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Version: 3.3.01
Patch: 00
Date: 2021-02-08
Bug fixes!! Fixes!!! Refactors!!! Edits!!!
1. Big bug, 3.2 appears to have introduced this bug, for disks, rotation and
partition scheme would never show, oops.
2. Tiny bug kept one specific smart value from ever showing, typo.
1. Accidentally followed Arch linux derived distro page, which claims KaOS as
arch derived, when of course it's not, it's its own distro, own toolchain, etc.
I kind of knew this but had forgotten, then I believed the Arch derived distro
page, oh well. Resulted in KaOS being listed with arch linux as system base
with -Sx. Arch should fix this, it's not like it's hard, just remove the distro
from the page.
2. Cleared up explanations for drivetemp vs hddtemp use, updated --recommends,
man, and help to hopefully make this clear. Debian will be dropping hddtemp,
which is not maintained, sometime in the coming years, sooner than later.
Note that users unfortunately have to manually enable drivetemp module unless
their distros enable it by default, but the man/recommands/help explain that.
3. Fixed smart indentation issues, that went along with code change 1, was
failing to indent one further level for failed/age values like it's supposed
1. Added /proc/device to debugger, that will help track block device main numbers
2. More disk vendors, more disk vendor IDs!!! As noted, the enternal flow flows
eternally, thanks linux-lite hardware database users!! and other inxi users,
whose outputs sometimes reveal a failure or two.
3. Added loaded kernel module tests to --recommends, this was mostly to let users
know that drivetemp is needed if you want non superuser fast drive temps, and
that this came along with kernels 5.6 or newer. Hopefully word will start drifting
out. Note that if inxi is using drivetemp values, drive temps will appear as
regular user with -Dx, and will be to 1 decimal place. hddtemp temps are
integers, and requires sudo to display the temps.
4. To handle issue #239 which I'd thought of trying off and on, but never did,
added option to -Dxxx to show SSD if a positive SSD ID was made to rotation:
So rotation will show either nothing, if no rotation or ssd data is detected,
the disk speed in rpm, or SSD if an SSD device. There may be corner cases where
this is wrong, but I don't have data for that, for example, if a disk is parked
and has zero rotation but is a HDD, not as SSD. I don't know what the data
looksl ike in that case. Note that if sudo inxi -Da is used, and smartctl is
installed, it should be right almost all the time, and with regular -Dxxx, it's
going to be right almost always, with a few corner cases. That slight
uncertainty is why I never implemented this before. Legacy drives also sometimes
did not report rotation speeds even when HDD, so those may create issues,
but inxi will only call it an SSD if it's an nvme, mmcblk device, both are
easy to ID as SSD, or if it meets certain conditions. It will not call a drive
an SSD if it was unable to meet those conditions.
1. Refactored the output logic for DiskData, that was messy, split it into a few
subs, and also refactored the way smartctl data was loaded and used, that's
much cleaner and easier to use now. Split the previous 1 big sub into:
totals_output(), drives_output(), and smart_output().
Also split out the smart field arrays into a separate sub, which loads
references to avoid creating new arrays and copying them all over when outputting
smart data. References are weird to work with directly but they are MUCH faster
to use, so I'm moving as much of the internal logic to use array raferences
instead of dereferenced arrays/hashes assigned to a new array, or hash.
2. Redid all the output modules and renamed them to be more consistent and
predictable, and redid the logic here and there to make the get() items be fairly
similar on all the data builder packages. Now as with the data subs, which
generally end in _data, now most of the output subs end with _output.
3. Roughly finished the process started in 3.2, got rid of redundant array loads,
@something = something_data();
push (@rows,@something);
push (@rows,something_data());
which avoids creating an extra array, this also let me remove many arrays overall.
4. Missed a few hashes in machine data that were being passed directly, not as
references, to other subs, corrected that. I think I missed those because they
were %, so the search I did for @ in sub arg lists didn't catch the % hashes.
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 08 Feb 2021 16:16:27 -0800
Version: 3.3.00
Patch: 00
Date: 2021-01-28
Bug fixes!! New Feature!! Edits, cleanups!!
1. Small bug, wrong regex would make mdraid unused report never show.
Was looking for ^used, not ^unused. No idea how that happened, but it's fixed.
2. Big RAID bug. Due to never having seen an 'inactive' state mdraid dataset,
inxi had a bunch of bugs around that. I'd assumed active and inactive would have
roughly the same syntax, but they don't. This is now corrected. Thanks Solus user
for giving me the required data. This case when not corrected resulted in a
spray of errors as RAID ran, and a fairly incomplete RAID report for mdraid.
3. A bug that probably never impacted anyone, but in SMART the matching rules
failed to match field name Size[s]? in the logical/physical block sizes.
However, those were already coming in from I believe pre-existing /sys data
for the drives but now it's fixed anyway. I had not realized that smartctl
made it plural when logical/physical were different, and singular when
they were the same.
4. Failed to use all possible sd block device major number matches, which
led to false disk total/used reports, that is, totals less than used.
5. Bug probably introduced in 3.2, zfs single array device did not show
raid level.
1. Going along with bug 2, fixed some other admin/non admin report glitches.
Made patterns more aggressively matching, whitelist based to avoid the types
of syntax issues that caused bug 2.
2. Added 'faulty' type to mdraid matches, that had not been handled.
3. Found even more of those pesky 'card' references in help and man page,
replaced all of them with 'device[s]'.
4. Subtle fix, for debugger data collectors, added -y1 support, which can
be useful at times.
1. In USB data grabber, added fallback case for unspecified type cases, now
uses a simple name/driver string test to determine if it's graphics, audio,
or bluetooth. This was mainly to make sure bluetooth usb devices get caught.
2. New feature! -E/--bluetooth. Gives an -n like bluetooth Device-x/Report.
Requires for the 'Report:' part hciconfig, which most all distros still have
in their repos. With -a, shows an additional Info: line that has more obscure
bluetooth hci data: acl-mtu sco-mtu, link-policy, link-mode, service-classes.
This closes the ancient, venerable issue #79, filed by mikaela so many years
ago. Better late than never!! However, features like this were really difficult
in legacy bash/gawk inxi 2.x, and became fairly easy with inxi 3.x, so I guess
we'll slowly whittle away at these things when the mood, and global pandemic
lockdowns, make that seem like a good idea...
Includes a small lookup table to match LMP number to Bluetooth version (bt-v:),
hopefully that's a correct way to determine bluetooth version, there was some
ambiguity about that.
-x, -xx, and -xxx function pretty much the same way as with -A, -G, and -N
devices, adding Chip IDs, Bus IDs, version info, and so on.
Since this bluetooth report does not require root and is an upper case option,
it's been added to default -F, similar to -R, and -v 5, where raid/bluetooth
shows only if data is found. With -v7 or -R or -E, always shows, including
no data found message.
Includes a fallback report Report-ID: case where for some reason, inxi could
not match the HCI ID with the device. That's similar to IF-ID in -n, which
does the same when some of the IFs could not be matched to a specific device.
3. For -A, -G, -N, and -E, new item for -xxx, classID, I realized this is
actually useful for many cases of trying to figure out what devices are,
though most users would not know what to do with that information, but that's
why it's an -xxx option!
4. Yes! You've been paying attention!! More disk vendors, and new vendor IDs!!
The cornucopia flows its endless bounty over the grateful data collector, and,
hopefully, inxi users!! Thanks as always, linux-lite hardware database, and
linux-lite users who really seem set on the impossible project of obtaining
all the disks/vendors known to man.
1. Small change in wording for mdraid report:
'System supported mdraid' becomes 'Supported mdraid levels' which is cleaner
and much more precise.
-- Harald Hope - Thu, 28 Jan 2021 19:34:17 -0800
Version: 3.2.02
Patch: 00
Date: 2021-01-10
New version, man page, bug fixes, changes, adjustments and cleanups!!!
Special thanks to mr. mazda for his ongoing suggestions, ideas, and observations.
1. In certain corner cases, it appears that lsusb has blank lines, which tripped
errors in inxi output when the usb parser was trying to access split keys that did
not exist. Added in check to make sure split actually resulted in expected data.
2. A red face bug, I'd left the output debugger switched on with json output, so
it was printing out the json data structure with Dumper, that's now switched off.
Hope this doesn't mess anyone up, but it would have mattered only if the person
was using:
--output json --output-type print
It did not effect xml output.
1. Got rid of extra level of -L data structure and output handler. Not visible
to users, but still irksome, so nice to get that fixed. Recursive structures are
confusing, lol, but this extra level was pointless, but to fix it required redoing
the logic a bit for both data generator and output feature.
2. Added in support for --display :0.0, previously it did not support the
.0 addition, but why not, if it works for people, good, if not, makes no difference.
3. There were some missing cases for LVM missing data messages, so the following
fixes were added:
* In cases where lsblk is installed and user is non root, or lvs is not installed,
but no lvm data is present, inxi now shows the expected 'Message: No LVM data found.'
instead of the permissions or missing program error that showed before.
If lsblk is not installed, and lvm is installed (or missing), with lvs not root
readable, the permissiosn message (or missing program) will show since at that
point, inxi has no way to know if there is lvm data or not.
* Not an inxi, but rather an Arch Linux packaging bug, the maintainer of lvm
has made lvs and vgs fail to return error number on non root start, which is
a bug (pvs does return expected error return). Rather than wait for this bug
to be fixed, inxi will just test if lvs and lsblk lvm data, it will show
permissions message, otherwse the no lvm data message as expected.
I think these cover the last unhandled LVM cases I came across, so ideally, the
lvm data messages will be reasonably correct.
4. Some man page lintian fixes.
5. Changed usb data parser to use 'unless' instead of 'if' in tests since
it's easier to read unless positive tests are true than if negative or
negative etc.
1. Since I see too often things like -F --no-host -z which is redundant, the
help and man now make it more clear that -z implies --no-host.
2. Even though it's not that pointful, I added in derived Arch Linux system
base like Ubuntu/Debian have. It's not that meaningful because unlike
Ubuntu/Debian, where you want to know what version the derived distro is
based on, Arch is rolling thus no versions, but I figured, why not, it's
easy to do, so might as well make the system base feature a bit more complete.
Note that the way I did this requires that the distro is ID'ed as its derived
distro nanme, not Arch Linux, that will vary depending on how they did their
os-release etc, or distro files, but that's not really an inxi issue, that's
up to them. From what I've been seeing, it looks like more of the derived
distros are being ID'ed in inxi as the derived name, so those should all work
fine. Note that seeing 'base:' requires -Sx.
3. More disk vendors!! More disk vendor IDs!!! I really dug into the stuff,
and refactored slightly the backend tools I use, so it's now a bit easier
to handle the data. Thanks linux-lite hardware database, as always, for
having users that really seemt to use every disk variant known to humanity.
1. In -G, made FAILED: lower case, and also moved it to be after unloaded:
It was too easy to think that the loaded driver had failed. Also to make it
more explicit, made output like this, in other words, driver: is a container
for the possible children: loaded: unloaded: failed: alternate: which should be
easier to parse and read without mixing up what belongs to what.
driver: loaded: modesetting unloaded: nouvean,vesa alternate: nv
driver: loaded: amdgpu unloaded: vesa failed: ati
Note that if there is no unloaded: driver, failed: would still appear to come after
loaded:, but hopefully it's more clear now.
Basically what we found was that the presence of the uppercase FAILED: drew
the eye so much that it was sometimes not noted that it was a key: following
the driver: item, which itself because it did not list explicitly loaded:
was not as clear as it could have been. By making failed: the same as the
other key names visually, hopefully it will be less easy to think that the
loaded: driver failed:
In a sense, this is a legacy issue, because the original use of FAILED: was for
non free video drivers, to see when xorg had failed to load them, but over
more recent years, the most frequent thing I have been seeing is odd things
like failed: ati, when xorg tries to load the legacy ati driver when amdgpu
is being used.
2. Likewise, for RAID mdraid and zfs changed FAILED: to Failed:, again, to make it
more consistent with the other types.
3. In help menu and man page, removed legacy 'card(s)' in -A, -G, -N, and replaced
that with 'device(s)', which is the more accurate term, since the days when these
things were only addon cards are long behind us. I had not noticed that, but it
caught me eye and I realized it was a very deprecated and obsolete syntax, which
did not match the way inxi describes devices today.
4. It was pointed out how incoherent the naming of the item for setting wrap width,
--indent-min and config item INDENT_MIN were super confusing, since it was neither
indent or minimum, it was in fact wrap maximum, so the new options and config items
are --wrap-max and WRAP_MAX. Note that the legacy values will keep working, but
it was almost impossible in words to explain this option because the option text
was almost the exact opposite of what the option actually does. Redid the man
and help explanations to make the function of this option/config item more clear.
5. Made -J/--usb Hub-xx: to fit with other repeating device types in inxi output,
before Hub: was not numbered, but it struck me, it should be, like all the other
auto-incremented counter line starters, like ID-xx:, Device-x:, and so on.
6. Reorganized the main help menu to hopefully be more logical, now it shows the
primary output triggers, then after, the extra data items, -a, -x, -xx, -xxx,
separated by white space per type to make it easier to read. This also moved
the stuff that had been under the -x items back to where they should be, together
with the main output control options. For readability and usability, I think this
will help, the help menu is really long, so the more visual cues it has to make it
clear what each section is, the better I think. Previously -a was the first items,
then way further down was -x, -xx, and -xxx, then under those was -z, -Z, -y.
-- Harald Hope - Sun, 10 Jan 2021 18:25:48 -0800
Version: 3.2.01
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-12-17
Bug Fixes!!! Continuing internal refactor!!
This bug report came in right after 3.2.00 went out live, but I would never have
found it myself in testing so better found than not found!
1. A bug was introduced to dmidecode data handlers in 3.2.00 resulted in the
dmidecode data array basically eating itself up until errors appear. Quite difficult
to trigger, but babydr from Slackware forums figured it out, using -F --dmidecode
to force dmidecode use for all features that support it triggered thee bug always.
This was a result of the refactor, previously inxi had worked on copies of referenced
arrays, but in this case, it was working on the original array of arrays, subtle,
but obvious. This method was only used on dmidecode arrays.
2. A second bug was exposed almost by accident, for -M --dmidecode data, there was
a missing field and also a missing is set test on that field that led to an error
of using undefined value in string comparison. This was strictly speaking 2 bugs,
both very old, from 2.9 first rewrite, one failing to set/get the value, and the
other failing to test if the value was set before using it.
1. There were a few glitches in help menu and man page related to -L option, those
are corrected.
1. removed bug inducing splice use in some cases, and added parens to splice to make
it fit the new way of with perl builtins, when taking 2 or more arguments, use parens.
2. Found many more instances to add -> dereferencing operator. I have to say, not
doing that consistently made the code much harder to read, and created situations
where it's somewhat ambiguous what item belongs to what, with everything consistently
-> operator run, the code is more clear and obvious, and some of the hacks I'd added
because of the lack of clarity were also removed.
3. Removed explicit setting of hash references with null value, that was done out
of failure to use -> operators which clearly indicate to Perl and coder what is
happening, so those crutches were removed. Also got rid of unnecessary array
priming like: my @array = (); Some of these habits came from other languages,
but in Perl, declaring my @array means it's an array that is null, and you don't
need to do a further (). @array = () is obviously fine for resetting arrays in
loops or whatever, but not in the initial declaration.
-- Harald Hope - Thu, 17 Dec 2020 14:27:13 -0800
Version: 3.2.00
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-12-15
Huge upgrade, major rewrite/refactor, new features, everything is polished!!!
Note that due to large number of internal changes to code, a separate
INTERNAL CODE CHANGES section is at the bottom. Those are changes which in
general do not impact what users see that much, but which definitely impact
working on and with inxi! They also make errors less likely, and removed many
possible bad data error situations.
1. Obscure, but very old Tyan Mobo used a form of dmidecode data for RAM that I'd
never gotten a dataset for before, this tripped a series of errors in inxi, which
were actually caused by small errors and failures to check certain things, as
well as simply never assigning data in corner cases. This system used only dmi
handles 5 and 6, which is a very rare setup, from the very early days of dmi
data being settled, but it was valid data, and actually inxi was supposed to support
it, because I'd never gotten a dataset containing such legacy hardware data, the
support didn't work. There were actually several bugs discovered while tracking
this down, all were corrected.
2. Going along with the cpu fixes below, there was a bug that if stepping was 0,
stepping would not show. I had not realized stepping could be 0, so did a true/false
test instead of a defined test, which makes 0 in perl always test as false. This is
3. While going through code, discovered that missing second argument to main::grabber
would have made glabel tool (BSD I think mostly) always fail, without exception.
That explains why bsd systems were never getting glabel data, heh.
4. Many null get_size tests would not have worked because they were testing
for null array but ('','') was actually being returned, which is not a null array.
The testing and results for get_size were quite random, now they are all the same
and consistent, and confirmed correct.
5. In unmounted devices, the match sent to @lsblk to get extended device data
would never work with dm-xx type names, failed to translate them to their
mapped name, which is what is used in lsblk matches, this is corrected.
This could lead to failures to match fs of members of luks, raid, etc,
particularly noticeable with complex logical device structures. This means
the fallback filters against internal logic volume names, various file system
type matches, would always fail.
6. A small host of further bugs found and fixed during the major refactor, but
not all of them were noted, they were just fixed, sorry, those will be lost
to history unless you compare with diffs the two versions, but that's thousands
of lines, but there were more bugs fixed than listed above, just can't remember
them all.
1. There was some ambiguity about when inxi falls back to showing hardware graphics
driver instead of xorg gfx driver when it can't find an xorg driver. That can happen
for instance because of wayland, or because of obscure xorg drivers not yet supported.
Now the message is very clear, it says the gfx software driver is n/a, and that it's
showing the hardware gfx driver.
2. Big redo of cpu microarch, finally handled cases where same stepping/model ID
has two micorarches listed, now that is shown clearly to users, like AMD Zen family
17, model 18, which can be either Zen or Zen+, so now it shows that ambiguity, and
a comment: note: check, like it shows for ram report when it's not sure. Shows
for instance:
arch: Zen/Zen+ note: check
in such cases, in other words, it tells users that the naming convention
basically changed during the same hardware/die cycle.
3. There were some raid component errors in the unmounted tests which is supposed
to test the raid components and remove them from the mounted list. Note that inxi
now also tests better if something is a raid component, or an lvm component, or
various other things, so unmounted will be right more often now, though it's still
not perfect since there are still more unhandled logical storage components that
will show as unmounted when tney are parts of logical volumes. Bit by bit!!
4. Part of a significant android fine tuning and fix series, for -P, android uses
different default names for partitions, so none showed, now a subset of standard
android partitions, like /System, /firmware, etc, shows. Android will never work
well though because google keeps locking down key file read/search permissions in
/sys and /proc.
5. More ARM device detections, that got tuned quite a bit and cleaned up, for
instance, it was doing case sensitive checks, but found cases where the value
is all upper case, so it was missing it. Now it does case insensitive device type
6. One of the oldest glitches in inxi was the failure to take the size of the raid
arrays versus the size totals of the raid array components led to Local Storage
results that were uselessly wrong, being based on what is now called 'raw' disk
totals, that's the raw physical total of all system disks. Now if raid is detected
the old total: used:... is expanded to: total: raw:... usable:....used:, the usable
being the actual disk space that can be used to store data. Also in the case of
LVM systems, a further item is added, lvm-free: to report the unused but available
volume group space, that is, space not currently taken by logical volumes. This
can provide a useful overview of your system storage, and is much improved over
the previous version, which was technically unable to solve that issue because
the internal structures did not support it, now they do. LVM data requires sudo/
root unfortunately, so you will see different disk raw totals depending on
if it's root or not if there is LVM RAID running.
Sample: inxi -D
Drives: Local Storage: total: raw: 340.19 GiB usable: 276.38 GiB
lvm-free: 84.61 GiB used: 8.49 GiB (3.1%)
lvm-free is non assigned volume group size, that is, size not assigned
to a logical volume in the volume group, but available in the volume group.
raw: is the total of all detected block devices, usable is how much of that
can be used in file systems, that is, raid is > 1 devices, but those devices
are not available for storage, only the total of the raid volume is.
Note that if you are not using LVM, you will never see lvm-free:.
7. An anonymous user sent a dataset that contained a reasonable alternate
syntax for sensors output, that made inxi fail to get the sensors data. That was
prepending 'T' to temp items, and 'F' to fan items, which made enough sense though
I'd never seen it before, so inxi now supports that alternate sensors temp/fan
syntax, so that should expand the systems it supports by default out of the box.
8. Finally was able to resolve a long standing issue of loading File::Find, which
is only used in --debug 20-22 debugger, from top of inxi to require load in the
debugger. I'd tried to fix this before, but failed, the problem is that redhat
/fedora have broken apart Perl core modules, and made some of them into external
modules, which made inxi fail to start due to missing use of required module that
was not really required. Thanks to mrmazda for pointing this out to me, I'd tried
to get this working before but failed, but this time I figured out how to recode
some of the uses of File::Find so it would work when loaded without the package
debugger, hard to figure it, turned out a specific sub routine call in that
specific case required the parentheses that had been left off, very subtle.
