OpenCV on Wheels
Unofficial pre-built OpenCV packages for Python.
Installation and Usage
If you have previous/other manually installed (= not installed via
pip) version of OpenCV installed (e.g. cv2 module in the root of Python's site-packages), remove it before installation to avoid conflicts.
Select the correct package for your environment:
There are four different packages and you should select only one of them. Do not install multiple different packages in the same environment. There is no plugin architecture: all the packages use the same namespace (
cv2). If you installed multiple different packages in the same environment, uninstall them all with
pip uninstalland reinstall only one package.
a. Packages for standard desktop environments (Windows, macOS, almost any GNU/Linux distribution)
pip install opencv-pythonif you need only main modules
pip install opencv-contrib-pythonif you need both main and contrib modules (check extra modules listing from OpenCV documentation)
b. Packages for server (headless) environments
These packages do not contain any GUI functionality. They are smaller and suitable for more restricted environments.
pip install opencv-python-headlessif you need only main modules
pip install opencv-contrib-python-headlessif you need both main and contrib modules (check extra modules listing from OpenCV documentation)
Import the package:
All packages contain haarcascade files.
cv2.data.haarcascadescan be used as a shortcut to the data folder. For example:
cv2.CascadeClassifier(cv2.data.haarcascades + "haarcascade_frontalface_default.xml")
Read OpenCV documentation
Before opening a new issue, read the FAQ below and have a look at the other issues which are already open.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Do I need to install also OpenCV separately?
A: No, the packages are special wheel binary packages and they already contain statically built OpenCV binaries.
Q: Pip fails with
Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement ...?
A: Most likely the issue is related to too old pip and can be fixed by running
pip install --upgrade pip. Note that the wheel (especially manylinux) format does not currently support properly ARM architecture so there are no packages for ARM based platforms in PyPI. However,
opencv-python packages for Raspberry Pi can be found from https://www.piwheels.org/.
Q: Import fails on Windows:
ImportError: DLL load failed: The specified module could not be found.?
A: If the import fails on Windows, make sure you have Visual C++ redistributable 2015 installed. If you are using older Windows version than Windows 10 and latest system updates are not installed, Universal C Runtime might be also required.
Windows N and KN editions do not include Media Feature Pack which is required by OpenCV. If you are using Windows N or KN edition, please install also Windows Media Feature Pack.
If you have Windows Server 2012+, media DLLs are probably missing too; please install the Feature called "Media Foundation" in the Server Manager. Beware, some posts advise to install "Windows Server Essentials Media Pack", but this one requires the "Windows Server Essentials Experience" role, and this role will deeply affect your Windows Server configuration (by enforcing active directory integration etc.); so just installing the "Media Foundation" should be a safer choice.
If the above does not help, check if you are using Anaconda. Old Anaconda versions have a bug which causes the error, see this issue for a manual fix.
If you still encounter the error after you have checked all the previous solutions, download Dependencies and open the
cv2.pyd (located usually at
C:\Users\username\AppData\Local\Programs\Python\PythonXX\Lib\site-packages\cv2) file with it to debug missing DLL issues.
Q: I have some other import errors?
A: Make sure you have removed old manual installations of OpenCV Python bindings (cv2.so or cv2.pyd in site-packages).
Q: Why the packages do not include non-free algorithms?
A: Non-free algorithms such as SIFT and SURF are not included in these packages because they are patented and therefore cannot be distributed as built binaries. See this issue for more info: https://github.com/skvark/opencv-python/issues/126
Q: Why the package and import are different (opencv-python vs. cv2)?
A: It's easier for users to understand
cv2 and it makes it easier to find the package with search engines.
cv2 (old interface in old OpenCV versions was named as
cv) is the name that OpenCV developers chose when they created the binding generators. This is kept as the import name to be consistent with different kind of tutorials around the internet. Changing the import name or behaviour would be also confusing to experienced users who are accustomed to the
Documentation for opencv-python
The aim of this repository is to provide means to package each new OpenCV release for the most used Python versions and platforms.
The project is structured like a normal Python package with a standard
The build process for a single entry in the build matrices is as follows (see for example
In Linux and MacOS build: get OpenCV's optional C dependencies that we compile against
Checkout repository and submodules
- OpenCV is included as submodule and the version is updated manually by maintainers when a new OpenCV release has been made
- Contrib modules are also included as a submodule
Find OpenCV version from the sources
Install Python dependencies
setup.pyinstalls the dependencies itself, so you need to run it in an environment where you have the rights to install modules with Pip for the running Python
- tests are disabled, otherwise build time increases too much
- there are 4 build matrix entries for each build combination: with and without contrib modules, with and without GUI (headless)
- Linux builds run in manylinux Docker containers (CentOS 5)
Rearrange OpenCV's build result, add our custom files and generate wheel
Linux and macOS wheels are transformed with auditwheel and delocate, correspondingly
Install the generated wheel
Test that Python can import the library and run some sanity checks
Use twine to upload the generated wheel to PyPI (only in release builds)
Steps 1--5 are handled by
The build can be customized with environment variables. In addition to any variables that OpenCV's build accepts, we recognize:
ENABLE_HEADLESS. Set to
1to build the contrib and/or headless version
CMAKE_ARGS. Additional arguments for OpenCV's CMake invocation. You can use this to make a custom build.
Opencv-python package (scripts in this repository) is available under MIT license.
OpenCV itself is available under 3-clause BSD License.
Third party package licenses are at LICENSE-3RD-PARTY.txt.
find_version.py script searches for the version information from OpenCV sources and appends also a revision number specific to this repository to the version string.
A release is made and uploaded to PyPI when a new tag is pushed to master branch. These tags differentiate packages (this repo might have modifications but OpenCV version stays same) and should be incremented sequentially. In practice, release version numbers look like this:
Every commit to the master branch of this repo will be built. Possible build artifacts use local version identifiers:
These artifacts can't be and will not be uploaded to PyPI.
Linux wheels are built using manylinux. These wheels should work out of the box for most of the distros (which use GNU C standard library) out there since they are built against an old version of glibc.
manylinux images have been extended with some OpenCV dependencies. See Docker folder for more info.
Supported Python versions
Python 2.7 is the only supported version in 2.x series. Python 2.7 support will be dropped in the end of 2019.
Python 3.x releases are provided for officially supported versions (not in EOL).
Currently, builds for following Python versions are provided: