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p-timeout

Timeout a promise after a specified amount of time

Install

$ npm install p-timeout

Usage

import {setTimeout} from 'timers/promises';
import pTimeout from 'p-timeout';

const delayedPromise = setTimeout(200);

await pTimeout(delayedPromise, 50);
//=> [TimeoutError: Promise timed out after 50 milliseconds]

API

pTimeout(input, milliseconds, message?, options?)

pTimeout(input, milliseconds, fallback?, options?)

Returns a decorated input that times out after milliseconds time. It has a .clear() method that clears the timeout.

If you pass in a cancelable promise, specifically a promise with a .cancel() method, that method will be called when the pTimeout promise times out.

input

Type: Promise

Promise to decorate.

milliseconds

Type: number

Milliseconds before timing out.

Passing Infinity will cause it to never time out.

message

Type: string | Error
Default: 'Promise timed out after 50 milliseconds'

Specify a custom error message or error.

If you do a custom error, it's recommended to sub-class pTimeout.TimeoutError.

fallback

Type: Function

Do something other than rejecting with an error on timeout.

You could for example retry:

import {setTimeout} from 'timers/promises';
import pTimeout from 'p-timeout';

const delayedPromise = () => setTimeout(200);

await pTimeout(delayedPromise(), 50, () => {
	return pTimeout(delayedPromise(), 300);
});

options

Type: object

customTimers

Type: object with function properties setTimeout and clearTimeout

Custom implementations for the setTimeout and clearTimeout functions.

Useful for testing purposes, in particular to work around sinon.useFakeTimers().

Example:

import {setTimeout} from 'timers/promises';
import pTimeout from 'p-timeout';

const originalSetTimeout = setTimeout;
const originalClearTimeout = clearTimeout;

sinon.useFakeTimers();

// Use `pTimeout` without being affected by `sinon.useFakeTimers()`:
await pTimeout(doSomething(), 2000, undefined, {
	customTimers: {
		setTimeout: originalSetTimeout,
		clearTimeout: originalClearTimeout
	}
});

TimeoutError

Exposed for instance checking and sub-classing.

Related

  • delay - Delay a promise a specified amount of time
  • p-min-delay - Delay a promise a minimum amount of time
  • p-retry - Retry a promise-returning function
  • More…