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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2011 The Bitcoin developers
// Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
// file license.txt or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#ifndef BITCOIN_SERIALIZE_H
#define BITCOIN_SERIALIZE_H
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <map>
#include <set>
#include <cassert>
#include <climits>
#include <cstring>
#include <cstdio>
#include <boost/type_traits/is_fundamental.hpp>
#include <boost/tuple/tuple.hpp>
#include <boost/tuple/tuple_comparison.hpp>
#include <boost/tuple/tuple_io.hpp>
#if defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
typedef __int64 int64;
typedef unsigned __int64 uint64;
#else
typedef long long int64;
typedef unsigned long long uint64;
#endif
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER < 1300
#define for if (false) ; else for
#endif
#ifdef WIN32
#include <windows.h>
// This is used to attempt to keep keying material out of swap
// Note that VirtualLock does not provide this as a guarantee on Windows,
// but, in practice, memory that has been VirtualLock'd almost never gets written to
// the pagefile except in rare circumstances where memory is extremely low.
#include <windows.h>
#define mlock(p, n) VirtualLock((p), (n));
#define munlock(p, n) VirtualUnlock((p), (n));
#else
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <limits.h>
/* This comes from limits.h if it's not defined there set a sane default */
#ifndef PAGESIZE
#include <unistd.h>
#define PAGESIZE sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE)
#endif
#define mlock(a,b) \
mlock(((void *)(((size_t)(a)) & (~((PAGESIZE)-1)))),\
(((((size_t)(a)) + (b) - 1) | ((PAGESIZE) - 1)) + 1) - (((size_t)(a)) & (~((PAGESIZE) - 1))))
#define munlock(a,b) \
munlock(((void *)(((size_t)(a)) & (~((PAGESIZE)-1)))),\
(((((size_t)(a)) + (b) - 1) | ((PAGESIZE) - 1)) + 1) - (((size_t)(a)) & (~((PAGESIZE) - 1))))
#endif
class CScript;
class CDataStream;
class CAutoFile;
static const unsigned int MAX_SIZE = 0x02000000;
static const int PROTOCOL_VERSION = 60000;
// Used to bypass the rule against non-const reference to temporary
// where it makes sense with wrappers such as CFlatData or CTxDB
template<typename T>
inline T& REF(const T& val)
{
return const_cast<T&>(val);
}
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Templates for serializing to anything that looks like a stream,
// i.e. anything that supports .read(char*, int) and .write(char*, int)
//
enum
{
// primary actions
SER_NETWORK = (1 << 0),
SER_DISK = (1 << 1),
SER_GETHASH = (1 << 2),
// modifiers
SER_SKIPSIG = (1 << 16),
SER_BLOCKHEADERONLY = (1 << 17),
};
#define IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE(statements) \
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(int nType=0, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION) const \
{ \
CSerActionGetSerializeSize ser_action; \
const bool fGetSize = true; \
const bool fWrite = false; \
const bool fRead = false; \
unsigned int nSerSize = 0; \
ser_streamplaceholder s; \
s.nType = nType; \
s.nVersion = nVersion; \
{statements} \
return nSerSize; \
} \
template<typename Stream> \
void Serialize(Stream& s, int nType=0, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION) const \
{ \
CSerActionSerialize ser_action; \
const bool fGetSize = false; \
const bool fWrite = true; \
const bool fRead = false; \
unsigned int nSerSize = 0; \
{statements} \
} \
template<typename Stream> \
void Unserialize(Stream& s, int nType=0, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION) \
{ \
CSerActionUnserialize ser_action; \
const bool fGetSize = false; \
const bool fWrite = false; \
const bool fRead = true; \
unsigned int nSerSize = 0; \
{statements} \
}
#define READWRITE(obj) (nSerSize += ::SerReadWrite(s, (obj), nType, nVersion, ser_action))
//
// Basic types
//
#define WRITEDATA(s, obj) s.write((char*)&(obj), sizeof(obj))
#define READDATA(s, obj) s.read((char*)&(obj), sizeof(obj))
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(char a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(signed char a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(unsigned char a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(signed short a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(unsigned short a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(signed int a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(unsigned int a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(signed long a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(unsigned long a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(int64 a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(uint64 a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(float a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(double a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, char a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, signed char a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, unsigned char a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, signed short a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, unsigned short a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, signed int a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, unsigned int a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, signed long a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, unsigned