9. Subtle issue, unlike most of the other device data processors, the USB
data parser did not use the remove duplicates tool, which led in some cases
to duplicated company names in the output for USB, which looks silly.
10. Somehow devtmpfs was not being detected in all cases to remove that from
partitions report, that was added to the file systen filters to make sure it
gets caught.
11. Removed LVM image/meta/data data slices from unmounted report, those are LVM
items, but they are internal LVM volumes, not available or usable. I believe
there are other data/meta type variants for different LVM features but I have
added as many types as I could find.. Also explictly now remove any _member type
item, which is always part of some other logical structure, like RAID or
LVM, those were not explicitly handled before.
12. Corrected the various terms ZFS can use for spare drives, and due to how
those describe slightly different situations than simply spare, changed the spare
section header to Available, which is more accureate for ZFS.
1. Going along with FIX 2 is updating and adding to intel, elbrus microarch family/
model/stepping IDs (E8C2), so that is fairly up to date now.
2. Added in a very crude and highly unreliable default fallback for intel:
/sys/devices/cpu/caps/pmu_name which will show the basic internal name used
which can be quite different from what the actual microarch name is, but the hope
is that for new intel cpus that come out after these last inxi updates, something
may show, instead of nothing. Note these names are often much more generic, like
using skylake for many different microarches.
3. More android enhancements, for androids that allow reading of /system/build.prop,
which is a very useful informative system info file, more android data will show,
like the device name and variant, and a few other specialized items. You can see if
your android device lets inxi read build.prop if you see under -S Distro:
Android 7.1 (2016-07-23) or just Android. If it shows just android, that means
it can't read that file. Showing Android however is also new, since while inxi
can't always read build.prop, if that file is there, it's android, so inxi
finally can recognize it's in android, even though it can't give much info if
it's locked down. Inxi in fact did not previously know it was running in android,
which is quite different from ARM systems in some ways, but now it does.
If the data is available, it will be used in Distro: and in Machine: data to add
more information about the android version and device.
4. A big one, for -p/-P/-o/-j now shows with -x the mapped device name, not just
the /dev/dm-xx ID, which makes connecting the various new bits easier, for RAID,
Logical reports. Note that /dev/mapper/ is removed from the mapped name since
that's redundant and verbose and makes the output harder to read. For mapped
devices, the new --logical / -L report lets you drill into the devices to find
out what dm-xx is actually based on.
5. More big ones, for -a -p/-P/-o/-j/-R/-L shows kernel device major:minor
number, which again lets you trace each device around the system and report.
6. Added mdadm if root for mdraid report, that let me add a few other
details for mdraid not previously available. This added item 'state;'
to the mdraid report with right -x options.
7. Added vpu component type to ARM gfx device type detection, don't know
how video processing vpu had escaped my notice.
8. Added fio[a-z] block device, I'd never heard of that before, but saw
use of it in dataset, so learned it's real, but was never handled as a
valid block device type before, like sda, hda, vda, nvme, mmcblk,
etc. fio works the same, it's fio + [a-z] + [0-9]+ partition number.
9. Expanded to alternate syntax Elbrus cpu L1, L2, L3 reporting. Note
that in their nomenclature, L0 and L1 are actually both L1, so add those
together when detected.
10. RAM, thanks to a Mint user, antikythera, learned, and handled something
new, module 'speed:' vs module 'configured clock speed:'.
To quote from supermicro:
Question: Under dmidecode, my 'Configured Clock Speed' is lower than my
'Speed'. What does each term mean and why are they not the same?
Answer: Under dmidecode, Speed is the expected speed of the memory
(what is advertised on the memory spec sheet) and Configured Clock Speed
is what the actual speed is now. The cause could be many things but the
main possibilities are mismatching memory and using a CPU that doesn't
support your expected memory clock speed.
Please use only one type of memory and make sure that your CPU supports
your memory.
11. Since RAM was gettng a look, also changed cases where ddr ram speed is reported
in MHz, now it will show the speeds as: [speed * 2] MT/S ([speed] MHz). This
will let users make apples to apples speed comparisons between different systems.
Since MT/S is largely standard now, there's no need to translate that to MHz.
12. And, even more!! When RAM speeds are logically absurd, adds in note: check
This is from a real user's data by the way, as you can see, it triggers all
the new RAM per Device report features.
RAM: total: 31.38 GiB used: 20.65 GiB (65.8%)
Array-1: capacity: N/A slots: 4 note: check EC: N/A
Device-1: DIMM_A1 size: 8 GiB speed: 1600 MT/s (800 MHz)
Device-2: DIMM_A2 size: 8 GiB speed: spec: 1600 MT/s (800 MHz)
actual: 61910 MT/s (30955 MHz) note: check
Device-3: DIMM_B1 size: 8 GiB speed: 1600 MT/s (800 MHz)
Device-4: DIMM_B2 size: 8 GiB speed: spec: 1600 MT/s (800 MHz)
actual: 2 MT/s (1 MHz) note: check
13. More disks vendor!!! More disk vendor IDs!!! Yes, that's right, eternity
exists, here, now, and manifests every day!! Thanks to linux-lite hardware
database for this eternally generating list. Never underestimate the
creativity of mankind to make more disk drive companies, and to release
new model IDs for existing companies. Yes, I feel that this is a metaphore
for something much larger, but what that is, I'm not entirely clear about.
1. Recent kernel changes have added a lot more sensor data in /sys, although
this varies system to system, but now, if your system supports it, you can
get at least partial hdd temp reports without needing hddtemp or root. Early
results suggest that nvme may have better support than spinning disks, but it
really varies. inxi will now look for the /sys based temp first, then fall
back to the much slower and root / sudo only hddtemp. You can force hddtemp
always with --hddtemp option, which has a corresponding configuration item.
2. The long requested and awaited yet arcane and obscure feature -L/--logical,
which tries to give a reasonably good report on LVM, LUKS, VeraCrypt, as well
as handling LVM raid, both regular and thin, is now working. This took a lot
of testing, and is a very solid and good start in my view, going from nothing
to something is always a big improvement!! LVM reports require root/sudo. This
will, finally, close issue #135.
3. Going along with -L, and serving as a model for the logic of -L, was the
complete refactor of -R, RAID, which was a real mess internally, definitely
one of the messiest and hardest to work with features of inxi before the
refactor. It's now completely cleaned up and modularized, and is easy to add
raid types, which was not possible before, now it cleanly supports zfs, mdraid,
and lvm raid, with in depth reports and added items like mdraid size, raid
component device sizes and maj:min numbers if the -a option is used. Note
that LVM RAID requires root/sudo.
4. Added some more sensors dimm, volts items, slight expansion. Note that the
possible expansion of sensors made possible by the recently upgraded sensors
output logic, as well as the new inxi internal sensors data structure,
which is far more granular than the previous version, and allows for much
more fine grained control and output, though only gpu data currently takes
advantage of this new power under the covers, although as noted, the /sys based
hdd temps use the same source, only straight from /sys, since it was actually
easier using the data directly from sys than trying to map the drive locations to
specific drives in sensors output. Well, to be accurate, since now only
board type sensors are used for the temp/fan speed, voltage, etc, reports,
the removal of entire sensor groups means less chance of wrong results.
5. To bring the ancient RAID logic to fit the rest of inxi style, made
zfs, mdraid, and lvm raid components use incrementing numbers, like cpu
cores does. This got rid of the kind of ugly hacks used previously
which were not the same for zfs or mdraid, but now they are all the same,
except that the numbers for mdraid are the actual device numbers that
mdraid supplies, and the LVM and ZFS numbers are just autoincremented,
starting at 1.
6. Changed message <root/superuser required> to <superuser required> because
it's shorter and communicates the same thing.
1. Small, transparent test, tested on Perl 5.032 for Perl 7 compatibility. All
tests passed, no legacy code issues in inxi as of now.
2. Although most users won't notice, a big chunk of inxi was refactored
internally, which is why the new -L, the revamped -R, and the fixed
disk totals finally all can work now. This may hopefully result in more
consistent output and fewer oddities and randomnesses, since more of the
methods all use the same tools now under the covers. Ths refactor also
significantly improved inxi's execution speed, by about 4-5%, but most
of those gains are not visible due to the added new features, but the
end result is new inxi runs roughly the same speed as pre 3.2.00 inxi, but
does more, and does it better, internally at least. If you have a very
good eye you may also note a few places where this manifests externally
as well. Last I checked about 10-12% of the lines of inxi had been changed,
but I think that number is higher now. Everything that could be optimized
was, everything could be made more efficient was.
3. Several core tools in inxi were expanded to work much more cleanly,
like reader(), which now supports returning just the index value you want,
that always happened on the caller end before, which led to extra code.
get_size likewise was expanded to do a string return, which let me
remove a lot of internal redundant code in creating the size unit output,
like 32 MiB. uniq() was also redone to work exclusively by reference.
4. Many bad reference and dereference practices that had slipped into inxi
from the start are mostly corrected now, array assignments use push now,
rather than assign to array, then add array to another array, and assign
those to the master array. Several unnecessary and cpu/ram intensive copying
steps, that is, were removed in many locations internally in inxi. Also
now inxi uses more direct anonymous array and hash refernce assignments,
which again removes redundant array/hash creation, copy, and assignment.
5. Also added explicit -> dereferencing arrows to make the code more clear
and readable, and to make it easier for perl to know what is happening.
The lack of consistency actually created confusion, I was not aware of
what certain code was doing, and didn't realize it was doing the same
thing as other code because of using different methods and syntaxes for
referencing array/hash components. I probably missed some, but I got many
of them, most probably.
6. Instituted a new perl builtin sub routine rule which is: if the sub
takes 2 or more arguments, always put in parentheses, it makes the
code much easier to follow because you see the closing ), like:
push(@rows,@row); Most perl builtins that take only one arg do not
use parentheses, except length, which just looks weird when used in
math tests, that is: length($var) > 13 looks better than length $var > 13.
This resolved inconsistent uses that had grown over time, so now all the
main builtins follow these rules consistently internally.
Due to certain style elements, and the time required to carefully go through
all these rules, grep and map do not yet consistently use these rules, that's
because the tendency has been to use the grep {..test..} @array and
map {...actions...} @array
7. Mainly to deal with android failures to read standard system files due to
google locking it down, moved most file queries to use -r, is readable, rather
than -e, exists, or -f, is file, unless it only needs to know if it exists,
of course. This fixed many null data errors in android even on locked androids.
8. Added in %mapper and %dmmapper hashes to allow for easy mapping and
unmapping of mapped block devices. Got rid of other ways of doing that,
and made it consistent throughout inxi. These are globals that load once.
9. Learned that perl builtin split() has a very strange and in my view originally
terrible decision that involves treating as regex rules string characters in split
string, like split('^^',$string), which should logically be a string value, not
a ^ start search followed by a ^, but that's how it is, so that was carefully checked
and made consistent as well. Also expanded split to take advantage of the number of
splits to do, which I had only used occasionally before, but only updated field/value
splits where I have a good idea of what the data is. This is very useful when the
data is in the form of field: value, but value can contain : as well. You have to
be very careful however, since some data we do want in fact the 2nd split, but not
the subsequent ones, so I only updated the ones I was very sure about.
10. Going along with the cpu microarch fixes, updated and cleaned up all the lists
of model/stepping matches, now they are all in order and much easier to scan and
find, that had gotten sloppy over the years.
11. More ARM, moved dummy and codec device values into their own storage arrays,
that let me remove the filters against those in the other detections. Makes logic
easier to read and maintain as well.
-- Harald Hope - Tue, 15 Dec 2020 15:08:05 -0800
Version: 3.1.09
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-11-11
Bug fixes, new features!! Update now!! Or don't, it's up to you.
1. Let's call some of the android fixes and debugger failures bugs, why not?
Those are fixed. Note that many of these fixes will impact any system that is
ARM based, not just android.
1. Related to issue #226 which was a fine issue, fine tuned the debugger debuggers
to allow for smoother handling of /sys parse failures. Also added debugger filters
for common items that would make the /sys parser hang, oddly, most seem to be in
/sys/power for android devices.
2. Added some fine-tunings for possible mmcblk storage paths, in some cases, an
extra /block is added, which made inxi think mounted drives were unmounted. I've
never seen this extra /block except on mmcblk devices on android, but you never
know, it could be more widespread.
3. Also mainly related to android, but maybe other ARM devices, in some cases,
an errant 'timer' device was appearing as a cpu variant, which is wrong. That was
a corner case for sure, and part of the variant logic in fact uses timer values
to assign the actual cpu variants, but it was wrong in this case because it was
....-timer-mem, not ...-timer, which led to non-existent CPU variants showing.
4. Issue #236 by ChrisCheney pointed out that inxi had never updated its default
/proc/meminfo value to use the newer MemAvailable as default if present, which led
to incorrect memory used values showing up. That's because back in the old days,
we had to construct a synthetic Memory used from MemFree, buffers, cache, etc, but that
wasn't always right, since sometimes the cache actually isn't available, often is,
but not always.
This commit on the kernel explains it pretty clearly.
Thanks Chris for bringing this to our attention.
5. Kind of more future-proofing, got rid of a bunch of hard-coded strings internally
and switched those to use the row_defaults values, which is where string messages
are supposed to go. That was mostly in the initial program check messages on start-up,
but also a few other stray ones. Also consolidated them a bit to get rid of redundant
messages, and added more variable based messages, like for missing/permissions on
programs etc. The idea in general is that all the strings are contained in subs so
that in theory they could be swapped for other strings, eg, languages, but honestly,
I no longer see this as very likely to ever happen. But it's still nice to be
consistent internally and not get sloppy with english strings.
This also got rid of some largely redundant items in row_defaults, and expanded the
list of handled events, and of variable based events, so it shouldn't be as necessary
to add new row_defaults items for similar events.
1. Debugger item to maybe try to find distro OEM, this was connected with issue #231
but the issue poster vanished, and didn't do the work required, so this one won't
happen until someone who cares [not me, that is] does the required work.
It's always funny to see how quickly people vanish when they have to do the actual
boring research that they want me to do for them, lol. Or maybe, sigh is more
appropriate than lol. But it is pretty much par for the course, sad to say.
Or maybe this was an OEM hoping to have someone do their corporate work for them
for free, who knows. Anyway, there's a certain category of items that I'm reasonably
happy to implement, but NOT if I have to do all the boring research work, so such
features being added will depend on the poster actually doing the boring work.
I've gotten burned on this a few times, cpu arch: for example, some guy said he'd
track that and provide updates, he never even made it to the first release, so I got
stuck doing that one forever after. But that one at least has some general value, so
that's ok more or less, but I definitely won't take on stuff that I really don't
personally care at all about unless the person requesting the feature does all the work
beforehand. The boring part, that is....
2. Related to issue #226, much improved android ID and many small android fixes for
machine data etc. Now uses /system/build.prop for some data, which is a nice source,
sadly, most modern android devices seem to be locked down, with both build.prop and
/sys locked down, which makes inxi unable to actually get any of that data, but if
your device either does not have these root only readable, or if you have an android
rooted phone, the android support will be more informative.
Hint: if you run inxi in termux on your non rooted android device, and it shows
you what android version you are using in System:... Distro: line, then your android
is not locked down. I have one such phone, android 7.1, but I cannot say how usual
or non usual this is. The poster of issue #226 for instance had to root his android
7 phone to get this data to display. So it seems to vary quite a bit.
Note that due to these file system lockdowns, in general, trying to do android arm
support remains largely a waste of time, but on some devices sometimes, you can now
get quite nice system info. As I noted in the issue, if I can't get the features to
work on a non rooted phone in my possession, I'm probably not going to try to do the
work because it's too hard to try to work on android issues without having the device
in front of you for testing and debugging. In this case, one of my phones did work, so
I did the work just to see where android is at now.
Android showed some slightly odd syntaxes for some devices, but those are now handled
where I got a dataset for them that revealed the changes required.
3. Also related to issue #226 for termux in android, will show -r info.
That's an apt based package manager, but termux puts the apt files somewhere else so
needed to change paths if those alternate paths existed for apt.
4. Added PARTFLAGS to debugger to see what knd of data that will yield, that's
a lsblk key/value pair.
5. Just because it's easy to do, added new -Ixxx item, wakeups: which is a
subset of Uptime, this will show how many times the system has been woken from
suspend since the last boot. If the system has never been suspended, shows 0.
6. Many more disk vendors and disk IDs. The list just never ends, possibly a
metaphor for something, the endless spinning of maya, who knows?
7. Added newest known ubuntu release, hirsute, to buntu ID logic. Might as well
catch them early, that will be 21.04.
-- Harald Hope - Wed, 11 Nov 2020 14:57:38 -0800
Version: 3.1.08
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-10-16
Bug fixes, updates!!! Yes!! Why wait!!! Can't stay frozen forever!
1. Not an inxi bug, but a weird change in defaults for ubuntu GNOME ENV
variable values when running at least the gnome desktop, result to end
users appears to be a bug. This resolves issue #228
Note that so much weird non desktop data was put into those environmental
variables that inxi simply could make no sense of it. The fix was to make
the detections more robust, using regex instead of string compare, as well as
to at least try to strip out such corrupted data values, though that can never
be fully predictable.
As far as I know, this issue only hits ubuntu gnome desktops, I've never seen these
value corruptions on any other distro, or on any other ubuntu desktop, though
they may be there, but I'm not going to test all the ubuntu spins to find out.
I'm hoping the combination of logic fixes and junk data cleaning will handle
most future instances of these types of corruptions automatically.
Again, this only happens on relatively laste ubuntu gnomes as far as I know.
1. An oversight, added sshd to list of whitelisted start clients. This permits
expected output for: ssh <name@server> inxi -bay
that is, running inxi as an ssh command string. Should have done that a while ago,
but better late than never.
This corrects issue #227, or at least, has a better default, it worked fine before,
but required using --tty to reset to default terminal behavior. The problem is
that if inxi can't determine what it's running in, it defaults to thinking it's
in an IRC client, and switches to IRC color codes, among other changes.
But it was nice to get sshd covered automatically so users don't have to know
the --tty option.
1. More disk vendors and vendor IDs!!! Yes, that's right, the list never ends!!
-- Harald Hope - Fri, 16 Oct 2020 13:43:40 -0700
Version: 3.1.07
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-09-29
Bug fixes, feature updates, changes!!
1. There was a glitch in the pattern that made -D samsung / seagate not ID right,
2. I do not like calling this a bug, because it's not an inxi bug, it's an upstream
regression in the syntax used in /proc/version, they changed a fully predictable
gcc version .... to a random series of embedded/nested parentheses and other random
junk. inxi tries to deal with this regression, which will be perceived as a bug in
systems running kernel 5.8 or newer and inxi 3.1.06 or older, since it will fail to
show the kernel build compiler version since it can't find it in the string.
I really dislike these types of regressions caused by bad ideas done badly and
without any thought to the transmitted knowledge base, but that's how it goes,
no discipline, I miss the graybeards, who cared about things like this.
1. more -D nvme id changes, intel in this case.
2. FreeBSD lsusb changed syntax, which triggered a series of errors when run.
[hint bsd users, do NOT file issues that you want fixed and then not provide
all the data required in a prompt and timely manner, otherwise, really,
why did you file the issue?].
Note: the fix basically just rejects any row from lsusb that does not have the
expected syntax/value in the expected place, which was I think the right
solution given that the change was random, broke expected syntax for lsusb, and
wasn't really integrateable into existing inxi usb logic, so why fight it?
Given that at least 99.99% of all lsusb output in the world, including by the
way OpenBSD's [not sure about most recent version], shows the expected values in
the expected place, I could see no value in creating a convoluted work-around
for a non core bsd tool in the first place, so that's what I didn't do.
See the README.txt for what to do to get issues really handed in BSDs.
1. -C 'boost' option changed from -xxx feature to -x feature.
Consider it a promotion!
2. Added --dbg 19 switch to enable smart data debugging for -Da.
3. Some new tools to handle impossible data values for some -D situations for SMART
where the smart report contains gibberish values, that was issue #225 -- tools were
convert_hex and is_Hex. The utility for these is limited, but might be of use in
some cases, like handling the above gibberish data value.
-- Harald Hope - Tue, 29 Sep 2020 16:08:05 -0700
Version: 3.1.06
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-08-16
New features, new changes, new bug fixes!!! Excitement!!! Thrills!!!
1. Forgot to set get Shell logic in inxi short form, oops, so Shell remained blank,
only inxi short, which I rarely use so I didn't notice.
