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/** Java 1.3 Recognizer
*
* Run 'java Main [-showtree] directory-full-of-java-files'
*
* [The -showtree option pops up a Swing frame that shows
* the AST constructed from the parser.]
*
* Run 'java Main <directory full of java files>'
*
* Contributing authors:
* John Mitchell johnm@non.net
* Terence Parr parrt@magelang.com
* John Lilley jlilley@empathy.com
* Scott Stanchfield thetick@magelang.com
* Markus Mohnen mohnen@informatik.rwth-aachen.de
* Peter Williams pete.williams@sun.com
* Allan Jacobs Allan.Jacobs@eng.sun.com
* Steve Messick messick@redhills.com
* John Pybus john@pybus.org
*
* Version 1.00 December 9, 1997 -- initial release
* Version 1.01 December 10, 1997
* fixed bug in octal def (0..7 not 0..8)
* Version 1.10 August 1998 (parrt)
* added tree construction
* fixed definition of WS,comments for mac,pc,unix newlines
* added unary plus
* Version 1.11 (Nov 20, 1998)
* Added "shutup" option to turn off last ambig warning.
* Fixed inner class def to allow named class defs as statements
* synchronized requires compound not simple statement
* add [] after builtInType DOT class in primaryExpression
* "const" is reserved but not valid..removed from modifiers
* Version 1.12 (Feb 2, 1999)
* Changed LITERAL_xxx to xxx in tree grammar.
* Updated java.g to use tokens {...} now for 2.6.0 (new feature).
*
* Version 1.13 (Apr 23, 1999)
* Didn't have (stat)? for else clause in tree parser.
* Didn't gen ASTs for interface extends. Updated tree parser too.
* Updated to 2.6.0.
* Version 1.14 (Jun 20, 1999)
* Allowed final/abstract on local classes.
* Removed local interfaces from methods
* Put instanceof precedence where it belongs...in relationalExpr
* It also had expr not type as arg; fixed it.
* Missing ! on SEMI in classBlock
* fixed: (expr) + "string" was parsed incorrectly (+ as unary plus).
* fixed: didn't like Object[].class in parser or tree parser
* Version 1.15 (Jun 26, 1999)
* Screwed up rule with instanceof in it. :( Fixed.
* Tree parser didn't like (expr).something; fixed.
* Allowed multiple inheritance in tree grammar. oops.
* Version 1.16 (August 22, 1999)
* Extending an interface built a wacky tree: had extra EXTENDS.
* Tree grammar didn't allow multiple superinterfaces.
* Tree grammar didn't allow empty var initializer: {}
* Version 1.17 (October 12, 1999)
* ESC lexer rule allowed 399 max not 377 max.
* java.tree.g didn't handle the expression of synchronized
* statements.
* Version 1.18 (August 12, 2001)
* Terence updated to Java 2 Version 1.3 by
* observing/combining work of Allan Jacobs and Steve
* Messick. Handles 1.3 src. Summary:
* o primary didn't include boolean.class kind of thing
* o constructor calls parsed explicitly now:
* see explicitConstructorInvocation
* o add strictfp modifier
* o missing objBlock after new expression in tree grammar
* o merged local class definition alternatives, moved after declaration
* o fixed problem with ClassName.super.field
* o reordered some alternatives to make things more efficient
* o long and double constants were not differentiated from int/float
* o whitespace rule was inefficient: matched only one char
* o add an examples directory with some nasty 1.3 cases
* o made Main.java use buffered IO and a Reader for Unicode support
* o supports UNICODE?
* Using Unicode charVocabulay makes code file big, but only
* in the bitsets at the end. I need to make ANTLR generate
* unicode bitsets more efficiently.
* Version 1.19 (April 25, 2002)
* Terence added in nice fixes by John Pybus concerning floating
* constants and problems with super() calls. John did a nice
* reorg of the primary/postfix expression stuff to read better
* and makes f.g.super() parse properly (it was METHOD_CALL not
* a SUPER_CTOR_CALL). Also:
*
* o "finally" clause was a root...made it a child of "try"
* o Added stuff for asserts too for Java 1.4, but *commented out*
* as it is not backward compatible.
*
* Version 1.20 (October 27, 2002)
*
* Terence ended up reorging John Pybus' stuff to
* remove some nondeterminisms and some syntactic predicates.
* Note that the grammar is stricter now; e.g., this(...) must
* be the first statement.
*
* Trinary ?: operator wasn't working as array name:
* (isBig ? bigDigits : digits)[i];
*
* Checked parser/tree parser on source for
* Resin-2.0.5, jive-2.1.1, jdk 1.3.1, Lucene, antlr 2.7.2a4,
* and the 110k-line jGuru server source.
