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softlayer-go

Build Status GoDoc License Tests Coverage Status

The Official and Complete SoftLayer API Client for Golang (the Go programming language).

Introduction

This library contains a complete implementation of the SoftLayer API for client application development in the Go programming language. Code for each API data type and service method is pre-generated, using the SoftLayer API metadata endpoint as input, thus ensuring 100% coverage of the API right out of the gate.

It was designed to feel as natural as possible for programmers familiar with other popular SoftLayer SDKs, and attempts to minimize unnecessary boilerplate and type assertions where possible.

Usage

Basic example:

Three easy steps:

// 1. Create a session
sess := session.New(username, apikey)

// 2. Get a service
accountService := services.GetAccountService(sess)

// 3. Invoke a method:
account, err := accountService.GetObject()

More examples

Sessions

In addition to the example above, sessions can also be created using values set in the environment, or from the local configuration file (i.e. ~/.softlayer):

sess := session.New()

In this usage, the username, API key, and endpoint are read from specific environment variables, then the local configuration file (i.e. ~/.softlayer). First match ends the search:

  • Username
    1. environment variable SL_USERNAME
    2. environment variable SOFTLAYER_USERNAME
    3. local config username.
  • API Key
    1. environment variable SL_API_KEY
    2. environment variable SOFTLAYER_API_KEY
    3. local config api_key.
  • Endpoint
    1. environment variable SL_ENDPOINT_URL
    2. environment variable SOFTLAYER_ENDPOINT_URL
    3. local config endpoint_url.
  • Timeout
    1. environment variable SL_TIMEOUT
    2. environment variable SOFTLAYER_TIMEOUT
    3. local config timeout.

Note: Endpoint defaults to https://api.softlayer.com/rest/v3 if not configured through any of the above methods. Timeout defaults to 120 seconds.

Example of the ~/.softlayer local configuration file:

[softlayer]
username = <your username>
api_key = <your api key>
endpoint_url = <optional>
timeout = <optional>

Instance methods

To call a method on a specific instance, set the instance ID before making the call:

service := services.GetUserCustomerService(sess)

service.Id(6786566).GetObject()

Passing Parameters

All non-slice method parameters are passed as pointers. This is to allow for optional values to be omitted (by passing nil)

guestId := 123456
userCustomerService.RemoveVirtualGuestAccess(&guestId)

For convenience, a set of helper functions exists that allocate storage for a literal and return a pointer. The above can be refactored to:

userCustomerService.RemoveVirtualGuestAccess(sl.Int(123456))

Using datatypes

A complete library of SoftLayer API data type structs exists in the datatypes package. Like method parameters, all non-slice members are declared as pointers. This has the advantage of permitting updates without re-sending the complete data structure (since nil values are omitted from the resulting JSON). Use the same set of helper functions to assist in populating individual members.

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"log"

	"github.com/softlayer/softlayer-go/datatypes"
	"github.com/softlayer/softlayer-go/services"
	"github.com/softlayer/softlayer-go/session"
	"github.com/softlayer/softlayer-go/sl"
)

func main() {
	sess := session.New() // See above for details about creating a new session

	// Get the Virtual_Guest service
	service := services.GetVirtualGuestService(sess)

	// Create a Virtual_Guest struct as a template
	vGuestTemplate := datatypes.Virtual_Guest{
		// Set Creation values - use helpers from the sl package to set pointer values.
		// Unset (nil) values are not sent
		Hostname:                     sl.String("sample"),
		Domain:                       sl.String("example.com"),
		MaxMemory:                    sl.Int(4096),
		StartCpus:                    sl.Int(1),
		Datacenter:                   &datatypes.Location{Name: sl.String("wdc01")},
		OperatingSystemReferenceCode: sl.String("UBUNTU_LATEST"),
		LocalDiskFlag:                sl.Bool(true),
	}

	// Tell the API to create the virtual guest
	newGuest, err := service.CreateObject(&vGuestTemplate)
	// optional error checking...
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	// Print the ID of the new guest.  Don't forget to dereference
	fmt.Printf("New guest %d created", *newGuest.Id)
}

Object Masks, Filters, Result Limits

Object masks, object filters, and pagination (limit and offset) can be set by calling the Mask(), Filter(), Limit() and Offset() service methods prior to invoking an API method.

