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#!/usr/bin/env python3
# VF-1 Gopher client
# (C) 2018 Solderpunk <>
# With contributions from:
# - Alex Schroeder <>
# - Joseph Lyman <>
# - Adam Mayer (
import argparse
import cmd
import codecs
import collections
import fnmatch
import io
import mimetypes
import os.path
import random
import shlex
import shutil
import socket
import subprocess
import sys
import tempfile
import traceback
import urllib.parse
import ssl
# Use chardet if it's there, but don't depend on it
import chardet
except ImportError:
# Command abbreviations
"a": "add",
"b": "back",
"bm": "bookmarks",
"book": "bookmarks",
"f": "fold",
"fo": "forward",
"g": "go",
"h": "history",
"hist": "history",
"l": "less",
"li": "links",
"m": "mark",
"n": "next",
"p": "previous",
"prev": "previous",
"q": "quit",
"r": "reload",
"s": "save",
"se": "search",
"/": "search",
"t": "tour",
"u": "up",
"v": "veronica",
# Programs to handle different item types
"1": "text/plain",
"0": "text/plain",
"h": "text/html",
"g": "image/gif",
"application/pdf": "xpdf %s",
"audio/mpeg": "mpg123 %s",
"audio/ogg": "ogg123 %s",
"image/*": "feh %s",
"text/html": "lynx -dump -force_html %s",
"text/plain": "cat %s",
# Item type formatting stuff
"7": " <INP>",
"8": " <TEL>",
"9": " <BIN>",
"g": " <IMG>",
"h": " <HTM>",
"s": " <SND>",
"I": " <IMG>",
"T": " <TEL>",
"red": "\x1b[0;31m",
"green": "\x1b[0;32m",
"yellow": "\x1b[0;33m",
"blue": "\x1b[0;34m",
"purple": "\x1b[0;35m",
"cyan": "\x1b[0;36m",
"white": "\x1b[0;37m",
"black": "\x1b[0;30m",
"0": _ANSI_COLORS["green"], # Text File
"1": _ANSI_COLORS["blue"], # Sub-menu
"7": _ANSI_COLORS["red"], # Search / Input
"8": _ANSI_COLORS["purple"], # Telnet
"9": _ANSI_COLORS["cyan"], # Binary
"g": _ANSI_COLORS["blue"], # Gif
"h": _ANSI_COLORS["green"], # HTML
"s": _ANSI_COLORS["cyan"], # Sound
"I": _ANSI_COLORS["cyan"], # Gif
"T": _ANSI_COLORS["purple"], # Telnet
# Lightweight representation of an item in Gopherspace
GopherItem = collections.namedtuple("GopherItem",
("host", "port", "path", "itemtype", "name", "tls"))
def url_to_gopheritem(url):
u = urllib.parse.urlparse(url)
path = u.path
if u.path and u.path[0] == '/' and len(u.path) > 1:
itemtype = u.path[1]
path = u.path[2:]
# Use item type 1 for top-level selector
itemtype = 1
return GopherItem(u.hostname, u.port or 70, path,
str(itemtype), "<direct URL>",
True if u.scheme == "gophers" else False)
def gopheritem_to_url(gi):
if gi and
return ("gopher%s://%s:%d/%s%s" % (
"s" if gi.tls else "",, int(gi.port),
gi.itemtype, gi.path))
elif gi:
return gi.path
return ""
def gopheritem_from_line(line, tls):
# Split on tabs. Strip final element after splitting,
# since if we split first we loose empty elements.
parts = line.split("\t")
parts[-1] = parts[-1].strip()
# Discard Gopher+ noise
if parts[-1] == "+":
parts = parts[:-1]
