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Managing a Current User

Although there are various ways to load data for the current or authenticated user, this guide describes the canonical way of doing so. The concepts described here might eventually be merged into the core Ember Simple Auth library.

current-user service

In the approach described in this guide, the current user is managed and made available to the application via a service. That service will load the current user either via an ID provided by the authenticator when authenticating the session or via a special endpoint that will always respond with the user belonging to the provided authorization token.

The service can then be injected into e.g. controllers or components that need access to the current user record, e.g.:

// app/components/my.js

import Component from '@ember/component';
import { inject as service } from '@ember/service';

export default class MyComponent extends Component {
  @service session;
  @service currentUser;
}
<nav>
  {{#link-to 'index' classNames='navbar-brand'}}
    Home
  {{/link-to}}

  {{#if this.session.isAuthenticated}}
    <button {{on "click" this.logout}}>Logout</button>
    {{#if this.currentUser.user}}
      <p>Signed in as {{this.currentUser.user.name}}</p>
    {{/if}}
  {{else}}
    <button {{on "click" this.login}}>Login</button>
  {{/if}}
</nav>

Using a dedicated endpoint

In this example, the service does not need to know the ID of the current user as it uses a dedicated endpoint instead that will always respond with the user belonging to the authorization token in the request.

Note: Using store.queryRecord is the correct way to query for a record when id is unknown. Ember data expects the returned model to have the same id, as otherwise an unused empty record with id of me is in the store.

We can override the adapter to generate api/users/me when store.queryRecord is invoked with a query param where the me param is present.

// app/services/current-user.js

import Service from '@ember/service';
import { inject as service } from '@ember/service';

export default class CurrentUserService extends Service {
  @service session;
  @service store;

  async load() {
    if (this.session.isAuthenticated) {
      let user = await this.store.queryRecord('user', { me: true });
      this.set('user', user);
    }
  }
});

// app/adapters/user.js

import ApplicationAdapter from './application';

export default class UserAdapter extends ApplicationAdapter {
  urlForQueryRecord(query) {
    let originalUrl = super.urlForQueryRecord(...arguments);
    if (query.me) {
      delete query.me;
      return `${originalUrl}/me`;
    }

    return originalUrl;
  }
}

Loading the user with its id

In this example, the user is loaded by its ID. This assumes that the authenticator receives the user id when it authenticates the session so that the id is then stored in the session data and can be read from there.

// app/services/current-user.js
import Service from '@ember/service';
import { inject as service } from '@ember/service';

export default class CurrentUserService extends Service {
  @service session;
  @service store;

  async load() {
    let userId = this.session.data.authenticated.user_id;
    if (userId) {
      let user = await this.store.findRecord('user', userId);
      this.set('user', user);
    }
  }
}

Loading the current user

The Ember Simple Auth session can either be authenticated already when the application starts up or become authenticated later when either the user logs in via that instance of the application or the session state is synced from another tab or window. In the first case, the session will already be authenticated when the application route's beforeModel method is called:

// app/routes/application.js

import Route from '@ember/routing/route';
import { inject as service } from '@ember/service';

export default class ApplicationRoute extends Route {
  @service session;
  @service currentUser;

  beforeModel() {
    return this._loadCurrentUser();
  },

  async _loadCurrentUser() {
    try {
      await this.currentUser.load();
    } catch(err) {
      await this.session.invalidate();
    }
  }
});

In the latter case Ember Simple Auth will call the session service's handleAuthentication method. The currentUser service's load method must be called in that cases as well. We can do that by overriding the session sevice's method in a custom extension of Ember Simple Auth's standard session service:

import { inject as service } from '@ember/service';
import BaseSessionService from 'ember-simple-auth/services/session';

export default class SessionService extends BaseSessionService {
  @service currentUser;

  async handleAuthentication() {
    super.handleAuthentication(...arguments);

    try {
      await this.currentUser.load();
    } catch(err) {
      await this.invalidate();
    }
  }
}