*
* Version 1.21 (October 17, 2003)
* Fixed lots of problems including:
* Ray Waldin: add typeDefinition to interfaceBlock in java.tree.g
* He found a problem/fix with floating point that start with 0
* Ray also fixed problem that (int.class) was not recognized.
* Thorsten van Ellen noticed that \n are allowed incorrectly in strings.
* TJP fixed CHAR_LITERAL analogously.
*
* This grammar is in the PUBLIC DOMAIN
*/
class JavaRecognizer extends Parser;
options {
k = 2; // two token lookahead
exportVocab=Java; // Call its vocabulary "Java"
codeGenMakeSwitchThreshold = 2; // Some optimizations
codeGenBitsetTestThreshold = 3;
defaultErrorHandler = false; // Don't generate parser error handlers
buildAST = true;
}
tokens {
BLOCK; MODIFIERS; OBJBLOCK; SLIST; CTOR_DEF; METHOD_DEF; VARIABLE_DEF;
INSTANCE_INIT; STATIC_INIT; TYPE; CLASS_DEF; INTERFACE_DEF;
PACKAGE_DEF; ARRAY_DECLARATOR; EXTENDS_CLAUSE; IMPLEMENTS_CLAUSE;
PARAMETERS; PARAMETER_DEF; LABELED_STAT; TYPECAST; INDEX_OP;
POST_INC; POST_DEC; METHOD_CALL; EXPR; ARRAY_INIT;
IMPORT; UNARY_MINUS; UNARY_PLUS; CASE_GROUP; ELIST; FOR_INIT; FOR_CONDITION;
FOR_ITERATOR; EMPTY_STAT; FINAL="final"; ABSTRACT="abstract";
STRICTFP="strictfp"; SUPER_CTOR_CALL; CTOR_CALL;
}
// Compilation Unit: In Java, this is a single file. This is the start
// rule for this parser
compilationUnit
: // A compilation unit starts with an optional package definition
( packageDefinition
| /* nothing */
)
// Next we have a series of zero or more import statements
( importDefinition )*
// Wrapping things up with any number of class or interface
// definitions
( typeDefinition )*
EOF!
;
// Package statement: "package" followed by an identifier.
packageDefinition
options {defaultErrorHandler = true;} // let ANTLR handle errors
: p:"package"^ {#p.setType(PACKAGE_DEF);} identifier SEMI!
;
// Import statement: import followed by a package or class name
importDefinition
options {defaultErrorHandler = true;}
: i:"import"^ {#i.setType(IMPORT);} identifierStar SEMI!
;
// A type definition in a file is either a class or interface definition.
typeDefinition
options {defaultErrorHandler = true;}
: m:modifiers!
( classDefinition[#m]
| interfaceDefinition[#m]
)
| SEMI!
;
/** A declaration is the creation of a reference or primitive-type variable
* Create a separate Type/Var tree for each var in the var list.
*/
declaration!
: m:modifiers t:typeSpec[false] v:variableDefinitions[#m,#t]
{#declaration = #v;}
;
// A type specification is a type name with possible brackets afterwards
// (which would make it an array type).
typeSpec[boolean addImagNode]
: classTypeSpec[addImagNode]
| builtInTypeSpec[addImagNode]
;
// A class type specification is a class type with possible brackets afterwards
// (which would make it an array type).
classTypeSpec[boolean addImagNode]
: identifier (lb:LBRACK^ {#lb.setType(ARRAY_DECLARATOR);} RBRACK!)*
{
if ( addImagNode ) {
#classTypeSpec = #(#[TYPE,"TYPE"], #classTypeSpec);
}
}
;
// A builtin type specification is a builtin type with possible brackets
// afterwards (which would make it an array type).
builtInTypeSpec[boolean addImagNode]
: builtInType (lb:LBRACK^ {#lb.setType(ARRAY_DECLARATOR);} RBRACK!)*
{
if ( addImagNode ) {
#builtInTypeSpec = #(#[TYPE,"TYPE"], #builtInTypeSpec);
}
}
;
// A type name. which is either a (possibly qualified) class name or
// a primitive (builtin) type
type
: identifier
| builtInType
;
// The primitive types.
builtInType
: "void"
| "boolean"
| "byte"
| "char"
| "short"
| "int"
| "float"
| "long"
| "double"
;
// A (possibly-qualified) java identifier. We start with the first IDENT
// and expand its name by adding dots and following IDENTS
identifier
: IDENT ( DOT^ IDENT )*
;
identifierStar
: IDENT
( DOT^ IDENT )*
( DOT^ STAR )?
