php ClickHouse wrapper
PHP
Latest commit ecb8c19 Dec 20, 2016 @isublimity isublimity readme add articles

README.md

php ClickHouse wrapper

Features

  • No dependency, only curl
  • Select parallel queries (asynchronous)
  • Parallelizing bulk inserts from CSV file
  • enable_http_compression, for bulk inserts
  • Find active host and check cluster
  • Select WHERE IN ( local csv file )
  • SQL conditions & template
  • tablesSize & databaseSize
  • listPartitions
  • dropPartition & dropOldPartitions
  • truncateTable in cluster
  • Insert array as column
  • Get master node replica in cluster
  • Get tableSize in all nodes

Russian articles in repo, on habr

Install composer

composer require smi2/phpclickhouse

OR install submodule

git submodule add https://github.com/smi2/phpClickHouse.git
git submodule init

# update 
git submodule update --init --recursive
git submodule update --remote

Packagist

Start

Connect and select database:

$config = [
    'host' => '192.168.1.1', 
    'port' => '8123', 
    'username' => 'default', 
    'password' => ''
];
$db = new ClickHouseDB\Client($config);
$db->database('default');
$db->setTimeout(1.5);      // 1500 ms
$db->setTimeout(10);       // 10 seconds
$db->setConnectTimeOut(5); // 5 seconds

Show tables:

print_r($db->showTables());

Create table:

$db->write('
    CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS summing_url_views (
        event_date Date DEFAULT toDate(event_time),
        event_time DateTime,
        site_id Int32,
        site_key String,
        views Int32,
        v_00 Int32,
        v_55 Int32
    ) 
    ENGINE = SummingMergeTree(event_date, (site_id, site_key, event_time, event_date), 8192)
');

Show create table:

echo $db->showCreateTable('summing_url_views');

Insert data:

$stat = $db->insert('summing_url_views', 
    [
        [time(), 'HASH1', 2345, 22, 20, 2],
        [time(), 'HASH2', 2345, 12, 9,  3],
        [time(), 'HASH3', 5345, 33, 33, 0],
        [time(), 'HASH3', 5345, 55, 0, 55],
    ],
    ['event_time', 'site_key', 'site_id', 'views', 'v_00', 'v_55']
);

Select:

$statement = $db->select('SELECT * FROM summing_url_views LIMIT 2');

Work with Statement:

// Count select rows
$statement->count();

// Count all rows
$statement->countAll();

// fetch one row
$statement->fetchOne();

// get extremes min
print_r($statement->extremesMin());

// totals row
print_r($statement->totals());

// result all
print_r($statement->rows());

// totalTimeRequest
print_r($statement->totalTimeRequest());

// raw answer JsonDecode array, for economy memory
print_r($statement->rawData());

// raw curl_info answer 
print_r($statement->responseInfo());

// human size info
print_r($statement->info());

// if clickhouse-server version >= 54011
$db->settings()->set('output_format_write_statistics',true);
print_r($result->statistics());

Select result as tree:

$statement = $db->select('
    SELECT event_date, site_key, sum(views), avg(views) 
    FROM summing_url_views 
    WHERE site_id < 3333 
    GROUP BY event_date, url_hash 
    WITH TOTALS
');

print_r($statement->rowsAsTree('event_date.site_key'));

/*
(
    [2016-07-18] => Array
        (
            [HASH2] => Array
                (
                    [event_date] => 2016-07-18
                    [url_hash] => HASH2
                    [sum(views)] => 12
                    [avg(views)] => 12
                )
            [HASH1] => Array
                (
                    [event_date] => 2016-07-18
                    [url_hash] => HASH1
                    [sum(views)] => 22
                    [avg(views)] => 22
                )
        )
)
*/

Drop table:

$db->write('DROP TABLE IF EXISTS summing_url_views');

Features

Select parallel queries (asynchronous)

$state1 = $db->selectAsync('SELECT 1 as ping');
$state2 = $db->selectAsync('SELECT 2 as ping');

// run
$db->executeAsync();

// result
print_r($state1->rows());
print_r($state2->fetchOne('ping'));

Parallelizing massive inserts from CSV file

$file_data_names = [
    '/tmp/clickHouseDB_test.1.data',
    '/tmp/clickHouseDB_test.2.data',
    '/tmp/clickHouseDB_test.3.data',
    '/tmp/clickHouseDB_test.4.data',
    '/tmp/clickHouseDB_test.5.data',
];