# Attempt to assign variables. This may fail.
# It's up to the caller to catch the Exception.
name, path, server, port = parts
itemtype = name[0]
name = name[1:]
return GopherItem(server, port, path, itemtype, name, tls)
def gopheritem_to_line(gi, name=""):
# Prepend itemtype to name
name = str(gi.itemtype) + (name or
return "\t".join((name, gi.path, or "", str(gi.port))) + "\n"
# Cheap and cheerful URL detector
def looks_like_url(word):
return "." in word and word.startswith(("gopher://", "gophers://"))
# Decorators
def needs_gi(inner):
def outer(self, *args, **kwargs):
if not
print("You need to 'go' somewhere, first")
return None
return inner(self, *args, **kwargs)
outer.__doc__ = inner.__doc__
return outer
class GopherClient(cmd.Cmd):
def __init__(self, tls=False):
self.tmp_filename = ""
self.idx_filename = ""
self.index = []
self.index_index = -1
self.history = []
self.hist_index = 0
self.page_index = 0
self.lookup = self.index = None
self.waypoints = []
self.marks = {}
self.mirrors = {}
self.options = {
"auto_page" : False,
"auto_page_threshold" : 40,
"color_menus" : False,
"encoding" : "iso-8859-1",
def set_prompt(self, tls):
self.tls = tls
if self.tls:
self.prompt = "\x1b[38;5;196m" + "VF-1" + "\x1b[38;5;255m" + "> " + "\x1b[0m"
self.prompt = "\x1b[38;5;202m" + "VF-1" + "\x1b[38;5;255m" + "> " + "\x1b[0m"
def _go_to_gi(self, gi, update_hist=True, query_str=None, handle=True):
# Telnet is a completely separate thing
if gi.itemtype in ("8", "T"):
if gi.path:"telnet -l %s %s %s" % (gi.path,, gi.port)))
else:"telnet %s %s" % (, gi.port)))
if update_hist:
elif gi.itemtype == "S":"ssh %s@%s -p %s" % (gi.path,, gi.port)))
if update_hist:
# From here on in, it's gopher only
# Hit the network
# Is this a local file?
if not
f = open(gi.path, "rb")
# Is this a search point?
elif gi.itemtype == "7":
if not query_str:
query_str = input("Query term: ")
f = send_query(gi.path, query_str,, gi.port or 70, self.tls)
f = send_selector(gi.path,, gi.port or 70, self.tls)
# Catch network exceptions, which may be recoverable if a redundant
# mirror is specified
except (socket.gaierror, ConnectionRefusedError,
ConnectionResetError, TimeoutError, socket.timeout,
) as network_error:
# Print an error message
if isinstance(network_error, socket.gaierror):
print("ERROR: DNS error!")
elif isinstance(network_error, ConnectionRefusedError):
print("ERROR: Connection refused!")
elif isinstance(network_error, ConnectionResetError):
print("ERROR: Connection reset!")
elif isinstance(network_error, TimeoutError):
print("ERROR: Connection timed out!")
if self.tls:
print("Disable battloid mode using 'tls' to enter civilian territory.")
print("Switch to battloid mode using 'tls' to enable encryption.")
elif isinstance(network_error, socket.timeout):
print("ERROR: This is taking too long.")
if not self.tls:
print("Switch to battloid mode using 'tls' to enable encryption.")
# Try to fall back on a redundant mirror
new_gi = self._get_mirror_gi(gi)
if new_gi:
print("Trying redundant mirror %s..." % gopheritem_to_url(new_gi))
# Catch non-network exceptions
except OSError:
print("ERROR: Operating system error... Recovery initiated...")
print("Consider toggling battloid mode using 'tls' to adapt to the new situation.")
except ssl.SSLError as err:
print("ERROR: " + err.reason)
if err.reason == "UNKNOWN_PROTOCOL":
print(gopheritem_to_url(gi) + " is probably not encrypted.")
print("In battloid mode, encryption is mandatory.")
print("Use 'tls' to toggle battloid mode.")
# Attempt to decode something that is supposed to be text
if gi.itemtype in ("0", "1", "7", "h"):
f = self._decode_text(f)
except socket.timeout:
print("ERROR: Timed out... Scrambling frequencies...")
print("Stealth status compromised; enter battloid mode using 'tls'.")
except UnicodeError:
print("""ERROR: Unknown text encoding!
If you know the correct encoding, use e.g. 'set encoding koi8-r' and
try again. Otherwise, install the 'chardet' library for Python 3 to
enable automatic encoding detection.""")