;
// A list of zero or more modifiers. We could have used (modifier)* in
// place of a call to modifiers, but I thought it was a good idea to keep
// this rule separate so they can easily be collected in a Vector if
// someone so desires
modifiers
: ( modifier )*
{#modifiers = #([MODIFIERS, "MODIFIERS"], #modifiers);}
;
// modifiers for Java classes, interfaces, class/instance vars and methods
modifier
: "private"
| "public"
| "protected"
| "static"
| "transient"
| "final"
| "abstract"
| "native"
| "threadsafe"
| "synchronized"
// | "const" // reserved word, but not valid
| "volatile"
| "strictfp"
;
// Definition of a Java class
classDefinition![AST modifiers]
: "class" IDENT
// it _might_ have a superclass...
sc:superClassClause
// it might implement some interfaces...
ic:implementsClause
// now parse the body of the class
cb:classBlock
{#classDefinition = #(#[CLASS_DEF,"CLASS_DEF"],
modifiers,IDENT,sc,ic,cb);}
;
superClassClause!
: ( "extends" id:identifier )?
{#superClassClause = #(#[EXTENDS_CLAUSE,"EXTENDS_CLAUSE"],id);}
;
// Definition of a Java Interface
interfaceDefinition![AST modifiers]
: "interface" IDENT
// it might extend some other interfaces
ie:interfaceExtends
// now parse the body of the interface (looks like a class...)
cb:classBlock
{#interfaceDefinition = #(#[INTERFACE_DEF,"INTERFACE_DEF"],
modifiers,IDENT,ie,cb);}
;
// This is the body of a class. You can have fields and extra semicolons,
// That's about it (until you see what a field is...)
classBlock
: LCURLY!
( field | SEMI! )*
RCURLY!
{#classBlock = #([OBJBLOCK, "OBJBLOCK"], #classBlock);}
;
// An interface can extend several other interfaces...
interfaceExtends
: (
e:"extends"!
identifier ( COMMA! identifier )*
)?
{#interfaceExtends = #(#[EXTENDS_CLAUSE,"EXTENDS_CLAUSE"],
#interfaceExtends);}
;
// A class can implement several interfaces...
implementsClause
: (
i:"implements"! identifier ( COMMA! identifier )*
)?
{#implementsClause = #(#[IMPLEMENTS_CLAUSE,"IMPLEMENTS_CLAUSE"],
#implementsClause);}
;
// Now the various things that can be defined inside a class or interface...
// Note that not all of these are really valid in an interface (constructors,
// for example), and if this grammar were used for a compiler there would
// need to be some semantic checks to make sure we're doing the right thing...
field!
: // method, constructor, or variable declaration
mods:modifiers
( h:ctorHead s:constructorBody // constructor
{#field = #(#[CTOR_DEF,"CTOR_DEF"], mods, h, s);}
| cd:classDefinition[#mods] // inner class
{#field = #cd;}
| id:interfaceDefinition[#mods] // inner interface
{#field = #id;}
| t:typeSpec[false] // method or variable declaration(s)
( IDENT // the name of the method
// parse the formal parameter declarations.
LPAREN! param:parameterDeclarationList RPAREN!
rt:declaratorBrackets[#t]
// get the list of exceptions that this method is
// declared to throw
(tc:throwsClause)?
( s2:compoundStatement | SEMI )
{#field = #(#[METHOD_DEF,"METHOD_DEF"],
mods,
#(#[TYPE,"TYPE"],rt),
IDENT,
param,
tc,
s2);}
| v:variableDefinitions[#mods,#t] SEMI
// {#field = #(#[VARIABLE_DEF,"VARIABLE_DEF"], v);}
{#field = #v;}
)
)
// "static { ... }" class initializer
| "static" s3:compoundStatement
{#field = #(#[STATIC_INIT,"STATIC_INIT"], s3);}
// "{ ... }" instance initializer
| s4:compoundStatement
{#field = #(#[INSTANCE_INIT,"INSTANCE_INIT"], s4);}
;
constructorBody
: lc:LCURLY^ {#lc.setType(SLIST);}
( options { greedy=true; } : explicitConstructorInvocation)?
(statement)*
RCURLY!
;
/** Catch obvious constructor calls, but not the expr.super(...) calls */
explicitConstructorInvocation
: "this"! lp1:LPAREN^ argList RPAREN! SEMI!
{#lp1.setType(CTOR_CALL);}
| "super"! lp2:LPAREN^ argList RPAREN! SEMI!