2. Failed to test pacman-g2 for packages, had wrong query argument, so it failed.
Also failed to test for null data, so showed errors for packages as well. Both
3. A big bug, subtle, and also at the same time, an enhancement, it turns out NVME
drives do NOT follow the age old /proc/partitions logic where if the minor number is
divisible by 16 or has remainder 8 when divided by 16, it's a primary drive, not
a partition. nvme drives use a random numbering when > 1 nvme drives are present, and
the old tests would fail for all nvme drivers more than the first one, which led
to wrong disk size totals. Thanks gardotd426 who took the time to help figure this
out in issue #223 - fix is to not do that test for nvme drives, or rather, to add
a last fail test for nvme primary nvme[0-9]n[0-9] drive detections, not the minor
1. Corrected indentation for block sizes, children were not indented.
2. Updated some older inxi-perl/docs pages, why not, once in a while?
3. Kernel 5.8 introduces a changed syntax to gcc string location, this has been
corrected, and the kernel gcc version now shows correctly for the previous
syntax and the new one. Hopefully they do not change it again, sigh...
4. Removed string 'hwmon' sensors from gpu, those are not gpu sensors, and
are also usually not board/cpu sensors, but things like ath10, iwl, etc,
network, or disk sensors, etc. In some cases hwmon sensor data would appear
1. Big sensors refactor, now inxi supports two new sensors options:
--sensors-exclude - which allows you to exclude any primary sensor type[s]. Note that
in the refactored logic, and in the old logic, gpu sensors were already excluded.
Now other hardware specific sensors like network are excluded as well.
--sensors-use - use ONLY list of supplied sensor IDs, which have to match the
syntax you see in lm-sensors sensors output.
Both accept comma separated list of sensors, 1 or more, no spaces.
The refactor however is more far reaching, now inxi stores and structures data
not as a long line of sensors and data without differentiation, but by sensor array/chip
ID, which is how the exclude and use features can work, and how granular default
hardware sensor exclusions and uses can happen. This is now working in the gpu
sensors, and will in the future be extended to the newer 5.7/5.8 kernel disk
temperature sensors values, which will lead in some cases to being able to get
sensors data for disks without root or hddtemp. This is a complicated bit of logic,
and I don't have time to do it right now, but the data is now there and stored
and possible to use in the future.
To see sensors structures, use: inxi -s --dbg 18 and that will show the sensors data
and its structures, which makes debugger a lot easier for new features.
This issue was originally generated by what was in my view an invalid complaint
about some inxi sensors defaults, which led me to look more closely at sensors
logic, which is severely lacking. More work on sensors will happen in the future,
time, health, and energy permitting.
2. Added Watts, mem temp, for amdgpu sensors, as -sxxx option. More gpu sensor
data will be added as new data samples show what will be available for the
free modules like amdgpu, nouvean, and the intel graphics modules.
3. More disk vendors and IDs, as noted, the list never ends, and it hasn't ended,
so statement remains true. Thanks linux-lite hardware database.
1. This has always bugged me since it was introduced, the primary cpu line starter
Topology: which was only technically accurate for its direct value, not its children,
and also, in -b, cpu short form was using the value as the key, which is a no-no,
I'd been meaning to fix that too, but finally realized if I just make the primary
CPU line key be 'Info:', which is short, yet non-ambiguous, it would solve both
To keep the -b cpu line as short as before, I removed the 'type:' and integraged
that value into the primary Info: string:
Info: 6-Core AMD Ryzen 5 2600 [MT MCP] speed: 2750 MHz min/max: 1550/3400 MHz
-b 3.1.05 and earlier:
6-Core: AMD Ryzen 5 2600 type: MT MCP speed: 1515 MHz min/max: 1550/3400 MHz
These resolve something that has irked me for quite a while, 'Topology:' didn't
fit, it was too geeky, and worst, it only applied to the value directly following
it, NOT to the rest of the CPU information. It also could not be shortened or
abbreviated since then it would have made no actual sense, like topo:, and the
same issue with value being used for key in -b, and wrong word for line starter
in -C would have existed. Besides, someone might think I was trying to make a
subtle reference to the great Jodorowsky film 'El Topo', which would be silly,
because that's art, and this is just some system specs that are reasonably
2. Was using opendns for WAN dig IP address, but apparently cysco bought that
company, and now I've noticed the old opendns dig queries were failing more and
more, so replaced that with akamai dig requests.
Also made the WAN IP fallback to HTTP IP method if dig failed. New option:
--no-http-wan and config item NO_HTTP_WAN with override --http-wan added to
let you switch off http wan IP requests if you want. Note that if dig fails,
you will get no wan ip address.
Updated/improved error messages to handle this more complex set of wan ip
options, so hopefully the error alert message will in most cases be right.
3. To future proof inxi, switched debugger upload location to
from the old Updated man/help to remove those urls too.
-- Harald Hope - Sun, 16 Aug 2020 14:28:58 -0700
Version: 3.1.05
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-07-26
Bug fixes!!! New Features!! Why wait!!!
1. Issue #220 on github: inxi misidentified XFCE as Gnome. This was a kind of core
issue, and pointed to some logic that needed updating, and some inadequate
assumptions made, and some too loose cascade of tests. Hopefully now xfce will
almost never get misidentified, and the other primary desktops ID'ed either from
$ENV or from xrop -root will be slightly more accurately identified as well.
Note that this fix creates a possibility for obscure misconfigured desktops to
be ID'ed wrong, but in this case, that will be technically a bug for them, but
with the new fixes, that situation will be cleaner to handle internally in the
desktop ID logic.
Also tightened the final Gnome fallback detection to not trigger a possible
false positive, it was testing for ^_GNOME but that is not adequate, because
some gnome programs will trigger these values in xprop -root even if GNOME
is not running. Should be safer now, hopefully no new bugs will be triggered
by these changes.
1. Missed an indentation level for -y1, gcc alt should have been indented in
one more level, now it is.
2. In disk vendors/family, didn't clean items starting with '/', this is
now corrected. Yes, some do, don't ask me why. Might be cases like:
Crucial/Micron maybe, where the first ID is grabbed, not sure.
1. New Disk vendors, vendor IDs!!! The list never ends!!! We've finally found
infinity, and it is the unceasing wave of tiny and not so tiny disks and their
2. New feature: for -Aa, -Na/-na/-ia, -Ga, now will add the modules the kernel
could support if they were available on the Device-x lines of those items.
This was made an -a option because it really makes no sense, if it's a regular
option, users might think that for example an nvidia card had a nouveua driver
when it didn't, when in fact, all the kernel is saying is that it knows those
listed modules 'couid' be used or present. This corresponds to the Display:
item in -Ga, that lists 'alternate:' drivers that Xorg knows about that could
likewise be used, if they were on the system.
In other words these are --admin options because otherwise users might get confused,
so this is one where you want to know the man explanation before you ask for it.
It is useful however if you're not sure what your choices are for kernel modules.
When the alternate driver is the same as the active driver, or if none is found,
it does not show the alternate: item to avoid spamming.
-- Harald Hope - Sun, 26 Jul 2020 19:10:21 -0700
Version: 3.1.04
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-06-28
New version, new man, huge update, bug fixes, cleanups, updates!!
What started as a relatively minor issue report ended up with a refactor of big
chunks of some of the oldest code and logic in inxi.
So many bugs and fixes, updates, and enhancements, that I will probably miss some
when I try to list them.
1. In the process of fixing an issue about sudo use triggering server admin
emails on failure, when --sudo/--no-sudo and their respective configuration
items were added, sudo was inadvertently disabled because the test ran before
the options were processed, which meant the condition to set sudo data was
always false, so sudo for internal use was never set. The solution was to
set a flag in the option handler and set sudo after options or configs run.
2. Issue #219 reported gentoo and one other repo type would fail to show
enabled repos, and would show an error as well, this was due to forgetting
to make the match test case insensitive. If only all bugs were this easy
to fix!!
3. I'd seen this bug before, and couldn't figure out why it existed.
It turned out that the partition blacklist filters were running fine
in the main partition data tool, but I had forgotten to add in corresponding
lsblk partition data filters, lol, so when the logic went back and double
checked for missing partitions. This feature had been, if i remember right,
to be able to show hidden partitions, which the standard method didn't see,
but lsblk did, anyway, when the double check and add missing partitions
logic ran, inxi was putting back in the blacklisted partitions every time,
despite the original blacklists working well and as intended.
This was fixed by adding in all the required fs type blacklists, then
adding in comments above each black list reminding coders that if they
add or remove from one blacklist, they have to do the same on the other.
4. Found while testing something unrelated on older vm, the fallback
case for cpu bugs, which was supposed to show the basic /proc/cpuinfo
cpu bugs, was failing inexplicably because the data was simply being
put into the wrong variable name, sigh.
1. While not technically an inxi bug, it would certainly appear that way to
anyone who triggered it. We'd gotten issue reports before on this, but they
were never complete, so couldn't figure it out. Basically, if someone puts
inxi into a simple script that is in $PATH [this was the missing fact needed to
actually trigger this bug in order to fix it], the script [not inxi], will
then enter into an endless loop as inxi queries it for its version number using
<script name> --version. This issue didn't happen if the script calling inxi
was not in PATH, which is why I'd never been able to figure it out before.
Only simple scripts with no argument handlers could trigger this scenario,
and only if they were in PATH.
Fixing this required refactoring the entire start get_shell_data logic, which
ended up with a full refactor of the program_version logic as well. The fix
was to expand the list of shells known by inxi so it would be able to recognize
when it was in a shell running a script running inxi.
This resulted in several real improvements, for instance, inxi will now almost
always be able to determine the actual shell running inxi, even when started
by something else. It will also never use --version attempts on programs it does
not know about in a whitelist.
So we lose slightly the abilty to get version data on unknown shells, but we
gain inxi never being able to trigger such an infinite loop situation.
2. As part of the program_version refactor, a long standing failure to get ksh,
lksh, loksh, pdksh, and the related posh shells, all of which ID their version
numbers only if they are running the command in themselves. The mistake had
been having the default shell run that command. These all now correctly identify
3. As part of the wm upgrades, many small failures to ID version numbers, or
even wm's, in some cases, were discovered when testing, and corrected. Some
I had not tested, like qtile, and the lisp variants, were not being detected
correctly by the tests due to the way python or lisp items are listed in ps aux.
4. As part of the wm update and program_version refactor, updated and simplified
many desktop and wm detections and logic blocks. Ideally this makes them more
predictable and easy to work on for the future.
5. As some last tunings for the new -y1 key: value pair per line output option,
fixed some small glitches in -b indentation. Also improved RAID indenting,
and Weather, and made it all very clean and predictable in terms of indentations.
6. Something I'd slightly noticed but never done anything about, while testing
desktop fixes, I realized that for Desktop: item, dm: is a secondary data type,
but if it's Console:, then DM: is a primary data type, not a secondary one. So
now if Console: it becomes DM: which makes sense, previously it implied a dm:
was used to start the console, which was silly. Also, since often the reason
it's Console: with no dm in the first place is that it's a server with no dm.
So now if console, and no dm detected, rather than showing DM: N/A it just
doesn't show dm at all. Note that the -y1 display feature now makes catching
and correcting such logic and level assignments much easier since you can
see the error in the indentations directly.
7. As part of the overall core refactor, the print_data logic was also refactored
and simplified, by making -y1 a first class citizen, it led to significantly
different way of being able to present inxi data on your screen, and now
print_data logic is cleaner and reflects these changes more natively, all the
initial hacks to get this working were removed, and the logic was made to be
core, not tacked on.
8. A small thing also revealed in issue #219, battery data was not being
trimmed, not sure how I missed that, but in some cases, space padding was in the
values and was not removed, which leads to silly looking inxi output.
9. Several massive internal optimizations, which were tested heavily, led to
in one case, 8-900x faster execution the second time a data structure is used,
previously in program_values the entire list was loaded each time program_values
was called, now it's loaded into a variable on first load and the variable is
used for the tests after that. This was also done for the vendor_version for
disk vendors, which also features a very long data structure which can be
loaded > 1 times for instances where a system has > 1 disk.
I also tested while I was at it, to see if loading these types of data structures,
arrays of arrays, or hashes of arrays, by reference, or by dereferencing their
arrays, was faster, and it proved that it's about 20% faster to not
dereference them, but to use them directly. So I've switched a number of the
fixed data structures internally do use that method.
Another tiny optimization was hard resetting the print_data iterator hash,
while this would never matter in the real world, it showed that resetting
the iterator hash manually was slightly more efficient than resetting it
with a for loop.
10. While not seen inside inxi, I updated and improved a number of the vm's
used to test inxi and various software detections, so now I have a good selection,
going back to 2008 or so, up to current. This is helpful because things like
shells and window managers and desktops come and go, so it is hard to test
old detections on new stuff when you can't install those anymore. You'll see
these fixes in many of the less well known window managers, and in a few of
the better known ones, where in some cases the detections were damaged.
11. As part of the program_version refactor, updated and fixed file based
version detections, those, ideally, will almost never be used. Hopefully
programmers of things like window managers, shells, and desktops, can
learn how to handle --version requests, even though I realize that's a lot
harder than copying someone's code and then rebranding as your own project, or
whatever excuse people have for not including a --version item in their software.
1. As a result of the shell, start shell, shell parent refactors, inxi was able
to correctly in most cases determine also the user default shell and its version,
so that was added as an -Ixxx option:
Shell: ksh v: A_2020.0.0 default: Bash v: 5.0.16
2. As part of the program_version refactor, a more robust version number
cleaner was made, which now allows for much more manipulation of the version
number string, which sometimes contains, without spaces, non version number '
info right before the actual version.
3. Many more wm IDs were created and tested, and some old virtual machines
that were used years ago were used again to test old window managers and
their IDs, as well as new vms created to test newer ones. Many version
IDs and WM ids were fixed in this process as well. All kinds of new ones
added, though the list is basiclaly endless so ideally inxi would only use
its internal data tables for window managers that have actual users, or did.
4. First wayland datatype, now it may show Display ID: with -Ga, so far that's
the only wayland screen/display data I can get reliably.
5. As part of the shell parent/started in: updates and fixes, added every shell
I could find, and installed and tested as many of them as possible to verify
that either they have no version method, or that their version method works.
This shell logic also is used to determine start parent. Obviously using
whitelists of things that can change over time isn't ideal, but there was no
way to actually do it otherwise. The best part of the fixes is that it's now
remarkably difficult to trick inxi into reporting the wrong shell, and it
generally will also get the default shell right, though I found cases in
testing where a shell when started replaces the value in $SHELL with itself.
6. I found a much faster and reasonably reliable way to determine toolkits
used by gtk desktops, like cinnamon, gnome, and a few others. Test is to
get version from gtk-launcher, which is MUCH faster than doing a package
version query on the random libgtk toolkit that might be tested, and actually
was tested for pacman, apt, and rpm in the old days, but that was removed
because it was a silly hack. It's possible that now and then gtk desktops
will be 0.0.1 versions off, but in most cases, the version matched, so I decided
to restore the tk: item for a selection of gtk or gnome based desktops.
So now gtk desktops, except mate, which of course will be using gtk 2 for a
while longer, toolkit version should be working again, and the new method
works on everything, unlike the old nasty hack that was used, which required
package queries and guessing at which gtk lib was actually running the desktop,
it was such a slow nasty hack that it was dumped a while ago, but this new
method works reliably in most cases and solves most of the issues.
7. As part of the overall program_versions refactor, the package version
tester tool was extended to support pacman, dpkg, and rpm, which in practical
terms covers most gnu/linux users and systems. Since this feature is literally
only used for ASH and DASH shell version detections, it was really just added
as a proof of concept, and because it fit in well with the new Package counts
feature of -I/-r.
8. Updated for version info a few other programs, added compositors as well.
9. Last but not least!! More disk vendor IDs, more disk vendors!! And found
another source to double check vendor IDs, that's good.
New Features:
1. For -Ix/-rx, -Ixx/-rxx, -Ia/-ra, now inxi shows package counts for most
package managers plus snap, flatpak, and appimage. I didn't test appimage so
I'm not 100% sure that works, but the others are all tested and work.
If -r, Packages shows in the Repos item as first row, which makes sense, packages,
repos, fits. Note that in some systems getting full package counts takes some
time so it's an -x option not default.
If -rx, -rxx, -ra, package info moved to -r section, and if -Ix, -Ixx, or -Ia,
the following data shows:
* -Ix or -rx: show total package counts: Packages: 2429
* -Ixx or -rxx: shows Packages then counts by package manager located. If there
was only one package manager with packages, the total moves from right after
Packages: to the package manager, like: Packages: apt: 3241 but if there were
for example 2 or more found, it would show the total then:
Packages 3245 apt:3241 snap: 4
* -Ia or -ra: adds package managers with 0 packages managed, those are not
shown with -xx, and also shows how many of those packages per package manager
is a library type lib file.
inxi -Iay1
Processes: 470
Uptime: 8d 10h 42m
Memory: 31.38 GiB
used: 14.43 GiB (46.0%)
Init: systemd
v: 245
runlevel: 5
gcc: 9.3.0
alt: 5/6/7/8/9
apt: 3685
lib: 2098
rpm: 0
Shell: Elvish
v: 0.13.1+ds1-1
default: Bash
v: 5.0.16
running in: kate
pinxi: 3.1.04-1
-- Harald Hope - Sun, 28 Jun 2020 21:07:42 -0700
Version: 3.1.03
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-06-12
Big internal refactor!! Fully adjustable indentation logic, built in, native!
NOTE: none of these changes have any impact on normal inxi -y -1, -y, or -y xx
operation, everything will remain exactly the same, this only changes and
makes robust -y 1 single key: value pair per line output.
3.1.03 finishes the -y1 introduced in 3.1.02, but makes it a core part of the inxi
logic for line printing, not a tacked on afterthought.
Because the first draft of this in 3.1.02 was really a hack tacked onto the existing
logic, which was not very flexible or robust, and required way too much literal test
logic in the black box print_data() subroutine, which is supposed to be a 'dumb'
logic, that just does what you give it automatically, I added in key changes that
hard code the indentations per key, like so:
Now: 34#0#3#key-name
Before: 34#key-name
Note that anyone using the json or XML output option may need to redo their code
a bit to handle these extra 2 values that preface the actual key names.
1. In order to make this work, changed a few small things internally, a few
key names were slightly altered to make them more clear.
1. Redo of all internal full key strings, added two new # separated items:
* xx remains the main 0 padded 2 digit sorter per row/block.
* x is a new 0/1 boolean, that shows if the value is a container or not. As
currently implemented probably not hugely useful since it won't say when
the following items it is a container of ends.
Note that the following y value will always be 1 for the item contained by
the container, so you can check that way if you want. the next item can
also be a container, but it would have either the same indentation level
as the previous container or be different.
Thus, if a key is a container, it can contain either non containers, or
other containers, but that primary container does not end until the indent
value equals or is less than the indent value of the first container.
If you are a programmer you should be able to figure this out.
* y is the indentation level, 0-xx is supported, but in practical terms, only
4 levels are used. For single line output, these set the indentation for that
* key-name remains the key string ID name.
2. For -y 1 -G will show drivers then indented one more level unloaded, FAILED,
and alternate: to make it clear those are a subset of drivers. driver: itself
will contain the actual driver. In cases where no driver is loaded, a note
will show indented after driver:
3. For -y 1, driver v: versions will be indented 1, and driver will be a container
that contains that version key: value pair.
inxi -Razy1
Device-1: g23-home
type: zfs
status: ONLINE
size: 2.69 TiB
free: 1.26 TiB
allocated: 1.43 TiB
Array-1: mirror
status: ONLINE
size: 1.82 TiB
free: 602.00 GiB
online: sdb sdc
Array-2: mirror
status: ONLINE
size: 888.00 GiB
free: 688.00 GiB
online: sdd sde
sudo inxi -dazy1
Local Storage:
total: 1.98 TiB
used: 1.43 TiB (72.2%)
ID-1: /dev/sda
vendor: Intel
model: SSDSC2BW180A4
family: 53x and Pro 1500/2500 Series SSDs
size: 167.68 GiB
block size:
physical: 512 B
logical: 512 B
sata: 3.0
speed: 6.0 Gb/s
serial: <filter>
rev: DC32
temp: 37 C
scheme: MBR
SMART: yes
state: enabled
health: PASSED
on: 291d 17h
cycles: 1346
read: 431.94 GiB
written: 666.16 GiB
Optical-1: /dev/sr0
vendor: HL-DT-ST
model: DVDRAM GH20LS10
rev: FL00
dev-links: cdrom,cdrw,dvd,dvdrw
speed: 48
multisession: yes
audio: yes
dvd: yes
rw: cd-r,cd-rw,dvd-r,dvd-ram
state: running
inxi -Aazy1
Device-1: NVIDIA High Definition Audio
vendor: Gigabyte
driver: snd_hda_intel
v: kernel
bus ID: 09:00.1
chip ID: 10de:0be3
Device-2: AMD Family 17h HD Audio
vendor: Gigabyte
driver: snd_hda_intel
v: kernel
bus ID: 0b:00.3
chip ID: 1022:1457
Device-3: N/A
type: USB
driver: hid-generic,snd-usb-audio,usbhid
bus ID: 5-1.3.4:5
chip ID: 21b4:0083
serial: <filter>
Sound Server: ALSA
v: k5.4.0-11.2-liquorix-amd64
-- Harald Hope - Fri, 12 Jun 2020 19:02:08 -0700
Version: 3.1.02
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-06-12
Big change, cleanup, small bug fixes. Hot, grab it now!!
