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//
// IPAddress.m
// MYNetwork
//
// Created by Jens Alfke on 1/4/08.
// Copyright 2008 Jens Alfke. All rights reserved.
//
#import "IPAddress.h"
#import "Logging.h"
#import "Test.h"
#import <sys/types.h>
#import <sys/socket.h>
#import <net/if.h>
#import <netinet/in.h>
#import <ifaddrs.h>
#import <netdb.h>
@implementation IPAddress
{
UInt32 _ipv4; // In network byte order (big-endian), just like struct in_addr
UInt16 _port; // native byte order
}
+ (UInt32) IPv4FromDottedQuadString: (NSString*)str
{
Assert(str);
UInt32 ipv4 = 0;
NSScanner *scanner = [NSScanner scannerWithString: str];
for( int i=0; i<4; i++ ) {
if( i>0 && ! [scanner scanString: @"." intoString: nil] )
return 0;
NSInteger octet;
if( ! [scanner scanInteger: &octet] || octet<0 || octet>255 )
return 0;
ipv4 = (ipv4<<8) | (UInt8)octet;
}
if( ! [scanner isAtEnd] )
return 0;
return htonl(ipv4);
}
- (id) initWithHostname: (NSString*)hostname port: (UInt16)port
{
Assert(hostname);
self = [super init];
if (self != nil) {
_ipv4 = [[self class] IPv4FromDottedQuadString: hostname];
if( ! _ipv4 ) {
return [[HostAddress alloc] initWithHostname: hostname port: port];
}
_port = port;
}
return self;
}
+ (IPAddress*) addressWithHostname: (NSString*)hostname port: (UInt16)port
{
return [[self alloc] initWithHostname: hostname port: port];
}
- (id) initWithIPv4: (UInt32)ipv4 port: (UInt16)port
{
self = [super init];
if (self != nil) {
_ipv4 = ipv4;
_port = port;
}
return self;
}
- (id) initWithIPv4: (UInt32)ipv4
{
return [self initWithIPv4: ipv4 port: 0];
}
- (id) initWithSockAddr: (const struct sockaddr*)sockaddr
{
if (sockaddr && sockaddr->sa_family == AF_INET) {
const struct sockaddr_in *addr_in = (const struct sockaddr_in*)sockaddr;
return [self initWithIPv4: addr_in->sin_addr.s_addr port: ntohs(addr_in->sin_port)];
} else {
return nil;
}
}
- (id) initWithSockAddr: (const struct sockaddr*)sockaddr
port: (UInt16)port
{
self = [self initWithSockAddr: sockaddr];
if (self)
_port = port;
return self;
}
- (id) initWithData: (NSData*)data
{
if (!data) {
return nil;
}
const struct sockaddr* addr = data.bytes;
if (data.length < sizeof(struct sockaddr_in))
addr = nil;
return [self initWithSockAddr: addr];
}
+ (IPAddress*) addressOfSocket: (CFSocketNativeHandle)socket
{
uint8_t name[SOCK_MAXADDRLEN];
socklen_t namelen = sizeof(name);
struct sockaddr *addr = (struct sockaddr*)name;
if (0 == getpeername(socket, addr, &namelen))
return [[self alloc] initWithSockAddr: addr];
else
return nil;
}
- (id) copyWithZone: (NSZone*)zone
{
return self;
}
- (void)encodeWithCoder:(NSCoder *)coder
{
if( _ipv4 )
[coder encodeInt32: _ipv4 forKey: @"ipv4"];
if( _port )
[coder encodeInt: _port forKey: @"port"];
}
- (id)initWithCoder:(NSCoder *)decoder
{
self = [super init];
if( self ) {
_ipv4 = [decoder decodeInt32ForKey: @"ipv4"];
_port = [decoder decodeIntForKey: @"port"];
}
return self;
}
@synthesize ipv4=_ipv4, port=_port;
- (BOOL) isEqual: (IPAddress*)addr
{
return [addr isKindOfClass: [IPAddress class]] && [self isSameHost: addr] && addr->_port==_port;
}
- (BOOL) isSameHost: (IPAddress*)addr
{
return addr && _ipv4==addr->_ipv4;