{#lp2.setType(SUPER_CTOR_CALL);}
;
variableDefinitions[AST mods, AST t]
: variableDeclarator[getASTFactory().dupTree(mods),
getASTFactory().dupTree(t)]
( COMMA!
variableDeclarator[getASTFactory().dupTree(mods),
getASTFactory().dupTree(t)]
)*
;
/** Declaration of a variable. This can be a class/instance variable,
* or a local variable in a method
* It can also include possible initialization.
*/
variableDeclarator![AST mods, AST t]
: id:IDENT d:declaratorBrackets[t] v:varInitializer
{#variableDeclarator = #(#[VARIABLE_DEF,"VARIABLE_DEF"], mods, #(#[TYPE,"TYPE"],d), id, v);}
;
declaratorBrackets[AST typ]
: {#declaratorBrackets=typ;}
(lb:LBRACK^ {#lb.setType(ARRAY_DECLARATOR);} RBRACK!)*
;
varInitializer
: ( ASSIGN^ initializer )?
;
// This is an initializer used to set up an array.
arrayInitializer
: lc:LCURLY^ {#lc.setType(ARRAY_INIT);}
( initializer
(
// CONFLICT: does a COMMA after an initializer start a new
// initializer or start the option ',' at end?
// ANTLR generates proper code by matching
// the comma as soon as possible.
options {
warnWhenFollowAmbig = false;
}
:
COMMA! initializer
)*
(COMMA!)?
)?
RCURLY!
;
// The two "things" that can initialize an array element are an expression
// and another (nested) array initializer.
initializer
: expression
| arrayInitializer
;
// This is the header of a method. It includes the name and parameters
// for the method.
// This also watches for a list of exception classes in a "throws" clause.
ctorHead
: IDENT // the name of the method
// parse the formal parameter declarations.
LPAREN! parameterDeclarationList RPAREN!
// get the list of exceptions that this method is declared to throw
(throwsClause)?
;
// This is a list of exception classes that the method is declared to throw
throwsClause
: "throws"^ identifier ( COMMA! identifier )*
;
// A list of formal parameters
parameterDeclarationList
: ( parameterDeclaration ( COMMA! parameterDeclaration )* )?
{#parameterDeclarationList = #(#[PARAMETERS,"PARAMETERS"],
#parameterDeclarationList);}
;
// A formal parameter.
parameterDeclaration!
: pm:parameterModifier t:typeSpec[false] id:IDENT
pd:declaratorBrackets[#t]
{#parameterDeclaration = #(#[PARAMETER_DEF,"PARAMETER_DEF"],
pm, #([TYPE,"TYPE"],pd), id);}
;
parameterModifier
: (f:"final")?
{#parameterModifier = #(#[MODIFIERS,"MODIFIERS"], f);}
;
// Compound statement. This is used in many contexts:
// Inside a class definition prefixed with "static":
// it is a class initializer
// Inside a class definition without "static":
// it is an instance initializer
// As the body of a method
// As a completely indepdent braced block of code inside a method
// it starts a new scope for variable definitions
compoundStatement
: lc:LCURLY^ {#lc.setType(SLIST);}
// include the (possibly-empty) list of statements
(statement)*
RCURLY!
;
statement
// A list of statements in curly braces -- start a new scope!
: compoundStatement
// declarations are ambiguous with "ID DOT" relative to expression
// statements. Must backtrack to be sure. Could use a semantic
// predicate to test symbol table to see what the type was coming
// up, but that's pretty hard without a symbol table ;)
| (declaration)=> declaration SEMI!
// An expression statement. This could be a method call,
// assignment statement, or any other expression evaluated for
// side-effects.
| expression SEMI!
// class definition
| m:modifiers! classDefinition[#m]
// Attach a label to the front of a statement
| IDENT c:COLON^ {#c.setType(LABELED_STAT);} statement
// If-else statement
| "if"^ LPAREN! expression RPAREN! statement
(
// CONFLICT: the old "dangling-else" problem...
// ANTLR generates proper code matching
// as soon as possible. Hush warning.
options {
warnWhenFollowAmbig = false;
}
:
"else"! statement
)?
// For statement
| "for"^
LPAREN!
forInit SEMI! // initializer
forCond SEMI! // condition test
forIter // updater
RPAREN!
statement // statement to loop over
// While statement
| "while"^ LPAREN! expression RPAREN! statement
// do-while statement
| "do"^ statement "while"! LPAREN! expression RPAREN! SEMI!
// get out of a loop (or switch)
| "break"^ (IDENT)? SEMI!
// do next iteration of a loop
| "continue"^ (IDENT)? SEMI!