# Save the result in a temporary file
## Delete old file
if self.tmp_filename:
## Set file mode
if gi.itemtype in ("0", "1", "7", "h"):
mode = "w"
encoding = "UTF-8"
mode = "wb"
encoding = None
## Write
tmpf = tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile(mode, encoding=encoding, delete=False)
self.tmp_filename =
# Pass file to handler, unless we were asked not to
if handle:
# Process that file handler depending upon itemtype
if gi.itemtype in ("1", "7"):
cmd_str = self.get_handler_cmd(gi)
try: %
except FileNotFoundError:
print("Handler program %s not found!" % shlex.split(cmd_str)[0])
print("You can use the ! command to specify another handler program or pipeline.")
# Update state = gi
if update_hist:
def get_handler_cmd(self, gi):
# First, get mimetype, either from itemtype or filename
if gi.itemtype in _ITEMTYPE_TO_MIME:
mimetype = _ITEMTYPE_TO_MIME[gi.itemtype]
mimetype, encoding = mimetypes.guess_type(gi.path)
if mimetype is None:
# No idea what this is, try harder by looking at the
# magic number using file(1)
out = subprocess.check_output(
shlex.split("file --brief --mime-type %s" % self.tmp_filename))
mimetype = out.decode("UTF-8").strip()
# Don't permit file extensions to completely override the
# vaguer imagetypes
if gi.itemtype == "I" and not mimetype.startswith("image"):
# The server declares this to be an image.
# But it has a weird or missing file extension, so the
# MIME type was guessed as something else.
# We shall trust the server that it's an image.
# Pretend it's a jpeg, because whatever handler the user has
# set for jpegs probably has the best shot at handling this.
mimetype = "image/jpeg"
elif gi.itemtype == "s" and not mimetype.startswith("audio"):
# As above, this is "weird audio".
# Pretend it's an mp3?
mimetype = "audio/mpeg"
# Now look for a handler for this mimetype
# Consider exact matches before wildcard matches
exact_matches = []
wildcard_matches = []
for handled_mime, cmd_str in _MIME_HANDLERS.items():
if "*" in handled_mime:
wildcard_matches.append((handled_mime, cmd_str))
exact_matches.append((handled_mime, cmd_str))
for handled_mime, cmd_str in exact_matches + wildcard_matches:
if fnmatch.fnmatch(mimetype, handled_mime):
# Use "xdg-open" as a last resort.
cmd_str = "xdg-open %s"
return cmd_str
def _decode_text(self, f):
# Attempt to decode some bytes into a Unicode string.
# First of all, try UTF-8 as the default.
# If this fails, attempt to autodetect the encoding if chardet
# library is installed.
# If chardet is not installed, or fails to work, fall back on
# the user-specified alternate encoding.
# If none of this works, this will raise UnicodeError and it's
# up to the caller to handle it gracefully.
raw_bytes =
# Try UTF-8 first:
text = raw_bytes.decode("UTF-8")
except UnicodeError:
# If we have chardet, try the magic
autodetect = chardet.detect(raw_bytes)
# Make sure we're vaguely certain
if autodetect["confidence"] > 0.5:
text = raw_bytes.decode(autodetect["encoding"])
# Try the user-specified encoding
text = raw_bytes.decode(self.options["encoding"])
# Try the user-specified encoding
text = raw_bytes.decode(self.options["encoding"])
new_f = io.StringIO()
return new_f
def _handle_index(self, f):
self.index = []
if self.idx_filename:
tmpf = tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile("w", encoding="UTF-8", delete=False)
self.idx_filename =
menu_lines = 0
self.page_index = 0
for line in f:
if line.startswith("3"):
print("Error message from server:")
self.idx_filename = ""
elif line.startswith("i"):
tmpf.write(line[1:].split("\t")[0] + "\n")
menu_lines += 1
gi = gopheritem_from_line(line, self.tls)
# Silently ignore things which are not errors, information
# lines or things which look like valid menu items
if gi.itemtype == "+":
tmpf.write(self._format_gopheritem(len(self.index), gi) + "\n")
menu_lines += 1
if self.options["auto_page"] and menu_lines == self.options["auto_page_threshold"]:
self.page_index = len(self.index)
self.lookup = self.index
self.index_index = -1
if self.options["auto_page"]:"head -n %d %s" %
if menu_lines > self.options["auto_page_threshold"]:
(Long menu truncated.
Use 'cat' or 'less' to view whole menu, including informational messages.