long a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, int64 a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, uint64 a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, float a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, double a, int, int=0) { WRITEDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, char& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, signed char& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, unsigned char& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, signed short& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, unsigned short& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, signed int& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, unsigned int& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, signed long& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, unsigned long& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, int64& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, uint64& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, float& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, double& a, int, int=0) { READDATA(s, a); }
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(bool a, int, int=0) { return sizeof(char); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Serialize(Stream& s, bool a, int, int=0) { char f=a; WRITEDATA(s, f); }
template<typename Stream> inline void Unserialize(Stream& s, bool& a, int, int=0) { char f; READDATA(s, f); a=f; }
//
// Compact size
// size < 253 -- 1 byte
// size <= USHRT_MAX -- 3 bytes (253 + 2 bytes)
// size <= UINT_MAX -- 5 bytes (254 + 4 bytes)
// size > UINT_MAX -- 9 bytes (255 + 8 bytes)
//
inline unsigned int GetSizeOfCompactSize(uint64 nSize)
{
if (nSize < 253) return sizeof(unsigned char);
else if (nSize <= USHRT_MAX) return sizeof(unsigned char) + sizeof(unsigned short);
else if (nSize <= UINT_MAX) return sizeof(unsigned char) + sizeof(unsigned int);
else return sizeof(unsigned char) + sizeof(uint64);
}
template<typename Stream>
void WriteCompactSize(Stream& os, uint64 nSize)
{
if (nSize < 253)
{
unsigned char chSize = nSize;
WRITEDATA(os, chSize);
}
else if (nSize <= USHRT_MAX)
{
unsigned char chSize = 253;
unsigned short xSize = nSize;
WRITEDATA(os, chSize);
WRITEDATA(os, xSize);
}
else if (nSize <= UINT_MAX)
{
unsigned char chSize = 254;
unsigned int xSize = nSize;
WRITEDATA(os, chSize);
WRITEDATA(os, xSize);
}
else
{
unsigned char chSize = 255;
uint64 xSize = nSize;
WRITEDATA(os, chSize);
WRITEDATA(os, xSize);
}
return;
}
template<typename Stream>
uint64 ReadCompactSize(Stream& is)
{
unsigned char chSize;
READDATA(is, chSize);
uint64 nSizeRet = 0;
if (chSize < 253)
{
nSizeRet = chSize;
}
else if (chSize == 253)
{
unsigned short xSize;
READDATA(is, xSize);
nSizeRet = xSize;
}
else if (chSize == 254)
{
unsigned int xSize;
READDATA(is, xSize);
nSizeRet = xSize;
}
else
{
uint64 xSize;
READDATA(is, xSize);
nSizeRet = xSize;
}
if (nSizeRet > (uint64)MAX_SIZE)
throw std::ios_base::failure("ReadCompactSize() : size too large");
return nSizeRet;
}
//
// Wrapper for serializing arrays and POD
// There's a clever template way to make arrays serialize normally, but MSVC6 doesn't support it
//
#define FLATDATA(obj) REF(CFlatData((char*)&(obj), (char*)&(obj) + sizeof(obj)))
class CFlatData
{
protected:
char* pbegin;
char* pend;
public:
CFlatData(void* pbeginIn, void* pendIn) : pbegin((char*)pbeginIn), pend((char*)pendIn) { }
char* begin() { return pbegin; }
const char* begin() const { return pbegin; }
char* end() { return pend; }
const char* end() const { return pend; }
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(int, int=0) const
{
return pend - pbegin;
}
template<typename Stream>
void Serialize(Stream& s, int, int=0) const
{
s.write(pbegin, pend - pbegin);
}
template<typename Stream>
void Unserialize(Stream& s, int, int=0)
{
s.read(pbegin, pend - pbegin);
}
};
//
// string stored as a fixed length field
//
template<std::size_t LEN>
class CFixedFieldString
{
protected:
const std::string* pcstr;
std::string* pstr;
public:
explicit CFixedFieldString(const std::string& str) : pcstr(&str), pstr(NULL) { }
explicit CFixedFieldString(std::string& str) : pcstr(&str), pstr(&str) { }
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(int, int=0) const
{
return LEN;
}
template<typename Stream>
void Serialize(Stream& s, int, int=0) const
{
char pszBuf[LEN];
strncpy(pszBuf, pcstr->c_str(), LEN);
s.write(pszBuf, LEN);
}
template<typename Stream>
void Unserialize(Stream& s, int, int=0)
{
if (pstr == NULL)
throw std::ios_base::failure("CFixedFieldString::Unserialize : trying to unserialize to const string");
char pszBuf[LEN+1];
s.read(pszBuf, LEN);
pszBuf[LEN] = '\0';
*pstr = pszBuf;
}
};
//
// Forward declarations
//
// string
template<typename C> unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const std::basic_string<C>& str, int, int=0);
template<typename Stream, typename C> void Serialize(Stream& os, const std::basic_string<C>& str, int, int=0);
template<typename Stream, typename C> void Unserialize(Stream& is, std::basic_string<C>& str, int, int=0);
// vector
template<typename T, typename A> unsigned int GetSerializeSize_impl(const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::true_type&);
template<typename T, typename A> unsigned int GetSerializeSize_impl(const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::false_type&);