For example, to set an object mask and filter that will be applied to the results of the Account.GetObject() method:

accountService := services.GetAccountService(sess)

accountService.
	Mask("id;hostname").
	Filter(`{"virtualGuests":{"domain":{"operation":"example.com"}}}`).
	GetObject()

The mask and filter are applied to the current request only, and reset after the method returns. To preserve these options for future requests, save the return value:

accountServiceWithMaskAndFilter = accountService.Mask("id;hostname").
	Filter(`{"virtualGuests":{"domain":{"operation":"example.com"}}}`)

Result limits are specified as separate Limit and Offset values:

accountService.
	Offset(100).      // start at the 100th element in the list
	Limit(25).        // limit to 25 results
	GetVirtualGuests()

Filter Builder

There is also a filter builder you can use to create a Filter instead of writing out the raw string:

// requires importing the filter package
accountServiceWithMaskAndFilter = accountService.
    Mask("id;hostname").
    Filter(filter.Path("virtualGuests.domain").Eq("example.com").Build())

You can also create a filter incrementally:

// Create initial filters
filters := filter.New(
    filter.Path("virtualGuests.hostname").StartsWith("KM078"),
    filter.Path("virtualGuests.id").NotEq(12345),
)

// ....
// Later, append another filter
filters = append(filters, filter.Path("virtualGuests.domain").Eq("example.com"))

accountServiceWithMaskAndFilter = accountService.
    Mask("id;hostname").
    Filter(filters.Build())

Or you can build all those filters in one step:

// Create initial filters
filters := filter.Build(
    filter.Path("virtualGuests.hostname").StartsWith("KM078"),
    filter.Path("virtualGuests.id").NotEq(12345),
    filter.Path("virtualGuests.domain").Eq("example.com"),
)

accountServiceWithMaskAndFilter = accountService.
    Mask("id;hostname").Filter(filters)

See filter/filters.go for the full range of operations supported. The file at examples/filters.go will show additional examples. Also, this is a good article that describes SoftLayer filters at length.

Handling Errors

For any error that occurs within one of the SoftLayer API services, a custom error type is returned, with individual fields that can be parsed separately.

_, err := service.Id(0).      // invalid object ID
	GetObject()

if err != nil {
	// Note: type assertion is only necessary for inspecting individual fields
	apiErr := err.(sl.Error)
	fmt.Printf("API Error:")
	fmt.Printf("HTTP Status Code: %d\n", apiErr.StatusCode)
	fmt.Printf("API Code: %s\n", apiErr.Exception)
	fmt.Printf("API Error: %s\n", apiErr.Message)
}

Note that sl.Error implements the standard error interface, so it can be handled like any other error, if the above granularity is not needed:

_, err := service.GetObject()
if err != nil {
	fmt.Println("Error during processing: ", err)
}

Session Options

To set a different endpoint (e.g., the backend network endpoint):

session.Endpoint = "https://api.service.softlayer.com/rest/v3"

To enable debug output:

session.Debug = true

By default, the debug output is sent to standard output. You can customize this by setting up your own logger:

import "github.com/softlayer/softlayer-go/session"

session.Logger = log.New(os.Stderr, "[CUSTOMIZED] ", log.LstdFlags)

You can also tell the session to retry the api requests if there is a timeout error:

// Specify how many times to retry the request, the request timeout, and how much time to wait
// between retries.
services.GetVirtualGuestService(
	sess.SetTimeout(900).SetRetries(2).SetRetryWait(3)
).GetObject(...)

Password-based authentication

Password-based authentication (via requesting a token from the API) is only supported when talking to the API using the XML-RPC transport protocol.

To use the XML-RPC protocol, simply specify an XML-RPC endpoint url:

func main() {
    // Create a session specifying an XML-RPC endpoint url.
    sess := &session.Session{
        Endpoint: "https://api.softlayer.com/xmlrpc/v3",
    }

    // Get a token from the api using your username and password
    userService := services.GetUserCustomerService(sess)
    token, err := userService.GetPortalLoginToken(username, password, nil, nil)
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    // Add user id and token to the session.
    sess.UserId = *token.UserId
    sess.AuthToken = *token.Hash

    // You have a complete authenticated session now.
    // Call any api from this point on as normal...
    keys, err := userService.Id(sess.UserId).GetApiAuthenticationKeys()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }

    log.Println("API Key:", *keys[0].AuthenticationKey)
}

Development

Setup

To get softlayer-go:

go get github.com/softlayer/softlayer-go/...

Build

make

Test

make test

Updating dependencies

make update_deps

Copyright

This software is Copyright (c) 2016 IBM Corp. See the bundled LICENSE file for more information.