The new -y 1 feature exposed several small and larger glitches with how sets
of data were constructed in inxi output. See Changes: for list of changes made
to improve or fix these glitches.
These errors and minor output inconsistencies became very obvious when I was
doing heavy testing of -y 1, so I decided to just fix all of them at the same
time, plus it was very hard to make the -y 1 indenter work as expected when the
key values were not being treated consistently.
Note that this completes the set of all possible -y results:
Full -y Options:
1. -y [no integer given] :: set width to a default of 80. this is what you usually
want for forum posts, or for online issue reports, because it won't wrap and be
hard to read. Help us help your users and others!! Teach them to use for example
-Fxzy or -bay for their bug reports. Just add y to whatever collection of arguments
you generally ask for in support forums or issue reports. Highly recommended,
easy to type, and joins cleanly with other letters.
2. -y -1 :: removes line width limits, this can lead to very long lines in some
cases, and removes all auto-wrapping of line widths.
3. -y 1 :: Switch to stacked key: value pairs, with primary data blocks separated
by a blank line. Think dmidecode type output, or other command line sys info tools.
By request, a forum support guy noted it was hard for newbies to understand the
-G values, particularly -Ga when in lines, so this is another way to request
data. WARNING: for lots of data, this gets really long!!! But if you are curious
how inxi actually constructs its data internally, this sort of shows it.
4. -y 80-xx :: set width to 80 or greater. Note you can also set these in
your configurations if you want using the various options supported.
1. Once again, no real bugs found beyond a few trivial things I can't remember.
1. When out of X, dm: showed after Console: and often said dm: N/A particularly
on headless servers, which was silly. Now DM: only shows after Console: if
a DM: was actually found. If regular Desktop output, either in X, or via
--display out of X, no changes.
2. There was a pointless sudo test when sudo values are set initially, they
were still running even if --no-sudo was used. Now they don't run in that case.
1. The biggie, now inxi can output in a similar indented way as something like
dmidecode if you use the -y 1 option. This feature was originally by request,
though the initial request actually just wanted to see it stacked simply,
but that was almost impossible to read for any output reasonably long, so
I made the indentations very dynamic and deep, they go up to 4 levels in,
which is roughly how deep in the inxi sub Categories go. This output format
makes it very easy to see how inxi 'thinks' about its data, how it views
sets, subsets, subsubsets, and subsubsubsets of data.
Note that each data block, as with dmidecode data, is separated by a blank
line. You know what this means!!! Yes, that's right!!! You can parse inxi
output with awk!!, same way legacy bash+gawk inxi used to parse its data!!
Or if your brain just does not like lines of data, you can make it appear in
indented single key: value pairs.
Here you can see for example that 1 Xorg Display has 1 or more Screens,
and each Screen has one or more Monitors. Note that this -Ga data first
appeared in inxi 3.1.00.
Sample [with bug in OpenGL output!, and showing -Ga newer values as well
for dual monitor setup, with one Xorg Screen]:
inxi -aGy1
Device-1: NVIDIA GT218 [GeForce 210]
vendor: Gigabyte
driver: nouveau
v: kernel
bus ID: 09:00.0
chip ID: 10de:0a65
Display: x11
server: X.Org 1.20.8
driver: nouveau
unloaded: fbdev,modesetting,vesa
display ID: :0.0
screens: 1
Screen-1: 0
s-res: 2560x1024
s-dpi: 96
s-size: 677x271mm (26.7x10.7")
s-diag: 729mm (28.7")
Monitor-1: DVI-I-0
res: 1280x1024
hz: 60
dpi: 96
size: 338x270mm (13.3x10.6")
diag: 433mm (17")
Monitor-2: VGA-0
res: 1280x1024
hz: 60
dpi: 86
size: 376x301mm (14.8x11.9")
diag: 482mm (19")
renderer: N/A
v: N/A
direct render: N/A
2. Refactored and cleaned up print_data(), got rid of some early testing code,
dumped some unnecessary tests, simplified old tests, and optimized the new
indentation logic reasonably well. Hopefully the print_data() will not be
quite as much of a black box now as it was.
3. Even more drive vendors and ID matches!!! The list never ends!! An endless
series of new vendors and IDs of existing vendors sprout up, then float away.
And inxi follows them to the best of its ability. Thanks again to Linux-Lite
hardware database, which help make this ever expanding list possible, since
their users appear to use every disk known to humankind.
1. When out of Display, and Console: shows, -S will not show dm: if no
display manager is detected, and if it is detected, it shows DM: since it's
not part of the Console: set of data. If out of X and --display is used to
get Xorg data out of X, it will show Desktop: set of data as normal, at least
it will show the stuff it can find. This resolves the issue where dm: appeared
to be a member of the set of Console: data, instead of either its own thing,
DM:, or a member of the set of Desktop: data.
2. For RAID Devices with sub Array-x: values, Array-x: is capitalized, it used
to be array-x: That was silly.
3. In USB, now Device-x: resets inside each Hub: so that the Device-x: are
numbered starting at 1 within each Hub:. This makes the counter behavior act
the same as it does in for example RAM Array-x: / Device-y:, where each Array-x:
resets Device-y: count to 1. This changes the old default of having Device-x:
not reset, to let you see the total number of devices plugged in or attached
no matter which hub they were plugged into, but the output actually gets
sort of confusing in single key: value pair mode per line.
4. The key: value syntax for weather was changed completely, now it works
like the rest of the features, with Report:... [Forecast:...] Locale:...
and Source:. Locale makes the source of the times and other date related
features, and the location if shown or available, much more obvious. Before
it was never clear if Current Time referred to your local or the remote
time, now it's clearly from the Locale: you specified with -W, or
the default -w local info. Also made Report 1 line if unwrapped, Forecast 1
line if not wrapped, and Locale: 1 line if not wrapped, which makes the output
easier to read.
NOTE: automated weather queries are NOT allowed, if you do it, you will be
banned!! inxi is NOT a desktop weather app!! Don't confuse it with one!!
Weather is just a small service to users who might for example want to check
the weather on a remote system, or something like that, and is not intended
to be used on a routine basis.
5. Cleaned up and re-ordered the --version output. It had some pretty old
contexts in the language, which were removed or cleaned up and brought up to
date. If you're wondering, I roughly use rsync and nano --version as guides
for what to show or not show there.
-- Harald Hope - Thu, 11 Jun 2020 23:53:30 -0700
Version: 3.1.01
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-05-31
New inxi, man. New information types, fixes, man updates.
No bugs of any importance fixed or found!!
1. Tiny fix, didn't use partition/slice assignment in help menu. BSD
interest only since default partition is standard for Linux.
1. Disc Vendors: added a large number of possible disk vendors, without having
actual detection data available for all of them, using a different source.
Also added, as usual, more disc vendor IDs from linux-lite hardware database,
always ready with more vendors!
2. Added groovy gorilla ID for ubuntu
3. Very nice usability change, mostly for support people, now if -y without
an integer is supplied, it will assign default column width of 80, which
is what you usually want for forums or issue reports, otherwise the output
can wrap outside the post or issue report, which is hard to read. Hopefully
support people will catch onto this one.
4. This closes issue #217 - Adds dmidecode based extra data:
-xxx - shows CPU voltage and external clock speeds
-a - shows CPU socket type and base/boost: speed items. These are --admin
options because neither is particularly reliable, sometimes they are right,
sometimes they aren't, as usual with dmi data. As far as tests show, base
speed, what dmidecode misleadingly calls 'Current Speed', which it isn't,
is the actual normal non throttled speed of the CPU / motherboard setup.
boost is what dmidecode calls 'Max Speed', which it also isn't, though
sometimes it is, as with AMD cpus with boost, and no overclocking. With
overclocking, sometimes base will be higher, sometimes the actual real
current cpu speeds will be higher than all the max/boost values.
Motherboard CPU socket type is likewise randomly correct, incorrect, empty,
misleading, depending on the age and type of the system, and the CPU
vendor. It appears that in general, AMD CPUs will be more or less right
if they have this data, and Intel CPUs will sometimes be right, sometimes
not, or empty. For > 1 CPU systems, the data is much less reliable.
-- Harald Hope - Sun, 31 May 2020 14:26:37 -0700
Version: 3.1.00
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-04-22
New inxi, new man. Huge update, new line types, huge graphics upgrade, new
switches, bug fixes, glitch fixes, enhancements, you name it, this has got it!!
Note that since this features a new primary line item (-j / --swap Swap:),
the version number has been bumped to 3.1.0, making this a major version
upgrade, the first since the new Perl inxi rewrite was launched, though of
course 3.0.0 contained many new line items as well, but this is the first
actually new line item since then.
1. Big bug fix: if -z used, and -p, and user had partitions mounted in $HOME
directory, the partitions would buggily duplicate in the output.
2. See Fix 1, inxi was reporting the wrong (or no in some cases) Xorg driver
because it was using the wrong Xorg log, it was only searcing in the original
/var/log/Xorg.0.log file, not the newer alternative path locations.
1. Both an enhancement and a fix, users reported Xorg log file location changes.
Fix is that now inxi uses wildcard searches of all readable locations that can
contain the log files, then collects a list of them, and uses the last modified
one. This ensures that the best possible guess is made about which actual
log file is current, which should lead to significantly more reliable Xorg
driver reports overall.
Note that this fix works for user level and root level, it will always use the
most recent readable file no matter what. For root, that should translate to
the most recent on an absolute level Xorg log file. This issue was caused by
gdm moving from Xorg.0.log to Xorg.1.log on some systems, but not all, and
also, the location is often but not always now:
~/.local/share/xorg/Xorg.[01234..].log [except for root, which is why
root has to search for all user Xorg log files to find the most recent one.
There were many red-herrings in this issue report, so it took some research to
dig through those to the real data sources.
2. Now that the compositor detection is out of early testing mode, enabled
always on compositor detection for Wayland systems. Since the compositor
is the Wayland display server, it makes sense to always show it if Wayland.
Note that there is still no known way to actually reliably get Wayland data
beyond simple environmental variables that let inxi detect Wayland is running
the desktop. Lack of reliable logs or debugging tools across Wayland compositors
makes this entire process about 10-50x more difficult than it should have been.
3. In keeping with 2., also moved compositor: item to be right after server:
4. Debian bug:;package=inxi
requested that HTTP::Tiny be set to default always check SSL certificates.
Now inxi does that, and --no-ssl flag disables this, which makes the Perl
http downloader now work roughly the same as wget, curl, etc.
5. Man page fixes, added pointer placeholders for out of alphabetical order
options, so you can find anything by looking down the alpha sorted lists, like:
--swap - See -j. Since inxi is running out of single letters that match new
features, it's easier to point man readers to the right item without them
having to already know it to find it. Also added --dbg [2-xx] pointer to
github inxi-perl/docs/inxi-values.txt so people interested can learn how to
trip the various per feature screen debuggers.
1. updated ubuntu ids, added 'focal LTS'.
2. USB Graphic devices added. This will add support for USB graphics adapters,
an uncommon but existing category, often used in SOC boards, for example, but
also on desktops, and things like USB webcams. Leaving these off was really
just an oversight, the programming internally had the data, it just wasn't
using it.
3. Support added for TV card type multimedia devices in Graphics. That was
actually a long term oversight, I'd simply missed that in the device ID
documentation, one of the multimedia device subtypes is Video device.
4. Huge, massive, internal upgrade to allow for -Ga output, which gives a
technically accurate Xorg > Display > Screen > Monitor breakdown. Note that
Display and Screen data come from xdpyinfo, and Monitor info comes from xrandr,
but if xrandr is missing, the Screen information shows.
Technically for -G, -Gxx, end users see very little difference except the per
Screen / per Monitor resolutions are listed with a 1: type counter per item.
Note that Xorg Screens are NOT Monitors, they are a virtual space Xorg constructs
out of the pieces of hardware that make up the Screen space. In many cases,
1 Xorg Screen contains only 1 Monitor, but the dimensions or dpi are frequenty
New output items:
Display: ... display ID: [Xorg Screen identifier, like :0.0]; screens: [Total Xorg
Screens in current Display]; [s-default: [if > 1 Screens, default Screen number]]
Screen-x: [Screen number]; s-res: [Xorg Screen resolution];
s-dpi: [Xorg Screen dpi]; s-size: [Xorg Screen mm (inch) size;
s-diag: [diagonal of Xorg Screen size]
Monitor-x: [Monitor Xorg ID]; res: [Actual monitor pixel dimensions];
hz: [actual monitor reported frequency]; dpi: [actual monitor dpi as calculated
from actual monitor resolution/size; size: [actual monitor size in mm (inch);
diag: [actual diagonal size in mm (inch).
4a. -Gxx now shows Xorg s-dpi: for the Screen as well, after the main resolution
section for -G.
5. Big improvement in error messages and logging for Xorg driver detections,
this logic is much more robust now, but after the main driver fix, also much less
likely to ever be seen.
6. Almost not visible to users, but major internal graphics refactor allows now
for more modular treatment, and eventual Wayland data sourcing. Currently
most Wayland data sourcing is in stub form, or only logically possible, but
as it grows possible (if ever, since Wayland protocal appears to have totally
neglected enforcing single location logging, and single tool debugging for
the entire Wayland protocol of compositors, a massive oversight in my view).
The -Ga refactors internally made this much more possible, and I integrated
switches and tests, and fallbacks, and stubs in some locations, so it was
clear where current Xorg specific logic is, and where future Wayland logic
will fit in, sort of anyway.
7. Debugger tools added for new features, or most of them.
8. New primary line item: --swap / -j. This moves all swap data to a dedicated
Swap: line, which looks roughly the same as Partition: lines, but when -j/--swap
is used, all swap types, not only physical partition swaps, show. This should
make some users happy.
9. Added more cpu family IDs for Zen 2 series of cpu, tweaked some later
Intel cpu family ids in terms of cpu arch name tool.
10. By request, added ability filter out all UUID or Partition Label
strings in -j, -o, -Sa, -p, -P. Those are tripped by --filter-label and
--filter-uuid. Mostly useful in fringe cases, for example, replacing
label or UUID from -Sa kernel boot parameters with root=LABEL=<filter>,
or in cases you want to show full -v8 output without showing UUID or Labels,
11. Added --no-dig/--dig plus configuration option NO_DIG=true. This disables
dig in cases where dig is installed but failed due to maybe network firewall
rules or something, and WAN IP detection fails. Normally you always want
to use dig, it's faster, more reliable, and safer, than all the other regular
downloader based methods, but we have seen server setups where for some reason
those types of dig requests were blocked, thus disabling WAN IP detection.
12. Added in WAN IP failure case, if dig was used, suggestion to try
again with --no-dig, since most users are unlikely to learn about this issue,
or the solution to it.
13. Added single letter shortcut -J for --usb, maybe this will help people
discover usb component of inxi, now you can request for instance: inxi -FJaz
14. Added xonsh to supported shells, that had tripped a perl undefined value
for start client bug since xonsh uses single word for version, xonsh/234
so the default value, 2nd word, was undefined.
15. More SSD and USB drive vendors from the endless fountain over at
Linux Hardware Database (
1. Small change in how screen resolutions are output in -G non -a mode,
now each Screen / Monitor will increment by 1 the 1: [resolution~hz] key.
This helps make it more readable. Note that in non -a mode, the increments
are just based on Screen, then Monitor, Monitor, Screen, and so on, counts.
Most users will only have one Screen systems, but more advanced setups may use
the Xorg > 1 Screen, each screen able to run > 1 monitors.
The counts in say, a 2 Screen system, with 3 monitors, would be:
1: res1 [from screen 0, monitor 1] 2: res2 [from screen 0, monitor 2]
3: res3 [from screen 1, monitor 1.
If xrandr is not installed, it would show:
1: res1 [from screen 0] 2: res2 [from screen 1]
-- Harald Hope - Wed, 22 Apr 2020 19:33:56 -0700
Version: 3.0.38
Patch: 00
Date: 2020-03-14
New version, man page, exciting changes!!
1. Fixed undefined error that could happen, in rare cases, in hdd_temp logic.
1. Fixed Elbrus cpu nazming, model 9 is 8CV, not 8CB (Cyrillic error)
2. Preventitive, was not using '-' quite correctly in all regex ranges.
3. Had wrong desktop string listed in Unity
4. Reordered Family/Drive model in usb drive reports, it's to make it
more obvious what is what.
5. Adjusted indexing of splits to get better results in corner cases.
6. Fixed some numbering issues.
7. Added trimming n1 from nvme0 type names for nvme, this corrects some
issues users were having.
8. Fixed a division by 0 error in smartctl data grabber.
9. Fixed a Perl issue, didn't realize perl treats 000 as a string, not 0.
10. Another Perl fix, int() only wants to get numeric values sent to it,
I'd assumed a different behavior, non numerics get converted to 0, but that's
not how Perl sees things. Things like this, by the way, are why Perl is so
absurdly fast.
1. More disk vendors. The list will never be complete!! We have found eternal
churn!! Thanks to linux lite hardware database as always.
2. Big one!!! Now inxi uses smartctl data, if installed, for getting advanced
drive information (with -a). See man and help for details. Will show failing drives,
etc. Lots of info can be available, but sometimes data is not in smartctl db,
so inxi can't find it, that's not an inxi bug, it's just how it is.
3. Made hours on more human readable, into days/hours, for -a smartctl disk
4. Added $test[12] for smartctl data printout, and $test[13] for disk array print out.
Note that advanced debugger outputs can change or vary depending on what is being
worked on so don't in general rely on these always being around. But they do
tend to say stuck in place once I add them.
5. Added some nvme stuff, spare reserve, if you need it, you'll appreciate it,
if not, you'll never know it's there.
6. By request from some forum issue thread: made --host only be shown onif not
--filter or not --host. This makes -z remove hostname, but retains ability to
do absolute overrides. Hostname should have always been filtered out like that,
it was an oversight. I think that was Manjaro who asked that, but I forget.
Note that this change, as usual, will not alter expected behaviors if users
have config item for hostname set.
7. Added support for picom compositor, thanks user codebling for that, I think
that's compiz fork, the real branch that is that is being developed.
-- Harald Hope - Sat, 14 Mar 2020 22:56:32 -0700
Version: 3.0.37
Patch: 00
Date: 2019-11-19
New version, man page, exciting changes!!
1. issue #200 - forgot to add all variants for -p, now works with --partition-full
and --partitions-full
2. issue #199 - another one, forgot to add --disk to -D for long version. Thanks
adrian15 for both of these, he was testing something and discovered these were
3. Issue #187 an issue with RAID syntax not being handled in a certain case,
thanks EnochTheWise for following through on this one. This turned out to be
a bad copy paste, a test pattern did not match the match pattern.
1. Fixed some docs typos.
2. Issue #188 fixed protections and filters for some glxinfo output handlers.
3. Issue #195, for Elbrus bit detection.
4. Added filter to cpu data, was not skipping if arm, so Model string
was treated numerically.
1. Added rescatux to Debian system base detections. This closes issue #202, again
from adrian15, thanks.
2. For cpu architecture, updated for latest AMD ryzen and other families, like
Zen 3, which is just coming out re available data. Also latest Intel, which are
trickier to ID right now, but I think I got the latest ones right,
That's things like coffee lake, amber lake, comet lake, etc.
3. Huge one, full (hopefully out of the box) Russian Elbrus CPU support. Thanks
to the alt-linux and the others who helped provide data and feedback to get support.
Note that this was also part of correcting 64 bit detection for e2k type, which
is how Elbrus IDs internally. See issue #197 which I've left open for the time
being for more information on this CPU and how it's now handled by inxi.
Note all available data should now work for Elbrus, including physical cpu/core
counts etc. Elbrus do not show flag information, nor do they use min/max speed,
so that data isn't available, but everything else seems to work well.
4. Eternal disk vendors. Thanks linux lite hardware database, you continue to
help make the disk vendor feature work by supplying every known vendor ever seen.
5. To close debian bug report
Note that the fix is simply to give the user the option to disable this behavior
with the new --no-sudo and NO_SUDO configuration file options. This issue should
never have been filed as a bug since even the poster admitted it was a wishlist
item, but because of how debian bug tracker works, it's hard to get rid of
invalid bugs. Note that this is the internal use of sudo for hddtemp and file,
not starting inxi with sudo, so using this option or configuration item just
removes sudo from the command. Note that because the user did not do as
requested, and never actually filed a github wishlist issue, and since his
request was vague and basically pointless, the fix is just to let you switch
off sudo, that's all.
