Translation tables */
extern const int32 asc_to_baud[128];
extern const char baud_to_asc[64];
extern const char fio_to_asc[64];
#endif
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