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"""CherryPy logging."""
import datetime
import logging
# Silence the no-handlers "warning" (stderr write!) in stdlib logging
logging.Logger.manager.emittedNoHandlerWarning = 1
logfmt = logging.Formatter("%(message)s")
import os
import rfc822
import sys
import cherrypy
from cherrypy import _cperror
class LogManager(object):
appid = None
error_log = None
access_log = None
access_log_format = \
'%(h)s %(l)s %(u)s %(t)s "%(r)s" %(s)s %(b)s "%(f)s" "%(a)s"'
def __init__(self, appid=None, logger_root="cherrypy"):
self.logger_root = logger_root
self.appid = appid
if appid is None:
self.error_log = logging.getLogger("%s.error" % logger_root)
self.access_log = logging.getLogger("%s.access" % logger_root)
else:
self.error_log = logging.getLogger("%s.error.%s" % (logger_root, appid))
self.access_log = logging.getLogger("%s.access.%s" % (logger_root, appid))
self.error_log.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
self.access_log.setLevel(logging.INFO)
cherrypy.engine.subscribe('graceful', self.reopen_files)
def reopen_files(self):
"""Close and reopen all file handlers."""
for log in (self.error_log, self.access_log):
for h in log.handlers:
if isinstance(h, logging.FileHandler):
h.acquire()
h.stream.close()
h.stream = open(h.baseFilename, h.mode)
h.release()
def error(self, msg='', context='', severity=logging.INFO, traceback=False):
"""Write to the error log.
This is not just for errors! Applications may call this at any time
to log application-specific information.
"""
if traceback:
msg += _cperror.format_exc()
self.error_log.log(severity, ' '.join((self.time(), context, msg)))
def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
"""Write to the error log.
This is not just for errors! Applications may call this at any time
to log application-specific information.
"""
return self.error(*args, **kwargs)
def access(self):
"""Write to the access log (in Apache/NCSA Combined Log format).
Like Apache started doing in 2.0.46, non-printable and other special
characters in %r (and we expand that to all parts) are escaped using
\\xhh sequences, where hh stands for the hexadecimal representation
of the raw byte. Exceptions from this rule are " and \\, which are
escaped by prepending a backslash, and all whitespace characters,
which are written in their C-style notation (\\n, \\t, etc).
"""
request = cherrypy.request
remote = request.remote
response = cherrypy.response
outheaders = response.headers
inheaders = request.headers
atoms = {'h': remote.name or remote.ip,
'l': '-',
'u': getattr(request, "login", None) or "-",
't': self.time(),
'r': request.request_line,
's': response.status.split(" ", 1)[0],
'b': outheaders.get('Content-Length', '') or "-",
'f': inheaders.get('Referer', ''),
'a': inheaders.get('User-Agent', ''),
}
for k, v in atoms.items():
if isinstance(v, unicode):
v = v.encode('utf8')
elif not isinstance(v, str):
v = str(v)
# Fortunately, repr(str) escapes unprintable chars, \n, \t, etc
# and backslash for us. All we have to do is strip the quotes.
v = repr(v)[1:-1]
# Escape double-quote.
atoms[k] = v.replace('"', '\\"')
try:
self.access_log.log(logging.INFO, self.access_log_format % atoms)
except:
self(traceback=True)
def time(self):
"""Return now() in Apache Common Log Format (no timezone)."""
now = datetime.datetime.now()
month = rfc822._monthnames[now.month - 1].capitalize()
return ('[%02d/%s/%04d:%02d:%02d:%02d]' %
(now.day, month, now.year, now.hour, now.minute, now.second))
def _get_builtin_handler(self, log, key):
for h in log.handlers:
if getattr(h, "_cpbuiltin", None) == key:
return h
# ------------------------- Screen handlers ------------------------- #
def _set_screen_handler(self, log, enable, stream=None):
h = self._get_builtin_handler(log, "screen")
if enable:
if not h:
if stream is None:
stream=sys.stderr
h = logging.StreamHandler(stream)
h.setFormatter(logfmt)
h._cpbuiltin = "screen"
log.addHandler(h)
elif h:
log.handlers.remove(h)
def _get_screen(self):
h = self._get_builtin_handler
has_h = h(self.error_log, "screen") or h(self.access_log, "screen")
return bool(has_h)
def _set_screen(self, newvalue):
self._set_screen_handler(self.error_log, newvalue, stream=sys.stderr)
self._set_screen_handler(self.access_log, newvalue)
screen = property(_get_screen, _set_screen,
doc="If True, error and access will print to stderr.")
# -------------------------- File handlers -------------------------- #
def _add_builtin_file_handler(self, log, fname):
h = logging.FileHandler(fname)
h.setFormatter(logfmt)
h._cpbuiltin = "file"
log.addHandler(h)
def _set_file_handler(self, log, filename):
h = self._get_builtin_handler(log, "file")
if filename:
if h:
if h.baseFilename != os.path.abspath(filename):
h.close()
log.handlers.remove(h)
self._add_builtin_file_handler(log, filename)
else:
self._add_builtin_file_handler(log, filename)
else:
if h:
h.close()
log.handlers.remove(h)
def _get_error_file(self):
h = self._get_builtin_handler(self.error_log, "file")
if h:
return h.baseFilename
return ''
def _set_error_file(self, newvalue):
self._set_file_handler(self.error_log, newvalue)
error_file = property(_get_error_file, _set_error_file,
doc="The filename for self.error_log.")
def _get_access_file(self):
h = self._get_builtin_handler(self.access_log, "file")
if h:
return h.baseFilename
return ''
def _set_access_file(self, newvalue):
self._set_file_handler(self.access_log, newvalue)
access_file = property(_get_access_file, _set_access_file,
doc="The filename for self.access_log.")
# ------------------------- WSGI handlers ------------------------- #
def _set_wsgi_handler(self, log, enable):
h = self._get_builtin_handler(log, "wsgi")
if enable:
if not h:
h = WSGIErrorHandler()
h.setFormatter(logfmt)
h._cpbuiltin = "wsgi"
log.addHandler(h)
elif h:
log.handlers.remove(h)
def _get_wsgi(self):
return bool(self._get_builtin_handler(self.error_log, "wsgi"))
def _set_wsgi(self, newvalue):
self._set_wsgi_handler(self.error_log, newvalue)
wsgi = property(_get_wsgi, _set_wsgi,
doc="If True, error messages will be sent to wsgi.errors.")
class WSGIErrorHandler(logging.Handler):
"A handler class which writes logging records to environ['wsgi.errors']."
def flush(self):
"""Flushes the stream."""
try:
stream = cherrypy.request.wsgi_environ.get('wsgi.errors')
except (AttributeError, KeyError):
pass
else:
stream.flush()
def emit(self, record):
"""Emit a record."""
try:
stream = cherrypy.request.wsgi_environ.get('wsgi.errors')
except (AttributeError, KeyError):
pass
else:
try:
msg = self.format(record)
fs = "%s\n"
import types
if not hasattr(types, "UnicodeType"): #if no unicode support...
stream.write(fs % msg)
else:
try:
stream.write(fs % msg)
except UnicodeError:
stream.write(fs % msg.encode("UTF-8"))
self.flush()
except:
self.handleError(record)
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