template<typename T, typename A> inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A> void Serialize_impl(Stream& os, const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::true_type&);
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A> void Serialize_impl(Stream& os, const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::false_type&);
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A> inline void Serialize(Stream& os, const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A> void Unserialize_impl(Stream& is, std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::true_type&);
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A> void Unserialize_impl(Stream& is, std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::false_type&);
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A> inline void Unserialize(Stream& is, std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
// others derived from vector
extern inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const CScript& v, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream> void Serialize(Stream& os, const CScript& v, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream> void Unserialize(Stream& is, CScript& v, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
// pair
template<typename K, typename T> unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const std::pair<K, T>& item, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename T> void Serialize(Stream& os, const std::pair<K, T>& item, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename T> void Unserialize(Stream& is, std::pair<K, T>& item, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
// 3 tuple
template<typename T0, typename T1, typename T2> unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2>& item, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename T0, typename T1, typename T2> void Serialize(Stream& os, const boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2>& item, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename T0, typename T1, typename T2> void Unserialize(Stream& is, boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2>& item, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
// 4 tuple
template<typename T0, typename T1, typename T2, typename T3> unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2, T3>& item, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename T0, typename T1, typename T2, typename T3> void Serialize(Stream& os, const boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2, T3>& item, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename T0, typename T1, typename T2, typename T3> void Unserialize(Stream& is, boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2, T3>& item, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
// map
template<typename K, typename T, typename Pred, typename A> unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const std::map<K, T, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename T, typename Pred, typename A> void Serialize(Stream& os, const std::map<K, T, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename T, typename Pred, typename A> void Unserialize(Stream& is, std::map<K, T, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
// set
template<typename K, typename Pred, typename A> unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const std::set<K, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename Pred, typename A> void Serialize(Stream& os, const std::set<K, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename Pred, typename A> void Unserialize(Stream& is, std::set<K, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION);
//
// If none of the specialized versions above matched, default to calling member function.
// "int nType" is changed to "long nType" to keep from getting an ambiguous overload error.
// The compiler will only cast int to long if none of the other templates matched.
// Thanks to Boost serialization for this idea.
//
template<typename T>
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const T& a, long nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION)
{
return a.GetSerializeSize((int)nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream, typename T>
inline void Serialize(Stream& os, const T& a, long nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION)
{
a.Serialize(os, (int)nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream, typename T>
inline void Unserialize(Stream& is, T& a, long nType, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION)
{
a.Unserialize(is, (int)nType, nVersion);
}
//
// string
//
template<typename C>
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const std::basic_string<C>& str, int, int)
{
return GetSizeOfCompactSize(str.size()) + str.size() * sizeof(str[0]);
}
template<typename Stream, typename C>
void Serialize(Stream& os, const std::basic_string<C>& str, int, int)
{
WriteCompactSize(os, str.size());
if (!str.empty())
os.write((char*)&str[0], str.size() * sizeof(str[0]));
}
template<typename Stream, typename C>
void Unserialize(Stream& is, std::basic_string<C>& str, int, int)
{
unsigned int nSize = ReadCompactSize(is);
str.resize(nSize);
if (nSize != 0)
is.read((char*)&str[0], nSize * sizeof(str[0]));
}
//
// vector
//
template<typename T, typename A>
unsigned int GetSerializeSize_impl(const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::true_type&)
{
return (GetSizeOfCompactSize(v.size()) + v.size() * sizeof(T));
