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SmartBugs: A Framework for Analysing Ethereum Smart Contracts

SmartBugs tests Smartbugs release Smartbugs license crypto donate button analysis tools

SmartBugs is an extensible platform with a uniform interface to tools that analyse blockchain programs for weaknesses and other properties.


  • 19 supported tools, 3 modes for analysing Solidity source code, deployment bytecode, and runtime code.

  • A modular approach to integrating analysers. All it takes to add a new tool is a Docker image encapsulating the tool and a few lines in a config file. To make the output accessible in a standardised format, add a small Python script.

  • Parallel, randomised execution of the tasks for the optimal use of resources when performing a bulk analysis.

  • Standardised output format. Scripts parse and normalise the output of the tools to allow for an automated analysis of the results across tools.

  • Automatic download of an appropriate Solidity compiler matching the contract under analysis, and injection into the Docker image.

  • Output of results in SARIF format, for integration into Github workflows.

Supported Tools

version Solidity bytecode runtime code
ConFuzzius #4315fb7 v0.0.1 ✔️
Conkas #4e0f256 ✔️ ✔️
Ethainter ✔️
eThor 2021 (CCS 2020) ✔️
HoneyBadger #ff30c9a ✔️ ✔️
MadMax #6e9a6e9 ✔️
Maian #4bab09a ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Manticore 0.3.7 ✔️
Mythril 0.23.15 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Osiris #d1ecc37 ✔️ ✔️
Oyente #480e725 ✔️ ✔️
Pakala #c84ef38 v1.1.10 ✔️
Securify ✔️ ✔️
sFuzz #48934c0 (2019-03-01) ✔️
Slither ✔️
Smartcheck ✔️
Solhint 3.3.8 ✔️
teEther #04adf56 ✔️
Vandal #d2b0043 ✔️




  1. Install Docker and Python3.

    Make sure that the user running SmartBugs is allowed to interact with the Docker daemon. Currently, this is achieved by adding the user to the docker group:

    sudo usermod -a -G docker $USER

    For adding another user, replace $USER by the respective user-id. The group membership becomes active with the next log-in.

  2. Clone SmartBugs's repository:

    git clone
  3. Install Python dependencies in a virtual environment:

    cd smartbugs
  4. Optionally, add the executables to the command search path, e.g. by adding links to $HOME/bin.

    ln -s "`pwd`/smartbugs" "$HOME/bin/smartbugs"
    ln -s "`pwd`/reparse" "$HOME/bin/reparse"
    ln -s "`pwd`/results2csv" "$HOME/bin/results2csv"

    The command which smartbugs should now display the path to the command.


See our wiki page on running SmartBugs in Windows.


SmartBugs provides a command-line interface. Run it without arguments for a short description.

usage: smartbugs [-c FILE] [-t TOOL [TOOL ...]] [-f PATTERN [PATTERN ...]] [--main] [--runtime]
                 [--processes N] [--timeout N] [--cpu-quota N] [--mem-limit MEM]
                 [--runid ID] [--results DIR] [--log FILE] [--overwrite] [--json] [--sarif] [--quiet] 
                 [--version] [-h]

For details, see SmartBugs' wiki.

Example: To analyse the Solidity files in the samples directory with Mythril, use the command

./smartbugs -t mythril -f samples/*.sol --processes 2 --mem-limit 4g --timeout 600

The options tell SmartBugs to run two processes in parallel, with a memory limit of 4GB and max. 10 minutes computation time per task. By default, the results are placed in the local directory results.

Utility programs

reparse can be used to parse analysis results and extract relevant information, without rerunning the analysis. This may be useful either when you forgot to specify the option --json or --sarif during analysis, or when you want to parse old analysis results with an updated parser.

usage: reparse [-h] [--sarif] [--processes N] [-v] DIR [DIR ...]

results2csv generates a csv file from the results, suitable e.g. for a database.

usage: results2csv [-h] [-p] [-v] [-f FIELD [FIELD ...]] [-x FIELD [FIELD ...]] DIR [DIR ...]

The following commands analyse SimpleDAO.sol with all available tools and write the parsed output to results.csv. reparse is necessary in this example, since smartbugs is called without the options --json and --sarif, so SmartBugs doesn't parse during the analysis. results2csv collects the outputs in the folder results and writes for each analysed contract one line of comma-separated values to standard output (redirected to results.csv). The option -p tells results2csv to format the lists of findings, errors etc. as Postgres arrays; without the option, the csv file is suitable for spreadsheet programs.

./smartbugs -t all -f samples/SimpleDAO.sol
./reparse results
./results2csv -p results > results.csv

Further Information

  • For documentation, see the wiki.

  • Sample contracts: The folder samples contains a few selected Solidity source files with the corresponding deployment and runtime bytecodes, for first experiments.

  • SB Curated is a curated dataset of vulnerable Solidity smart contracts.

  • SmartBugs Wild Dataset is a repository with 47,398 smart contracts extracted from the Ethereum network.

Academic Usage

If you use SmartBugs or any of its datasets, please cite:

  • Durieux, T., Ferreira, J.F., Abreu, R. and Cruz, P., 2020. Empirical review of automated analysis tools on 47,587 Ethereum smart contracts. In Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE 42nd International Conference on Software Engineering (pp. 530-541).
  title={Empirical review of automated analysis tools on 47,587 Ethereum smart contracts},
  author={Durieux, Thomas and Ferreira, Jo{\~a}o F. and Abreu, Rui and Cruz, Pedro},
  booktitle={Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE 42nd International conference on software engineering},
  • Ferreira, J.F., Cruz, P., Durieux, T. and Abreu, R., 2020. SmartBugs: A framework to analyze solidity smart contracts. In Proceedings of the 35th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering (pp. 1349-1352).
  title={SmartBugs: A framework to analyze solidity smart contracts},
  author={Ferreira, Jo{\~a}o F and Cruz, Pedro and Durieux, Thomas and Abreu, Rui},
  booktitle={Proceedings of the 35th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering},

Work that uses SmartBugs

Support and Donate

You can show your appreciation for the project and support future development by donating.

🙌 ETH Donations: 0xA4FBA2908162646197aca90b84B095BE4D16Ae53 🙌


The license applies to all files in the repository, with the exception of the smart contracts in the samples folder. The files there were obtained from Etherscan and retain their original licenses.