// Return an expression
| "return"^ (expression)? SEMI!
// switch/case statement
| "switch"^ LPAREN! expression RPAREN! LCURLY!
( casesGroup )*
RCURLY!
// exception try-catch block
| tryBlock
// throw an exception
| "throw"^ expression SEMI!
// synchronize a statement
| "synchronized"^ LPAREN! expression RPAREN! compoundStatement
// asserts (uncomment if you want 1.4 compatibility)
// | "assert"^ expression ( COLON! expression )? SEMI!
// empty statement
| s:SEMI {#s.setType(EMPTY_STAT);}
;
casesGroup
: ( // CONFLICT: to which case group do the statements bind?
// ANTLR generates proper code: it groups the
// many "case"/"default" labels together then
// follows them with the statements
options {
greedy = true;
}
:
aCase
)+
caseSList
{#casesGroup = #([CASE_GROUP, "CASE_GROUP"], #casesGroup);}
;
aCase
: ("case"^ expression | "default") COLON!
;
caseSList
: (statement)*
{#caseSList = #(#[SLIST,"SLIST"],#caseSList);}
;
// The initializer for a for loop
forInit
// if it looks like a declaration, it is
: ( (declaration)=> declaration
// otherwise it could be an expression list...
| expressionList
)?
{#forInit = #(#[FOR_INIT,"FOR_INIT"],#forInit);}
;
forCond
: (expression)?
{#forCond = #(#[FOR_CONDITION,"FOR_CONDITION"],#forCond);}
;
forIter
: (expressionList)?
{#forIter = #(#[FOR_ITERATOR,"FOR_ITERATOR"],#forIter);}
;
// an exception handler try/catch block
tryBlock
: "try"^ compoundStatement
(handler)*
( finallyClause )?
;
finallyClause
: "finally"^ compoundStatement
;
// an exception handler
handler
: "catch"^ LPAREN! parameterDeclaration RPAREN! compoundStatement
;
// expressions
// Note that most of these expressions follow the pattern
// thisLevelExpression :
// nextHigherPrecedenceExpression
// (OPERATOR nextHigherPrecedenceExpression)*
// which is a standard recursive definition for a parsing an expression.
// The operators in java have the following precedences:
// lowest (13) = *= /= %= += -= <<= >>= >>>= &= ^= |=
// (12) ?:
// (11) ||
// (10) &&
// ( 9) |
// ( 8) ^
// ( 7) &
// ( 6) == !=
// ( 5) < <= > >=
// ( 4) << >>
// ( 3) +(binary) -(binary)
// ( 2) * / %
// ( 1) ++ -- +(unary) -(unary) ~ ! (type)
// [] () (method call) . (dot -- identifier qualification)
// new () (explicit parenthesis)
//
// the last two are not usually on a precedence chart; I put them in
// to point out that new has a higher precedence than '.', so you
// can validy use
// new Frame().show()
//
// Note that the above precedence levels map to the rules below...
// Once you have a precedence chart, writing the appropriate rules as below
// is usually very straightfoward
// the mother of all expressions
expression
: assignmentExpression
{#expression = #(#[EXPR,"EXPR"],#expression);}
;
// This is a list of expressions.
expressionList
: expression (COMMA! expression)*
{#expressionList = #(#[ELIST,"ELIST"], expressionList);}
;
// assignment expression (level 13)
assignmentExpression
: conditionalExpression
( ( ASSIGN^
| PLUS_ASSIGN^
| MINUS_ASSIGN^
| STAR_ASSIGN^
| DIV_ASSIGN^
| MOD_ASSIGN^
| SR_ASSIGN^
| BSR_ASSIGN^
| SL_ASSIGN^
| BAND_ASSIGN^
| BXOR_ASSIGN^
| BOR_ASSIGN^
)
assignmentExpression
)?
;
// conditional test (level 12)
conditionalExpression
: logicalOrExpression
( QUESTION^ assignmentExpression COLON! conditionalExpression )?
