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Note: This is only a first draft/brainstorm. I will try to organize the list with more useful sections in the future
Feel free to contribute!

Download utilities

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Web Archiving

  • ArchiveBox: The open source self-hosted web archive. Takes browser history/bookmarks/Pocket/Pinboard/etc., saves HTML, JS, PDFs, media, and more...
  • Collect: A server to collect & archive websites that also supports video downloads
  • grab-site: The archivist's web crawler: WARC output, dashboard for all crawls, dynamic ignore patterns
  • Heritrix: Extensible, web-scale, archival-quality web crawler
  • HTTrack: Download a website from the Internet to a local directory
  • wail: Web Archiving Integration Layer: One-Click User Instigated Preservation
  • webrecorder: An integrated platform for creating high-fidelity, ISO-compliant web archives in a user-friendly interface, providing access to archived content, and sharing collections
  • wikiteam: set of tools for archiving wikis


  • annie: Youtube-DL alternative written in Golang
  • aria2: A lightweight multi-protocol & multi-source command-line download utility
  • CrowLeer: Powerful C++ web crawler based on libcurl
  • curl: Tool and library for transferring data with URL syntax, supporting many protocols
  • Horahora: Video hosting website and video archival manager for Niconico, Bilibili, and Youtube
  • httpie: a tool similar to curl and wget but designed to be user friendly, useful for web scraping with shell scripts but be aware you're adding a dependency by doing so.
  • news-crawl: Cralwer for news feeds based on StromCrawler that prouduces WARC files.
  • Plowshare: Command-line tool to manage file-sharing site
  • Rclone: A command line program to sync files and directories to and from various cloud storage providers
  • rsync: An open source utility that provides fast incremental file transfer
  • Suck-It: Recursively visit and download a website's content to your disk (multi-threaded)
  • wget: Utility for non-interactive download of files from the Web.
  • wget2: Successor of GNU Wget, works multi-threaded
  • wpull: Wget-compatible web downloader and crawler
  • you-get: Dumb downloader that scrapes the web
  • Youtube-DL: A command-line program to download videos from YouTube and a few hundred more sites


  • BBCSoundDownloader: Bulk downloader for BBC's Sound Effects library
  • ChanThreadWatch: Saves threads from *chan-style boards and checks for updates until the thread dies
  • comics-downloader: Command-line tool to download comicsand manga in pdf/epub/cbz/cbr from supported sites
  • floatplane_ripper: Script to rip all videos from
  • gallery-dl: Download image galleries and collections from pixiv, exhentai, danbooru and more
  • Discord-Channel-Scraper: Discord server archival (json output, download attachments and emojies)
  • dzi-dl: Deep Zoom Image Downloader
  • FanFicFare: Tool for making eBooks from stories on fanfiction and other web sites
  • FicSave: Online fanfiction downloader
  • flickr_download: Simple script to download a Flickr set.
  • Google Images Download: Python script for downloading images
  • iiif-dl: Command-line tile downloader/assembler for IIIF endpoints/manifests
  • imgbrd-grabber: Very customizable imageboard/booru downloader with powerful filenaming features.
  • instaloader: Download pictures (or videos) along with their captions and other metadata from Instagram
  • InstaLooter: API-less Instagram pictures and videos downloader.
  • Instagram Scraper: Instagram-scraper is a command-line application written in Python that scrapes and downloads an instagram user's photos and videos. Use responsibly.
  • PyInstaLive: Instagram live stream downloader.
  • RedditDownloader: Scrapes Reddit to download media of your choice
  • Scribd-Downloader: Allows downloading of Scribd documents
  • snscrape: A social networking service scraper in Python
  • RipMe: RipMe is an album ripper for various websites. Runs on your computer. Requires Java 8.
  • tumblr-utils: Utilities for dealing with Tumblr blogs, Tumblr backup.
  • yt-mango: Youtube metadata archiver the Web (HTTP & FTP)
  • Youtube-MA: Youtube metadata archiver

Download automation

  • bazarr: Companion application to Sonarr and Radarr for downloading subtitles
  • FlexGet: Multipurpose automation tool for content like torrents, nzbs, podcasts, comics, series, movies, etc
  • Jackett: API support for torrent trackers (works with Sonarr, Radarr and others)
  • Lidarr: Music collection manager for Usenet and BitTorrent users
  • Mylar: An automated Comic Book downloader (cbr/cbz) for use with SABnzbd, NZBGet and torrents
  • Sick-Beard: PVR for newsgroup users (with limited torrent support)
  • Radarr: A fork of Sonarr to work with movies à la Couchpotato
  • Sonarr: PVR for Usenet and BitTorrent users


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  • BorgBackup: Deduplicating archiver with compression and encryption


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  • 7-Zip: A file archiver with a high compression ratio
  • KGB Archiver: compression tool with unbelievable high compression rate
  • peazip: File archiver utility
  • PIGZ: Multi-threaded gzip
  • WinRAR: Can decompress RAR and zip files.


