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import os, signal, time
from twisted.internet import defer, reactor
from twisted.trial import unittest
import repeatable_random
repeatable_random #
class SignalMixin(unittest.TestCase):
# This class is necessary for any code which wants to use Processes
# outside the usual environment. It is copied from
# Twisted's twisted.test.test_process
sigchldHandler = None
def setUpClass(self):
# make sure SIGCHLD handler is installed, as it should be on
# problem is reactor may not have been run when this
# test runs.
if hasattr(reactor, "_handleSigchld") and hasattr(signal, "SIGCHLD"):
self.sigchldHandler = signal.signal(signal.SIGCHLD,
def tearDownClass(self):
if self.sigchldHandler:
signal.signal(signal.SIGCHLD, self.sigchldHandler)
class PollMixin:
def poll(self, check_f, pollinterval=0.01):
# Return a Deferred, then call check_f periodically until it returns
# True, at which point the Deferred will fire.. If check_f raises an
# exception, the Deferred will errback.
d = defer.maybeDeferred(self._poll, None, check_f, pollinterval)
return d
def _poll(self, res, check_f, pollinterval):
if check_f():
return True
d = defer.Deferred()
d.addCallback(self._poll, check_f, pollinterval)
reactor.callLater(pollinterval, d.callback, None)
return d
class TestMixin(SignalMixin):
def setUp(self, repeatable=False):
@param repeatable: install the repeatable_randomness hacks to attempt
to without access to real randomness and real time.time from the
code under test
self.repeatable = repeatable
if self.repeatable:
import repeatable_random
if hasattr(time, 'realtime'):
self.teststarttime = time.realtime()
self.teststarttime = time.time()
def tearDown(self):
if self.repeatable:
def clean_pending(self, dummy=None, required_to_quiesce=True):
This handy method cleans all pending tasks from the reactor.
When writing a unit test, consider the following question:
Is the code that you are testing required to release control once it
has done its job, so that it is impossible for it to later come around
(with a delayed reactor task) and do anything further?
If so, then trial will usefully test that for you -- if the code under
test leaves any pending tasks on the reactor then trial will fail it.
On the other hand, some code is *not* required to release control -- some
code is allowed to continuously maintain control by rescheduling reactor
tasks in order to do ongoing work. Trial will incorrectly require that
code to clean up all its tasks from the reactor.
Most people think that such code should be amended to have an optional
"shutdown" operation that releases all control, but on the contrary it is
good design for some code to *not* have a shutdown operation, but instead
to have a "crash-only" design in which it recovers from crash on startup.
If the code under test is of the "long-running" kind, which is *not*
required to shutdown cleanly in order to pass tests, then you can simply
call testutil.clean_pending() at the end of the unit test, and trial will
be satisfied.
pending = reactor.getDelayedCalls()
active = bool(pending)
for p in pending:
print "WEIRDNESS! pending timed call not active!"
if required_to_quiesce and active:"Reactor was still active when it was required to be quiescent.")
import win32file
import win32con
def w_make_readonly(path):
win32file.SetFileAttributes(path, win32con.FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY)
def w_make_accessible(path):
win32file.SetFileAttributes(path, win32con.FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL)
make_readonly = w_make_readonly
make_accessible = w_make_accessible
except ImportError:
import stat
def make_readonly(path):
os.chmod(path, stat.S_IREAD)
os.chmod(os.path.dirname(path), stat.S_IREAD)
def make_accessible(path):
os.chmod(os.path.dirname(path), stat.S_IWRITE | stat.S_IEXEC | stat.S_IREAD)
os.chmod(path, stat.S_IWRITE | stat.S_IEXEC | stat.S_IREAD)