;
// logical or (||) (level 11)
logicalOrExpression
: logicalAndExpression (LOR^ logicalAndExpression)*
;
// logical and (&&) (level 10)
logicalAndExpression
: inclusiveOrExpression (LAND^ inclusiveOrExpression)*
;
// bitwise or non-short-circuiting or (|) (level 9)
inclusiveOrExpression
: exclusiveOrExpression (BOR^ exclusiveOrExpression)*
;
// exclusive or (^) (level 8)
exclusiveOrExpression
: andExpression (BXOR^ andExpression)*
;
// bitwise or non-short-circuiting and (&) (level 7)
andExpression
: equalityExpression (BAND^ equalityExpression)*
;
// equality/inequality (==/!=) (level 6)
equalityExpression
: relationalExpression ((NOT_EQUAL^ | EQUAL^) relationalExpression)*
;
// boolean relational expressions (level 5)
relationalExpression
: shiftExpression
( ( ( LT^
| GT^
| LE^
| GE^
)
shiftExpression
)*
| "instanceof"^ typeSpec[true]
)
;
// bit shift expressions (level 4)
shiftExpression
: additiveExpression ((SL^ | SR^ | BSR^) additiveExpression)*
;
// binary addition/subtraction (level 3)
additiveExpression
: multiplicativeExpression ((PLUS^ | MINUS^) multiplicativeExpression)*
;
// multiplication/division/modulo (level 2)
multiplicativeExpression
: unaryExpression ((STAR^ | DIV^ | MOD^ ) unaryExpression)*
;
unaryExpression
: INC^ unaryExpression
| DEC^ unaryExpression
| MINUS^ {#MINUS.setType(UNARY_MINUS);} unaryExpression
| PLUS^ {#PLUS.setType(UNARY_PLUS);} unaryExpression
| unaryExpressionNotPlusMinus
;
unaryExpressionNotPlusMinus
: BNOT^ unaryExpression
| LNOT^ unaryExpression
// use predicate to skip cases like: (int.class)
| (LPAREN builtInTypeSpec[true] RPAREN) =>
lpb:LPAREN^ {#lpb.setType(TYPECAST);} builtInTypeSpec[true] RPAREN!
unaryExpression
// Have to backtrack to see if operator follows. If no operator
// follows, it's a typecast. No semantic checking needed to parse.
// if it _looks_ like a cast, it _is_ a cast; else it's a "(expr)"
| (LPAREN classTypeSpec[true] RPAREN unaryExpressionNotPlusMinus)=>
lp:LPAREN^ {#lp.setType(TYPECAST);} classTypeSpec[true] RPAREN!
unaryExpressionNotPlusMinus
| postfixExpression
;
// qualified names, array expressions, method invocation, post inc/dec
postfixExpression
:
/*
"this"! lp1:LPAREN^ argList RPAREN!
{#lp1.setType(CTOR_CALL);}
| "super"! lp2:LPAREN^ argList RPAREN!
{#lp2.setType(SUPER_CTOR_CALL);}
|
*/
primaryExpression
(
/*
options {
// the use of postfixExpression in SUPER_CTOR_CALL adds DOT
// to the lookahead set, and gives loads of false non-det
// warnings.
// shut them off.
generateAmbigWarnings=false;
}
: */
DOT^ IDENT
( lp:LPAREN^ {#lp.setType(METHOD_CALL);}
argList
RPAREN!
)?
| DOT^ "this"
| DOT^ "super"
( // (new Outer()).super() (create enclosing instance)
lp3:LPAREN^ argList RPAREN!
{#lp3.setType(SUPER_CTOR_CALL);}
| DOT^ IDENT
( lps:LPAREN^ {#lps.setType(METHOD_CALL);}
argList
RPAREN!
)?
)
| DOT^ newExpression
| lb:LBRACK^ {#lb.setType(INDEX_OP);} expression RBRACK!
)*
( // possibly add on a post-increment or post-decrement.
// allows INC/DEC on too much, but semantics can check
in:INC^ {#in.setType(POST_INC);}
| de:DEC^ {#de.setType(POST_DEC);}
)?
;
// the basic element of an expression
primaryExpression
: identPrimary ( options {greedy=true;} : DOT^ "class" )?
| constant
| "true"
| "false"
| "null"
| newExpression
| "this"
| "super"
| LPAREN! assignmentExpression RPAREN!
// look for int.class and int[].class
| builtInType
( lbt:LBRACK^ {#lbt.setType(ARRAY_DECLARATOR);} RBRACK! )*
DOT^ "class"
;
/** Match a, a.b.c refs, a.b.c(...) refs, a.b.c[], a.b.c[].class,
* and a.b.c.class refs. Also this(...) and super(...). Match
* this or super.
*/
identPrimary
: IDENT
(
options {
// .ident could match here or in postfixExpression.
// We do want to match here. Turn off warning.
greedy=true;
}
: DOT^ IDENT
)*
(
options {
// ARRAY_DECLARATOR here conflicts with INDEX_OP in
// postfixExpression on LBRACK RBRACK.
// We want to match [] here, so greedy. This overcomes
// limitation of linear approximate lookahead.
greedy=true;
}
: ( lp:LPAREN^ {#lp.setType(METHOD_CALL);} argList RPAREN! )
| ( options {greedy=true;} :
lbc:LBRACK^ {#lbc.setType(ARRAY_DECLARATOR);} RBRACK!