Note that another user had commented on sudo firing off admin emails on servers,
and that was in a different context, some time ago, that's what this option really
is useful for, if you want to just disable sudo fires internally to avoid admin
server email alerts, basically.
-- Harald Hope - Tue, 19 Nov 2019 20:18:15 -0800
Version: 3.0.36
Patch: 00
Date: 2019-08-14
New version, many small fixes.
1. Issue #188 exposed a situation in glxinfo where the required opengl fields are
present but contain null data. This happens when a system does not have the required
opengl drivers, which was the case here. inxi failed to handle that. Thanks
LinuxMonger for posting the required data to figure this corner case out.
2. Fixed a long time bug in Disk vendor ID, there was an eq (string equals)
where it was supposed to use regex pattern match. Oops. Would have led to
disk vendor id failures in several cases.
1. help, man updates for RAM/Memory data, more clarifications.
2. Refactored RepoData class/package, to make it easier to handle repo string
data, and make it all overall cleaner internally, and enable future extensions
to certain features in inxi that may or may not one day become active.
3. Added to some regex compares \Q$VAR\E to disable regex characters in strings.
I should have used that a long time ago, oh well, better late than never!
4. Found a horrible case were xdpyinfo uses 'preferred' instead of the actual
pixel dimensions, shame on whoever allowed that output!!! shame! Had to add
a workaround to make sure numeric values are present, if not, then use the
fallback, which means, 2x more data parsing to get data that should not
require that, but in this example, it did (an Arch derivative, but it could
be xdpyinfo itself, don't know).
1. More fixes on issue #185. Thanks tubecleaner for finding and provding required
data to really solve a set of RAM issues that apply particularly in production
systems. This issue report led to 2 new options: --memory-short, which only
shows a basic RAM report.
Memory: RAM: total: 31.43 GiB used: 14.98 GiB (47.7%)
Report: arrays: 1 slots: 4 modules: 2 type: DDR4
And a 2nd, --memory-modules, only shows the occupied slots. This can be
useful in situations where it's a server or vm with a lot of slots, most empty:
Memory: RAM: total: 31.43 GiB used: 15.44 GiB (49.1%)
Array-1: capacity: 256 GiB slots: 4 EC: None
Device-1: DIMM 1 size: 16 GiB speed: 2400 MT/s
Device-2: DIMM 1 size: 16 GiB speed: 2400 MT/s
Note that both of these options trigger -m, so -m itself is not required.
2. More disk vendors!! The list never ends! Thanks linux-lite hardware database
and users for supplying, and buying/obtaining, apparently every disk known to
3. Added fallback XFCE detection, in cases were the system does not have xprop
installed, it's still possible to do a full detection of xfce, including toolkit,
so now inxi does that, one less dependency to detect one more desktop.
4. Added vmwgfx driver to xorg drivers list. Note, I've never actually seen this
in the wild, but I did see it as the kernel reported driver from lspci, so it
may exist.
1. Issue #187 EnochTheWise (?) did not supply the required debugger data so there
is a RAID ZFS issue that will not get fixed until the required debugger data is
Note that a key way we get issues here is from Perl errors on the screen, which are
a frequent cause of someone realizing something is wrong. This is why I'm not going
to do a hack fix for the RAID ZFS issue, then the error messages will go away, and
it will likely never get handled.
-- Harald Hope - Wed, 14 Aug 2019 10:47:47 -0700
Version: 3.0.35
Patch: 00
Date: 2019-07-15
New version. Bug fixes, updates.
1. Issue #185 exposed a small long standing bug in ram max module size logic.
Was not retaining the value each loop iteration, which could lead to way off
max module size guesses. Note that this could lead to a VERY wrong max module size
2. Issue #185 also exposed a rarely seen undefined value for ram reports, was
not tested for undefined, now is.
1. cleanup of comments in start client debugger that made it unclear.
2. Got rid of all the legacy development modules that were in inxi-perl/modules.
These were totally out of date and pointless to retain.
1. Added eoan ubuntu 19-10 release name
2. Added zen cpu model ID.
3. Disk vendors and new vendor IDs added. Thanks linuxlite hardware database.
4. Made a backend tool to check for new unhandled disks, this makes updating
disk/vendor IDs a lot easier.
5. Updated inxi-perl/docs with new links etc.
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 15 Jul 2019 19:48:45 -0700
Version: 3.0.34
Patch: 00
Date: 2019-04-30
New version, new man, new feature!! Bug fixes!
1. issue #182 - in freebsd, there was an oversight in the pciconf parser, it
was using unfiltered strings as regex pattern, and of course, a string flipped
an error. Fix was to add the regex cleaner to the string before it's used in test.
2. NOTE: issue #182 had a second bug, but the issue poster didn't follow up with
data or output so it couldn't be fixed. This was related to a syntax change in
usbdevs -v output in FreeBSD. Such changes are too common, but it might also
simply be a variant I have not seen or handled, but so far no data, so can't fix.
Don't blame me if you get this bug, but do post requested debugger data if you
want it fixed!
1. Updated man for weather, explained more clearly how to use country codes for
weather output. More clarifying in general about weather location, and weather
1. Added avx/avx2 to default flag list in -C short form. Thanks damentz from
liquorix for clarifying why that was a good idea. Note the initial issue came up
in a Debian issue report, not here. People!! please post issues here, and don't bug
maintainers with feature requests! Maintainers aren't in a position to add a feature,
so you should go straight to the source.
1.a. Created in inxi-perl/docs new doc file: cpu-flags.txt, which explains all
the flags, and also covers the short form flags and explains why they are used.
2. To resolve another issue, I made a new documentation file:
This is instructions for maintainers of distros who do not use rpm/apt/pacman but
still want the --recommends feature to output their package pool package names for
missing packages. I decided to not allow more than the default 3 package managers
because no matter what people say, if I allow in more, the maintainer will vanish
or lose interest, and I'll be stuck having to maintain their package lists forever.
Also, it's silly to even include that package list for any distro that does not
use rpm/apt/pacman, since the list is just wasted lines. Instructions in doc file
show what to change, and how, and has an example to make it clear. Odds of this
actually being used? Not high, lol, but that's fine, if people want it done, they
can do it, if not, nothing bad happens, it just won't show any suggested install
package, no big deal.
3. Using the new disk vendor method, added even more disk vendors. Thanks
linux lite hardware database!!
4. EXCITING!! A new --admin/-a option, suggested by a user on
Now -S or -b or -F with -a option for GNU/Linux shows the kernel boot parameters,
from /proc/cmdline. Didn't find anything comparable for BSDs, if you can tell me
where to look, I'll add it for those too, but wasn't anywhere I looked. Do the
BSDs even use that method? Don't know, but the logic is there, waiting to be used
if someone shows me how to get it cleanly. The 'parameters:' item shows in the main
'System:' -S output, and will just show the entire kernel parameters used to boot.
This could be very helpful to distros who often have to determine if for example
graphics blacklists are correctly applied for non free drivers, like nomodeset etc,
or if the opposite is present.
For forum/distro support, they just have to ask for: inxi -ba and they will see
the relevant graphics info, for instance, or -SGaxxx, or -Faxxx, whatever is used
to trigger in this case the graphics and system lines.
5. Updated man/help for 4 as well, now explains what they will see with --admin/
-a options and -S. Good user suggestion, I wish all new features were this easy,
-- Harald Hope - Tue, 30 Apr 2019 17:37:10 -0700
Version: 3.0.33
Patch: 00
Date: 2019-03-29
New version, new man. Weather explanations, disks, bugs!!
1. For sensors, in some cases, gpu failed to show correctly. This fixed issue #175
1. Made help/man explanations of weather changes more clear.
Particularly in regards to no automated query info. But also for supported
location syntaxes.
2. Some corner cases of null weather data return null and tripped
a null data error. This is corrected.
3. Added city duplicate filter to weather output, this hopefully will
in some cases avoid printing city name twice, depends on weather source.
4. Removed --weather-source option 0, that no longer works so all code was
5. More deb822 fixes, loosened up even more syntax. That's a poorly designed
config syntax, hard to work with.
1. Lots of new disk vendors. So many!! Thanks linux-lite hardware database!
switched to a new method of getting disk name/vendor data, now it's a lot easier
to check for new ones.
2. Added fancybar to desktop info.
-- Harald Hope - Fri, 29 Mar 2019 14:03:51 -0700
Version: 3.0.32
Patch: 00
Date: 2019-02-07
New version, new man. A few more modifications to weather.
1. In case with zero wind speed, it now shows zero, not N/A, as expected.
1. Depending on weather source used:
* Shows precipitation, not rain/snow.
* Adds Sunrise/sunset (most sources do not have this)
-- Harald Hope - Thu, 07 Feb 2019 20:50:18 -0800
Version: 3.0.31
Patch: 00
Date: 2019-02-06
New version, new man page. Big update! Get it in before your freeze!!
1. Maybe the vendor/product regex, which when + was used, would put out
2. Maybe Fix 4, since that could lead to incorrect behavior when sudo
is involved depending on sudo configuration.
3. BIG: current inxi weather will probably fail if not updated to this or
newer versions!! Not an inxi bug per se, but your users will see it as one.
1. Fixed Patriot disk ID.
2. Fixes for PPC board handling.
3. Regex cleaner fixes, this could lead to error in special cases of product
vendor names.
4. crazy from frugalware pointed out that $b_root detection was flawed, and
relied on a bad assumption, particularly for sudo. As usual, he's right, that
is now corrected, and uses $< Perl native to determine UID.
1. Added septor to Debian system base.
2. Removed quiet filters for downloaders when using --dbg 1, now you see the
entire download action for curl/wget downloads. This went along with
issue # 174
3. New feature: --wan-ip-url. This closed issue #174. Also has user config
option: WAN_IP_URL as well to make changes permanent.
4. Added --dbg 1 to man and help. The other --dbg options are random and can
change, but --dbg 1 is always for downloading, so might as well tell people
about it.
5. To anticipate the loss of a major weather API, inxi is redone to use
based robust API. This also allows for a new switch, --weather-source (or --ws
for shorter version), options 0-9, which will trigger different APIs on
Added WEATHER_SOURCE configuration option as well. Note that 4-9 are not
currently active. Also added in better error handling for weather.
The main benefit here is that inxi is now largely agnostic to the weather APIs
used, and those can be changed with no impact to inxi users who are running
frozen pool inxi's, or who have not updated their inxi versions.
NOTE: all inxi versions older than 3.0.31 will probably fail for weather
quite soon. So update your inxi version in your repos!!
6. More disk vendors IDs and matches. Thanks linuxlite hardware database.
7. Going along with weather changes, added, if present, cloud cover, rain, and
snow reports. Those are for previously observed hour.
8. Small change to Intel CPU architecture, taking a guess on stepping for
skylake/Cascade lake ID. Guessing if stepping is > 4, it's cascade lake. But
could not find this documented, so it's a guess. At worst, it means that Cascade
lake, which must be a later steppingi than 4, will not be ID'ed as skylake.
9. Documentation updates for data sources.
1. inxi now uses a new system to get weather data. There is no longer a risk
of weather failing if the API used locally in inxi fails or goes away. This
change should be largely invisible to casual users.
2. In weather, moved dewpoint to be after humidity, which makes a little more
-- Harald Hope - Wed, 06 Feb 2019 18:09:53 -0800
Version: 3.0.30
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-12-31
New version, new man page.
1. Both a fix and a bug, in that inxi had an out of date list of Xorg drivers.
This led to all the newer Intel devices failing to show their drivers in the
Xorg driver lines, like i915, i965, and so on. Updated to full current list of
Xorg drivers. This is not technically a bug since it's simply things that came
into existence after that logic was last updated. But it looks like a bug.
1. Issues #170 and #168 showed a problem with inxi believing it was running in IRC
when Ansible or MOTD started inxi. This is because they are not tty so trip the
non tty flag, which assumes it's in IRC in that case. The fix was to add a
whitelist of known clients based on the parent name inxi discovers while running
inside that parent. MOTD confirmed fixed, Ansible not confirmed. Why do people file
issue reports then not follow up on them? Who knows.
Note that this issue is easy to trip by simply doing this: echo 'fred' | inxi
which disables the tty test as well. To handle that scenario, that is, when inxi is
not first in the pipe, I added many known terminal client names to the whitelists.
This works in my tests, though the set of possible terminals, or programs with
embedded terminals, is quite large, but inxi handles most of them automatically. When
it doesn't, file an issue and I'll add your client ID to the whitelist, and use --tty
in the meantime.
2. Issue #171 by Vascom finally pinned down the wide character issue which manifests
in some character sets, like greek or russian utf8. The fix was more of a work-around
than a true fix, but inxi now simply checks the weather local time output for wide
characters, and if detected, switches the local date/time format to iso standard,
which does not contain non ascii characters as far as I can tell. This seemed to
fix the issue.
3. Added iso9660 from excluded file systems for partitions, not sure how inxi
missed that one for so long.
4. See bug 1, expanded and made current supported intel drivers, and a few other
drivers, so now inxi has all the supported xorg drivers again. Updated docs as well
to indicate where to get that data.
1. As usual, more disk vendor/product ID matches, thanks to linuxlite hardware
database, which never stops providing new or previously unseen disk ids. Latest
favorite? Swissarmy knife maker victorinox Swissflash usb device.
2. Added Elive system base ID.
3. Added Nutyx CARDS repo type.
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 31 Dec 2018 20:54:08 -0800
Version: 3.0.29
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-12-10
New version, fixes, updates, missing specs.
1. See fix 4, incorrect positioning of Trinity desktop detection logic.
1. Vascom reports in issue #169 that some systems are making the /sys cpu
vulnerability data root read only. Added <root required> test and output.
2. A while back, they added several chassis types in the smbios
specifications. I used an older specification pdf file, this is now corrected.
Note that realworld use of the new types exists, like tablet, mini pc, and so
on. This missing data caused Machine report to list N/A as machine type when
it was actually known. I'd been using an older specification PDF, and had
failed to look at the actual spec download page, where you could clearly see
the newer spec file. Corrected this in the inxi docs as well.
3. Made gentoo repo reader check for case insensitive values for enabled.
Also extended that to other repo readers that use similar syntax, they are
all now case insensitive (Yes/yes/YES, that is)
4. Fixed incorrect handling of Trinity desktop ID, that needed to happen in
the kde ID block, as first test, not after it. Caused failure in Q4OS trinity,
and maybe others. I'm not sure why inxi had the detection where it was, it
made no real sense, so that's now nicely integrated, so these types of
failures should not happen again. Thanks Q4OS for exposing that issue.
1. Added TDM and CDM display managers. Never seen either (Q4OS uses TDM), TDM
corrected. CDM not confirmed, don't know if it's still around, but if it is
similar to TDM re in /run, it should be detected fine.
2. Added more disk vendors/ids, the list never stops!! Thanks LinuxLite
Hardware database, your users seem to use every disk known to humanity.
3. Added Debian derived Q4OS distro ID and system base handler.
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 10 Dec 2018 11:08:47 -0800
Version: 3.0.28
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-11-28
New version, new man. Fixes, enhancements.
1. ARM fix, odroid > 1 cpu speeds not showing correctly.
2. Ansible start fixes.
3. Fringe Battery failures, see Pinebook.
1. Removed null data message 'old system' since that's not always the case.
2. Added support for > 1 CPU speeds in systems with > 1 CPU.
3. Added is_numeric test for sudo version tests, that was tripping errors in
rare cases.
4. Fine tuned terminal size setting to check that is int to correct the
Ansible problem.
5. ARM Pinebook fixes, battery, cpu. This also fixes corner cases where
the battery charge state is missing but it is a systme battery.
1. Added more disk ID matches/vendors. Thanks LinuxLite Hardware database!!
2. UKUI, ukwm, ukui-panel added to desktop data.
3. Added PopOS to system base.
4. Ansible/Chef user noted that inxi believes that it is running in IRC when
started by Ansible / Chef (not sure about Chef but assuming it's the same).
Added flag --tty flag to force inxi to believe it's running in shell no matter
what starts it. Note that this fix is not confirmed because the person didn't
confirm the fix. Annoying.
5. Added Ubuntu disco to ubuntu_id.
-- Harald Hope - Thu, 29 Nov 2018 21:12:14 -0800
Version: 3.0.27
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-10-14
New version, new man. Fixes, stitches, and returns!!
1. As a fix (3), failure to handle spaces in mount source names. More of a fix than
a bug, since it was an old issue #63.
2. OSX errors, BSD errors, but not really inxi errors or bugs, more weird data
tripping null data or unreadable file errors, but I'll call those bugs since they
look like bugs to end users. See Fixes for more.
3. See Fix 4, this is sort of a bug, inxi failed to return expected values on
1. One of the documented config items, COLS_MAX_NO_DISPLAY had not been implemented
internally. This is now corrected.
2. Apple OSX was returning errors, those were fixed.
3. Finally handled ancient issue #63, support now there for spaces in remote source
name. This means that both spaces in source block name, and mount point name, are
in theory both handled now. This was also to fix an osx issue #164 despite the
fact that technically I do not support osx beyond fixing errors, but since in this
case the issue was a long standing one, I fixed it for everything.
4. Big fix, I'd completely left undone proper unix type error number returns in
inxi, oops. Thanks Unit193 for noticing that and prompting me to fix it. Now inxi
returns integer success/error numbers as expected.
5. OSX xml based version info broke, of course, naturally it would, so I added in
an osx fallback where if no distro version detected, use fallback unix method, which
is what all the other unices use.
6. Along with space in source name, fixed mapped handling a bit more too for
6. Added cifs remote file system to disk size used blacklist, and iso9660. Not sure
how I'd missed those for so long.
7. OpenBSD vmstat in 6.3 changed the column order for avm/fre, and changed to a,
sigh, human readable default format, in M, so to handle this for all bsds, I had
to make a dynamic column detection for avm and fre, and use those after, and also
i had to add in a M detection, if found, *1024 and strip out M, sigh.
8. OpenBSD, another alternate ordering/syntax issue, the dmesg.boot data for disks
does not always use the same order in comma separated list, saw user case where
the first item after : was the MB size, not the second. Made detection dynamic.
9. Due to Android case, found types where no cpu speed data was found, no max speed
at least, which tripped an error due to null data for ARM, this is now handled,
now cpu speed min/max read permissions in /sys are checked first before trying to
read, and default failures are better handled.
10. On man page, added in clarification of the moving of Memory: item from Info:
line to ram Memory: line, explaining when it appears where. I am ambivalent about
removing the item from -I, I may revert that change, I find it non-intuitive to
move the Memory report around.
1. Added display manager Ly, plus Ly version number. Thanks NamedKitten, this
closes issues #166 #165 #162
2. Improved documentation a bit to avoid ambiguity re how to get colors in output.
That handles issue #161, thanks fugo for the nudge to improve the documentation.
3. First inxi on Android tests, using termux, which has a debian based apt
type installer, got inxi running on at least two devices, including pixel2, but
discovered that apparently as of android 5, /sys is now locked up in terms of
wildcard reads, but further analysis is required, but as of now, inxi works in
termux, but fails to get any Device data for A, G, or N. Thus it also fails to match
IF to Device, so none of the IP data shows up. The latter will probably be fixed
since Android has ip and ifconfig already, or termux does, but so far I found no
way to get device data for ARM in Android 5.x and greater (checked on
android 7 and 9 in real phones).
4. More disk vendors!! thanks linuxlite / linux hardware database for offering an
apparently never ending list of obscure and not so obscure disk vendors and
5. While I was unable to get confirmation or documentation on file names for
tce repo files, I guessed that localmirrors would be used, but this may be
any random text file in /opt at all, no extensions, I'd have to test to confirm
or deny possible values.
6. To handle more complex debugger failures, added --debug-no-proc,
--debug-no-exit, to skip or enable completion where proc or sys debugger is hanging.
1. Changed vendor in A, G, and N to -x, not -xxx, this data seems much more useful
and reliable than I'd first expected when I made the feature, the -xxx was more
an indication of my lack of trust in the method and source, but so far it seems
pretty good, so I bumped it up to an -x option. Note that also, it's quite useful
to know the vendor of, say, your network or graphics card, not just the actual
device internal data, which is all inxi has ever shown previously.
2. Small change, if no partition type data is found, dev, remote, mapped, default
now says 'source:' instead of 'dev:' which makes more sense. Note that df calls
that column 'source', so I decided to go with their language for the default not
found case. Also changed mapped to say mapped. This was part of a bit of a
refactor of the partition type logic, enhanced by adding mapped to existing types,
and moved the entire type detection block into the main data generator, and out
of the data line constructor.