Use 'ls', 'search' or blank line pagination to view only menu entries.)""")
cmd_str = _MIME_HANDLERS["text/plain"] % self.idx_filename))
def _register_redundant_server(self, gi):
# This mirrors the last non-mirror item
target = self.index[-1]
target = (, target.port, target.path)
if target not in self.mirrors:
self.mirrors[target] = []
self.mirrors[target].append((, gi.port, gi.path))
def _get_mirror_gi(self, gi):
# Search for a redundant mirror that matches this GI
for (host, port, path_prefix), mirrors in self.mirrors.items():
if (host == and port == gi.port and
# If there are no mirrors, we're done
return None
# Pick a mirror at random and build a new GI for it
mirror_host, mirror_port, mirror_path = random.sample(mirrors, 1)[0]
new_gi = GopherItem(mirror_host, mirror_port,
mirror_path + "/" + gi.path[len(path_prefix):],
gi.itemtype,, gi.tls)
return new_gi
def _format_gopheritem(self, index, gi, name=True, url=False):
line = "[%d] " % index
# Add item name, with itemtype indicator for non-text items
if name:
line +=
if gi.itemtype in _ITEMTYPE_TITLES:
line += _ITEMTYPE_TITLES[gi.itemtype]
elif gi.itemtype == "1":
line += "/"
# Add URL if requested
if url:
line += " (%s)" % gopheritem_to_url(gi)
# Colourise
if self.options["color_menus"] and gi.itemtype in _ITEMTYPE_COLORS:
line = _ITEMTYPE_COLORS[gi.itemtype] + line + "\x1b[0m"
return line
def show_lookup(self, offset=0, end=None, name=True, url=False):
for n, gi in enumerate(self.lookup[offset:end]):
print(self._format_gopheritem(n+offset+1, gi, name, url))
def _update_history(self, gi):
# Don't duplicate
if self.history and self.history[self.hist_index] == gi:
self.history = self.history[0:self.hist_index+1]
self.hist_index = len(self.history) - 1
def _get_active_tmpfile(self):
return self.idx_filename if == "1" else self.tmp_filename
# Cmd implementation follows
def default(self, line):
if line.strip() == "EOF":
return self.onecmd("quit")
elif line.strip() == "..":
return self.do_up()
elif line.startswith("/"):
return self.do_search(line[1:])
# Expand abbreviated commands
first_word = line.split()[0].strip()
if first_word in _ABBREVS:
full_cmd = _ABBREVS[first_word]
expanded = line.replace(first_word, full_cmd, 1)
return self.onecmd(expanded)
# Try to parse numerical index for lookup table
n = int(line.strip())
except ValueError:
gi = self.lookup[n-1]
except IndexError:
print ("Index too high!")
self.index_index = n
### Settings
def do_set(self, line):
"""View or set various options."""
if not line.strip():
# Show all current settings
for option in sorted(self.options.keys()):
print("%s %s" % (option, self.options[option]))
elif len(line.split()) == 1:
option = line.strip()
if option in self.options:
print("%s %s" % (option, self.options[option]))
print("Unrecognised option %s" % option)
option, value = line.split(" ", 1)
if option not in self.options:
print("Unrecognised option %s" % option)
elif option == "encoding":
except LookupError:
print("Unknown encoding %s" % value)
elif value.isnumeric():
value = int(value)
elif value.lower() == "false":
value = False
elif value.lower() == "true":
value = True
self.options[option] = value
if "auto_page" in option:
Support for auto_page functionality is being considered for DEPRECATION
to keep VF-1 small and simple. If you are actually using this feature
and you don't want to see it removed, email ASAP.
def do_handler(self, line):
"""View or set handler commands for different MIME types."""
if not line.strip():
# Show all current handlers
for mime in sorted(_MIME_HANDLERS.keys()):
print("%s %s" % (mime, _MIME_HANDLERS[mime]))
elif len(line.split()) == 1:
mime = line.strip()
if mime in _MIME_HANDLERS:
print("%s %s" % (mime, _MIME_HANDLERS[mime]))
print("No handler set for MIME type %s" % mime)
mime, handler = line.split(" ", 1)
_MIME_HANDLERS[mime] = handler
if "%s" not in handler:
print("Are you sure you don't want to pass the filename to the handler?")