}
template<typename T, typename A>
unsigned int GetSerializeSize_impl(const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::false_type&)
{
unsigned int nSize = GetSizeOfCompactSize(v.size());
for (typename std::vector<T, A>::const_iterator vi = v.begin(); vi != v.end(); ++vi)
nSize += GetSerializeSize((*vi), nType, nVersion);
return nSize;
}
template<typename T, typename A>
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion)
{
return GetSerializeSize_impl(v, nType, nVersion, boost::is_fundamental<T>());
}
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A>
void Serialize_impl(Stream& os, const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::true_type&)
{
WriteCompactSize(os, v.size());
if (!v.empty())
os.write((char*)&v[0], v.size() * sizeof(T));
}
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A>
void Serialize_impl(Stream& os, const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::false_type&)
{
WriteCompactSize(os, v.size());
for (typename std::vector<T, A>::const_iterator vi = v.begin(); vi != v.end(); ++vi)
::Serialize(os, (*vi), nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A>
inline void Serialize(Stream& os, const std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion)
{
Serialize_impl(os, v, nType, nVersion, boost::is_fundamental<T>());
}
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A>
void Unserialize_impl(Stream& is, std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::true_type&)
{
//unsigned int nSize = ReadCompactSize(is);
//v.resize(nSize);
//is.read((char*)&v[0], nSize * sizeof(T));
// Limit size per read so bogus size value won't cause out of memory
v.clear();
unsigned int nSize = ReadCompactSize(is);
unsigned int i = 0;
while (i < nSize)
{
unsigned int blk = std::min(nSize - i, (unsigned int)(1 + 4999999 / sizeof(T)));
v.resize(i + blk);
is.read((char*)&v[i], blk * sizeof(T));
i += blk;
}
}
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A>
void Unserialize_impl(Stream& is, std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion, const boost::false_type&)
{
//unsigned int nSize = ReadCompactSize(is);
//v.resize(nSize);
//for (std::vector<T, A>::iterator vi = v.begin(); vi != v.end(); ++vi)
// Unserialize(is, (*vi), nType, nVersion);
v.clear();
unsigned int nSize = ReadCompactSize(is);
unsigned int i = 0;
unsigned int nMid = 0;
while (nMid < nSize)
{
nMid += 5000000 / sizeof(T);
if (nMid > nSize)
nMid = nSize;
v.resize(nMid);
for (; i < nMid; i++)
Unserialize(is, v[i], nType, nVersion);
}
}
template<typename Stream, typename T, typename A>
inline void Unserialize(Stream& is, std::vector<T, A>& v, int nType, int nVersion)
{
Unserialize_impl(is, v, nType, nVersion, boost::is_fundamental<T>());
}
//
// others derived from vector
//
inline unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const CScript& v, int nType, int nVersion)
{
return GetSerializeSize((const std::vector<unsigned char>&)v, nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream>
void Serialize(Stream& os, const CScript& v, int nType, int nVersion)
{
Serialize(os, (const std::vector<unsigned char>&)v, nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream>
void Unserialize(Stream& is, CScript& v, int nType, int nVersion)
{
Unserialize(is, (std::vector<unsigned char>&)v, nType, nVersion);
}
//
// pair
//
template<typename K, typename T>
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const std::pair<K, T>& item, int nType, int nVersion)
{
return GetSerializeSize(item.first, nType, nVersion) + GetSerializeSize(item.second, nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename T>
void Serialize(Stream& os, const std::pair<K, T>& item, int nType, int nVersion)
{
Serialize(os, item.first, nType, nVersion);
Serialize(os, item.second, nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename T>
void Unserialize(Stream& is, std::pair<K, T>& item, int nType, int nVersion)
{
Unserialize(is, item.first, nType, nVersion);
Unserialize(is, item.second, nType, nVersion);
}
//
// 3 tuple
//
template<typename T0, typename T1, typename T2>
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2>& item, int nType, int nVersion)
{
unsigned int nSize = 0;
nSize += GetSerializeSize(boost::get<0>(item), nType, nVersion);
nSize += GetSerializeSize(boost::get<1>(item), nType, nVersion);
nSize += GetSerializeSize(boost::get<2>(item), nType, nVersion);
return nSize;
}
template<typename Stream, typename T0, typename T1, typename T2>
void Serialize(Stream& os, const boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2>& item, int nType, int nVersion)
{
Serialize(os, boost::get<0>(item), nType, nVersion);
Serialize(os, boost::get<1>(item), nType, nVersion);
Serialize(os, boost::get<2>(item), nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream, typename T0, typename T1, typename T2>
void Unserialize(Stream& is, boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2>& item, int nType, int nVersion)
{
Unserialize(is, boost::get<0>(item), nType, nVersion);
Unserialize(is, boost::get<1>(item), nType, nVersion);
Unserialize(is, boost::get<2>(item), nType, nVersion);
}
//
// 4 tuple
//
template<typename T0, typename T1, typename T2, typename T3>
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2, T3>& item, int nType, int nVersion)
{
unsigned int nSize = 0;
nSize += GetSerializeSize(boost::get<0>(item), nType, nVersion);
nSize += GetSerializeSize(boost::get<1>(item), nType, nVersion);