1. Tested, and dumped, List::Util first() as a possible way to speed up grep
searches of arrays, where the goal is just to see if something is in an array. My
expectation was that first(), returning the first found instance of the search term,
would of course be faster since it will always exit the search loop was met with
the sad fact that first() is about 2 to 4 times SLOWER than grep() native builtin.
I tested this fairly carefully, and used NYTProf optimizer tool and the results were
totally consistent, first() was always much slower than grep(), no matter what size
the array is. I assume this means the core C programming that makes grep is simply
much better than the File::Util module programming that makes first(). Removed
first() and now know that nothing will be faster than grep so no need to look there
for speed improvements.
The moral of the story: just because something should in theory be faster, does
sadly not mean it will be faster, for there are bigger things at work, skill of
the programmers who made the logic, how perl handles external vs internal tools,
and so on. As an aside, this forms a fairly consistent pattern where I've found
Perl by itself to be faster than modules in many cases, that is, it's faster to
write the code out than to use a module in many cases that I have tested, so I
will always test such ideas and dump every one that is in fact slower than native
Perl builtins.
-- Harald Hope - Sun, 14 Oct 2018 15:24:34 -0700
Version: 3.0.26
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-09-28
New version, new man.
1. If you consider failure to identify a mounted yet hidden partition a bug, then
that bug is fixed, but I consider that as more of a fix than a bug.
1. Added more device pattern ID for odroid C1 and C2, these are now pretty well
2. inxi failed to handle a certain type of hidden partition, so far only seen
with udiskctl mounted TimeShift partitions, but this may be a more general udisk
issue, but so far not enough information. The fix is to use the lsblk data to
build up missing partitions, so this fix is for non legacy Linux systems only.
The fix works pretty well, but it's hard to know until we get a lot more real
world data, but given so far I've received only one issue report on it, I
suspect this is not a common situation, but you never know, it would never
have shown up in datasets unless I had looked specifically for it, so it may
be more common than I think.
3. Cleaned up and simplified new --admin -p and -d logic.
4. Refactored deb822 apt handling due to utter randomness of syntax allowed.
1. For debugging, renamed all user debugger switches to have prefix --debug.
These options are to help debug debugger failures, and so far have been tested
and solved the failures, so I'm adding them all to the main man and help menu,
thus raising them to the level of supported tools. These were enormously helpful
in solving proc or sys debugger hangs.
* --debug-proc
* --debug-proc-print
* --debug-no-sys
* --debug-sys
* --debug-sys-print
2. Added findmnt output to debugger, that may be useful in the future. Also added
df -kTPa to also catch hidden partitions in debugger.
3. Added in another user level debugger, triggered with --debug-test-1 flag. This
will do whatever operation is needed at the time for that user. Some issues can
only be resolved by the user on their machine.
4. More disk vendors and matches!!! Thanks linuxlite/linux hardware database!
-- Harald Hope - Fri, 28 Sep 2018 13:47:03 -0700
Version: 3.0.25
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-09-24
New version, new man. Huge set of changes. Excitement!! Thrills! Spills?
1. There was a missing main::is_int test that in some instances triggered
error. This is corrected.
2. More of a fix, but legacy devices were not matching NIC to IF because
the /sys path was not a link as it is now. I made a separate function to
handle that match test so it could be more readily worked with.
1. Arch/Manjaro presented yet another Xorg.wrapper path, this time /usr/lib. Why?
who knows. That to me is a bug, but since if it's not handled in inxi, it makes
it look like inxi has a server: -G bug, I worked around it. Again. This creates
the bug when you do not use the actual true path of Xorg where Xorg.wrapper
complains and will not show -version data. Why move this? why use that wrapper
thing? I don't know, makes no sense to me.
2. More MIPS data, thanks manjaro ARM people. This made MIPS much better, though
it will certainly need more work.
3. Better ARM support, added in devicetree strings, which helps pad out the
Devices IDs, albeit with very little data, but at least the devices are detected.
Thanks Manjaro ARM people there again.
4. Removed Upstart init test for arm/mips/sparc devices. This test made MIPS
device totally puke and die, killed networking, so since very few upstart running
systems will be arm/mips devices, I decided there better safe than sorry.
5. Found another uptime syntax case, MIPS as root does not have the users item.
6. Many tweaks to SOC data generators, will catch more categories, but the lists
will never be done since each device can be, and often is, random re the syntax.
SOC types are now filtered through a function to create consistent device type
strings for the per device tool to use to assign each to its proper
@device_<type> array.
7. USB networking failed to test usb type for 'network', which led to failed
ids on some device strings.
8. For pciconf/FreeBSD, cleaned up device class strings to get rid of 0x and
trailing subsubclass values, this converts it into the same hex 4 item string
that is used by GNU/Linux/lspci so I can apply consistent rules to all pci
types, no matter what the generator source is, lspci, pcidump, pciconf, and
eventually pcictl if I can get netbsd running.
9. Fixed internal --dbg counts for various features, and updated docs for that.
10. Fixed ARM / MIPS missing data messages, they were redundant.
11. Ongoing, moving excessive source comments to inxi-values.txt and inxi-data.txt.
12. Added unity-system-compositor as mir detection, who knew? I guess that was
its production application name all along? Oh well.
1. Added basic support for OpenIndiana/Solaris/SunOS as a bsd type. Just enough
to make errors not happen.
2. Future proofed unix/bsd detections just to avoid the unset $bsd_type of non
BSD unix.
3. Added S6 init system to init tool.
4. Added OpenBSD pcidump to new DeviceData feature. Includes now <root required>
message on Device-x: lines if not root. All working.
5. Fully refactored the old pci stuff to DeviceData package/class, due to adding
so many types to that, it made sense to make it a single class.
6. Did the same to USBData, because of lsusb, usbdevs, and /sys usb, made sense
to integrate the data grabber into one package/class
7. Added speed: item to USB:, it shows in Mb/s or Gb/s
8. Added Odroid C1/C2 handling, which is one big reason I opted to refactor the
devices data logic into DeviceData.
9. Added ash shell, not sure if that detection will work, but if it does,
it will show.
10. As part of the overall DeviceData refactor, I moved all per type data into
dedicated arrays, like @device_graphics, @device_audio, @device_network, etc,
which lets me totally dump all the per device item tests, and just check the
arrays, which have already been tested for on the construction of the primary
DeviceData set. Moved all per type detections into DeviceData so that is now
one complete logic block, and the per type data generators don't need to know
about any of that logic at all anymore.
11. Added sway, swaybar, way-cooler as window managers, info items. Not 100%
positive about the --version, their docs weren't very consistent, but I think
the guess should be right if their docs weren't incorrect.
12. Added vendor: item to network, not sure why I kept that off when I added
vendor: to audio and graphics. It made sense at the time, but not now, so now
-GNA all have vendor: if detected.
13. More device vendors!! The list never ends. Thanks linuxlite/linux hardware
database, somehow you have users that manage to use every obscure usb/ssd/hdd
known to humanity.
14. Big update to --admin, now has the following:
A: partitions: shows 'raw size: ' of partition, this lets users see the amount
of file system overhead, along with the available size as usual.
B: partitions: show percent of raw in size:
C: partitions: show if root, block size of partition file system. Uses
blockdev --getbsz <part>
D: partition: swap: show swappiness and vfs cache pressure, with (default)
or (default [default value]) added. This apparently can help debugging some
kernel issues etc. Whatever, I'll take someone's word for that.
E: Disks: show block size: logical: physical:
15. New option and configuration item: --partition-sort / PARTITION_SORT
This lets users change default mount point sort order to any available ordering
in the partition item. Man page and help menu show options.
16. Going along with the MIPS fixes, added basic support for OpenWRT, which uses
an immensely stripped down busybox (no ps aux, for example), maybe because it
only runs as root user/ not sure, anyway, took many fixes.
17. Added Void Linux xbps repos to Repos section.
1. Changed usb: 1.1 to rev: 1.1 because for linux, we have the USB revision number,
like 3.1. Note that this is going to be wrong for BSDs, but that's fine.
2. Changed slightly the output of Memory item, now it follows the following rules:
A: if -m/--memory is triggered (> -v4, or -m) Memory line always shows in Memory:
item, which makes sense. Note that -m overrides all other options of where Memory
minireport could be located.
B: if -tm is triggered, and -I is not triggered, Memory shows in in -tm
C: if -I is triggered, and -m is not triggered, Memory: shows in -I line.
D: no change in short form inxi no arg output, Memory is there.
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 24 Sep 2018 15:58:00 -0700
Version: 3.0.24
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-09-10
New version, new man page. Bug fix, enhancements, fixes.
1. Big bug found on certain systems, they use non system memory memory arrays, inxi
failed to anticipate that situation, and would exit with error when run as root for
-m when it hit those array types. These arrays did not have modules listed, so the
module array was undefined, which caused the failure. Thanks Manjaro anonymous
debugger dataset 'loki' for finding this failure.
This is literally the first dataset I've seen that had this issue, but who knows
how many other system boards will show something like that as well.
1. Related to bug 1, do not show the max module size item if not system memory
and size is less than 10 MiB. Assuming there that it's one of these odd boards.
1. For bug 1, extended Memory: report to include array type if not system memory.
That instance had Video Memory, Flash Memory, and Cache Memory arrays along with
the regular System Memory array. Now shows: use: Video Memory for example if not
System Memory to make it clear what is going on.
2. Added basic Parrot system base, but for some inexplicable reason, Parrot changed
the /etc/debian_version file to show 'stable' instead of the release number. Why?
Who knows, it would be so much easier if people making these derived distros would
be consistent and not change things for no good reason.
3. Added a few more pattern matches to existing vendors for disks. As usual, thanks
linuxlite/linux hardware database for the endless lists of disk data.
4. Added internal dmidecode debugger switches, that makes it much easier to inject
test dmidecode data from text files using debugger switches internally.
5. Added -Cxx item, which will run if root and -C are used, now grabs L1 and L3
cache data from dmidecode and shows it. I didn't realize that data was there, not
sure how I'd missed it all these years, I guess pinxi really is much easier to work
on! This only runs if user has dmidecode permissions from root or sudo.
6. Brought cpu architectures up to date, new intel, new amd. Note there's a slight
confusion about what is coffee lake and what is kaby lake.
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 10 Sep 2018 15:00:17 -0700
Version: 3.0.23
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-09-07
New version, man page. Fixes, enhancements, changes.
1. AntiX forums, for testing -C --admin, suggestions, always helpful.
1. Added switch to set @ps_gui, I forgot case where info block was only thing
that used ps_gui (Nitrux kde nomad latte case). This led to no info: data if
other ps_gui switches not activated. Now each block that can use it activates it.
1. To clarify issue #161 added help/man explanation on how to get colors in cases
where you want to preserve colors for piped or redirected output. Thanks fugo.
2. LMDE 3.0 released, slightly different system base handling, so refactored to
add Debian version, see enhancement 2. Tested on some old vm instances, improved
old system Debian system base id, but it's empirical, distro by distro, there is
no rule I can use to automatically do it, sadly.
3. 'Motherboard' sensors field name added, a few small tweaks to sensors. This
was in response to issue #159, which also raised a problem I was not really
aware of, user generated sensor config files, that can have totally random
field names. Longer term solution, start getting data from sys to pad out
lm-sensors data, or to handle cases where no lm-sensors installed.
4. Fixed kwin_11 and kwin_wayland compositor print names, I'd left out the _,
which made it look strange, like there were two compositors or something.
5. Fixed latte-dock ID, I thought the program name when running was latte, not
latte-dock. inxi checks for both now. Thanks Nitrux for exposing that in vm test.
6. Sensors: added in a small filter to motherboard temp, avoid values that are
too high, like SYSTIN: 118 C, filters out to only use < 90 C. Very unlikely a
mobo would be more than 90C unless it's a mistake or about to melt. This may
correct anoymous debugger dataset report from rakasunka.
1. Added --admin to -v 8 and to --debugger 2x
2. Added -a to trigger --admin. This lets you run something like -Fxxxaz
3. Expanded system base to use Debian version tool, like the ubuntu one, that
lets me match version number to codename. The ubuntu one matches code names to
release dates. Added Neptune, PureOS, Sparky, Tails, to new Debian system base
4. Big enhancement: --admin -C now shows a nice report on cpu vulnerabilities,
and has a good error message if no data found. Report shows:
Vulnerabilities: Type: [e.g. meltdown] status/mitigation: text explanation.
Note: 'status' is for when no mitigation, either not applicable, or is vulnerable.
'mitigation' is when it's handled, and how. Thanks issue #160 Vascom from Fedora
for that request.
5. The never-ending saga of disk vendor IDs continues. More obscure vendors,
more matches to existing vendors. Thanks linuxlite/linux hardware database
1. Reordered usb output, I don't know why I had Hubs and Devices use different
ordering and different -x switch priorities, that was silly, and made it hard to
Now shows:
Device/Hub: bus-id-port-id[.port-id]:device-id info: [product info]
type/ports: [devices/hubs] usb: [type, speed]
-x adds drivers for devices, and usb: speed is now default for devices, same as
Hubs. Why I had those different is beyond me.
The USB ordering is now more sensible, the various components of each
matching whether hub or device.
Unfixable or Won't Fix:
1. Unable to detect Nomad desktop. As far as I can tell, Nomad is only a theme
applied to KDE Plasma, there is no program by that name detectable, only a
reference in ps aux to a theme called nomad.
2. Nitrux system base ID will not work until they correct their /etc/os-release file.
3. Tails live cd for some inexplicable reason uses non standard /etc/os-release
field names, which forces me to either do a custom detection just for them, or for
them to fix this bug. I opted for ignoring it, if I let each distro break standard
formats then try to work around it, the distro ID will grow to be a 1000 lines long
easily. Will file distro bug reports when I find these from now on.
This shows the corrected, cleaned up, consistent usb output:
inxi -y80 --usb
Hub: 1-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 14 usb: 2.0
Hub: 1-3:2 info: Atmel 4-Port Hub ports: 4 usb: 1.1
Device-1: 1-3.2:4 info: C-Media Audio Adapter (Planet UP-100 Genius G-Talk)
type: Audio,HID usb: 1.1
Device-2: 1-4:3 info: Wacom Graphire 2 4x5 type: Mouse usb: 1.1
Device-3: 1-10:5 info: Tangtop HID Keyboard type: Keyboard,Mouse usb: 1.1
Device-4: 1-13:7 info: Canon CanoScan LiDE 110 type: <vendor specific>
usb: 2.0
Device-5: 1-14:8 info: Apple Ethernet Adapter [A1277] type: Network usb: 2.0
Hub: 2-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 8 usb: 3.1
Hub: 3-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 2 usb: 2.0
Hub: 4-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 2 usb: 3.1
Hub: 5-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 4 usb: 2.0
Hub: 6-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 4 usb: 3.0
inxi -y80 --usb -xxxz
Hub: 1-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 14 usb: 2.0
chip ID: 1d6b:0002
Hub: 1-3:2 info: Atmel 4-Port Hub ports: 4 usb: 1.1 chip ID: 03eb:0902
Device-1: 1-3.2:4 info: C-Media Audio Adapter (Planet UP-100 Genius G-Talk)
type: Audio,HID driver: cm109,snd-usb-audio interfaces: 4 usb: 1.1
chip ID: 0d8c:000e
Device-2: 1-4:3 info: Wacom Graphire 2 4x5 type: Mouse driver: usbhid,wacom
interfaces: 1 usb: 1.1 chip ID: 056a:0011
Device-3: 1-10:5 info: Tangtop HID Keyboard type: Keyboard,Mouse
driver: hid-generic,usbhid interfaces: 2 usb: 1.1 chip ID: 0d3d:0001
Device-4: 1-13:7 info: Canon CanoScan LiDE 110 type: <vendor specific>
driver: N/A interfaces: 1 usb: 2.0 chip ID: 04a9:1909
Device-5: 1-14:8 info: Apple Ethernet Adapter [A1277] type: Network
driver: asix interfaces: 1 usb: 2.0 chip ID: 05ac:1402 serial: <filter>
Hub: 2-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 8 usb: 3.1
chip ID: 1d6b:0003
Hub: 3-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 2 usb: 2.0
chip ID: 1d6b:0002
Hub: 4-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 2 usb: 3.1
chip ID: 1d6b:0003
Hub: 5-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 4 usb: 2.0
chip ID: 1d6b:0002
Hub: 6-0:1 info: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 4 usb: 3.0
chip ID: 1d6b:0003
-- Harald Hope - Fri, 07 Sep 2018 13:01:40 -0700
Version: 3.0.22
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-08-28
New version, man page. Bug fixes, enhancements.
1. A long standing bug was finally identified and fixed. -n/-i would fail to match
a Device to the right IF in cases where they had the same chip / vendor IDs. Added
busID for non Soc type devices to fix that. I hope. This fix has been tested on a
machine that had this bug, and it is now corrected. Thanks skynet for the dataset.
2. deepin-wm was failing to get listed correctly with new fixes, this is corrected.
1. mate version was depending on two tools, mate-about and mate-session, which
somewhat randomly vary in which has the actual highest version number. Fix was to
run both in MATE for version, and run those through a new version compare tool.
Thanks mint/gm10 for reporting that bug.
2. -Gxx compositors: added some missing ones that were being checked for in-
3. For distro id, fixed a glitch in the parser for files, now correctly removes
empty () with or without spaces in it.
4. Got rid of ' SOC?' part of no data for ram or slots, that also triggers in non
SOC cases, so best to not guess if I can't get it right.
1. More disk vendor ID matches, also, somehow missed QEMU as vendor, thanks to
linux hardware database (linuxlite) for great samples of vendor/product strings.
2. Added a bunch of compositors, found a new source that listed a lot inxi did not
have already.
3. Added version v: for some compositors in -Gxxx.
4. New program_data() tool provides an easier to use simple program version/print
name generator, including extra level tests, to get rid of some code that repeats.
5. Found some useful QEMU virtual machines for ARM, MIPS, PPC, and SPARC, so
made initial debugging for each type, so basic working error free support is well
on its way for all 4 architectures, which was unexpected. More fine tunings to
all of them to avoid bugs, and to catch more devices, as well.
Note that QEMU images are hard to make, and they were not complete in terms of
what you would see on physical hardware, so I don't know what features will work
or not work, there may be further variants in audio/network/graphics IDs that
remain unhandled, new datasets always welcome for such platforms!
6. Found yet another desktop! Added Manokwari support, which is at this point
a reworking of gnome, but it was identifiable, minus a version number.
7. Added deepin and blankon to system base supported list, these hide their debian
roots, so I had to use the manual method to provide system base.
8. Extended -Sxxx info: item to include system trays, and a few more bars and
panels. So this product now shows bars, panels, trays, and docks. And that's I
think good enough, since those are the basic tools most desktop/wm's will use.
-- Harald Hope - Tue, 28 Aug 2018 15:08:16 -0700
Version: 3.0.21
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-08-17
New version, man page. Big set of changes. Full USB refactor, plus added features.
1. A result of the issue #156 USB refactor, I discovered that the --usb sort order,
which was based on Bus+DeviceID, in fact is wrong, pure and simple. This was exposed
by using a second USB hub on a bus, the Device IDs are not really related in any
clearly logical way to the actual position on the bus. The solution was to fully
refactor the entire USB logic and then use generated alpha sorters based on the full
bus-port[.port] ID. Device ID is now printed last in the ID string, like so: 1-4:1.
Note that Device IDs start at 1 for each bus, regardless of how many hubs you have
attached to that port.
2. Certain situations triggered a bug in Optical devices, I'd forgotten to change
$_ to $key in two places. Since that part didn't normally get triggered, I'd never
noticed that bug before. Thanks TinyCore for exposing that glitch!
1. On legacy systems, fluxbox --version does not work, -v does. Corrected.
2. for --usb, network devices should now show the correct 'type: Network'.
For some weird reason, the people who made the usb types didn't seem to consider
many key devices, scanners, wifi/ethernet adapters, and those are almost always
"Vendor defined class".
3. A really big fix, for instances where system is using only Busybox, like
TinyCore, or booting into any system running busybox for whatever reason, now
avoids the various errors when using busybox ps, which only for example outputs
3, not 11, default columns for ps aux, and which does not support ps -j, which
is used in the start/shell client information. This gets rid of a huge spray
of errors, and actually allows for pretty complete output from systems that only
have busybox tools installed. This should cover everything from TinyCore to MIPS
to ARM systems that run minimalist Linux. Note that this fix goes along with the
/sys based USB parser, since such systems may have USB, but are unlikely to have
lsusb installed, but do have /sys USB data.
4. In some cases, strings /sbin/init would trigger a false version result, fixed
that logic so now it rarely will do that.
1. Added Moksha desktop, that's a Bodhi fork of Enlightenment E17; added qtile
window manager (no version info).
2. Added Bodhi detection; Salix + base slackware; kde neon system base;
3. Added support for slaptget repos, basic, it may not be perfecct.
4. More disk vendors, and matches for existing vendors.
5. Full rewrite of USB data, in --usb, -A, and -N, along with core usb data engines.
This makes lsusb optional, though recommended (because it has a better vendor/
product ID to string internal database than /sys data). This was in response
to a second set of issues in #156 by gm10, USB drivers.
