MapSplit is a small application to split a larger OpenStreetMap data file into tiles.
It arose by the need of a fast way to split a OSM map file for rendering 3D tiles with OSM2World (www.osm2world.org) and was originally created by Peter Barth in 2011.
While conceptually similar to "vector tiles" the tiles generated by MapSplit contain unprocessed, unmodified and complete, OSM data. The generated tiles are referentially complete with respect to way nodes if the input file was so too. If the metadata option is set, the tiles can be used as a read only OSM source for editors that support this format (for example Vespucci).
Tiling larger regions at higher zoom levels will result in a large number (as in 100s of thousands) of files, this is not only unwieldy, it is slow too. The preferred output format is MBTiles for such use cases.
To make the contents easily identifiable and usable by applications we set the following meta data fields:
- format application/vnd.openstreetmap.data+pbf (note this is not a registered mime type)
- minzoom and maxzoom
- latest_date the timestamp of the youngest OSM element added, as the number of seconds since the UNIX epoch
You should NOT confuse this format with Mapbox vector tiles that use PBF encoded tiles for rendering data generated from, among other sources, OpenStreetMap.
The current implementation keeps the data structures required for assigning OSM objects to tiles in main memory. With 4GB of main memory you can parse maps with up to 100 million nodes, however, memory usage also depends on the number of tiles that got changed.
The maximum zoom levels tiles can be produced at is 16, as x and y tile numbers are packed in a 32 bit integer during processing. Tiling large areas at zoom level 16 will create large numbers of tiles and should only be used with the optimization pass enabled.
The data structures used by mapsplit to map OSM objects to tiles are limited to to the maximum size of a JAVA array, a bit less than 2'147'483'647 (nodes, ways and relations separately), further the maximum number of objects that can have an extended tile list (that is essentially anything more than just the immediate neighbor tiles) is limited to a bit more than 8 million.
Note: the incremental update feature likely doesn't really work and should be replaced. For smaller regions re-tiling from an updated source file is probably faster in any case.
See COPYING for licence information.
OpenStreetMap and the magnifying glass logo are trademarks of the OpenStreetMap Foundation. The MapSplit application is not endorsed by or affiliated with the OpenStreetMap Foundation.
-b,--border <arg> enlarge tiles by val ([0-1]) of the tile's size to get a border around the tile. -c,--complete store complete data for relations (including multi-polygons) -C,--complete-areas store complete data for multi-polygons -d,--date <arg> file containing the date since when tiles are being considered to have changed after the split the latest change in infile is going to be stored in file -O,--optimize <arg> try to merge tiles with less that <arg> nodes to larger tiles (2'000 might be a good value for this) -f,--maxfiles <arg> maximum number of open files at a time -h,--help this help -i,--input <arg> a file in OSM pbf format -m,--metadata store metadata in the tiles (version, timestamp), if the input file is missing the metadata abort -o,--output <arg> if creating a MBTiles file this is the name of the file, otherwise this is the base name of all tiles that will be written. The filename may contain '%x' and '%y' which will be replaced with the tile numbers, and '%z' that will be replaced with the tile zoom level. -p,--polygon <arg> only save tiles that intersect or lie within the given polygon file. -s,--size <arg> n,w,r the size for the node-, way- and relation maps to use (should be at least twice the number of IDs). If not supplied, defaults will be used. -t,--timing output timing information -v,--verbose verbose information during processing -M,--mbtiles store in a MBTiles format sqlite database -x,--max-ids <arg> n,w,r the maximum id to allow in the node, way and relation arrays. Using this option will cause Mapsplit to use a different data structure that is capable of scaling to the entire planet, but uses a lot of RAM. -z,--zoom <arg> zoom level to create the tiles at must be between 0 (silly) and 16 (inclusive), default is 13
Note: from version 3.0 on the pre-built version from this repository requires a Java 11 runtime to work.
Generate a 211MB large MBTile format MapSplit file with all the data, including metadata for the Iraq in a couple of minutes:
java -Xmx6G -jar mapsplit-all-0.3.0.jar -tvMm -i iraq-latest.osm.pbf -o iraq.msf -f 2000 -z 16 -O 2000
Generate a MBTile format MapSplit file with all the data and metadata for the city of Zurich that is suitable for use with Vespucci:
java -Xmx6G -jar mapsplit-all-0.3.0.jar -tvMm -i switzerland-padded.osm.pbf -o zurich.msf -f 2000 -z 15 -O 2000 -s 200000000,20000000,2000000 -p Zurich_AL8-AL8.poly
.polyfile with the boundaries can for example be retrieved from the OSM Admin Boundaries service.
Generated mapsplit files for selected regions
Daily updated mapsplit files can be found here https://mapsplit.poole.ch/.
We use gradle for building, no other system is currently supported.
- Build standalone jar file:
./gradlew fatJar- the jar file can afterwards be found in
The current tests are rather superficial and need to be improved, the high coverage numbers are misleading.