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# This is a backport of Python-2.4's threading.local() implementation
"""Thread-local objects
(Note that this module provides a Python version of thread
threading.local class. Depending on the version of Python you're
using, there may be a faster one available. You should always import
the local class from threading.)
Thread-local objects support the management of thread-local data.
If you have data that you want to be local to a thread, simply create
a thread-local object and use its attributes:
>>> mydata = local()
>>> mydata.number = 42
>>> mydata.number
You can also access the local-object's dictionary:
>>> mydata.__dict__
{'number': 42}
>>> mydata.__dict__.setdefault('widgets', [])
>>> mydata.widgets
What's important about thread-local objects is that their data are
local to a thread. If we access the data in a different thread:
>>> log = []
>>> def f():
... items = mydata.__dict__.items()
... items.sort()
... log.append(items)
... mydata.number = 11
... log.append(mydata.number)
>>> import threading
>>> thread = threading.Thread(target=f)
>>> thread.start()
>>> thread.join()
>>> log
[[], 11]
we get different data. Furthermore, changes made in the other thread
don't affect data seen in this thread:
>>> mydata.number
Of course, values you get from a local object, including a __dict__
attribute, are for whatever thread was current at the time the
attribute was read. For that reason, you generally don't want to save
these values across threads, as they apply only to the thread they
came from.
You can create custom local objects by subclassing the local class:
>>> class MyLocal(local):
... number = 2
... initialized = False
... def __init__(self, **kw):
... if self.initialized:
... raise SystemError('__init__ called too many times')
... self.initialized = True
... self.__dict__.update(kw)
... def squared(self):
... return self.number ** 2
This can be useful to support default values, methods and
initialization. Note that if you define an __init__ method, it will be
called each time the local object is used in a separate thread. This
is necessary to initialize each thread's dictionary.
Now if we create a local object:
>>> mydata = MyLocal(color='red')
Now we have a default number:
>>> mydata.number
an initial color:
>>> mydata.color
>>> del mydata.color
And a method that operates on the data:
>>> mydata.squared()
As before, we can access the data in a separate thread:
>>> log = []
>>> thread = threading.Thread(target=f)
>>> thread.start()
>>> thread.join()
>>> log
[[('color', 'red'), ('initialized', True)], 11]
without affecting this thread's data:
>>> mydata.number
>>> mydata.color
Traceback (most recent call last):
AttributeError: 'MyLocal' object has no attribute 'color'
Note that subclasses can define slots, but they are not thread
local. They are shared across threads:
>>> class MyLocal(local):
... __slots__ = 'number'
>>> mydata = MyLocal()
>>> mydata.number = 42
>>> mydata.color = 'red'
So, the separate thread:
>>> thread = threading.Thread(target=f)
>>> thread.start()
>>> thread.join()
affects what we see:
>>> mydata.number
>>> del mydata
# Threading import is at end
class _localbase(object):
__slots__ = '_local__key', '_local__args', '_local__lock'
def __new__(cls, *args, **kw):
self = object.__new__(cls)
key = 'thread.local.' + str(id(self))
object.__setattr__(self, '_local__key', key)
object.__setattr__(self, '_local__args', (args, kw))
object.__setattr__(self, '_local__lock', RLock())
if args or kw and (cls.__init__ is object.__init__):
raise TypeError("Initialization arguments are not supported")
# We need to create the thread dict in anticipation of
# __init__ being called, to make sure we don't call it
# again ourselves.
dict = object.__getattribute__(self, '__dict__')
currentThread().__dict__[key] = dict
return self
def _patch(self):
key = object.__getattribute__(self, '_local__key')
d = currentThread().__dict__.get(key)
if d is None:
d = {}
currentThread().__dict__[key] = d
object.__setattr__(self, '__dict__', d)
# we have a new instance dict, so call out __init__ if we have
# one
cls = type(self)
if cls.__init__ is not object.__init__:
args, kw = object.__getattribute__(self, '_local__args')
cls.__init__(self, *args, **kw)
object.__setattr__(self, '__dict__', d)
class local(_localbase):
def __getattribute__(self, name):
lock = object.__getattribute__(self, '_local__lock')
return object.__getattribute__(self, name)
def __setattr__(self, name, value):
lock = object.__getattribute__(self, '_local__lock')
return object.__setattr__(self, name, value)
def __delattr__(self, name):
lock = object.__getattribute__(self, '_local__lock')
return object.__delattr__(self, name)
def __del__():
threading_enumerate = enumerate
__getattribute__ = object.__getattribute__
def __del__(self):
key = __getattribute__(self, '_local__key')
threads = list(threading_enumerate())
# if enumerate fails, as it seems to do during
# shutdown, we'll skip cleanup under the assumption
# that there is nothing to clean up
for thread in threads:
__dict__ = thread.__dict__
except AttributeError:
# Thread is dying, rest in peace
if key in __dict__:
del __dict__[key]
except KeyError:
pass # didn't have anything in this thread
return __del__
__del__ = __del__()
from threading import currentThread, enumerate, RLock