nSize += GetSerializeSize(boost::get<2>(item), nType, nVersion);
nSize += GetSerializeSize(boost::get<3>(item), nType, nVersion);
return nSize;
}
template<typename Stream, typename T0, typename T1, typename T2, typename T3>
void Serialize(Stream& os, const boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2, T3>& item, int nType, int nVersion)
{
Serialize(os, boost::get<0>(item), nType, nVersion);
Serialize(os, boost::get<1>(item), nType, nVersion);
Serialize(os, boost::get<2>(item), nType, nVersion);
Serialize(os, boost::get<3>(item), nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream, typename T0, typename T1, typename T2, typename T3>
void Unserialize(Stream& is, boost::tuple<T0, T1, T2, T3>& item, int nType, int nVersion)
{
Unserialize(is, boost::get<0>(item), nType, nVersion);
Unserialize(is, boost::get<1>(item), nType, nVersion);
Unserialize(is, boost::get<2>(item), nType, nVersion);
Unserialize(is, boost::get<3>(item), nType, nVersion);
}
//
// map
//
template<typename K, typename T, typename Pred, typename A>
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const std::map<K, T, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion)
{
unsigned int nSize = GetSizeOfCompactSize(m.size());
for (typename std::map<K, T, Pred, A>::const_iterator mi = m.begin(); mi != m.end(); ++mi)
nSize += GetSerializeSize((*mi), nType, nVersion);
return nSize;
}
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename T, typename Pred, typename A>
void Serialize(Stream& os, const std::map<K, T, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion)
{
WriteCompactSize(os, m.size());
for (typename std::map<K, T, Pred, A>::const_iterator mi = m.begin(); mi != m.end(); ++mi)
Serialize(os, (*mi), nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename T, typename Pred, typename A>
void Unserialize(Stream& is, std::map<K, T, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion)
{
m.clear();
unsigned int nSize = ReadCompactSize(is);
typename std::map<K, T, Pred, A>::iterator mi = m.begin();
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < nSize; i++)
{
std::pair<K, T> item;
Unserialize(is, item, nType, nVersion);
mi = m.insert(mi, item);
}
}
//
// set
//
template<typename K, typename Pred, typename A>
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const std::set<K, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion)
{
unsigned int nSize = GetSizeOfCompactSize(m.size());
for (typename std::set<K, Pred, A>::const_iterator it = m.begin(); it != m.end(); ++it)
nSize += GetSerializeSize((*it), nType, nVersion);
return nSize;
}
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename Pred, typename A>
void Serialize(Stream& os, const std::set<K, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion)
{
WriteCompactSize(os, m.size());
for (typename std::set<K, Pred, A>::const_iterator it = m.begin(); it != m.end(); ++it)
Serialize(os, (*it), nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream, typename K, typename Pred, typename A>
void Unserialize(Stream& is, std::set<K, Pred, A>& m, int nType, int nVersion)
{
m.clear();
unsigned int nSize = ReadCompactSize(is);
typename std::set<K, Pred, A>::iterator it = m.begin();
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < nSize; i++)
{
K key;
Unserialize(is, key, nType, nVersion);
it = m.insert(it, key);
}
}
//
// Support for IMPLEMENT_SERIALIZE and READWRITE macro
//
class CSerActionGetSerializeSize { };
class CSerActionSerialize { };
class CSerActionUnserialize { };
template<typename Stream, typename T>
inline unsigned int SerReadWrite(Stream& s, const T& obj, int nType, int nVersion, CSerActionGetSerializeSize ser_action)
{
return ::GetSerializeSize(obj, nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename Stream, typename T>
inline unsigned int SerReadWrite(Stream& s, const T& obj, int nType, int nVersion, CSerActionSerialize ser_action)
{
::Serialize(s, obj, nType, nVersion);
return 0;
}
template<typename Stream, typename T>
inline unsigned int SerReadWrite(Stream& s, T& obj, int nType, int nVersion, CSerActionUnserialize ser_action)
{
::Unserialize(s, obj, nType, nVersion);
return 0;
}
struct ser_streamplaceholder
{
int nType;
int nVersion;
};
//
// Allocator that locks its contents from being paged
// out of memory and clears its contents before deletion.
//
template<typename T>
struct secure_allocator : public std::allocator<T>
{
// MSVC8 default copy constructor is broken
typedef std::allocator<T> base;
typedef typename base::size_type size_type;
typedef typename base::difference_type difference_type;
typedef typename base::pointer pointer;
typedef typename base::const_pointer const_pointer;
typedef typename base::reference reference;
typedef typename base::const_reference const_reference;
typedef typename base::value_type value_type;
secure_allocator() throw() {}
secure_allocator(const secure_allocator& a) throw() : base(a) {}
template <typename U>
secure_allocator(const secure_allocator<U>& a) throw() : base(a) {}
~secure_allocator() throw() {}
template<typename _Other> struct rebind
{ typedef secure_allocator<_Other> other; };
T* allocate(std::size_t n, const void *hint = 0)
{
T *p;
p = std::allocator<T>::allocate(n, hint);
if (p != NULL)
mlock(p, sizeof(T) * n);
return p;
}
void deallocate(T* p, std::size_t n)
{
if (p != NULL)
{
memset(p, 0, sizeof(T) * n);
munlock(p, sizeof(T) * n);
}
std::allocator<T>::deallocate(p, n);
}
};
//
// Double ended buffer combining vector and stream-like interfaces.