Depending on the system, using only /sys data, while slightly less informative,
is between 20 and 2000 milliseconds faster, so if you want speed, either use the
new --usb-sys option, or the configuration file USB_SYS=[true|false] option.
1. switched to cleaner more efficient data structures
2. added ports count to hub report, linux and bsd.
3. added [--usb|-A|-N] -xxx serial for Device items, if present.
4. added --usb -xx drivers, per interface, can be 1 or more drivers.
5. fully refactored -A and -N usb device logic, far cleaner and simple now,
much easier to work with, no more hacks to find things and match them.
6. USB type: now comes from /sys, and is in general going to be more accurate
than the lsusb -v based method, which was always an ugly and incomplete hack.
As with drivers, it also now lists all the interface types found per device, not
just the first one as with the previous method. Note that HID means the more
verbose: Human Interface Device, but I shortened it. Now that the type: data is
created by inxi reading the class/subclass/protocal IDs, and then figuring out
what to do itself, I can have quite a bit more flexibility in terms of how type
is generated.
7. added --usb -xxx interfaces: [count] for devices, which lists the device
interface count. This can be useful to determine if say, a usb/keyboard adapter
is a 2 interface device. Note that Audio devices generally have many interfaces,
since they do more than 1 thing (audio output, microphone input, etc.).
8. Support for user configuration file item: USB_SYS=[true|false]. This is useful
if you want to see only the /sys version of the data, or if you want the significant
speed boost not using lsusb offers, particularly on older systems with a complex
USB setup, many buses, many devices, etc.
New option --usb-tool overrides USB_SYS value, and forces lsusb use.
9. New options: --usb-sys - forces all usb items to use /sys data, and skip lsusb.
Note that you still have to use the feature options, like --usb, -A, or -N. This
can lead to a significant improvement in execution time for inxi.
10. Rather than the previous bus:device ID string, to go along with the internal
sorting strings used, inxi now shows the real Bus / port /port ids, like:
1-3.2.1:3 - Bus-Port[.port]:device id.
6. Added support for Xvesa display server. Thanks for exposing that one, TinyCore!
7. Added tce package manager to repos. That's the tinycore package manager.
1. big one, after 10 plus years, the venerable 'Card-x:' for -A,-N, and -G has been
replaced by the more neutral 'Device-x:'. This was a suggestion by gm10 from Mint
in issue #156
This makes sense because for a long time, most of these devices are not cards, they
are SOC, motherboard builtin, USB devices, etc, so the one thing they all are is
some form of a device, and the one thing that they are all not is a Card. Along with
the recent change from HDD: to Local Storage in Disks: this brings inxi terminology
out of the ancient times and into the present. Thanks for the nudge gm10.
See inxi-perl/docs/inxi-fragments.txt for removed blocks.
1. Entire parser for lsusb -v, now it all runs either usbdevs or lsusb, and if Linux
and not lsusb, it will use /sys exclusively, otherwise it uses /sys data to complete
the lsusb vendor/product strings.
2. Two functions that were used by -A and -N to match usb devices and get their /sys data,
that became redundant since it all now goes through the /sys parser already, so those
features can get the data pre-parsed from the @usb arrays.
Output Examples:
Sort by DeviceID failures in 3.0.20 using Device ID:
inxi --usb
Hub: 1:1 usb: 2.0 type: Full speed (or root) hub
Device-1: Wacom Graphire 2 4x5 bus ID: 1:2 type: Mouse
Device-2: Tangtop HID Keyboard bus ID: 1:3 type: Keyboard
Device-3: Verbatim bus ID: 1:11 type: Mass Storage
Device-4: Apple Ethernet Adapter [A1277] bus ID: 1:13
type: Vendor Specific Class
Hub: 1:85 usb: 1.1 type: Atmel 4-Port Hub
Device-5: C-Media Audio Adapter (Planet UP-100 Genius G-Talk) bus ID: 1:86
type: Audio
Device-6: Canon CanoScan LiDE 110 bus ID: 1:112
type: Vendor Specific Protocol
Device-7: ALi M5621 High-Speed IDE Controller bus ID: 1:113
type: Mass Storage
Hub: 2:1 usb: 3.1 type: Full speed (or root) hub
Hub: 3:1 usb: 2.0 type: Full speed (or root) hub
Hub: 4:1 usb: 3.1 type: Full speed (or root) hub
Hub: 5:1 usb: 2.0 type: Full speed (or root) hub
Hub: 6:1 usb: 3.0 type: Full speed (or root) hub
Corrected: sort by BusID in 3.0.21:
inxi --usb
Hub: 1-0:1 usb: 2.0 type: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 14
Hub: 1-3:85 usb: 1.1 type: Atmel 4-Port Hub ports: 4
Device-1: C-Media Audio Adapter (Planet UP-100 Genius G-Talk)
type: Audio,HID bus ID: 1-3.2:86
Device-2: ALi M5621 High-Speed IDE Controller type: Mass Storage
bus ID: 1-3.4:113
Device-3: Wacom Graphire 2 4x5 type: Mouse bus ID: 1-4:2
Device-4: Verbatim type: Mass Storage bus ID: 1-7:11
Device-5: Tangtop HID Keyboard type: Keyboard,Mouse bus ID: 1-10:3
Device-6: Canon CanoScan LiDE 110 type: <vendor specific> bus ID: 1-13:112
Device-7: Apple Ethernet Adapter [A1277] type: Network bus ID: 1-14:13
Hub: 2-0:1 usb: 3.1 type: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 8
Hub: 3-0:1 usb: 2.0 type: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 2
Hub: 4-0:1 usb: 3.1 type: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 2
Hub: 5-0:1 usb: 2.0 type: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 4
Hub: 6-0:1 usb: 3.0 type: Full speed (or root) Hub ports: 4
-- Harald Hope - Fri, 17 Aug 2018 14:07:01 -0700
Version: 3.0.20
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-07-30
New version, new man. ARM enhancements and updates, -S data ongoing enhancements.
1. Added support for new ARM SOC types, including chromebook ARM. Note that so far I
have been unable to find a way to detect MMC networking, at least in a meaningful
way. I know where the data is, but I can't figure out how to reasonably integrate it
into the main ARM soc/device generator logic because it's fundamentally different
from most platform or devicetree data.
2. Added alternate battery tests, this should cover a wide range of alternate
battery IDs, while still preserving the distinction between system power batteries,
and device batteries. The detection is now far more dynamic, and can handle
unknown syntax for battery ID, while not losing the ability to correctly identify
device batteries (like mice, keyboards, etc).
3. Trying a somewhat unreliable hack to get cpu variant for arm devices where the
current method fails. this may be removed if it causes false ID in the future.
4. Excluded all /driver/ paths from ARM SOC @pci generation, those give read errors
even as root.
5. Fixed a few defective wm version detections.
The -S line continues to see many improvements.
1. Greatly expanded the set of info: items, now it covers all the toolbars,
panels, and docks that I could find, plus a few things like icewmtray, where the
wm has a built in panel. While there are probably more bar/panel/dock tools out
there, and more will get added if or when they are encountered, now info: shows
far more variants than ever before, and covers the range of options simpler wm
users have for bars, trays, and panels. If I missed one that is detectable, by
all means show how to detect it!
2. Fine tuned and added a few more window managers, and added version for some that
were not showing versions.
3. Added 3 more dm version handlers, slim, gdm, gdm3, and refactored that code to
use the same program_values/program_version logic that the other tools use.
4. A few more obscure and usb stick vendor IDs added.
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 30 Jul 2018 18:06:11 -0700
Version: 3.0.19
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-07-23
New version, new man. Fixes, glitches, and stitches!
Fixed some subtle and not subtle issues that I've noticed recently.
1. The color scheme selector failed to remove the global value when a non global
setting was used. This led to global values never getting removed, even though
the text output said it would be, which is confusing, obviously, and always
overriding the color selected. Thanks CentOS for helping find that one.
1. Fixed possible corrupted user inxi.conf values. Now skips null values, and
fully validates as integer integer values.
2. Fixed fvwm-crystal detections, integrated it into new refactored desktop logic.
3. For systems without glxinfo or running inxi out of gui/desktop, Xorg was in many
cases failing to show version, which made it not show anything for server: except
N/A. This is caused by a relatively recent change in behaviors in xorg, where you
have to run it directly from it's true path, which is something like /usr/lib/xorg
or /usr/lib/server-xorg at which point the error:
/usr/lib/xorg-server/Xorg.wrap: Only console users are allowed to run the X server
Figuring this out was tricky, and who the heck knows why Xorg -version would even
return such a silly error in the first place, but there you have it. Next time
you wonder why inxi is so long, this is why, endless churn in basic and complex
things! The fix is injecting the optional xorg paths into @paths right before,
and removing them right after, which avoids adding clutter to the @paths.
4. A ZFS fix, I'd noticed this one a while back, but after looking at the zfs
Ubuntu tutorial page, I realized that this is the norm now, which is building zfs
with /dev/sda (no partitions). This lead to failing to detect the zfs components,
and reporting a bunch of partitions as unmounted which were part of that /dev/sdb
type component array. By allowing /dev/sd[a-z] I fixed both errors at the same time,
but I don't know if this syntax extends to say, nvme zfs as well. Note that when
you build zfs arrays with say, /dev/sdb /dev/sdc you'll see two partitions per
disk, /dev/sdx1 which is the main data, and /dev/sdx2, which is a tiny 8mB partition,
no idea what it's for.
5. Fixed missing konversation and hexchat version numbers in -I, finally found
what was going on there. Note that hexchat --version used to pop up a gui, but
I guess he finally fixed that, I am hoping.
6. Fixed some gentoo repo detections, but also found more variants. Not sure what
exactly is going on with repos there, will wait for gentoo user issue reports to
really lock those down.
7. BSD fixes, turns out FreeBSD uses that same map ... syntax in df -kT as OSX...
Also made sure to load sysctl data for -S row, I'd forgotten about the compiler
test there which needs that data.
8. Fixed herbstluftwm version detection, turns out it's another one of those that
passes the entire path to the version program, so it shows: /sbin/herbsuftwm 0.22.0
which broke the regex, easy fix.
9. Completed refactoring of DesktopData, now it's all data array driven for most
wm, desktops, etc, which makes adding/removing one very easy. All core data is now
in program_values to allow for automated detections.
1. With fix 1, added check_int and check_number utilities, these validate that inxi
internal numeric or integer values actually are what they are supposed to be. This
uses a neat Perl trick that makse the checks super fast and super accurate. Moved
all internal int/numeric test regex to use these.
2. Added file based version number detection, that was done for Deepin, which uses
/etc/deepin-version for its version number, but it can be used for anything.
3. Added Deepin and deepin window managers, Lumina, added bspwm wm, fixed muffin
detections. Note that lumina has a weird behavior where when run outside of pinxi,
it outputs to stdout, but inside of pinxi, to stderr, who the heck knows how that
4. Added zorin to supported base: distros.
5. Even more disk vendors added! The list of no-name off brand chinese ssd vendors
appears to be endless! Added some more specific ids to capture unique strings
that can be linked to a vendor.
6. Added /usr/home to default -P paths, that's used instead of /home in the real
world, so why not show it?
7. Because qt detection is possible, I've extended qt toolkit detection, but it's
also not super accurate, but it's far better than gtk tk was, so I'm leaving
that in. I also extended it to more wm/desktops since more are using qt now.
Note: budgie 11 is going to be qt, but there's no way to distinguish between 11 and
gtk 10 without doing a bunch of hacks so I'm leaving that alone.
8. Found a possible distro id source, added /etc/calamares detections to debugger,
I'll see if that shows some consistent patterns before I implement a last fallback
test for distro IDs. It may work.
1. Giving up on fake/slow/inaccurate GTK toolkit detections, removed the entire
codeblock and stored in docs/inxi-fragments.txt, but I'm not going to do package
manager type version tests anymore, if we can't get the data directly from a program
or file, it's not going to happen, plus the gtk installed on the system means nothing
in relation to the gtk version used to build the desktop.
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 23 Jul 2018 12:57:38 -0700
Version: 3.0.18
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-07-16
New version, new man. Fixes, a few changes, enhancements.
1. Removed /dev/zram type data from swap partitions, since that's ram, it's
not a partition, obviously.
2. More alternate IPMI syntax found, that's clearly going to take a while to have
most syntaxes handled.
3. Small lm-sensors adjustment, fringe cases might scramble up hwmon and gpu
temps, this is now handled.
1. Added disk vendors, udinfo.
2. Exciting! New Architecture: MIPS! First datasets, confirmed working. This led to
more abstracting of the previously ARM specific logic to be for SOC in general.
3. Related to 2, added in fallback busybox cases for partition data without fs.
4. Added window managers, xmonad, ratpoison, 9dm, gala (for Pantheon), notion,
5. Added Pantheon desktop detection. Note, unable to find a way to get version
6. IMPI sensors: added in psu fans, dimm temp.
7. New -Cxxx option: cpu boost (aka turbo), state enabled / disabled, only shows
if system has that option.
1. Made toolkit for -S be -xx instead of -x, only Trinity/KDE and XFCE have that
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 16 Jul 2018 17:31:30 -0700
Version: 3.0.17
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-07-12
New version, new man. Changes, bug fixes, enhancements! Don't delay!
1. A real bug, the detection for true path of /dev/root had a mistake in it and
would only have worked in half the cases. This was an easy fix, but a significant
one since it also would lead to the actual root / partition showing in Unmounted.
2. Related to the item Fixes-2, if two USB networking devices were attached,
the second one's bus and chip ID would go on the wrong line of data if -n or -i
option were used. Since that would be the line belonging to the previous device,
that obviously was weird and wrong.
3. NEW: latest kernel can show hwmon data in sensors, for example from wifi chip.
This broke CPU temp detection and showed way too high cpu temp, so this fix is
fairly important since new kernels may have this new sensors hwmon syntax.
4. Sensors: IPMI alternate syntax found, also case with no data in expected columns,
just N/A, so now the ipmi sensor logic skips all lines with non numeric values in
the values column. This is what it should have done all along, it was trusting
that values would always exist for the field names it looks for.
1. ARM networking fix. ARM devices like rasberry pi that use usb bus for networking
showed the no data message even though usb networking was right below it. This is
corrected, and now that only shows if both main and usb networking failed for ARM.
2. Big repo fix: while testing distro and Trinity live cds, I discovered that apt is
sometimes used with rpms, which made PCLinuxOS and ALT-Linux Repos item show the
apt files but no data since the pattern was looking for start with deb. Added rpm
to pattern, so all distros that use apt running rpms should now 'just work'.
3. Fixed more distro id things, PCLinuxOS should now show its full distro string.
4. Debugger: Filtered out more blocks of /proc, that data is bloated and messy, found
another case where it collected a vast amount of junk system data from zfs in that
case, just blocked the entire range. I had no idea /proc had so much junk data in it!
5. As noted above, IPMI, yet another alternate syntax for field names. My hope that
IPMI software and sensors will be more logical and consistent than lm-sensors output
is proving to be merely wishful thinking, I think now out of 3 datasets I've gotten,
I've seen 3 variants for syntax, not to mention the ipmi-tool vs ipmi-sensors
differences. So IPMI will be like all sensors stuff, a work in progress, to
be updated with every newly discovered alternate syntax and data set.
1. Disk vendors, added some, improved pattern detections for others. This feature
is getting better all the time. Thanks linuxlite hw db, easy to scan for missing
vendors in their inxi data.
2. Added more wm, budgie-wm, mwm, variants of kwin and Trinity's Twin, several others,
more refactoring of core wm/desktop code.
3. Added gpu ram and reworked memory logic for rasberry pi, which is the only SBC
I am aware of that uses that tool. Now reports the actual total, and also gpu: for
ram data, so you can tell that the gpu is using part of the total. Again, this comes
from issue #153. Also added that info to man page for -I part.
4. Added more ARM and PCI cleaners for neater and more concise ARM/PCI output.
5. Added Trinity support to Desktop section, this had at least two different detection
methods, but since the first just shows KDE original data, only the second one proved
to be Trinity specific. Happily, the full data is available, toolkit, desktop version,
and wm (Twin).
6. New -G,-A,-R -xxx feature: vendor:. Note that vendor data is very bloated and
messy so it's trimmed down substantially, using a series of filters and rules, and
thus it can contain the following: the actual vendor, like Dell, nothing, the
motherboard vendor/product for board based PCI items, or a complete vendor/product
string if it's unique. I couldn't think of a clean field name that meant:
vendor OR vendor + basic product info OR motherboard + board version OR full
product name, including vendor, so in the end, I just used vendor: but it's not
quite the right term, but nothing else seemed to work better. Testers responded
very enthusiastically about this feature so I guess the vendor: feature is ok.
1. Biggest change: Drives: HDD: total: the HDD: is now changed to: Local Storage:
This was part of issue #153 and is a good suggestion because HDD generally was used to
refer to hard disks, spinning, but with nvme, m.2, ssd, mmc, etc, that term is a bit
dated. 'Local' is because inxi does not include detected remote storage in the totals.
2. The recent --wm option which forced ps as data source for window manager detection
has been reversed, now --wm forces wmctrl and ps aux is preferred. Still falls back
to wmctrl in case the ps test is null, this is better because I have to add the wm
data manually for each one, whereas wmctrl has an unknown set and probably variable
set of wm. Note that I reversed this because I saw several cases where wmctrl was
wrong, and reported a generic source wm instead of the real one. Since most users are
not going to even be aware of the wm: feature as enhanced with --wm switch, this
should have no impact on users in general. Since the detected wm name needs to be
known and handled to get assigned to wm: and wm version data, I think it will work
better to have the known variants match with the wm data values, then just fallback to
unknown ones that can get filled in over time as we find wm that people actually
use and that you can get version info on and detect.
3. Moved help menu debugging options to bottom of help, which makes the option set
more logical as you go down the list:
Output Control Options:
Additional Options:
Advanced Options:
Debugging Options:
1. Got rid of tests for GTK compiled with version for many desktops, that test
was always wrong because it did not have any necessary relation to the actual
gtk version the desktop was built out of, and it also almost always returned no
data. Since this is an expensive and slow test, and is always going to be wrong
or empty anyway, I've removed it. My tests showed it taking about 300ms or so
to generate no data, heh. That's the tk: feature in -S.
Note I also found that gnome-shell takes an absurdly long time to give --version
info, the slowest of all such things, 300ms again, just to show version? Someone
should fix that, there's no possible reason why it should take 300 milliseconds
to give a simple version string. Note that this returns tk: to only returning
real data, which in this case means only xfce, kde, and trinity, which are the
only desktops that actually report their toolkit data. I'll probably remove
that code in the future unless I can think of some real use for gtk version
elsewhere, but it's just junk data which doesn't even work.
In the future, I will not try to emulate or guess at desktop toolkits, either they
show the data in a direct form like XFCE or Trinity or KDE do, or I won't waste
resources and execution time making bad guesses using inefficient code and logic.
QT desktops like LXQt I'm leaving in because I believe those will tend to track
more closely the QT version on the system, and the tests for QT version aren't
huge ugly hacks the way they are for GTK, so they aren't as slow or intrusive, but
those may also get removed since they almost never work either. But they are also
slowing down the -Sx process so maybe they should be removed as well, I'll think
about it. Since they only are used on LXQt and razer-qt, it probably isn't a big
deal overall.
-- Harald Hope - Thu, 12 Jul 2018 13:44:34 -0700
Version: 3.0.16
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-07-08
New version, new man. Several bug fixes, enhancements, options.
1. In some cases, -S Desktop showed xfce when it wasn't xfce. This should be largely
corrected now.
2. Big bug: using lxqt-about for lxqt --version, now opens a dialog box, gui,
so removed that, and now checking lxqt-session for version info instead.
1. Now calling hitachi hgst drives vendor: HGST (Hitachi) to differentiate between
regular Hitachi and HGST hitachi. Added a few more disk vendors.
2. Distro base and core: added linuxlite, elementary. Some distros use:
/etc/upstream-release/lsb-release so testing for that and os-release now too.
3. Extended qt detections, may catch a few stray ones now in non kde qt
4. Complete refactor of desktop, desktop info, wm, and -G compositor, now much
easier to extend each feature and add detections, move order around, etc.
Also moved wm to -Sxx now that I use fallback ps aux tests, which were themselves
also totally refactored and optimized. Fixed WindowMaker id, which is made more
annoying because they are the only upper/lower case program name, but in at least
debian, the actual program name is wmaker internally.
Also tightened in particular gnome-shell, which was failing to show due to too
restrictive filtering of desktop/vm repeats. Most wm do not contain the desktop
name in the string, gnome-shell does, only one I'm aware of.