)+
)?
;
/** object instantiation.
* Trees are built as illustrated by the following input/tree pairs:
*
* new T()
*
* new
* |
* T -- ELIST
* |
* arg1 -- arg2 -- .. -- argn
*
* new int[]
*
* new
* |
* int -- ARRAY_DECLARATOR
*
* new int[] {1,2}
*
* new
* |
* int -- ARRAY_DECLARATOR -- ARRAY_INIT
* |
* EXPR -- EXPR
* | |
* 1 2
*
* new int[3]
* new
* |
* int -- ARRAY_DECLARATOR
* |
* EXPR
* |
* 3
*
* new int[1][2]
*
* new
* |
* int -- ARRAY_DECLARATOR
* |
* ARRAY_DECLARATOR -- EXPR
* | |
* EXPR 1
* |
* 2
*
*/
newExpression
: "new"^ type
( LPAREN! argList RPAREN! (classBlock)?
//java 1.1
// Note: This will allow bad constructs like
// new int[4][][3] {exp,exp}.
// There needs to be a semantic check here...
// to make sure:
// a) [ expr ] and [ ] are not mixed
// b) [ expr ] and an init are not used together
| newArrayDeclarator (arrayInitializer)?
)
;
argList
: ( expressionList
| /*nothing*/
{#argList = #[ELIST,"ELIST"];}
)
;
newArrayDeclarator
: (
// CONFLICT:
// newExpression is a primaryExpression which can be
// followed by an array index reference. This is ok,
// as the generated code will stay in this loop as
// long as it sees an LBRACK (proper behavior)
options {
warnWhenFollowAmbig = false;
}
:
lb:LBRACK^ {#lb.setType(ARRAY_DECLARATOR);}
(expression)?
RBRACK!
)+
;
constant
: NUM_INT
| CHAR_LITERAL
| STRING_LITERAL
| NUM_FLOAT
| NUM_LONG
| NUM_DOUBLE
;
//----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// The Java scanner
//----------------------------------------------------------------------------
class JavaLexer extends Lexer;
options {
exportVocab=Java; // call the vocabulary "Java"
testLiterals=false; // don't automatically test for literals
k=4; // four characters of lookahead
charVocabulary='\u0003'..'\uFFFF';
// without inlining some bitset tests, couldn't do unicode;
// I need to make ANTLR generate smaller bitsets; see
// bottom of JavaLexer.java
codeGenBitsetTestThreshold=20;
}
// OPERATORS
QUESTION : '?' ;
LPAREN : '(' ;
RPAREN : ')' ;
LBRACK : '[' ;
RBRACK : ']' ;
LCURLY : '{' ;
RCURLY : '}' ;
COLON : ':' ;
COMMA : ',' ;
//DOT : '.' ;
ASSIGN : '=' ;
EQUAL : "==" ;
LNOT : '!' ;
BNOT : '~' ;
NOT_EQUAL : "!=" ;
DIV : '/' ;
DIV_ASSIGN : "/=" ;
PLUS : '+' ;
PLUS_ASSIGN : "+=" ;
INC : "++" ;
MINUS : '-' ;
MINUS_ASSIGN : "-=" ;
DEC : "--" ;
STAR : '*' ;
STAR_ASSIGN : "*=" ;
MOD : '%' ;
MOD_ASSIGN : "%=" ;
SR : ">>" ;
SR_ASSIGN : ">>=" ;
BSR : ">>>" ;
BSR_ASSIGN : ">>>=" ;
GE : ">=" ;
GT : ">" ;
SL : "<<" ;
SL_ASSIGN : "<<=" ;
LE : "<=" ;
LT : '<' ;
BXOR : '^' ;
BXOR_ASSIGN : "^=" ;
BOR : '|' ;
BOR_ASSIGN : "|=" ;
LOR : "||" ;
BAND : '&' ;
BAND_ASSIGN : "&=" ;
LAND : "&&" ;
SEMI : ';' ;
// Whitespace -- ignored
WS : ( ' '
| '\t'
| '\f'
// handle newlines
| ( options {generateAmbigWarnings=false;}
: "\r\n" // Evil DOS
| '\r' // Macintosh
| '\n' // Unix (the right way)
)
{ newline(); }
)+
{ _ttype = Token.SKIP; }
;
// Single-line comments
SL_COMMENT
: "//"
(~('\n'|'\r'))* ('\n'|'\r'('\n')?)