// >> and << read and write unformatted data using the above serialization templates.
// Fills with data in linear time; some stringstream implementations take N^2 time.
//
class CDataStream
{
protected:
typedef std::vector<char, secure_allocator<char> > vector_type;
vector_type vch;
unsigned int nReadPos;
short state;
short exceptmask;
public:
int nType;
int nVersion;
typedef vector_type::allocator_type allocator_type;
typedef vector_type::size_type size_type;
typedef vector_type::difference_type difference_type;
typedef vector_type::reference reference;
typedef vector_type::const_reference const_reference;
typedef vector_type::value_type value_type;
typedef vector_type::iterator iterator;
typedef vector_type::const_iterator const_iterator;
typedef vector_type::reverse_iterator reverse_iterator;
explicit CDataStream(int nTypeIn=SER_NETWORK, int nVersionIn=PROTOCOL_VERSION)
{
Init(nTypeIn, nVersionIn);
}
CDataStream(const_iterator pbegin, const_iterator pend, int nTypeIn=SER_NETWORK, int nVersionIn=PROTOCOL_VERSION) : vch(pbegin, pend)
{
Init(nTypeIn, nVersionIn);
}
#if !defined(_MSC_VER) || _MSC_VER >= 1300
CDataStream(const char* pbegin, const char* pend, int nTypeIn=SER_NETWORK, int nVersionIn=PROTOCOL_VERSION) : vch(pbegin, pend)
{
Init(nTypeIn, nVersionIn);
}
#endif
CDataStream(const vector_type& vchIn, int nTypeIn=SER_NETWORK, int nVersionIn=PROTOCOL_VERSION) : vch(vchIn.begin(), vchIn.end())
{
Init(nTypeIn, nVersionIn);
}
CDataStream(const std::vector<char>& vchIn, int nTypeIn=SER_NETWORK, int nVersionIn=PROTOCOL_VERSION) : vch(vchIn.begin(), vchIn.end())
{
Init(nTypeIn, nVersionIn);
}
CDataStream(const std::vector<unsigned char>& vchIn, int nTypeIn=SER_NETWORK, int nVersionIn=PROTOCOL_VERSION) : vch((char*)&vchIn.begin()[0], (char*)&vchIn.end()[0])
{
Init(nTypeIn, nVersionIn);
}
void Init(int nTypeIn=SER_NETWORK, int nVersionIn=PROTOCOL_VERSION)
{
nReadPos = 0;
nType = nTypeIn;
nVersion = nVersionIn;
state = 0;
exceptmask = std::ios::badbit | std::ios::failbit;
}
CDataStream& operator+=(const CDataStream& b)
{
vch.insert(vch.end(), b.begin(), b.end());
return *this;
}
friend CDataStream operator+(const CDataStream& a, const CDataStream& b)
{
CDataStream ret = a;
ret += b;
return (ret);
}
std::string str() const
{
return (std::string(begin(), end()));
}
//
// Vector subset
//
const_iterator begin() const { return vch.begin() + nReadPos; }
iterator begin() { return vch.begin() + nReadPos; }
const_iterator end() const { return vch.end(); }
iterator end() { return vch.end(); }
size_type size() const { return vch.size() - nReadPos; }
bool empty() const { return vch.size() == nReadPos; }
void resize(size_type n, value_type c=0) { vch.resize(n + nReadPos, c); }
void reserve(size_type n) { vch.reserve(n + nReadPos); }
const_reference operator[](size_type pos) const { return vch[pos + nReadPos]; }
reference operator[](size_type pos) { return vch[pos + nReadPos]; }
void clear() { vch.clear(); nReadPos = 0; }
iterator insert(iterator it, const char& x=char()) { return vch.insert(it, x); }
void insert(iterator it, size_type n, const char& x) { vch.insert(it, n, x); }
void insert(iterator it, std::vector<char>::const_iterator first, std::vector<char>::const_iterator last)
{
if (it == vch.begin() + nReadPos && last - first <= nReadPos)
{
// special case for inserting at the front when there's room
nReadPos -= (last - first);
memcpy(&vch[nReadPos], &first[0], last - first);
}
else
vch.insert(it, first, last);
}
#if !defined(_MSC_VER) || _MSC_VER >= 1300
void insert(iterator it, const char* first, const char* last)
{
if (it == vch.begin() + nReadPos && last - first <= nReadPos)
{
// special case for inserting at the front when there's room
nReadPos -= (last - first);
memcpy(&vch[nReadPos], &first[0], last - first);
}
else
vch.insert(it, first, last);
}
#endif
iterator erase(iterator it)
{