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  • NetLimiter: Internet traffic control and monitoring tool for Windows

File systems

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File conversion

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  • AAXtoMP3: convert AAX files to common MP3, M4A, M4B, flac and ogg formats through a basic bash script frontend to FFMPEG
  • html2warc: Convert web resources to a single warc file
  • warcat: Tool and library for handling Web ARChive (WARC) files

Utility Scripts

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Content sharing

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  • h5ai: HTTP web server index for Apache httpd, lighttpd, nginx and Cherokee
  • ipfs: Protocol and network designed to create a content-addressable, peer-to-peer method of storing and sharing hypermedia in a distributed file system
  • opds: Easy to use, Open & Decentralized Content Distribution
  • Syncthing: An application that lets you synchronize your files across multiple devices

Data curation

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  • baobab: Graphical disk usage analyzer
  • beets: Music library manager and MusicBrainz tagger
  • browsemonkey: Takes snapshots of file systems for offline browsing and searching.
  • Calibre: Ebook manager
  • DataCurator-Filetree: A unified filetree for all kinds of data, which should help in storing, categorising and retrieving
  • DeepSort: AI powered image tagger backed by DeepDetect
  • diskover: File system crawler, disk space usage, file search engine and file system analytics powered by Elasticsearch
  • Everything: Locate files and folders by name instantly (Windows)
  • FileBot: FileBot is the ultimate tool for organizing and renaming your Movies, TV Shows and Anime
  • fucking-weeb: A library manager for animu (and TV shows, and whatever).
  • grepWin: A powerful and fast search tool using regular expressions (Windows)
  • Hydrus: A desktop application for large media collections
  • Kiwix: An offline reader for online content like Wikipedia, Project Gutenberg, or TED Talks
  • jdupes: Powerful duplicate file finder
  • MediaElch: Media manager for Kodi
  • MediaInfo: Convenient unified display of the most relevant technical and tag data for video and audio files
  • Mp3tag: Powerful and easy-to-use tool to edit metadata of audio files (Windows/Mac)
  • phockup: Media sorting tool to organize photos and videos from your camera
  • picard: MusicBrainz tagger
  • TeraCopy: Copy your files faster and more securely
  • tree: 'tree' command for linux
  • WinDirStat: Disk usage statistics viewer and cleanup tool for Windows
  • WizTree: Finds the files and folders using the most disk space on your hard drive
  • sist2: Lightning-fast file system indexer and search tool
  • SyncToy: Microsoft windows file parity across locations tool
  • VisiPics: Automatically finds duplicated images

APIs & Online tools

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  • iqdb: Multi-service reverse image search
  • thetvdb: TV shows metadata (used by plex)

Hardware / Monitoring

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  • CrystalDiskInfo: A HDD/SSD utility software which supports a part of USB, Intel RAID and NVMe.
  • Hard Drive Sentinel: Multi-OS SSD and HDD monitoring and analysis software
  • smartmontools: Control and monitor storage systems using the (SMART) built into most modern ATA/SATA, SCSI/SAS and NVMe disks

Data recovery

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  • PhotoRec FOSS powerful gui data recovery tool.
  • TestDisk Another FOSS tool by the author of PhotoRec, but this one is for cli

Local Media

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  • whipper: Python CD-DA ripper preferring accuracy over speed. Generates .flac, .cue, and .log by default and automatically fetches metadata from musicbrainz. EAC log plugin is available.
  • Exact Audio Copy: A freeware, Windows only application similar to the above that doesn't automatically fetch metadata by default, but EAC rips are preferred by most trackers.
  • MakeMKV: A cross-platform DVD ripper that supports recent blu ray DVDs. It's mostly open source, but the blu ray secret sauce is still hidden.
  • Handbrake: Open source DVD ripper and media trascoder. Has more options and features than the above, but it cannot rip blu ray discs.

Long-term data archiving

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  • CommonCrawl: Data collected over seven years (ongoing) which contains web page data, extracted metadata and text extractions.
  • Blockyarchive: Archive with forward error correction and sector level recoverability
  • par2cmdline: A PAR 2.0 compatible file verification and repair tool


List of data-hoarding related tools






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