// insert all files
$stat = $db->insertBatchFiles(
    'summing_url_views',
    $file_data_names,
    ['event_time', 'site_key', 'site_id', 'views', 'v_00', 'v_55']
);

Parallelizing errors

selectAsync without executeAsync

$select = $db->selectAsync('SELECT * FROM summing_url_views LIMIT 1');
$insert = $db->insertBatchFiles('summing_url_views', ['/tmp/clickHouseDB_test.1.data'], ['event_time']);
// 'Exception' with message 'Queue must be empty, before insertBatch, need executeAsync'

see example/exam5_error_async.php

Gzip & enable_http_compression

On fly read CSV file and compress zlib.deflate.

$db->settings()->max_execution_time(200);
$db->enableHttpCompression(true);

$result_insert = $db->insertBatchFiles('summing_url_views', $file_data_names, [...]);


foreach ($result_insert as $fileName => $state) {
    echo $fileName . ' => ' . json_encode($state->info_upload()) . PHP_EOL;
}

see example/exam8_http_gzip_batch_insert.php

tablesSize & databaseSize

Result in human size

print_r($db->databaseSize());
print_r($db->tablesSize());
print_r($db->tableSize('summing_partions_views'));

Partitions

$count_result = 2;
print_r($db->partitions('summing_partions_views', $count_result));

Drop partitions ( pre production )

$count_old_days = 10;
print_r($db->dropOldPartitions('summing_partions_views', $count_old_days));

// by `partition_id` 
print_r($db->dropPartition('summing_partions_views', '201512'));

Select WHERE IN ( local csv file )

$file_name_data1 = '/tmp/temp_csv.txt'; // two column file [int,string]
$whereIn = new \ClickHouseDB\WhereInFile();
$whereIn->attachFile($file_name_data1, 'namex', ['site_id' => 'Int32', 'site_hash' => 'String'], \ClickHouseDB\WhereInFile::FORMAT_CSV);
$result = $db->select($sql, [], $whereIn);

// see example/exam7_where_in.php

Simple sql conditions & template

conditions is depricated, if need use: $db->enableQueryConditions();

Example with QueryConditions:


$db->enableQueryConditions();

$input_params = [
  'select_date' => ['2000-10-10', '2000-10-11', '2000-10-12'],
  'limit' => 5,
  'from_table' => 'table'
];

$select = '
    SELECT * FROM {from_table}
    WHERE
    {if select_date}
        event_date IN (:select_date)
    {else}
        event_date=today()
    {/if}
    {if limit}
    LIMIT {limit}
    {/if}
';

$statement = $db->selectAsync($select, $input_params);
echo $statement->sql();

/*
SELECT * FROM table
WHERE
event_date IN ('2000-10-10','2000-10-11','2000-10-12')
LIMIT 5
FORMAT JSON
*/


$input_params['select_date'] = false;
$statement = $db->selectAsync($select, $input_params);
echo $statement->sql();

/*
SELECT * FROM table
WHERE
event_date=today()
LIMIT 5
FORMAT JSON
*/


$state1 = $db->selectAsync(
    'SELECT 1 as {key} WHERE {key} = :value', 
    ['key' => 'ping', 'value' => 1]
);

// SELECT 1 as ping WHERE ping = "1"

Example custom query Degeneration in exam16_custom_degeneration.php

Settings

3 way set any settings

// in array config
$config = [
    'host' => 'x', 
    'port' => '8123', 
    'username' => 'x', 
    'password' => 'x', 
    'settings' => ['max_execution_time' => 100]
];
$db = new ClickHouseDB\Client($config);

// settings via constructor 
$config = [
    'host' => 'x', 
    'port' => '8123', 
    'username' => 'x', 
    'password' => 'x'
];
$db = new ClickHouseDB\Client($config, ['max_execution_time' => 100]);

// set method
$config = [
    'host' => 'x', 
    'port' => '8123',
    'username' => 'x',
    'password' => 'x'
];
$db = new ClickHouseDB\Client($config);
$db->settings()->set('max_execution_time', 100);

// apply array method 
$db->settings()->apply([
    'max_execution_time' => 100,
    'max_block_size' => 12345
]);