if (it == vch.begin() + nReadPos)
{
// special case for erasing from the front
if (++nReadPos >= vch.size())
{
// whenever we reach the end, we take the opportunity to clear the buffer
nReadPos = 0;
return vch.erase(vch.begin(), vch.end());
}
return vch.begin() + nReadPos;
}
else
return vch.erase(it);
}
iterator erase(iterator first, iterator last)
{
if (first == vch.begin() + nReadPos)
{
// special case for erasing from the front
if (last == vch.end())
{
nReadPos = 0;
return vch.erase(vch.begin(), vch.end());
}
else
{
nReadPos = (last - vch.begin());
return last;
}
}
else
return vch.erase(first, last);
}
inline void Compact()
{
vch.erase(vch.begin(), vch.begin() + nReadPos);
nReadPos = 0;
}
bool Rewind(size_type n)
{
// Rewind by n characters if the buffer hasn't been compacted yet
if (n > nReadPos)
return false;
nReadPos -= n;
return true;
}
//
// Stream subset
//
void setstate(short bits, const char* psz)
{
state |= bits;
if (state & exceptmask)
throw std::ios_base::failure(psz);
}
bool eof() const { return size() == 0; }
bool fail() const { return state & (std::ios::badbit | std::ios::failbit); }
bool good() const { return !eof() && (state == 0); }
void clear(short n) { state = n; } // name conflict with vector clear()
short exceptions() { return exceptmask; }
short exceptions(short mask) { short prev = exceptmask; exceptmask = mask; setstate(0, "CDataStream"); return prev; }
CDataStream* rdbuf() { return this; }
int in_avail() { return size(); }
void SetType(int n) { nType = n; }
int GetType() { return nType; }
void SetVersion(int n) { nVersion = n; }
int GetVersion() { return nVersion; }
void ReadVersion() { *this >> nVersion; }
void WriteVersion() { *this << nVersion; }
CDataStream& read(char* pch, int nSize)
{
// Read from the beginning of the buffer
assert(nSize >= 0);
unsigned int nReadPosNext = nReadPos + nSize;
if (nReadPosNext >= vch.size())
{
if (nReadPosNext > vch.size())
{
setstate(std::ios::failbit, "CDataStream::read() : end of data");
memset(pch, 0, nSize);
nSize = vch.size() - nReadPos;
}
memcpy(pch, &vch[nReadPos], nSize);
nReadPos = 0;
vch.clear();
return (*this);
}
memcpy(pch, &vch[nReadPos], nSize);
nReadPos = nReadPosNext;
return (*this);
}
CDataStream& ignore(int nSize)
{
// Ignore from the beginning of the buffer
assert(nSize >= 0);
unsigned int nReadPosNext = nReadPos + nSize;
if (nReadPosNext >= vch.size())
{
if (nReadPosNext > vch.size())
{
setstate(std::ios::failbit, "CDataStream::ignore() : end of data");
nSize = vch.size() - nReadPos;
}
nReadPos = 0;
vch.clear();
return (*this);
}
nReadPos = nReadPosNext;
return (*this);
}
CDataStream& write(const char* pch, int nSize)
{
// Write to the end of the buffer
assert(nSize >= 0);
vch.insert(vch.end(), pch, pch + nSize);
return (*this);
}
template<typename Stream>
void Serialize(Stream& s, int nType=0, int nVersion=PROTOCOL_VERSION) const
{
// Special case: stream << stream concatenates like stream += stream
if (!vch.empty())
s.write((char*)&vch[0], vch.size() * sizeof(vch[0]));
}
template<typename T>
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const T& obj)
{
// Tells the size of the object if serialized to this stream
return ::GetSerializeSize(obj, nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename T>
CDataStream& operator<<(const T& obj)
{
// Serialize to this stream
::Serialize(*this, obj, nType, nVersion);
return (*this);
}
template<typename T>
CDataStream& operator>>(T& obj)
{
// Unserialize from this stream
::Unserialize(*this, obj, nType, nVersion);
return (*this);
}
};
#ifdef TESTCDATASTREAM
// VC6sp6
// CDataStream:
// n=1000 0 seconds
// n=2000 0 seconds
// n=4000 0 seconds
// n=8000 0 seconds
// n=16000 0 seconds
// n=32000 0 seconds
// n=64000 1 seconds
// n=128000 1 seconds
// n=256000 2 seconds
// n=512000 4 seconds
// n=1024000 8 seconds
// n=2048000 16 seconds
// n=4096000 32 seconds
// stringstream:
