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Sheetfu

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Sheetfu was built to interacts with Google Sheets with a simple, intuitive, and fast API. The primary goal of this library is to adapt the Google App Script API for spreadsheets, to Python. With Sheetfu, you can easily get or set cell values, background colors, font colors or any other cell attributes.

Installing

Install and update using pip:

pip install -U Sheetfu

A Simple Example

from sheetfu import SpreadsheetApp

sa = SpreadsheetApp('path/to/secret.json')
spreadsheet = sa.open_by_id('<insert spreadsheet id here>')
sheet = spreadsheet.get_sheet_by_name('Sheet1')
data_range = sheet.get_data_range()           # returns the sheet range that contains data values.

# this is how you get things
values = data_range.get_values()              # returns a 2D matrix of values.
backgrounds = data_range.get_backgrounds()    # returns a 2D matrix of background colors in hex format.

# this is how you set things
data_range.set_background('#000000')          # set every cell backgrounds to black
data_range.set_font_color('#ffffff')          # set every cell font colors to white

You can also create your SpreadsheetApp object with environment variables instead of the secrets.json file. You can refer to the authentication tutorial for more info.

Please read the sheetfu API documentation for a more detailed description.

The Table module

Sheetfu also contains a table module that abstracts completely the coordinates system for an ORM-like syntax. The example below is for a sheet with the 3 columns 'name', 'surname' and 'age'.

from sheetfu import Table

spreadsheet = SpreadsheetApp('path/to/secret.json').open_by_id('<insert spreadsheet id here>')
data_range = spreadsheet.get_sheet_by_name('people').get_data_range()

table = Table(data_range, backgrounds=True)

for item in table:
    if item.get_field_value('name') == 'foo':
        item.set_field_value('surname', 'bar')              # this set the surname field value
    age = item.get_field_value('age')
    item.set_field_value('age', age + 1)
    item.set_field_background('age', '#ff0000')             # this set the field 'age' to red color

# Every set functions are batched for speed performance.
# To send the batch update of every set requests you made,
# you need to commit the table object as follow.
table.commit()

You can refer to the Table API documentation for a more detailed description.

Casting

An effort has been made to guide Sheetu as a Google Sheet ORM, where any values found in a spreadsheet are casted to a matching Python object. Since version 1.5.7, Sheetfu returns DATE and DATE_TIME as Python datetime object. Similarly, setting a cell with a datetime object will make the necessary parsing and casting to reflect those cells as DATE_TIME in the sheet.

from sheetfu import SpreadsheetApp

sa = SpreadsheetApp('path/to/secret.json')
spreadsheet = sa.open_by_id('<insert spreadsheet id here>')
sheet = spreadsheet.get_sheet_by_name('Sheet1')

# Assuming the cells are in DATE or DATE_TIME format.
cells_with_dates = sheet.get_range_from_a1("A1:A2"))

print(cells_with_dates.get_values())
#   [
#       [datetime.datetime(2021, 11, 26, 16, 58, 37, 737940)],
#       [datetime.datetime(2021, 11, 26, 16, 58, 37, 737940)]
#   ]

This means we can introduce python datetime operation in our code very effectively.

from sheetfu import SpreadsheetApp
from datetime import datetime

sa = SpreadsheetApp('path/to/secret.json')
spreadsheet = sa.open_by_id('<insert spreadsheet id here>')
sheet = spreadsheet.get_sheet_by_name('Sheet1')

a1 = sheet.get_range_from_a1("A1")

# The following will set today's date in the
#cell in the right google sheet format
a1.set_value(datetime.today())

Contributing

For guidance on how to make a contribution to Sheetfu, see the contributing guidelines.

Links

If you are looking for the original sheetfu google apps script library, it has been relocated to this page.