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yusuke84 Merge pull request #4 from skyway/clarify_credential_updates
clarify credential renewal in README
Latest commit 1b5259a Mar 12, 2018


SkyWay Peer Authentication Samples

This repository contains samples that show how to calculate the credentials for authenticating peers.

Overall flow

Peer Authentication Sequence

  1. Send the client's peerId and session token or password to your Authentication server
  2. Authenticate the peerId and session token using your Authentication server
  3. Create an authToken following the directions in authToken
  4. Send the credential object, (authToken, timestamp and token ttl,) back to the client
  5. Connect to the SkyWay Server as normal using new Peer(), passing the credential as shown in Example using JavaScript with jQuery

Warning: Start again from step 1 and create a new credential object every time you call new Peer(). If a client disconnected uncleanly due to network or other problems, the same credential cannot be used for some time. It is possible to connect again immediately if a new credential is used.

Credential format

The credential passed to new Peer() is a Javascript object in the following format.

  authToken: <string>,
  ttl: <number>,
  timestamp: <number>


The ttl is a value given in seconds between 600 (10 minutes) and 90000 (25 hours). After the ttl runs out, all connections to SkyWay servers are disconnected.


The timestamp is the current unix time (seconds).

Warning: A timestamp in the future will be rejected.


The authentication token for the peerId, calculated from the current peerId, the current timestamp, the ttl, and the app secretKey. You can find the secret key for your app on the developer's dashboard.

It is calculated using the HMAC-SHA256 algorithm on the string $timestamp:$ttl:$peerId, with the secret key for the app.

The final value MUST be in base64 string format.

Using the samples

Look at the README in each individual language folder for information on how to run the server.

Before you run the sample you should set the secretKey variable in the marked Config section with the one for your app. You can find the secret key for your app on the developer's dashboard.

Optionally, you can implement the checkSessionToken() or check_session_token() functions to check if the session token passed to the server is valid. The authentication with the session token is not implemented in the samples and always returns true. In the samples, we use a session token but it could also be a password check to authenticate the user.

POST a request to the server at http://localhost:8080/authenticate. The request must contain the peerId and sessionToken parameters, sent as application/x-www-form-urlencoded. See Example using JavaScript with jQuery below, or run the sample client described in Sample Client Script.

Example using JavaScript with jQuery

    peerId: 'TestPeerID',
    sessionToken: '4CXS0f19nvMJBYK05o3toTWtZF5Lfd2t6Ikr2lID'
  }, function(credential) {
    var peer = new Peer('TestPeerID', {
      apikey: apikey,
      credential: credential
    peer.on('open', function() {
      // ...
  }).fail(function() {
    alert('Peer Authentication Failed');

Sample Client Script

There is a sample HTML/Javascript implementation of client authentication in the client/ directory.

You can serve the html file using:

$ cd client
$ python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8000

Access http://localhost:8000 and click the Get Credential button while one of the sample servers is running.