### Stuff for getting around
def do_go(self, line):
"""Go to a gopher URL or marked item."""
line = line.strip()
if not line:
print("Go where?")
# First, check for possible marks
elif line in self.marks:
gi = self.marks[line]
# or a local file
elif os.path.exists(os.path.expanduser(line)):
gi = GopherItem(None, None, os.path.expanduser(line),
"1", line, self.tls)
# If this isn't a mark, treat it as a URL
url = line
if self.tls and url.startswith("gopher://"):
print("Cannot enter demilitarized zone in battloid.")
print("Use 'tls' to toggle battloid mode.")
elif not self.tls and url.startswith("gophers://"):
print("Must use battloid mode to enter battlezone.")
print("Use 'tls' to toggle battloid mode.")
elif not self.tls and not url.startswith("gopher://"):
url = "gopher://" + url
elif self.tls and not url.startswith("gophers://"):
url = "gophers://" + url
gi = url_to_gopheritem(url)
def do_reload(self, *args):
"""Reload the current URL."""
def do_up(self, *args):
"""Go up one directory in the path."""
gi =
if gi is None:
print("There is no path without a gopher menu")
pathbits = os.path.split(
new_path = os.path.join(*pathbits[0:-1])
new_gi = GopherItem(, gi.port, new_path, "1",, gi.tls)
self._go_to_gi(new_gi, update_hist=False)
def do_back(self, *args):
"""Go back to the previous gopher item."""
if not self.history or self.hist_index == 0:
self.hist_index -= 1
gi = self.history[self.hist_index]
self._go_to_gi(gi, update_hist=False)
def do_forward(self, *args):
"""Go forward to the next gopher item."""
if not self.history or self.hist_index == len(self.history) - 1:
self.hist_index += 1
gi = self.history[self.hist_index]
self._go_to_gi(gi, update_hist=False)
def do_next(self, *args):
"""Go to next item after current in index."""
return self.onecmd(str(self.index_index+1))
def do_previous(self, *args):
"""Go to previous item before current in index."""
self.lookup = self.index
return self.onecmd(str(self.index_index-1))
def do_root(self, *args):
"""Go to root selector of the server hosting current item."""
gi = GopherItem(,, "", "1",
"Root of %s" %, self.tls)
def do_tour(self, line):
"""Add index items as waypoints on a tour, which is basically a FIFO
queue of gopher items.
Items can be added with `tour 1 2 3 4` or ranges like `tour 1-4`.
All items in current menu can be added with `tour *`.
Current tour can be listed with `tour ls` and scrubbed with `tour clear`."""
line = line.strip()
if not line:
# Fly to next waypoint on tour
if not self.waypoints:
print("End of tour.")
gi = self.waypoints.pop(0)
elif line == "ls":
old_lookup = self.lookup
self.lookup = self.waypoints
self.lookup = old_lookup
elif line == "clear":
self.waypoints = []
elif line == "*":
elif looks_like_url(line):
for index in line.split():
pair = index.split('-')
if len(pair) == 1:
# Just a single index
n = int(index)
gi = self.lookup[n-1]
elif len(pair) == 2:
# Two endpoints for a range of indices
for n in range(int(pair[0]), int(pair[1]) + 1):
gi = self.lookup[n-1]
# Syntax error
print("Invalid use of range syntax %s, skipping" % index)
except ValueError:
print("Non-numeric index %s, skipping." % index)
except IndexError:
print("Invalid index %d, skipping." % n)
def do_mark(self, line):
"""Mark the current item with a single letter. This letter can then
be passed to the 'go' command to return to the current item later.
Think of it like marks in vi: 'mark a'='ma' and 'go a'=''a'."""
line = line.strip()
if not line:
for mark, gi in self.marks.items():
print("[%s] %s (%s)" % (mark,, gopheritem_to_url(gi)))
elif line.isalpha() and len(line) == 1:
self.marks[line] =
print("Invalid mark, must be one letter")
def do_veronica(self, line):
# Don't tell Betty!
"""Submit a search query to the Veronica 2 search engine."""
veronica = url_to_gopheritem("gopher://")
self._go_to_gi(veronica, query_str = line)
### Stuff that modifies the lookup table
def do_ls(self, line):
"""List contents of current index.
