Markdown Viewer / Browser Extension
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README.md

Markdown Viewer / Browser Extension

Install: Chrome / Firefox / Opera / Donate: PayPal

Features

  • Renders local and remote URLs
  • Granular access to remote origins
  • Multiple markdown parsers
  • Full control over the compiler options (marked or remark)
  • Themes (including GitHub theme) (jasonm23, mixu, cobalt)
  • GitHub Flavored Markdown (GFM)
  • Auto reload on file change
  • Syntax highlighted code blocks (prism)
  • Table of Contents (TOC)
  • MathJax support
  • Emoji support (Icons provided free by EmojiOne)
  • Remembers scroll position
  • Markdown Content-Type detection
  • URL detection using RegExp
  • Toggle Content Security Policy (CSP)
  • Override page encoding
  • Settings synchronization
  • Raw and rendered markdown views
  • Built as event page
  • Free and Open Source

Table of Contents

After Install

Local Files

  1. Navigate to chrome://extensions
  2. Locate Markdown Viewer and click on the DETAILS button
  3. Make sure that the Allow access to file URLs switch is turned on

file-urls

Navigate to file:/// in your browser and locate the markdown files that you want to read

Remote Files

  1. Click on the Markdown Viewer icon and select Advanced Options
  2. Add the origins that you want enabled for the Markdown Viewer extension

Compiler Options

Marked

Option Default Description
breaks false Enable GFM line breaks. This option requires the gfm option to be true.
gfm true Enable GFM GitHub Flavored Markdown.
pedantic false Conform to obscure parts of markdown.pl as much as possible. Don't fix any of the original markdown bugs or poor behavior.
sanitize false Sanitize the output. Ignore any HTML that has been input.
smartLists false Use smarter list behavior than the original markdown. May eventually be default with the old behavior moved into pedantic.
smartypants false Use "smart" typographic punctuation for things like quotes and dashes.
tables true Enable GFM tables. This option requires the gfm option to be true.

Remark

Option Default Description
breaks false Enable GFM line breaks. This option requires the gfm option to be true.
commonmark false Toggle CommonMark mode.
footnotes false Toggle reference footnotes and inline footnotes.
gfm true Enable GFM GitHub Flavored Markdown.
pedantic false Conform to obscure parts of markdown.pl as much as possible. Don't fix any of the original markdown bugs or poor behavior.
sanitize false Sanitize the output. Ignore any HTML that has been input.

Content Options

Option Default Description
autoreload false Auto reload on file change
toc false Generate Table of Contents
mathjax false Render TeX and LaTeX math blocks
emoji false Convert emoji :shortnames: into EmojiOne images
scroll true Remember scroll position

Autoreload

When enabled the extension will make a GET request every second to:

  • file:// URLs
  • any host that resolves to localhost IPv4 127.0.0.1 or IPv6 ::1

TOC

  • Generates Table of Contents (TOC) based on the headers found in the markdown document.

MathJax

The following mathjax delimiters are supported:

  • inline math: \(math\) and $math$
  • display math: \[math\] and $$math$$

The following rules apply to your content when mathjax is enabled:

  • Regular dollar sign $ in text that is not part of a math formula should be escaped: \$
  • Regular markdown escaping for parentheses: \( and \), and brackets: \[ and \] is not supported. MathJax will convert anything between these delimiters to math formulas, unless they are wrapped in backticks: `\(` or fenced code blocks.

The MathJax support currently works only on local file URLs and remote origins without strict Content Security Policy (CSP) set. For example it won't work for files hosted on the GitHub's raw.githubusercontent.com origin. However you can bypass this by enabling the Disable CSP switch for that origin.

Emoji

  • Emoji shortnames like: :sparkles: will be converted to using EmojiOne images.
  • Currently unicode symbols like and ASCII emoji like :D are not supported.

The Emoji support currently works only on local file URLs and remote origins without strict Content Security Policy (CSP) set. For example it won't work for files hosted on the GitHub's raw.githubusercontent.com origin. However you can bypass this by enabling the Disable CSP switch for that origin.

Scroll

  • When enabled, the scroll option remembers the current scroll position and scrolls back to it after page load.
  • When disabled, the scroll option either scrolls to the top of the document or to a certain header (anchor) if a hash URL fragment is present.

Advanced Options

Detecting and rendering local file URLs can be enabled by using the Allow access to file URLs option for the extension.

Access to remote URLs however, needs to be enabled manually.

Add Origin

Here is how you can enable the extension for the https://raw.githubusercontent.com origin:

add-origin

The origin consists of protocol part and domain part. The protocol can be either https, http, or a * to match both https and http.

Allow All Origins

In case you really want to you can enable the extension for all origins:

all-origins

Alternatively you can use the Allow All button.

Note: Take a look at the Path Matching Priority section below to see how the Markdown content is being included for or excluded from rendering!

Header Detection

When this option is enabled the extension will check for the presence of the text/markdown and text/x-markdown content-type header before trying to match the path:

header-detection

Path Matching

If the header detection is disabled or a proper content-type header is missing, the extension will check if the URL is ending with a markdown file extension.

The default regular expression is: \.(?:markdown|mdown|mkdn|md|mkd|mdwn|mdtxt|mdtext|text)(?:#.*|\?.*)?$

It's a simple regular expression that matches URLs ending with:

  • markdown file extension: \.(?:markdown|mdown|mkdn|md|mkd|mdwn|mdtxt|mdtext|text)
  • and optionally anchor or querystring after that: (?:#.*|\?.*)?

The ?: used in (?:match) stands for non-capturing group and it's there for performance reasons.

You can modify the path matching regular expression for each enabled origin individually. The settings are being updated as you type.