// check
if ($db->settings()->getSetting('max_execution_time') !== 100) {
    throw new Exception('Bad work settings');
}

// see example/exam10_settings.php

Array as column


$db->write('
    CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS arrays_test_string (
        s_key String,
        s_arr Array(String)
    ) 
    ENGINE = Memory
');

$db->insert('arrays_test_string',
    [
        ['HASH1', ["a", "dddd", "xxx"]],
        ['HASH1', ["b'\tx"]],
    ],
    ['s_key', 's_arr']
);

// see example/exam12_array.php 

Class for FormatLine array



var_dump(
    \ClickHouseDB\FormatLine::CSV(
        ['HASH1', ["a", "dddd", "xxx"]]
    )
);

var_dump(
    \ClickHouseDB\FormatLine::TSV(
        ['HASH1', ["a", "dddd", "xxx"]]
    )
);
// example write to file
$row=['event_time'=>date('Y-m-d H:i:s'),'arr1'=>[1,2,3],'arrs'=>["A","B\nD\nC"]];
file_put_contents($fileName,\ClickHouseDB\FormatLine::TSV($row)."\n",FILE_APPEND);

Phpunit Test

In phpunit.xml change constants:

<php>
    <const name="phpunit_clickhouse_host" value="192.168.1.20" />
    <const name="phpunit_clickhouse_port" value="8123" />
    <const name="phpunit_clickhouse_user" value="default" />
    <const name="phpunit_clickhouse_pass" value="" />
    <const name="phpunit_clickhouse_tmp_path" value="/tmp/" />
</php>

License

MIT

ChangeLog

2016-12-09

  • for ReadOnly users need set : client->setReadOnlyUser(true); or $confi['readonly'] , see exam19_readonly_user.php

2016-11-25

  • client->truncateTable('tableName')
  • cluster->getMasterNodeForTable('dbName.tableName') // node have is_leader=1
  • cluster->getSizeTable('dbName.tableName')
  • cluster->getTables()
  • cluster->truncateTable('dbName.tableName')
  • See example cluster_06_truncate_table.php

2016-11-24

  • add cluster->setSoftCheck()
  • insertBatchFiles() support $file_names - string or array , $columns_array - array or null
  • add insertBatchStream() return \Curler\Request no exec
  • writeStreamData() return \Curler\Request
  • fix httpCompression(false)
  • getHeaders() as array from \Curler\Request
  • setReadFunction( function() ) in Request
  • Add class StreamInsert, direct read from stream_resource to clickhouse:stream

2016-11-04

  • add $db->insertBatchTSVFiles(),
  • add format param in $db->insertBatchFiles(,,,format),
  • deprecated class CSV
  • Add static class \ClickHouseDB\FormatLine:CSV(),\ClickHouseDB\FormatLine:TSV(),\ClickHouseDB\FormatLine:Insert()
  • CSV RFC4180 - \ClickHouseDB\FormatLine::CSV(Array))."\n"
  • Update exam12_array.php + unit tests

2016-11-03

  • $db->enableLogQueries(true) - write to system.query_log
  • $db->enableExtremes(true); - default extremes now, disabled
  • $db->isExists($database,$table)

2016-10-27

  • add Connect timeout , $db->setConnectTimeOut(5);
  • change default ConnectTimeOut = 5 seconds. before 1 sec.
  • change DNS_CACHE default to 120 seconds

2016-10-25 Release 0.16.10

  • fix timeout error and add test

2016-10-23

2016-09-20 Release 0.16.09

  • Version/Release names: [ zero dot year dot month]
  • Support cluster: new class Cluster and ClusterQuery
  • output_format_write_statistics, for clickhouse version > v1.1.54019-stable
  • WriteToFile in select,selectAsync
  • Degeneration for Bindings & Conditions
  • $db->select(new Query("Select..."));
  • remove findActiveHostAndCheckCluster , clusterHosts , checkServerReplicas
  • Add cleanQueryDegeneration(),addQueryDegeneration()
  • Need $db->enableQueryConditions(); for use Conditions ; default Conditions - disabled;
  • float in CurlerRequest->timeOut(2.5) = 2500 ms
  • tablesSize() - add sizebytes

2016-08-11 Release 0.2.0

  • exception on error write

2016-08-06 Release 0.1.0

  • init