Use 'ls -l' to see URLs."""
self.lookup = self.index
# If we add any more options to ls, we'll have to use argparse
# again here, but I hope the options don't explode, and for just
# two, the below seems good enough.
options = line.strip().split()
show_urls = any((x in options for x in ("-l", "-lr")))
self.show_lookup(url = show_urls)
self.page_index = 0
def do_history(self, *args):
"""Display history."""
self.lookup = self.history
def do_search(self, searchterm):
"""Search index (case insensitive)."""
results = [
gi for gi in self.lookup if searchterm.lower() in]
if results:
self.lookup = results
print("No results found.")
def emptyline(self):
"""Page through index ten lines at a time."""
i = self.page_index
if i > len(self.lookup):
self.show_lookup(offset=i, end=i+10)
self.page_index += 10
### Stuff that does something to most recently viewed item
def do_cat(self, *args):
"""Run most recently visited item through "cat" command.""""cat %s" % self._get_active_tmpfile()))
def do_less(self, *args):
"""Run most recently visited item through "less" command."""
cmd_str = self.get_handler_cmd(
cmd_str = cmd_str % self._get_active_tmpfile()"%s | less -R" % cmd_str, shell=True)
def do_fold(self, *args):
"""Run most recently visited item through "fold" command."""
cmd_str = self.get_handler_cmd(
cmd_str = cmd_str % self._get_active_tmpfile()"%s | fold -w 70 -s" % cmd_str, shell=True)
def do_shell(self, line):
"""'cat' most recently visited item through a shell pipeline.""""cat %s |" % self._get_active_tmpfile()) + line, shell=True)
def do_save(self, line):
"""Save an item to the filesystem.
'save n filename' saves menu item n to the specified filename.
'save filename' saves the last viewed item to the specified filename.
'save n' saves menu item n to an automagic filename."""
args = line.strip().split()
# First things first, figure out what our arguments are
if len(args) == 0:
# No arguments given at all
# Save current item, if there is one, to a file whose name is
# inferred from the gopher path
if not self.tmp_filename:
print("You need to visit an item first!")
index = None
filename = None
elif len(args) == 1:
# One argument given
# If it's numeric, treat it as an index, and infer the filename
index = int(args[0])
filename = None
# If it's not numeric, treat it as a filename and
# save the current item
except ValueError:
index = None
filename = os.path.expanduser(args[0])
elif len(args) == 2:
# Two arguments given
# Treat first as an index and second as filename
index, filename = args
index = int(index)
except ValueError:
print("First argument is not a valid item index!")
filename = os.path.expanduser(filename)
print("You must provide an index, a filename, or both.")
# Next, fetch the item to save, if it's not the current one.
if index != None:
last_gi =
gi = self.lookup[index-1]
self._go_to_gi(gi, update_hist = False, handle = False)
except IndexError:
print ("Index too high!") = last_gi
# Derive filename from current GI's path, if one hasn't been set
if not filename:
if == '1':
path =
if path in ("", "/"):
# Attempt to derive a nice filename from the gopher
# item name
filename =" ","_") + ".txt"
# Derive a filename from the last component of the
# path
if path.endswith("/"):
path = path[0:-1]
filename = os.path.split(path)[1]
filename = os.path.basename(
print("Set filename to: " + filename)
# Check for filename collisions and actually do the save if safe
if os.path.exists(filename):
print("File already exists!")
# Don't use _get_active_tmpfile() here, because we want to save the
# "source code" of menus, not the rendered view - this way VF-1
# can navigate to it later.
shutil.copyfile(self.tmp_filename, filename)
print("Saved to %s" % filename)
# Restore gi if necessary
if index != None:
def do_url(self, *args):
"""Print URL of most recently visited item."""
def do_links(self, *args):
"""Extract URLs from most recently visited item."""
if not in ("0", "h"):
print("You need to visit a text item, first")
links = []
with open(self.tmp_filename, "r") as fp:
for line in fp:
words = line.strip().split()
links.extend([url_to_gopheritem(w) for w in words if looks_like_url(w)])
self.lookup = links
self.show_lookup(name=False, url=True)
### Bookmarking stuff
def do_add(self, line):
"""Add the current URL to the bookmarks menu.
