Welcome to Variorum, a platform-agnostic library exposing monitor and control interfaces for several features in hardware architectures.
2 April 2021
Variorum is an extensible vendor-neutral library for exposing power and performance monitoring and control of low-level hardware knobs.
To get started building and using Variorum, check out the full documentation here:
Installation is simple. You will need CMAKE version 2.8 or higher and GCC. Variorum does not support in-source builds. In most cases, the installation is as follows:
$ cd variorum/ $ mkdir build && mkdir install $ cd build/ $ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=../install ../src $ make $ make install
Note that Variorum depends on hwloc and JANSSON. The build system will first check for a specified local install of these dependencies, then it will check if it has been pre-installed. If it can find neither, it will clone and build the dependency from source (will fail on machines without internet access).
BUILD_DOCS=ON, so the build system looks for
If you do not want to include these dependencies, simply toggle
CMakeCache.txt or run the
CMake command as follows:
$ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=../install -DBUILD_DOCS=OFF ../src
We provide configuration files for specific systems to pre-populate the cache. This configuration file will define various compilers, and paths to hwloc installs. These can be used as follows:
$ cd variorum/ $ mkdir build && mkdir install $ cd build/ $ cmake -C ../host-configs/your-local-configuration-file.cmake ../src $ make
Variorum has support for an increasing number of platforms and microarchitectures:
Platforms supported: Intel, IBM, NVIDIA, ARM
Supported Intel Microarchitectures:
0x2A (Sandy Bridge) 0x2D (Sandy Bridge) 0x3E (Ivy Bridge) 0x3E (Haswell) 0x4F (Broadwell) 0x9E (Kaby Lake) 0x55 (Skylake)
If you are unsure of your architecture number, check the "model" field in
/proc/cpuinfo (note that it will not be in hexadecimal).
Supported IBM Microrchitectures:
Supported Nvidia Microrchitectures:
Volta (requires [CUDA Toolkit[(https://developer.nvidia.com/cuda-downloads))
Supported ARM Microrchitectures:
From within the build directory, unit tests can be executed as follows:
$ make test
Please report any failed tests to the project team at firstname.lastname@example.org.
For sample code, see the
Intel/directory, create a
.cheader and source file for the respective platform. This will contain features specific to that platform, which may or may not exist in previous generations.
Intel/config_intel.cto set the function pointers for the respective platform.
- Include the new header file in
This software has certain system requirements depending on what hardware you are running on.
Intel: Running this software on Intel platforms depends on the files
/dev/cpu/*/msr being present with R/W permissions. Recent kernels require
additional capabilities. We have found it easier to use our own
msr-safe kernel module, but running as root
(or going through the bother of adding the capabilities to the binaries) is
IBM: Running this software on IBM platforms depends on the OPAL files being present with R/W permissions.
Nvidia: Running this software on Nvidia platforms depends on CUDA being loaded.
ARM: Running this software on ARM platforms depends on the Linux Hardware Monitoring (hwmon) subsystem for access to the monitoring and control interfaces.
Bugs and feature requests are being tracked on GitHub Issues.
If you have questions about Variorum, identify a bug, or have ideas about expanding the functionality of Variorum and are interested in contributing to its development, please send an email to our open mailing list at email@example.com. We are very interested in improving Variorum and exploring new use cases.
If you are interested in keeping up with Variorum or communicating with its developers and users, please join our open mailing list by sending an email as follows:
To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: (leave this field empty) Subscribe variorum-users
We welcome all kinds of contributions: new features, bug fixes, documentation, edits, etc.!
To contribute, make a pull request, with
dev as the destination branch. We
use GitHub Actions to run CI tests, and your branch must pass these tests before being
See the CONTRIBUTING for more information.
Please feel free to contact the developers with any questions or feedback.
We collect names of those who have contributed to Variorum over the years. See the current list in AUTHORS.