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Copyright 2000, International Business Machines Corporation and others.
All Rights Reserved.

This software has been released under the terms of the IBM Public
License.  For details, see the LICENSE file in the top-level source
directory or online at

Short instructions for sites upgrading from a previous version of AFS:
% ./configure --enable-transarc-paths
% make
% make dest

will create a Transarc-style dest tree in ${SYS_NAME}/dest where
${SYS_NAME} is the AFS sysname of the system you built for.
This assumes if you're building for Linux that your kernel source is
in /usr/src/linux.

Otherwise, please read on.

Building OpenAFS on UNIX and LINUX

A. Creating the proper directory structure.

   Uncompress the source into a directory of your choice. A directory
   in afs space is also valid. In the directory that you uncompressed the
   source in, you will only have an src/ directory.

   1. Pick a system to build for, and note its default AFS sys_name.
      A directory will be automatically created for binaries to be written 
      into with this name when you build.

      alpha_dux50 (only tested on 5.0A, does not work with 5.1)
      i386_fbsd_42, i386_fbsd_43, i386_fbsd_44, i386_fbsd_45,
         i386_fbsd_46, i386_fbsd_47, i386_fbsd_50, i386_fbsd_51,
         i386_fbsd_52, i386_fbsd_53, i386_fbsd_60, i386_fbsd_61
         (client does not work)
      i386_linux22, i386_linux24, i386_linux26
      i386_umlinux22, i386_umlinux24
      i386_obsd31, i386_obsd32, i386_obsd33, i386_obsd34, i386_obsd35,
         i386_obsd36, i386_obsd37, i386_obsd38, i386_obsd39
      sgi_65 (file server not tested)
      sun4_413 (No client support, no fileserver support, db servers only)
      sun4x_56, sun4x_57, sun4x_58, sun4x_59, sun4x_510,
      sunx86_57, sunx86_58, sunx86_59, sunx86_510 (logging UFS not supported 
         for mixed-use partitions containing client cache)
      ppc_linux22, ppc_linux24
      alpha_linux22, alpha_linux24 
      ia64_linux24, ia64_linux26
      sparc_linux22, sparc_linux24
      sparc64_linux22, sparc64_linux24
      hp_ux11i, hp_ux110 (See notes below for information on getting 
         missing header)
      hp_ux102 (Client port possible, but db servers and utilities work)

   2. Using configure in the top level directory, configure for your
      AFS system type, providing the necessary flags:
      % ./configure --with-afs-sysname=sun4x_58 --enable-transarc-paths

      If you do not have the "configure" script you can re-create it by
      running  You will need autoconf to do this.

      For some systems you need also provide the path in which your kernel
      headers for your configured kernel can be found.  See the
      system-specific Notes sections below for details.

      There is an option to control whether or not binaries are stripped
      of their symbol table information.  All binaries, except for the
      'fileserver' and 'volserver' executables, are stripped by default.

      To prevent stripping, specify the '--disable-strip-binaries' option on
      the ./configure command line.

      This option works alongside the existing --enable-debug option to
      control how binaries are produced.  When --enable-debug is specified,
      binaries will not be stripped.  This behavior can be modified by
      using different combinations of --enable-debug and --enable (or
      --disable)-strip-binaries.  One can, for example, compile binaries for
      debug and strip them anyway.  Alternatively, one can compile without
      debug and force the binaries to not be stripped.  Note that these
      combinations are not necessarily useful.

      If neither of these options is specified, the default will be to build
      non-debug binaries that are stripped (with the exceptions noted above,
      which are never stripped at present).  Specifying --enable-debug also
      turns on --disable-strip-binaries.  These are the most useful settings.

      The two binaries noted above, 'fileserver' and 'volserver' will never
      be stripped, regardless of any options given to configure.

  There are two modes for directory path handling: "Transarc mode" and "default mode":
  - In Transarc mode, we retain compatibility with Transarc/IBM AFS tools
    by putting client configuaration files in /usr/vice/etc, and server
    files in /usr/afs under the traditional directory layout.
  - In default mode, files are located in standardized locations, usually
    under $(prefix).
  - Client programs, libraries, and related files always go in standard
    directories under $(prefix).  This rule covers things that would go
    into $(bindir), $(includedir), $(libdir), $(mandir), and $(sbindir).
  - Other files get located in the following places:

    Directory     Transarc Mode              Default Mode
    ============  =========================  ==============================
    viceetcdir    /usr/vice/etc              $(sysconfdir)/openafs
    afssrvdir     /usr/afs/bin (servers)     $(libexecdir)/openafs
    afsconfdir    /usr/afs/etc               $(sysconfdir)/openafs/server
    afslocaldir   /usr/afs/local             $(localstatedir)/openafs
    afsdbdir      /usr/afs/db                $(localstatedir)/openafs/db
    afslogdir     /usr/afs/logs              $(localstatedir)/openafs/logs
    afsbosconfig  $(afslocaldir)/BosConfig   $(afsconfdir)/BosConfig
    afsbosserver  $(afsbindir)/bosserver     $(sbindir)/bosserver

    The Demand Attach Fileserver (DAFS), is built by providing the
    --enable_demand_attach_fs argument to configure.  Note that the
    bosserver must be built with DAFS in order to be able to create
    the dafs instance, which will be used in place of the fs instance.  In
    addition, the fileserver, volserver, salvager, salvage, and salvageserver
    binaries must be built for DAFS.

B  Building

   1. Now, you can build OpenAFS. 

      % make

   2. Install your build using either "make install" to install 
      into the current system (you will need to be root, and files
      will be placed as appropriate for Transarc or standard paths),
      "make install DESTDIR=/some/path" to install into an alternate 
      directory tree, or if you configured with --enable-transarc-paths
      make dest to create a complete binary tree in the dest directory      
      under the directory named for the sys_name you built for,
      e.g. sun4x_57/dest or i386_linux22/dest 

   2. As appropriate you can clean up or, if you're using Linux, build for
      another kernel version.
      To clean up:
         % make clean

C  Problems

   If you have a problem building this source, you may want to visit to see if any problems have been reported 
   or to find out how to get more help.

   Mailing lists have been set up to help; More details can be found
   on the site.

D  Linux Notes

   For Linux systems you need also provide the path in which your
   kernel headers for your configured kernel can be found. This should
   be the path of the directory containing a child directory named
   "include". So if your version file was 
   /usr/src/linux/include/linux/version.h you would invoke:
   % ./configure --with-afs-sysname=i386_linux24 --with-linux-kernel-headers=/usr/src/linux

   Currently you can build for only one Linux kernel at a time,
   and the version is extracted from the kernel headers in the root
   you specify.

   To build for another Linux kernel version:
   the system type defined in step A1.
      % ./configure --with-afs-sysname=i386_linux24 --with-linux-kernel-headers=/usr/src/linux-2.2.19-i686
      % make 

   Your dest tree will now include an additional kernel module for your
   additional kernel headers. Be aware that if the kernel version string
   which UTS_RELEASE is defined to in include/linux/version.h matches the
   last kernel you built for, the previous kernel module will be

E  HP-UX 11.0 Notes

   HP-UX 11.0 requires a header called vfs_vm.h which HP has provided on their
   web site:,1703,687,00.html
   To navigate down from the top level of the portal, one would do -> i want to... -> download software -> operating systems

   to get to the same page. 

F  OpenBSD Notes

   If you need to run to make the configure script, you should
   first install autoconf-2.59, then setenv AUTOCONF_VERSION 2.59.

   You need kernel source installed to build OpenAFS.  Use the
   --with-bsd-kernel-headers= configure option if your kernel source is not
   in /usr/src/sys.

   If you want to build src/aklog, add the following options to your
   configure.  Note that you shouldn't need aklog because heimdal afslog
   does (almost) the same thing.
     --with-krb5 KRB5CFLAGS=-I/usr/include/kerberosV KRB5LIBS=-lcrypto

   src/packaging/OpenBSD/ will make a tar file for installing the
   client.  There is no server package, but I am told that "make install"
   will put server binaries in /usr/afs.

   Your kernel may panic when you try to shutdown after running the OpenAFS
   client.  To prevent this, change the "dangling vnode" panic in
   sys/kern/vfs_syscalls.c to a printf and build a new kernel.

   You can't run arla and OpenAFS at the same time.

G  FreeBSD Notes

   The FreeBSD client does not currently work.  The remaining problems
   mostly have to do with locking, vnode refcounting, and packaging.  The
   server should work.

   You need kernel source installed to build OpenAFS.  Use the
   --with-bsd-kernel-headers= configure option if your kernel source is not
   in /usr/src/sys.

   You also need access to your kernel build directory for the opt_global.h
   include file.  Use the --with-bsd-kernel-build= configure option if your
   kernel build is not GENERIC in the standard place.

   There is no server package, but I am told that "make install" will put
   server binaries in /usr/afs.

   You can't run arla and OpenAFS at the same time.
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