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A Lite version of asset hat for loading CSS and JS faster in Rails
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README.markdown

AssetHat

Your assets are covered.

  • Minify CSS and JS with one command. (Can be done on deploy instead of at runtime.)
  • Bundle CSS and JS to reduce HTTP requests.
  • Reuse CSS and JS bundles across layouts without repetition.
  • Bust image caches by changing CSS URLs whenever an image is modified.
  • Force image URLs in your CSS to use CDN subdomains, not just the current host.

After setup, you can use these in your layouts and views:

include_css :bundle => 'application'
  # => <link href="/stylesheets/bundles/application.min.css"
  #          media="screen,projection" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />

include_js :bundles => ['plugins', 'common']
  # => <script src="/javascripts/bundles/plugins.min.js"
  #            type="text/javascript"></script>
  #    <script src="/javascripts/bundles/common.min.js"
  #            type="text/javascript"></script>

And this in your deploy script:

rake asset_hat:minify

Works with Rails 2.3.4 and above.

Installation

  1. Install the gem:

    gem install asset_hat
    
  2. Configure the gem:

    • Using Bundler:

      1. Add to your app's Gemfile: gem 'asset_hat', '0.x.x'

      2. Command-line: gem bundle

    • Using Rails' config.gem, add to your app's config/environment.rb:

      config.gem 'asset_hat', :version => '0.x.x'

  3. In your app, create lib/tasks/asset_hat.rake with the following contents:

    begin
      require 'asset_hat/tasks'
    rescue LoadError
      puts %q{Could not load AssetHat tasks: 'asset_hat' not found.}
    end
    

Configuration

  1. Create the default config file:

    rake asset_hat:config
    
  2. In your app, open the new config file at config/assets.yml, and set up your CSS/JS bundles according to that file's example.

  3. Minify your bundles:

    rake asset_hat:minify
    

    This minifies all of the CSS/JS files listed in config/assets.yml, concatenates the minified code into bundle files, and adds CDN asset hosts and cache-busting commit IDs to image URLs in your CSS.

    Bundles are created as new files in public/stylesheets/bundles/ and public/javascripts/bundles/. Your original CSS/JS files remain intact.

  4. Set your deployment script to run rake asset_hat:minify after deploying your latest CSS/JS. This overwrites previously minified bundles, and leaves your original CSS/JS files intact.

Advanced configuration

Additional settings are supported in config/assets.yml:

  • engine: Indicates how CSS and JS are minified; omit this setting to use the defaults. If the default engines cause problems by minifying too strongly, try switching each to weak. The weak engines are much safer, but don't save as many bytes.

  • vendors: Currently only allows for setting the jQuery version number:

    js:
      vendors:
        jquery:
          version: 1.4
    

    In the future, this will be used for configuring the retrieval of other third-party code.

Usage

In your layouts and views, instead of these:

<%= stylesheet_link_tag 'reset', 'application', 'clearfix',
                        :media => 'screen,projection',
                        :cache => 'bundles/application' %>
<%= javascript_include_tag 'plugin-1', 'plugin-2', 'plugin-3',
                           :cache => 'bundles/application' %>

Use these:

<%= include_css :bundle => 'application' %>
<%= include_js  :bundle => 'application' %>

These turn into:

<link href="/stylesheets/bundles/application.min.css"
  media="screen,projection" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
<script src="/javascripts/bundles/application.min.js"
  type="text/javascript"></script>

If your environment has config.action_controller.perform_caching set to true (e.g., in production), the layout/view will include minified bundle files. Otherwise, the separate, unminified files will be included.

Advanced usage

You can also include single files as expected:

<%= include_css 'reset', 'application' %>
<%= include_js 'plugin.min', 'application' %>

Or include multiple bundles at once:

<%= include_js :bundles => %w[plugins common] %>

When including multiple bundles at once, this yields one <link> or <script> element per bundle.

You may want to use multiple bundles to separate plugins (rarely changed) from application code (frequently changed). If all code is in one huge bundle, then whenever there's a change, browsers have to re-download the whole bundle. By using multiple bundles based on change frequency, browsers cache the rarely changed code, and only re-download the frequently changed code.

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