}
- (NSUInteger) hash
{
return _ipv4 ^ _port;
}
- (NSString*) ipv4name
{
UInt32 ipv4 = self.ipv4;
if( ipv4 != 0 ) {
const UInt8* b = (const UInt8*)&ipv4;
return [NSString stringWithFormat: @"%u.%u.%u.%u",
(unsigned)b[0],(unsigned)b[1],(unsigned)b[2],(unsigned)b[3]];
} else
return nil;
}
- (NSString*) hostname
{
return [self ipv4name];
}
- (NSData*) asData
{
struct sockaddr_in addr = {
.sin_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in),
.sin_family = AF_INET,
.sin_port = htons(_port),
.sin_addr = {htonl(_ipv4)} };
return [NSData dataWithBytes: &addr length: sizeof(addr)];
}
- (NSString*) description
{
NSString *name = self.hostname ?: @"0.0.0.0";
if( _port )
name = [name stringByAppendingFormat: @":%hu",_port];
return name;
}
+ (IPAddress*) localAddressWithPort: (UInt16)port
{
// getifaddrs returns a linked list of interface entries;
// find the first active non-loopback interface with IPv4:
UInt32 address = 0;
struct ifaddrs *interfaces;
if( getifaddrs(&interfaces) == 0 ) {
struct ifaddrs *interface;
for( interface=interfaces; interface; interface=interface->ifa_next ) {
if( (interface->ifa_flags & IFF_UP) && ! (interface->ifa_flags & IFF_LOOPBACK) ) {
const struct sockaddr_in *addr = (const struct sockaddr_in*) interface->ifa_addr;
if( addr && addr->sin_family==AF_INET ) {
address = addr->sin_addr.s_addr;
break;
}
}
}
freeifaddrs(interfaces);
}
return [[self alloc] initWithIPv4: address port: port];
}
+ (IPAddress*) localAddress
{
return [self localAddressWithPort: 0];
}
// Private IP address ranges. See RFC 3330.
static struct {UInt32 mask, value;} const kPrivateRanges[] = {
{0xFF000000, 0x00000000}, // 0.x.x.x (hosts on "this" network)
{0xFF000000, 0x0A000000}, // 10.x.x.x (private address range)
{0xFF000000, 0x7F000000}, // 127.x.x.x (loopback)
{0xFFFF0000, 0xA9FE0000}, // 169.254.x.x (link-local self-configured addresses)
{0xFFF00000, 0xAC100000}, // 172.(16-31).x.x (private address range)
{0xFFFF0000, 0xC0A80000}, // 192.168.x.x (private address range)
{0,0}
};
- (BOOL) isPrivate
{
UInt32 address = ntohl(self.ipv4);
int i;
for( i=0; kPrivateRanges[i].mask; i++ )
if( (address & kPrivateRanges[i].mask) == kPrivateRanges[i].value )
return YES;
return NO;
}
@end
@implementation HostAddress
{
NSString *_hostname;
}
- (id) initWithHostname: (NSString*)hostname port: (UInt16)port
{
self = [super initWithIPv4: 0 port: port];
if( self ) {
if( [hostname length]==0 ) {
return nil;
}
_hostname = [hostname copy];
}
return self;
}
- (id) initWithHostname: (NSString*)hostname
sockaddr: (const struct sockaddr*)sockaddr
port: (UInt16)port;
{
if( [hostname length]==0 ) {
return nil;
}
self = [super initWithSockAddr: sockaddr port: port];
if( self ) {
_hostname = [hostname copy];
}
return self;
}
- (void)encodeWithCoder:(NSCoder *)coder
{
[super encodeWithCoder: coder];
[coder encodeObject: _hostname forKey: @"host"];
}
- (id)initWithCoder:(NSCoder *)decoder
{
self = [super initWithCoder: decoder];
if( self ) {
_hostname = [[decoder decodeObjectForKey: @"host"] copy];
}
return self;
}
- (NSString*) description
{
NSMutableString *desc = [_hostname mutableCopy];
NSString *addr = self.ipv4name;