Bookmarks are stored in the ~/.vf1-bookmarks.txt file.
Optionally, specify the new name for the bookmark."""
with open(os.path.expanduser("~/.vf1-bookmarks.txt"), "a") as fp:
fp.write(gopheritem_to_line(, name=line))
def do_bookmarks(self, *args):
"""Show the current bookmarks menu.
Bookmarks are stored in the ~/.vf1-bookmarks.txt file."""
file_name = "~/.vf1-bookmarks.txt"
if not os.path.isfile(os.path.expanduser(file_name)):
print("You need to 'add' some bookmarks, first")
gi = GopherItem(None, None, os.path.expanduser(file_name),
"1", file_name, self.tls)
### Security
def do_tls(self, *args):
"""Engage or disengage battloid mode."""
self.set_prompt(not self.tls)
if self.tls:
print("Battloid mode engaged! Only accepting encrypted connections.")
print("Battloid mode disengaged! Switching to unencrypted channels.")
### Help
def do_help(self, arg):
"""ALARM! Recursion detected! ALARM! Prepare to eject!"""
if arg == "!":
print("! is an alias for 'shell'")
elif arg == "?":
print("? is an alias for 'help'")
cmd.Cmd.do_help(self, arg)
### The end!
def do_quit(self, *args):
"""Exit VF-1."""
# Clean up after ourself
if self.tmp_filename:
if self.idx_filename:
print("Thank you for flying VF-1!")
do_exit = do_quit
# Code below is the core of he module from Python 2.4, with
# minimal changes made for Python 3 compatibility and to handle
# convenient download of plain text (including Unicode) or binary files.
# Default selector, host and port
# Names for characters and strings
CRLF = '\r\n'
def send_selector(selector, host, port = 0, tls=False):
"""Send a selector to a given host and port.
Returns a binary file with the reply."""
if not port:
i = host.find(':')
if i >= 0:
host, port = host[:i], int(host[i+1:])
if not port:
port = DEF_PORT
elif type(port) == type(''):
port = int(port)
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
if tls:
context = ssl.create_default_context()
# context.check_hostname = False
# context.verify_mode = ssl.CERT_NONE
s = context.wrap_socket(s, server_hostname = host)
s.connect((host, port))
s.sendall((selector + CRLF).encode("UTF-8"))
return s.makefile(mode = "rb")
def send_query(selector, query, host, port=0, tls=False):
"""Send a selector and a query string."""
return send_selector(selector + '\t' + query, host, port, tls)
# Config file finder
def get_rcfile():
rc_paths = ("~/.config/vf1/vf1rc", "~/.config/.vf1rc", "~/.vf1rc")
for rc_path in rc_paths:
rcfile = os.path.expanduser(rc_path)
if os.path.exists(rcfile):
return rcfile
return None
# Main function
def main():
# Parse args
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='A command line gopher client.')
parser.add_argument('--bookmarks', action='store_true',
help='start with your list of bookmarks')
parser.add_argument('url', metavar='URL', nargs='*',
help='start with this URL')
parser.add_argument('--tls', action='store_true',
help='secure all communications using TLS')
args = parser.parse_args()
# Instantiate client
gc = GopherClient(tls=args.tls)
# Process config file
rcfile = get_rcfile()
if rcfile:
print("Using config %s" % rcfile)
with open(rcfile, "r") as fp:
for line in fp:
line = line.strip()
if ((args.bookmarks or args.url) and
any((line.startswith(x) for x in ("go", "g", "tour", "t")))
if args.bookmarks:
print("Skipping rc command \"%s\" due to --bookmarks option." % line)
print("Skipping rc command \"%s\" due to provided URLs." % line)
# Say hi
print("Welcome to VF-1!")
if args.tls:
print("Battloid mode engaged! Watch your back in Gopherspace!")
print("Enjoy your flight through Gopherspace...")
# Act on args
if args.bookmarks:
elif args.url:
if len(args.url) == 1:
for url in args.url:
if not url.startswith("gopher://"):
url = "gopher://" + url
# Endless interpret loop
while True:
except KeyboardInterrupt:
if __name__ == '__main__':
You can’t perform that action at this time.