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Functional when-otherwise conditionals

Latest Version Software License Build Status StyleCI

This package allows to replace PHP conditionals by an easy functional match-when-otherwise syntax.

$result = match([1, 2, 3])
    ->when(function ($value) {
        return in_array(2, $value);
    }, '2 was found')
    ->otherwise('2 was not found');

// $result is "2 was found"

Install

You can install this package via composer:

composer require skollro/otherwise

Usage

Every conditional match consists out of one or multiple when and one otherwise to provide values for each path.

match($value, ...$params): Match

This package provides a helper function match. The first value is the value to match against. You can pass a variable amount of $params which are passed to every callable that resolves a $result.

use Skollro\Otherwise\Match;
use function Skollro\Otherwise\match;

$match = match($value);
$match = Match::value($value);

when($condition, $result): Match

$condition is a bool, a callable or a value to compare against (using ==). $result takes either some value or a callable for lazy evaluation. More specific conditions have to be defined first because the first match is the final result.

$result = match('A', 'Some value')
    ->when('B', function ($value) {
        return "{$value} is always false: A != B";
    })
    ->when(true, function ($value, $param) {
        return "This is always true ({$param})";
    })
    ->when(function ($value) {
        return strlen($value) == 1;
    }, 'This is not the first match')
    ->otherwise('B');

// $result is "This is always true (Some value)" because it's the first condition that evaluates to true

whenInstanceOf($type, $result): Match

This is just a shortcut method for $value instanceof A. $type is anything that can be on the left side of an instanceof operator. $result takes either some value or a callable for lazy evaluation. More specific conditions have to be defined first because the first match is the final result.

$result = match(new A)
    ->whenInstanceOf(B::class, 'This is false')
    ->whenInstanceOf(A::class, 'This is true')
    ->when(function ($value) {
        return $value instanceof A;
    }, 'This is not the first match')
    ->otherwise('C');

// $result is "This is true" because it's the first condition that evaluates to true

whenThrow($condition, $result): Match

$condition is a bool, a callable or a value to compare against (using ==). $result takes either an exception class name, an exception instance or a callable that returns an exception. More specific conditions have to be defined first because the first match throws the exception instantly.

$result = match('A')
    ->when(false, 'This is always false')
    ->whenThrow('A', Exception::class)
    ->otherwise('C');

// Exception is thrown

otherwise($value)

$value is of type callable or some value. Supplies the default value if no when has evaluated to true before.

$result = match('A')
    ->when(false, 'This is always false')
    ->otherwise('B');

// $result is "B"

$result = match('A', 'Some value')
    ->when(false, 'This is always false')
    ->otherwise(function ($value, $param) {
        return "{$value} ({$param})";
    });

// $result is "A (Some value)"

$result = match('A')
    ->when(false, 'This is always false')
    ->otherwise('strlen');

// $result is 1

otherwiseThrow($value)

Throws an exception if no when has evaluated to true before. It takes an exception class name, an exception instance or a callable that returns an exception.

// recommended: an instance of the exception is only created if needed
$result = match('A')
    ->when(false, 'This is always false')
    ->otherwiseThrow(Exception::class);

$result = match('A', 'Some value')
    ->when(false, 'This is always false')
    ->otherwiseThrow(function ($value, $param) {
        throw new Exception("Message {$value} ({$param})");
    });

// not recommended
$result = match('A')
    ->when(false, 'This is always false')
    ->otherwiseThrow(new Exception);

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.

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