if (addr)
[desc appendFormat: @"(%@)", addr];
if( self.port )
[desc appendFormat: @":%hu",self.port];
return desc;
}
- (NSUInteger) hash
{
return [_hostname hash] ^ self.port;
}
- (NSString*) hostname {return _hostname;}
- (UInt32) ipv4
{
struct hostent *ent = gethostbyname(_hostname.UTF8String);
if( ! ent ) {
Log(@"HostAddress: DNS lookup failed for <%@>: %s", _hostname, hstrerror(h_errno));
return 0;
}
return * (const in_addr_t*) ent->h_addr_list[0];
}
- (BOOL) isSameHost: (IPAddress*)addr
{
if (![addr isKindOfClass: [HostAddress class]])
return NO;
NSString* addrHost = addr.hostname;
return addrHost != nil && [_hostname caseInsensitiveCompare: addrHost]==0;
}
@end
@implementation RecentAddress
{
CFAbsoluteTime _lastSuccess;
UInt32 _successes;
}
- (id) initWithIPAddress: (IPAddress*)addr
{
return [super initWithIPv4: addr.ipv4 port: addr.port];
}
@synthesize lastSuccess=_lastSuccess, successes=_successes;
- (BOOL) noteSuccess
{
if( _successes < 0xFFFF )
_successes++;
_lastSuccess = CFAbsoluteTimeGetCurrent();
return YES;
}
- (BOOL) noteSeen
{
CFAbsoluteTime now = CFAbsoluteTimeGetCurrent();
BOOL significant = ( now-_lastSuccess >= 18*60*60 );
_lastSuccess = now;
return significant;
}
- (void)encodeWithCoder:(NSCoder *)coder
{
[super encodeWithCoder: coder];
[coder encodeDouble: _lastSuccess forKey: @"last"];
[coder encodeInt: _successes forKey: @"succ"];
}
- (id)initWithCoder:(NSCoder *)decoder
{
self = [super initWithCoder: decoder];
if( self ) {
_lastSuccess = [decoder decodeDoubleForKey: @"last"];
_successes = [decoder decodeIntForKey: @"succ"];
}
return self;
}
@end
#import "Test.h"
TestCase(IPAddress) {
RequireTestCase(CollectionUtils);
IPAddress *addr = [[IPAddress alloc] initWithIPv4: htonl(0x0A0001FE) port: 8080];
CAssertEq(addr.ipv4,(UInt32)htonl(0x0A0001FE));
CAssertEq(addr.port,8080);
CAssertEqual(addr.hostname,@"10.0.1.254");
CAssertEqual(addr.description,@"10.0.1.254:8080");
CAssert(addr.isPrivate);
addr = [[IPAddress alloc] initWithHostname: @"66.66.0.255" port: 123];
CAssertEq(addr.class,[IPAddress class]);
CAssertEq(addr.ipv4,(UInt32)htonl(0x424200FF));
CAssertEq(addr.port,123);
CAssertEqual(addr.hostname,@"66.66.0.255");
CAssertEqual(addr.description,@"66.66.0.255:123");
CAssert(!addr.isPrivate);
addr = [[IPAddress alloc] initWithHostname: @"www.apple.com" port: 80];
CAssertEq(addr.class,[HostAddress class]);
Log(@"www.apple.com = %@ [0x%08X]", addr.ipv4name, ntohl(addr.ipv4));
CAssertEq(addr.ipv4,(UInt32)htonl(0x11FBC820));
CAssertEq(addr.port,80);
CAssertEqual(addr.hostname,@"www.apple.com");
CAssertEqual(addr.description,@"www.apple.com:80");
CAssert(!addr.isPrivate);
}
/*
Copyright (c) 2008, Jens Alfke <jens@mooseyard.com>. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted
provided that the following conditions are met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions
and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions
and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
distribution.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRI-
BUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF
THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/