{$setType(Token.SKIP); newline();}
;
// multiple-line comments
ML_COMMENT
: "/*"
( /* '\r' '\n' can be matched in one alternative or by matching
'\r' in one iteration and '\n' in another. I am trying to
handle any flavor of newline that comes in, but the language
that allows both "\r\n" and "\r" and "\n" to all be valid
newline is ambiguous. Consequently, the resulting grammar
must be ambiguous. I'm shutting this warning off.
*/
options {
generateAmbigWarnings=false;
}
:
{ LA(2)!='/' }? '*'
| '\r' '\n' {newline();}
| '\r' {newline();}
| '\n' {newline();}
| ~('*'|'\n'|'\r')
)*
"*/"
{$setType(Token.SKIP);}
;
// character literals
CHAR_LITERAL
: '\'' ( ESC | ~('\''|'\n'|'\r'|'\\') ) '\''
;
// string literals
STRING_LITERAL
: '"' (ESC|~('"'|'\\'|'\n'|'\r'))* '"'
;
// escape sequence -- note that this is protected; it can only be called
// from another lexer rule -- it will not ever directly return a token to
// the parser
// There are various ambiguities hushed in this rule. The optional
// '0'...'9' digit matches should be matched here rather than letting
// them go back to STRING_LITERAL to be matched. ANTLR does the
// right thing by matching immediately; hence, it's ok to shut off
// the FOLLOW ambig warnings.
protected
ESC
: '\\'
( 'n'
| 'r'
| 't'
| 'b'
| 'f'
| '"'
| '\''
| '\\'
| ('u')+ HEX_DIGIT HEX_DIGIT HEX_DIGIT HEX_DIGIT
| '0'..'3'
(
options {
warnWhenFollowAmbig = false;
}
: '0'..'7'
(
options {
warnWhenFollowAmbig = false;
}
: '0'..'7'
)?
)?
| '4'..'7'
(
options {
warnWhenFollowAmbig = false;
}
: '0'..'7'
)?
)
;
// hexadecimal digit (again, note it's protected!)
protected
HEX_DIGIT
: ('0'..'9'|'A'..'F'|'a'..'f')
;
// a dummy rule to force vocabulary to be all characters (except special
// ones that ANTLR uses internally (0 to 2)
protected
VOCAB
: '\3'..'\377'
;
// an identifier. Note that testLiterals is set to true! This means
// that after we match the rule, we look in the literals table to see
// if it's a literal or really an identifer
IDENT
options {testLiterals=true;}
: ('a'..'z'|'A'..'Z'|'_'|'$') ('a'..'z'|'A'..'Z'|'_'|'0'..'9'|'$')*
;
// a numeric literal
NUM_INT
{boolean isDecimal=false; Token t=null;}
: '.' {_ttype = DOT;}
( ('0'..'9')+ (EXPONENT)? (f1:FLOAT_SUFFIX {t=f1;})?
{
if (t != null && t.getText().toUpperCase().indexOf('F')>=0) {
_ttype = NUM_FLOAT;
}
else {
_ttype = NUM_DOUBLE; // assume double
}
}
)?
| ( '0' {isDecimal = true;} // special case for just '0'
( ('x'|'X')
( // hex
// the 'e'|'E' and float suffix stuff look
// like hex digits, hence the (...)+ doesn't
// know when to stop: ambig. ANTLR resolves
// it correctly by matching immediately. It
// is therefor ok to hush warning.
options {
warnWhenFollowAmbig=false;
}
: HEX_DIGIT
)+
| //float or double with leading zero
(('0'..'9')+ ('.'|EXPONENT|FLOAT_SUFFIX)) => ('0'..'9')+
| ('0'..'7')+ // octal
)?
| ('1'..'9') ('0'..'9')* {isDecimal=true;} // non-zero decimal
)
( ('l'|'L') { _ttype = NUM_LONG; }
// only check to see if it's a float if looks like decimal so far
| {isDecimal}?
( '.' ('0'..'9')* (EXPONENT)? (f2:FLOAT_SUFFIX {t=f2;})?
| EXPONENT (f3:FLOAT_SUFFIX {t=f3;})?
| f4:FLOAT_SUFFIX {t=f4;}
)
{
if (t != null && t.getText().toUpperCase() .indexOf('F') >= 0) {
_ttype = NUM_FLOAT;
}
else {
_ttype = NUM_DOUBLE; // assume double
}
}
)?
;
// a couple protected methods to assist in matching floating point numbers
protected
EXPONENT
: ('e'|'E') ('+'|'-')? ('0'..'9')+
;
protected
FLOAT_SUFFIX
: 'f'|'F'|'d'|'D'
;