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README.md

async-flask-sqlalchemy-postgresql

异步的数据库连接(postgresql)示例

  • 安装所需的插件:

    pip install -r requirements.txt

  • 需要在postgresql中创建数据库 test_asyn

  • 运行 python app.py -c 用来创建测试的表;

  • 运行 Python app.py 来启动服务器,运行 python client 来测试

结果如下::

localhost:async-flask-sqlalchemy-postgresql sixu05202004$ python client.py
Sending 5 requests for http://localhost:8080/test/postgres/...
	@  5.05s got response [200]
	@  5.05s got response [200]
	@  5.05s got response [200]
	@  5.05s got response [200]
	@  5.05s got response [200]
	=  5.06s TOTAL
SUM TOTAL = 5.06s

注意:

1.config.py 中需要修改测试数据库的用户名和密码,并且可以修改pool_size的数量;

2.python client.py num,比如:python client.py 100可以用来模拟更多的连接;

3.如果python client.py num中得num数大于config.py中的SQLALCHEMY_POOL_SIZE = 100时候,我们会发现有些数据库连接又存在阻塞的情况。 比如,我们把SQLALCHEMY_POOL_SIZE改成10,使用python client.py 30来测试,结果如下::

localhost:async-flask-sqlalchemy-postgresql sixu05202004$ python client.py 30
Sending 30 requests for http://localhost:8080/test/postgres/...
	@  5.07s got response [200]
	@  5.07s got response [200]
	@  5.08s got response [200]
	@  5.09s got response [200]
	@  5.09s got response [200]
	@  5.13s got response [200]
	@  5.12s got response [200]
	@  5.12s got response [200]
	@  5.13s got response [200]
	@  5.19s got response [200]
	@  5.19s got response [200]
	@  5.19s got response [200]
	@  5.19s got response [200]
	@  5.19s got response [200]
	@  5.19s got response [200]
	@  5.19s got response [200]
	@  5.19s got response [200]
	@  5.20s got response [200]
	@  5.20s got response [200]
	@  5.20s got response [200]
	@ 10.14s got response [200]
	@ 10.15s got response [200]
	@ 10.15s got response [200]
	@ 10.24s got response [200]
	@ 10.24s got response [200]
	@ 10.24s got response [200]
	@ 10.24s got response [200]
	@ 10.25s got response [200]
	@ 10.25s got response [200]
	@ 10.26s got response [200]
	= 10.28s TOTAL
SUM TOTAL = 10.28s

这是因为 连接数 》SQLALCHEMY_POOL_SIZE + SQLALCHEMY_MAX_OVERFLOW ,我们可以通过一些设置来避免这种情况(NullPool ),但是实际上 postgresql 规定了最大连接数,这个是无法避免的,因此上述的设置最好不要使用

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