// n=1000 1 seconds
// n=2000 1 seconds
// n=4000 13 seconds
// n=8000 87 seconds
// n=16000 400 seconds
// n=32000 1660 seconds
// n=64000 6749 seconds
// n=128000 27241 seconds
// n=256000 109804 seconds
#include <iostream>
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
vector<unsigned char> vch(0xcc, 250);
printf("CDataStream:\n");
for (int n = 1000; n <= 4500000; n *= 2)
{
CDataStream ss;
time_t nStart = time(NULL);
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
ss.write((char*)&vch[0], vch.size());
printf("n=%-10d %d seconds\n", n, time(NULL) - nStart);
}
printf("stringstream:\n");
for (int n = 1000; n <= 4500000; n *= 2)
{
stringstream ss;
time_t nStart = time(NULL);
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
ss.write((char*)&vch[0], vch.size());
printf("n=%-10d %d seconds\n", n, time(NULL) - nStart);
}
}
#endif
//
// Automatic closing wrapper for FILE*
// - Will automatically close the file when it goes out of scope if not null.
// - If you're returning the file pointer, return file.release().
// - If you need to close the file early, use file.fclose() instead of fclose(file).
//
class CAutoFile
{
protected:
FILE* file;
short state;
short exceptmask;
public:
int nType;
int nVersion;
typedef FILE element_type;
CAutoFile(FILE* filenew=NULL, int nTypeIn=SER_DISK, int nVersionIn=PROTOCOL_VERSION)
{
file = filenew;
nType = nTypeIn;
nVersion = nVersionIn;
state = 0;
exceptmask = std::ios::badbit | std::ios::failbit;
}
~CAutoFile()
{
fclose();
}
void fclose()
{
if (file != NULL && file != stdin && file != stdout && file != stderr)
::fclose(file);
file = NULL;
}
FILE* release() { FILE* ret = file; file = NULL; return ret; }
operator FILE*() { return file; }
FILE* operator->() { return file; }
FILE& operator*() { return *file; }
FILE** operator&() { return &file; }
FILE* operator=(FILE* pnew) { return file = pnew; }
bool operator!() { return (file == NULL); }
//
// Stream subset
//
void setstate(short bits, const char* psz)
{
state |= bits;
if (state & exceptmask)
throw std::ios_base::failure(psz);
}
bool fail() const { return state & (std::ios::badbit | std::ios::failbit); }
bool good() const { return state == 0; }
void clear(short n = 0) { state = n; }
short exceptions() { return exceptmask; }
short exceptions(short mask) { short prev = exceptmask; exceptmask = mask; setstate(0, "CAutoFile"); return prev; }
void SetType(int n) { nType = n; }
int GetType() { return nType; }
void SetVersion(int n) { nVersion = n; }
int GetVersion() { return nVersion; }
void ReadVersion() { *this >> nVersion; }
void WriteVersion() { *this << nVersion; }
CAutoFile& read(char* pch, int nSize)
{
if (!file)
throw std::ios_base::failure("CAutoFile::read : file handle is NULL");
if (fread(pch, 1, nSize, file) != nSize)
setstate(std::ios::failbit, feof(file) ? "CAutoFile::read : end of file" : "CAutoFile::read : fread failed");
return (*this);
}
CAutoFile& write(const char* pch, int nSize)
{
if (!file)
throw std::ios_base::failure("CAutoFile::write : file handle is NULL");
if (fwrite(pch, 1, nSize, file) != nSize)
setstate(std::ios::failbit, "CAutoFile::write : write failed");
return (*this);
}
template<typename T>
unsigned int GetSerializeSize(const T& obj)
{
// Tells the size of the object if serialized to this stream
return ::GetSerializeSize(obj, nType, nVersion);
}
template<typename T>
CAutoFile& operator<<(const T& obj)
{
// Serialize to this stream
if (!file)
throw std::ios_base::failure("CAutoFile::operator<< : file handle is NULL");
::Serialize(*this, obj, nType, nVersion);
return (*this);
}
template<typename T>
CAutoFile& operator>>(T& obj)
{
// Unserialize from this stream
if (!file)
throw std::ios_base::failure("CAutoFile::operator>> : file handle is NULL");
::Unserialize(*this, obj, nType, nVersion);
return (*this);
}
};
#endif
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