Path Matching Priority

The enabled origins are matched from most specific to least specific:

  1. https://raw.githubusercontent.com or http://raw.githubusercontent.com
  2. *://raw.githubusercontent.com
  3. *://*

Only the first matching origin is picked and then its Path Matching RegExp is used to match the entire URL. If it fails no other attempts are made to match the URL.

Custom Path

  • *://website.com - \/some\/custom\/path\/to\/serve\/markdown\/$
  • *://* - \.(?:markdown|mdown|mkdn|md|mkd|mdwn|mdtxt|mdtext|text)(?:#.*|\?.*)?$

In this example we have allowed all origins (the last entry). It uses the default Path Matching RegExp that is going to match only URLs ending with markdown file extension.

In case we want to match a custom path we have to add a more specific origin and specify its Path Matching RegExp accordingly.

Exclude Origin

  • *://github.com - something impossible to match !!!
  • *://* - \.(?:markdown|mdown|mkdn|md|mkd|mdwn|mdtxt|mdtext|text)(?:#.*|\?.*)?$

In this example we have allowed all origins (the last entry). It uses the default Path Matching RegExp that is going to match only URLs ending with markdown file extension.

The problem is that some origins may serve rendered HTML content on URLs ending with markdown file extension.

GitHub:

In this case we want to exclude the github.com origin altogether and for that we have to add more specific origin and set its Path Matching RegExp to something that's impossible to match.

Exclude Path

  • *://bitbucket.org - .*\/raw\/.*\.(?:markdown|mdown|mkdn|md|mkd|mdwn|mdtxt|mdtext|text)(?:#.*|\?.*)?$
  • *://gitlab.com - .*\/raw\/.*\.(?:markdown|mdown|mkdn|md|mkd|mdwn|mdtxt|mdtext|text)(?:#.*|\?.*)?$
  • *://* - \.(?:markdown|mdown|mkdn|md|mkd|mdwn|mdtxt|mdtext|text)(?:#.*|\?.*)?$

In this example we have allowed all origins (the last entry). It uses the default Path Matching RegExp that is going to match only URLs ending with markdown file extension.

The problem is that some origins may serve rendered HTML content on URLs ending with markdown file extension.

BitBucket:

GitLab:

In this case we want to match only URLs containing the raw word in their path and for that we have to add more specific origins and set their Path Matching RegExp accordingly.

Remove Origin

At any point click on the REMOVE button for the origin that you want to remove. This actually removes the permission itself so that the extension is no longer able to inject code into that origin.

Note that the Chrome's consent popup shows up only when you add the origin for the first time. In case you re-add it you'll no longer see that popup. That's a Chrome thing and it's not controllable through the extension.

Refresh Origin

The extension synchronizes your preferences across all of your devices using Google Sync. The list of your allowed origins is being synced too. However, the actual permissions that you give using the Chrome's consent popup cannot be synced.

In case you've recently added a new origin on one of your devices you'll have to explicitly allow it on your other devices. In this case additional refresh label will be present for each origin that needs to be refreshed. This label is present only on those devices that needs to be refreshed. Expanding the origin will reveal additional REFRESH button:

refresh-origin

Disable Content Security Policy

Some remote origins may serve its content with a content-security-policy header set that prevents the extension from executing certain JavaScript code inside the content of that page. For example on raw.githubusercontent.com certain things such as remembering your scroll position, generating TOC, displaying MathJax or Emojis won't work.

Using the Disable Content Security Policy switch you can optionally tell the extension to strip that header from the incoming request and therefore allow its full functionality to work:

disable-csp

Note that the Content Security Policy header will be stripped only if the URL matches the corresponding Path Matching RegExp for that origin.

Even if you have Allowed All Origins and disabled the Content Security Policy at the same time, the header will be stripped only for those requests with URL that matches your explicitly set Path Matching RegExp for the Allow All origin *://*

Character Encoding

By default Markdown Viewer uses the browser's built-in encoding detection. In case you want to force certain Character Encoding for a specific origin - use the Encoding select control.

The Character Encoding set for origin is used only when the markdown content is served with explicit Content-Type header and explicit charset. In all other cases Chrome picks the correct encoding by default.

In Firefox the character encoding is set always when enabled.

Markdown Syntax and Features

A separate repository containing examples about: markdown syntax, syntax highlighting in code blocks, mathjax etc. is hosted on all major Git hosting providers: GitHub, GitLab, BitBucket.

Allow the appropriate origin to render the raw markdown files directly on: GitHub, GitLab, BitBucket, or pull any of these repositories locally and play around with the extension's options.

More Compilers

Markdown Viewer can be used with any markdown parser/compiler. Currently the following compilers are implemented: marked, remark, showdown, markdown-it, remarkable, commonmark, markdown-js.

  1. Clone the compilers branch
  2. Follow the Manual Install steps

Manual Install

Chrome / Opera

  1. Clone this repository
  2. Navigate to chrome://extensions
  3. Make sure that the Developer mode checkbox is checked at the top
  4. Disable the Markdown Viewer extension downloaded from the Chrome Store
  5. Click on the Load unpacked extension... button and select the cloned directory

Note that in this case you won't receive any future updates automatically.

Firefox

  1. Clone this repository
  2. Rename manifest.json to manifest.chrome.json, then rename manifest.firefox.json to manifest.json
  3. Navigate to about:addons and disable the Markdown Viewer extension downloaded from Firefox Store
  4. Navigate to about:debugging#addons
  5. Click on the Load Temporary Add-on... button and select the cloned directory

Note that in this case you won't receive any future updates automatically.

Opera

You can use the Opera's official browser extension for installing Chrome extensions from Google Chrome Web Store to install Markdown Viewer.

Alternatively you can install it manually.

License

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2013-present, Simeon Velichkov simeonvelichkov@gmail.com (https://github.com/simov/markdown-viewer)

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.