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FPTaylor: A Tool for Rigorous Estimation of Round-off Floating-point Errors



  • OCaml version 4.02.0 or higher with a native compiler (do not forget make opt if you are building from source code). A recommended way to install OCaml is with OPAM

  • (Included) Interval computation library for OCaml. It is distributed with FPTaylor (see INTERVAL). There is also an alternative interval arithmetic library in simple_interval which has limited functionality but it is portable to different systems.

  • (Optional) Gelpia

  • (Optional) Z3

  • (Optional) Maxima, a Computer Algebra System The easiest way to install Maxima on Ubuntu is sudo apt-get install maxima

Linux Setup

Steps below have been tested on Ubuntu 12.04, Ubuntu 14.04, and Ubuntu 16.04.

The following command will build FPTaylor and the interval computation library:

make all

If you encounter a problem during the build process then you may try steps described in the next section (macOS and Linux Setup). The executable FPTaylor file is called fptaylor. It is recommended to create the environment variable FPTAYLOR_BASE which contains the path to the base FPTaylor directory. If this environment variable is created, then it will be possible to copy fptaylor to different places or to create a symbolic link to it. The environment variable can be created with the following commands (in bash):

export FPTAYLOR_BASE=$(pwd)
echo "export FPTAYLOR_BASE=$(pwd)" >> ~/.bashrc

macOS and Linux Setup

The main issue with macOS (and some newer versions of Linux) is that the interval computation library INTERVAL cannot be compiled on this system. There is an alternative interval arithmetic library distributed with FPTaylor (see simple_interval). This library is under development so it does not support all functions of the INTERVAL library. In particular, trigonometric functions are not supported yet.

The following command will build FPTaylor with the simple interval library:

make fptaylor-simple-interval

Benchmarks and Examples

Benchmarks and examples are in the benchmarks directory.

FPBench Support

FPBench is a benchmark suite and a collection of tools for the floating-point research community. FPBench supports FPTaylor and it has a tool for converting FPCore benchmarks into FPTaylor input files. This works in the other direction as well: FPTaylor can translate its input files into FPCore benchmarks (see FPTaylor's reference manual).


A detailed description of FPTaylor can be found in

Formal Verification of FPTaylor Results in HOL Light

See the formal directory for corresponding HOL Light theories and procedures.

VirtualBox Image

An old version of FPTaylor is available as a VirtualBox image at

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