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Ldapscripts - README file

Description :

The ldapscripts are originally designed to be used within Samba 3.x's
smb.conf file. They allow to manipulate POSIX entries for users, groups
and machines in an LDAP directory. They are written in shell and need ldap 
client commands to work correctly (ldapadd, ldapdelete, ldapmodify,
ldapsearch). Other scripts also are provided as simple tools to (manually)
query your LDAP directory : ldapfinger, ldapid, lsldap (...).

They are designed to be used under GNU/Linux or FreeBSD (any other
recent UNIX-like should also work) and require several binaries that should 
come with your OS (uuencode, getent/pw, date, grep, sed, cut...).

Latest version available on

Installing and configuring the ldapscripts :

To install the scripts, just type in :
# make install
or, to define a special installation directory :
# make PREFIX=/target/directory install

Use 'make help' for more options.

All the scripts will be copied (by default) to /usr/local/sbin and 
ldapscripts.conf will be copied to /usr/local/etc/ldapscripts.

Keep in mind that the scripts are installed with quite restrictive rights.
You may have to play with group rights or ACLs (if they are enabled
on your system) to make the things work...

Once installed, edit /usr/local/etc/ldapscripts/ldapscripts.conf to 
configure the ldapscripts.

Then, just type in - e.g. :
# ldapadduser foo foogroup

See ldapscripts(5) for more details.

Configuring your OpenLDAP server :

Be sure to include these schemas in your slapd.conf :

- core.schema
- cosine.schema (for the account objectClass)
- nis.schema (for the posixAccount objectClass) or a modified
  RFC 2307bis compliant version of this file if you plan to use
  AUXILIARY posixGroup objectClasses together with groupOfNames
  or groupOfUniqueNames objectClasses (see GCLASS parameter in
  the ldapscripts.conf file).

Using the ldapscripts with Samba 3.x :

To use the ldapscripts with Samba 3.x (e.g. for a Windows -> Samba migration),
just add the following to your smb.conf file :

# [...]
add machine script = /usr/local/sbin/ldapaddmachine '%u' sambamachines
add user script = /usr/local/sbin/ldapadduser '%u' sambausers
add group script = /usr/local/sbin/ldapaddgroup '%g'
add user to group script = /usr/local/sbin/ldapaddusertogroup '%u' '%g'
delete user script = /usr/local/sbin/ldapdeleteuser '%u'
delete group script = /usr/local/sbin/ldapdeletegroup '%g'
delete user from group script = /usr/local/sbin/ldapdeleteuserfromgroup '%u' '%g'
set primary group script = /usr/local/sbin/ldapsetprimarygroup '%u' '%g'
rename user script = /usr/local/sbin/ldaprenameuser '%uold' '%unew'
# [...]

and make sure sambamachines and sambausers exist before attempting to 
do a "net rpc vampire"...

Files :

* Various files :

README : this file !
COPYING : the GPLv2 (or later) license
CHANGELOG : the changelog file, of course
VERSION : the current version of the ldapscripts
TODO : ideas, remaining work
Makefile : installation Makefile

* Man pages :

man/* : man pages

* Configuration files :

etc/ldapscripts.conf : configuration file
etc/ldapadduser.template.sample : user LDIF template file
etc/ldapaddgroup.template.sample : group LDIF template file
etc/ldapaddmachine.template.sample : machine LDIF template file

* 'Library' files

lib/runtime : runtime file used by the scripts (contains functions, etc...)

* Scripts that can be used in Samba configuration file (smb.conf) :

sbin/ldapaddgroup : adds a POSIX group to LDAP
sbin/ldapadduser : adds a POSIX user to LDAP
sbin/ldapdeletegroup : deletes a POSIX group from LDAP
sbin/ldapdeleteuserfromgroup : deletes a member from a group
sbin/ldapsetprimarygroup : sets gidNumber of a POSIX user or machine account
sbin/ldapaddmachine : adds a POSIX machine (user$) to LDAP
sbin/ldapaddusertogroup : adds a member to a group
sbin/ldapdeleteuser : deletes a POSIX user from LDAP
sbin/ldaprenameuser : renames a POSIX user account in LDAP

* Additional (useful) scripts not useable by Samba :

sbin/ldapdeletemachine : deletes a POSIX machine account in LDAP
sbin/ldapinit : initializes the LDAP tree with a minimal tree
sbin/lsldap : performs a *big* recursive query on the LDAP server from the root dn
sbin/ldapmodifyuser : modifies a POSIX user account in LDAP interactively
sbin/ldapmodifymachine : modifies a POSIX machine account in LDAP interactively
sbin/ldapmodifygroup : modifies a POSIX group account in LDAP interactively
sbin/ldaprenamemachine : renames a POSIX machine account in LDAP
sbin/ldaprenamegroup : renames a POSIX group in LDAP
sbin/ldapsetpasswd : modifies a POSIX user account's password in LDAP
sbin/ldapfinger : displays a user/machine/group POSIX account's details
sbin/ldapid : displays a user's list of IDs
sbin/ldapgid : displays a group's list of IDs

Author / Licence :

These scripts have been written by Ganaël LAPLANCHE (
and are available within the GPL license (see COPYING for details).

Thanks for using the ldapscripts... Any feedback welcome :)