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// Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
// Copyright (c) 2009-2015 The Bitcoin Core developers
// Copyright (c) 2014-2017 The Sos Core developers
// Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying
// file COPYING or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
#include "main.h"
#include "addrman.h"
#include "alert.h"
#include "arith_uint256.h"
#include "chainparams.h"
#include "checkpoints.h"
#include "checkqueue.h"
#include "consensus/consensus.h"
#include "consensus/merkle.h"
#include "consensus/validation.h"
#include "hash.h"
#include "init.h"
#include "merkleblock.h"
#include "net.h"
#include "policy/policy.h"
#include "pow.h"
#include "primitives/block.h"
#include "primitives/transaction.h"
#include "script/script.h"
#include "script/sigcache.h"
#include "script/standard.h"
#include "tinyformat.h"
#include "txdb.h"
#include "txmempool.h"
#include "ui_interface.h"
#include "undo.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "spork.h"
#include "utilmoneystr.h"
#include "utilstrencodings.h"
#include "validationinterface.h"
#include "versionbits.h"
#include "darksend.h"
#include "governance.h"
#include "instantx.h"
#include "masternode-payments.h"
#include "masternode-sync.h"
#include "masternodeman.h"
#include <sstream>
#include <boost/algorithm/string/replace.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem.hpp>
#include <boost/filesystem/fstream.hpp>
#include <boost/lexical_cast.hpp>
#include <boost/math/distributions/poisson.hpp>
#include <boost/thread.hpp>
using namespace std;
#if defined(NDEBUG)
# error "Sos Core cannot be compiled without assertions."
#endif
/**
* Global state
*/
CCriticalSection cs_main;
BlockMap mapBlockIndex;
CChain chainActive;
CBlockIndex *pindexBestHeader = NULL;
int64_t nTimeBestReceived = 0;
CWaitableCriticalSection csBestBlock;
CConditionVariable cvBlockChange;
int nScriptCheckThreads = 0;
bool fImporting = false;
bool fReindex = false;
bool fTxIndex = true;
bool fAddressIndex = false;
bool fTimestampIndex = false;
bool fSpentIndex = false;
bool fHavePruned = false;
bool fPruneMode = false;
bool fIsBareMultisigStd = DEFAULT_PERMIT_BAREMULTISIG;
bool fRequireStandard = true;
unsigned int nBytesPerSigOp = DEFAULT_BYTES_PER_SIGOP;
bool fCheckBlockIndex = false;
bool fCheckpointsEnabled = DEFAULT_CHECKPOINTS_ENABLED;
size_t nCoinCacheUsage = 5000 * 300;
uint64_t nPruneTarget = 0;
bool fAlerts = DEFAULT_ALERTS;
bool fEnableReplacement = DEFAULT_ENABLE_REPLACEMENT;
/** Fees smaller than this (in duffs) are considered zero fee (for relaying, mining and transaction creation) */
CFeeRate minRelayTxFee = CFeeRate(DEFAULT_MIN_RELAY_TX_FEE);
CTxMemPool mempool(::minRelayTxFee);
struct COrphanTx {
CTransaction tx;
NodeId fromPeer;
};
map<uint256, COrphanTx> mapOrphanTransactions GUARDED_BY(cs_main);;
map<uint256, set<uint256> > mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev GUARDED_BY(cs_main);;
map<uint256, int64_t> mapRejectedBlocks GUARDED_BY(cs_main);
void EraseOrphansFor(NodeId peer) EXCLUSIVE_LOCKS_REQUIRED(cs_main);
/**
* Returns true if there are nRequired or more blocks of minVersion or above
* in the last Consensus::Params::nMajorityWindow blocks, starting at pstart and going backwards.