5. Removed N/A from wmctrl output, which just means null, which is what we want.
6. Removed gnome-shell from info: since it will now appear in wm: if found. Added
a few -panel items to info:
1. Showing type: network bridge for -N when it's type 0680, which is an odd pci
type, generally it's a network bridge, but I figured it's best to show that
explicitly to avoid confusion. This extends the 'type:' from just USB.
2. Added more window managers to wm, matchbox, flwm, fvwm2 (used to just use fvwm,
this was wrong, it's its own thing), a few others.
3. Added a few more compositors to -Gxx. kwin_x11 should be the most noticeable,
but added some more obscure ones too. This feature requires more work.
4. Extended ARM syntax to support a new one, path to /sys/device... has an extra
/soc/ in it, that is now handled, all are tested for. Confirmed working. Note that
ARM has to be confirmed fixed on a device by device basis, since there are key
syntax differences in the paths, but it will get easier the more variants that are
discovered. Added another trimmer to cut off \x00|01|02|03 special non printing
characters which show as weird jibbberish in output, for model/serial number.
5. Refactored wm, info, desktop, compositor, now all use @ps_gui, which is all that
is tested against, not the entire ps_cmd array. This drops the possible tests down
massively since the only things in ps_gui will be the actual stuff found that matches
all the patterns required for that system, not all ps items. Added marco, muffin
fixes. Was showing wm: Metacity (Marco) that is not correct, now shows marco, which
then allows to get version too.
5. -Sxxx now shows wm: version as well, which can be of use now and then.
6. --wm added to trip force using of ps data for wm, this can be useful because
I don't know all variants of wmctrl output, so that makes it easier to test.
7. Added finally support for --debug 3, which now shows timers, functions, and args
printed to screen.
8. Added qmake --version to fallback qt detection.
-- Harald Hope - Sun, 08 Jul 2018 15:57:58 -0700
Version: 3.0.15
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-07-03
New version, new man. Big bug fix, new features.
1. Finally tracked down and solved the Xorg drivers bug which was caused by
Xorg checking its list of defaults 2 times, not 1, which resulted in failed
status on second try since it was already loaded. Secondary bug was found that
resulted in failing to show the failed, and only showing unloaded, which was also
wrong. This finally fixes issue #134 item 5. Thanks Mint users for the help on
that one.
2. Small bug in Openbox version detection, typo.
3. fixed a small glitch in the dm: detection that on systems where /var/run
exists but is not linked to /run, the dm would fail to get detected.
1. Xfce when defaulting to no version found goes to 4, this is a bad idea, it's
better to not show any version, since xfce could one day be 5.
2. Fixed Blackbox fallback detection, there were cases where Blackbox not found
in xprop -root, now it falls back to ps aux detection.
3. For wm: tested all known variants, added support for things like Mutter (Marco)
syntax. Note that bunsenlab uses XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=XFCE to work around some
glitches, but it's actually Openbox. If run as root, it will show openbox correctly,
otherwise -Sxxx will show wm: openbox, but that's due to bunsenlabs choices there.
4. Rewrote a lot of DistroData to handle more dynamic testing of values, it's sad
that at almost 2020 we are still stumbling around trying to find a consistent way
to identify distros, and derived distros.
5. Added more debugger data collectors in the logging, some data was not
being tracked well during log process which made debugging harder.
1. New feature, -Gxx now shows for Xorg drivers alternate: which are drivers that
Xorg auto checks but which are not installed. Those were ignored in the past. This
can be useful to see for example that there are other driver install options
available. Thanks gm10 for that suggestion.
2. Tested and added the following explicit handlers for Distros: and base: in
some cases:
grml, peppermint, kali, siduction, aptosid, arco, manjaro, chakra, antergos,
bunsenlabs, and a few others. These are a pain to add and test, basically I have
to boot a live cd of each one, then test the files and ID methods, but the ID
methods must also be as dynamic as possible because you never know when a distro
is going to change how they use os-release vs issue vs lsb-release vs <name>-release.
I would have tested a few more but their livecds failed to properly run on vbox.
3. Added a few more disk vendor IDs.
4. Added some more programs to debugger data collector for future feature vdpau, but
that needs more data because we don't really know the variants for example for
dual card systems.
5. Man page: changed extra options to use only one option name per list of options
for that feature, each separate item is started as a new paragraph with -
This makes it a bit more consistent and maybe slightly easier to read the man.
Added -Gxx item, updated -Sx item.
-- Harald Hope - Tue, 03 Jul 2018 14:13:32 -0700
Version: 3.0.14
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-06-27
New version. Tiny bug fix, Ubuntu based distros only.
The 3.0.13 system base feature had a small bug in the logic that was supposed to
get the version id from codename, the bug made it never work. This is only relevant
for Ubuntu based distros, so if you are on some other base like Debian or Arch, you
can ignore this one, 3.0.13 will work fine.
No other changes, this was mainly for Mint, and other Ubuntu derived distros in
the future.
-- Harald Hope - Wed, 27 Jun 2018 16:50:30 -0700
Version: 3.0.13
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-06-23
New version, man page. New features and fixes!
1. -I line, sometimes running in showed sudo. This is hopefully now corrected.
1. CPU architectures, small reordering based on hopefully more reliable data
source, but these are hard to find conclusively.
2. -S Distro id: switched ordering of prefered os-release sources, PRETTY_NAME
is not being used consistently, too many distros leave out the distro id found
in VERSION, so now it uses NAME + VERSION if both are there, then PRETTY_NAME
as a fallback. That reverses how it was, but it will provide better results for
most distros. Distros that did this properly to begin with should see no change.
3. Now that inxi is basically debugged and working, I've removed the output of
'inxi' from the -t lines. It remains for the pinxi branch however so you can
see how many resources pinxi uses to run.
4. ipmi sensors data are proving to be as random as lm-sensors. Added another
alternate syntax for sensors.
5. CPU: found an alternate syntax, again, for IPMI and sensors data, added
support, I hope, for that.
1. Added /proc debugger tool to debugger. Due to oddities with how the /proc file
system is created, it will only run as user, not root, unless the --proc flag is
used. More programs added to debugger commands.
2. More disk vendor strings added, fine tuning of vendor detections. There is a
tendency in NVMe disk names to put the vendor name in the middle of the string.
That is now handled for a few key vendors.
3. Added basic ARM SOC and server support. This will require more work in the future
because the syntax used varies significantly device to device, but the featuers
are now in place to add that support. Most SBC ARM devices should now at least show
the model and details data in machine data, and some will show -G -A -N data as
4. ARM CPU: added first attempt to show the cpu variant as well as the more
generic ARM data. This shows 1 or more variants, some ARM devices have two different
cpu cores running at different speeds. Odroid for example.
5. Added system 'base:' data for -Sx, that modifies Distro: in supported cases.
Currently only Mint and MX/AntiX supported because each specific distro must be
handled explicitly using empirical file based data tests. I decided against showing
this for rolling release, since really everyone knows that Antergos is made from
Arch Linux, so showing that does not provide much useful information, whereas
showing the Ubuntu version Mint was made from does.
Note that several derived distros are changing how they use os-release, so the
tools had to be revised to be more dynamic, which is a pain, and makes it even
more empirical and less predictable to print what should be trivially easy to
gather distro and derived source data.
If your distro is not in this list and you want the base data to be present, please
supply a --debug 22 dataset so I can check all the files required to make the
detection work. If your distro has changed methods, please note which methods
were used in the past, and which are used now.
6. Added Armbian distro detection, that's tricky. Added Rasbpian detections.
Added improved Antergos, Arco, and maybe Chakra, Arch detections.
7. Big one: Hardware RAID basic support added. Note that each vendor, and
unfortunatley, often each product line, has its own raid status and drive
reporting tools, which makes adding the actual drive/raid/status report part
very time consuming to add. I may only support this if a certain software maker's
raid tools are installed because they are much simpler to parse, but for now,
it only shows the presence of the raid device itself, not disks, raid status, etc.
-- Harald Hope - Sat, 23 Jun 2018 10:24:30 -0700
Version: 3.0.12
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-06-05
New version
Bug fix, debugger when run as root hangs on proc traverse.
-- Harald Hope - Tue, 05 Jun 2018 01:18:18 -0700
Version: 3.0.11
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-06-04
New version, man page. Features, bugs, fixes!
1. Color selector accepted '' as a value, which it would then write to config
file, creating errors since it's not an integer value.
2. Corrected distro id error for last fallback case, making the distro ID out
of the filename itself, that was missing the assignment to $distro.
3. mmcblk0 was showing up as an unmounted partition, due to failing to filter
mmcblk[0-9] in unmounted.
1. Added missing compositor kwin_wayland to compositor detections
2. For -M, on laptops, sometimes Type: would duplicate in Chassis: type: which
looks silly, so now it checks to make sure the two values are different before
using the Chassis: type: data.
3. -D disk vendor, added GALAX, fixed Toshiba, which sometimes occurs other than
start of disk id string, so now it checks the whole string. This seems particularly
common in nvme devices from Toshiba. This is the only vendor I have found that
puts the vendor string later in the device id string.
4. Added protection against unreadable but present /etc/issue. This was caused
by a now fixed bug in OpenSuSe, which symbolically linked to create /etc/issue
from /var/run/issue, but with 600 permissions, root read only, that is. Note that
this bug has since been fixed (now has the correct 644 permissions), but I figured
better safe than sorry in case anyone else decides that's a good idea in the future.
Now only sends to reader if readable.
5. Related to 4, made reader not exit on failure, now just prints error message and
keeps going.
6. Upped maximum distro string length to 60, from 50. AntiX for example was coming
in at 48, so I decided to add some safe room now that inxi does dynamic sizing, it
is not a big problem having very long distro id strings.
1. Added basic /proc data parser to debugger. Can't get all the data or files because
it's simply too big, but grabs the basics.
2. Added vcgencmd for some ARM rasberry pi debugging.
3. ARM: add model if not found in /proc/cpuinfo, or if different.
4. Added Tdie cpu sensor type, this is coming soon in latest kernels, so catching
it early. Tdie will replace k10-temp sensor item temp1.
5. Added --admin extra data option, and first set of extra data, -C, which will
show CPU Errata (bugs), family, model-id, stepping (as hex (decimal) or hex if less
than or equal to 9), microcode (as hex).
6. Battery: added with -x option, if found, attached battery driven devices, like
wifi keyboard, mouse. If upower is present, will also try to show battery charge
percent for those devices. Note that -B only shows the Device-X items if -x is used,
and will not show anything in -F unless there is a system, not device, battery
present, or if -Fx is used and there is a Device battery detected.
Added upower to recommends.
7. Basic -Dxxx disk rotation speeds added. Requires udevadm. Not all spinning disks
show rotation speeds, and it depends on udevadm, so if no rotation found, it shows
8. Added explicit Arco Linux and Antergos distro ID support. This requires more
checks, but in theory, both should now show Arco Linux or Antergos instead of default
'Arch Linux' as before, plus extra data if found, like version.
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 04 Jun 2018 16:48:53 -0700
Version: 3.0.10
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-05-21
New version, new man page.
This version is very peaceful, no big changes, just a few fixes and small new
features added.
This version corrects a few small glitches reported by users, and adds basic support
for disk speed report. Note that this is not as accurate as I'd like, it tries, but
there is not a lot of data to be had. Limits of disk speed seems to be, roughly:
1. most speed is reported as max board can do, not max drive can support
2. usually when speed is reported as lower than max board speed, it's correct, but,
as usual, exceptions to this were found during testing.
3. usually if drive is faster than board speed, it reports board speed, but, again,
exceptions to this rule were found during testing.
However, with this said, it's usually more or less right, at least right in terms
of the fastest speed you can expect to get with your board. NVMe was also supported,
that's much more complicated because NVMe has >= 1 lane, and each lane has up and
down data. The reported speed is max in one direction, and is a function of the
PCIe 1,2 20% overhead, and PCIe 3,4,5 ~1.5% overhead. inxi shows the actual usable
data rate, not the GT/s rate, which is the total transfers per second the unit
So due to the unreliable nature of the data, this is only a -xx option. There is
also in general no data for USB, and none for mmcblk (sd cards usually).
This feature may be enhanced with a C Perl XS library in the future, we'll see how
that goes.
1. corrected an issue where a networking card of type Bridge failed to be detected.
This is now handled. This was a PCI type I'd never seen before, but it exists, and
a user had it, so now it will work as expected for this type.
2. changed the default units in weather to be m (metric) imperial (i). While this is
not very intuitive for me, it's easier to explain I think. The previous c / f
syntax is supported internally, and inxi will just translate c to m and f to i, so
it doesn't matter which is or was used on a config file or with the --weather-unit
3. BSD uptime had a parsing glitch, there was a spelling variant I'd never seen in
GNU/Linux that broke the regex. This is corrected now.
4. Fixed a few small man page glitches, some ordering stuff, nothing major.
5. Fixed BSD hostname issues. There was a case where a setup could have no hostname,
inxi did not handle that correctly. This fix would have applied to gnu/linux as
6. Fixed a few bsd, openbsd mostly, dm detections, there is a secondary path in
OpenBSD that was not checked. This also went along with refactoring the dm logic
to be much more efficient and optimized.
7. Fine tuned dmidecode error message.
8. Fixed PCI ID issue, it was failing to catch a certain bridged network type.
9. A more global fix for unhandled tmpfs types, in this case, shm, but added a
global test that will handle all tmpfs from now on, and exclude that data from
-p reports.
1. First attempt to add basic disk speed (Gb/s). Supported types: ATA, NVMe. No
speed data so far handled or found: mmcblk; USB. Also possibly older /dev/hda
type devices (IDE bus) may not get handled in all cases. This may get more work
in the future, but that's a long ways off. This case oddly was one where BSDs had
support for basic disk speed reports before GNU/Linux, but that was really just
because it was part of a single data line that inxi parsed for disk data anyway
with BSDs.
2. Man items added for -Dxx disk speed options.
-- Harald Hope - Mon, 21 May 2018 14:25:53 -0700
Version: 3.0.09
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-05-11
New version, new man. Bug fixes, feature updates.
The main reason to release this earlier than I had hoped was because of the /sys
permission change for serial/uuid file data. The earlier we can get this fix out,
the better for end users, otherwise they will think they have no serial data when
they really do.
1. this bug just came to my attention, apparently the (I assume) kernel people
decided for us that we don't need to see our serial numbers in /sys unless we are
root. This is an unfortunate but sadly predictable event. To work around this
recent change (somewhere between 4.14 and 4.15 as far as I can tell), inxi -M and
-B now check for root read-only and show <root required> if the file exists but
is not user readable. I wish, I really wish, that people could stop changing stuff
for no good reason, but that's out of my control, all I can do is adjust inxi to
this reality. But shame on whoever decided that was a good idea.
This is not technically an inxi bug, but rather a regression, since it's caused
by a change in /sys permissions, but users would see it as a bug so I consider
this an important fix.
Note that the new /sys/class/dmi/id permissions result in various possible things:
1. serial/uuid file is empty but exists and is not readable by user
2. serial/uuid file is not empty and exists and is not readable by user
3. serial/uuid file does not exist
4. serial/uuid file exists, is not empty, and is readable by root
Does this change make your life better? It doesn't make mine better, it makes
it worse. Consider filing a bug report against whoever allowed this regression
is my suggestion.
1. A weather bug could result in odd or wrong data showing in weather output, this
was due to a mistake in how the weather data was assembled internally. This error
could lead to large datastore files, and odd output that is not all correct.
2. More of an enhancement, but due to the way 'v' is used in version numbers,
the program_version tool in some cases could have sliced out a 'v' in the wrong
place in the version string, and also could have sliced out legitimate v values.
This v issue also appeared in bios version, so now the new rule for program_version
and certain other version results is to trim off starting v if and only if it is
followed by a number.
1. Added in OpenBSD support for showing machine data without having to use dmidecode.
This is a combination of systcl -a and dmesg.boot data, not very good quality data
sources, but it is available as user, and it does work. Note that BIOS systems
are the only ones tested, I don't know what the syntax for UEFI is for the field
names and strings. Coming soon is Battery and Sensors data, from the same sources.
Sadly as far as I know, OpenBSD is the only BSD that has such nice, usable (well,
ok, dmesg.boot data is low quality strings, not really machine safe) data. I
have no new datasets from the other BSDs so I don't know if they have decided to
copy/emulate this method.
2. By request, and this was listed in issue #134, item no. 1, added in weather
switchable metric/imperial output. Also added an option, --weather-unit and
configuration item: WEATHER_UNIT with possible values: cf|fc|c|f. The 2nd of
two in cf/fc goes in () in the output. Note that windspeed is m/s or km/h as metric,
inxi shows m/s as default for metric and (km/h as secondary). Also fixed -w
observation date to use local time formatting. That does not work in -W so it shows
the default value.
3. Updated man to show new WEATHER_UNIT config option, and new --weather-unit
option. Also fixed some other small man glitches that I had missed.
-- Harald Hope - Fri, 11 May 2018 13:29:06 -0700
Version: 3.0.08
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-05-06
New version, new tarball. New features, bug fixes.
This is a big one.
1. By Request: Disk vendor is now generally going to be shown. Since this uses
empirical data to grab the vendor name, from the model string, it will not always
find anything. When it fails to find vendor data, no vendor: item will show.
Note that some MMC devices will probably not show vendor data, but that's due to
there being no data that reveals that.
2. Extended -sx volts to also show voltage from lm-sensors if present. Many
systems show no voltage data with lm-sensors, but now if any is found, it
will show, same as impi.
3. Moved to lsblk as primary source for partition/unmounted filesystem, uuid, and
label data.
Falls back to previous methods if lsblk does not return data. Some lsblk do not
show complete data unless super user as well.
4. Refactored code to be more logical and clear.
5. Added for OpenBSD -r: /etc/installurl file.
1. CRITICAL: /sys/block/xxx/device/model is in some cases truncating the disk
model name to 16 characters. This is not an inxi bug, it's a bug with /sys itself.
To fix this, inxi now uses for GNU/Linux /dev/disk/by-id data which does not
ever do this truncation. It's also faster I believe to read that directory
once, filter the results, then use the data for vendor/model/serial.
this was also part of the disk vendor data feature.
2. Openbsd networking fix. Was not showing IF data, now it does.
3. Fixed bug with unmounted where sometimes md0 type partitions would show
even though they are in a raid array.
4. Fixed disk rev, now it searches for 3 different files in /sys to get that data.
5. Fixed bug with very old systems, with sudo 1.6 or older, for some reason that
error did not get redirected to /dev/null, so now only using sudo -n after explicit
version test, only if 1.7 or newer.
6. Fixed a few null results in fringe cases for graphics. Resolution now shows
NA for Hz if no hz data found. This was only present on a fringe user case
which is unlikely to ever impact normal X installations.
7. Fixed BSD L2 cache, was showing MiB instead of KiB, wrong math.
-- Harald Hope - Sun, 06 May 2018 20:23:30 -0700
Version: 3.0.07
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-04-17
New version, new man. Bug fixes. BSD fixes.
Bugs fixed:
1. CPU: MT/HT was wrong for old xeon, made mt detection more robust and hopefully
more reliable, removed all explicit b_xeon based tests.
2. fixed /dev/mapper glitch, that make /dev/mapper links fail to get id'ed.
3. openbsd: fixed memory handler; fixed cpu flags, fixed partitions handling.
4. freebsd: fixed similar partition bugs, these were caused by the darwin patch.
5. man page: fixed top synopis syntax, thanks ESR.
6. partitions fs: fixed possible failures with lsblk fs. lsblk: added debuggers
so we can track down this failure in the future.
7. added sshfs filter for disk used output, note, there is a possible syntax for
remote fs that isn't handled: AAA:BBB that is, no :/, only the :. This makes
explicit detection of still unknown remote fs very difficult since : is a legal
nix filename character.
-- Harald Hope - Wed, 18 Apr 2018 19:29:02 -0700
Version: 3.0.06
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-04-17
New version. 2 bug fixes.
1. -xtm was showing memory %, not cpu % in cpu item
2. -G compat-v was showing for nvidia, it's not supposed to, and was also wrong
for nvidia, they forgot to update one of their gl string numbers.
-- Harald Hope - Tue, 17 Apr 2018 16:52:05 -0700
Version: 3.0.05
Patch: 00
Date: 2018-04-17
New version, new man. Small new enhancements.
1. Added to -s for ipmi, with -x: voltage 12v,5v,3.3v,vbat; for -xx, dimm/soc p1/p2
2. enhanced wm: feature, needed more filters and protection against redundant data
3. basic apple osx fixes to keep it from crashing, but I'm not spending any more
time on apple junk unless someone pays me for my time, I can't stand the product or
company, it's the total antitheses of freedom or free software, or even openness.
4. openbsd/bsd fixes: openbsd was failing to get cpu flags due to a small oversight
5. -C now shows bits: for the true bits of cpu, not the kernel bits. This is not