*/
static bool IsSuperMajority(int minVersion, const CBlockIndex* pstart, unsigned nRequired, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams);
static void CheckBlockIndex(const Consensus::Params& consensusParams);
/** Constant stuff for coinbase transactions we create: */
CScript COINBASE_FLAGS;
const string strMessageMagic = "DarkCoin Signed Message:\n";
// Internal stuff
namespace {
struct CBlockIndexWorkComparator
{
bool operator()(CBlockIndex *pa, CBlockIndex *pb) const {
// First sort by most total work, ...
if (pa->nChainWork > pb->nChainWork) return false;
if (pa->nChainWork < pb->nChainWork) return true;
// ... then by earliest time received, ...
if (pa->nSequenceId < pb->nSequenceId) return false;
if (pa->nSequenceId > pb->nSequenceId) return true;
// Use pointer address as tie breaker (should only happen with blocks
// loaded from disk, as those all have id 0).
if (pa < pb) return false;
if (pa > pb) return true;
// Identical blocks.
return false;
}
};
CBlockIndex *pindexBestInvalid;
/**
* The set of all CBlockIndex entries with BLOCK_VALID_TRANSACTIONS (for itself and all ancestors) and
* as good as our current tip or better. Entries may be failed, though, and pruning nodes may be
* missing the data for the block.
*/
set<CBlockIndex*, CBlockIndexWorkComparator> setBlockIndexCandidates;
/** Number of nodes with fSyncStarted. */
int nSyncStarted = 0;
/** All pairs A->B, where A (or one of its ancestors) misses transactions, but B has transactions.
* Pruned nodes may have entries where B is missing data.
*/
multimap<CBlockIndex*, CBlockIndex*> mapBlocksUnlinked;
CCriticalSection cs_LastBlockFile;
std::vector<CBlockFileInfo> vinfoBlockFile;
int nLastBlockFile = 0;
/** Global flag to indicate we should check to see if there are
* block/undo files that should be deleted. Set on startup
* or if we allocate more file space when we're in prune mode
*/
bool fCheckForPruning = false;
/**
* Every received block is assigned a unique and increasing identifier, so we
* know which one to give priority in case of a fork.
*/
CCriticalSection cs_nBlockSequenceId;
/** Blocks loaded from disk are assigned id 0, so start the counter at 1. */
uint32_t nBlockSequenceId = 1;
/**
* Sources of received blocks, saved to be able to send them reject
* messages or ban them when processing happens afterwards. Protected by
* cs_main.
*/
map<uint256, NodeId> mapBlockSource;
/**
* Filter for transactions that were recently rejected by
* AcceptToMemoryPool. These are not rerequested until the chain tip
* changes, at which point the entire filter is reset. Protected by
* cs_main.
*
* Without this filter we'd be re-requesting txs from each of our peers,
* increasing bandwidth consumption considerably. For instance, with 100
* peers, half of which relay a tx we don't accept, that might be a 50x
* bandwidth increase. A flooding attacker attempting to roll-over the
* filter using minimum-sized, 60byte, transactions might manage to send
* 1000/sec if we have fast peers, so we pick 120,000 to give our peers a
* two minute window to send invs to us.
*
* Decreasing the false positive rate is fairly cheap, so we pick one in a
* million to make it highly unlikely for users to have issues with this
* filter.
*
* Memory used: 1.7MB
*/
boost::scoped_ptr<CRollingBloomFilter> recentRejects;
uint256 hashRecentRejectsChainTip;
/** Blocks that are in flight, and that are in the queue to be downloaded. Protected by cs_main. */
struct QueuedBlock {
uint256 hash;
CBlockIndex* pindex; //!< Optional.
bool fValidatedHeaders; //!< Whether this block has validated headers at the time of request.
};
map<uint256, pair<NodeId, list<QueuedBlock>::iterator> > mapBlocksInFlight;
/** Number of preferable block download peers. */
int nPreferredDownload = 0;
/** Dirty block index entries. */
set<CBlockIndex*> setDirtyBlockIndex;
/** Dirty block file entries. */
set<int> setDirtyFileInfo;
/** Number of peers from which we're downloading blocks. */
int nPeersWithValidatedDownloads = 0;
} // anon namespace
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Registration of network node signals.
//
namespace {
struct CBlockReject {
unsigned char chRejectCode;
string strRejectReason;
uint256 hashBlock;
};
/**
* Maintain validation-specific state about nodes, protected by cs_main, instead
* by CNode's own locks. This simplifies asynchronous operation, where
* processing of incoming data is done after the ProcessMessage call returns,
* and we're no longer holding the node's locks.
*/
struct CNodeState {
//! The peer's address
CService address;
//! Whether we have a fully established connection.
bool fCurrentlyConnected;
//! Accumulated misbehaviour score for this peer.
int nMisbehavior;
//! Whether this peer should be disconnected and banned (unless whitelisted).
bool fShouldBan;
//! String name of this peer (debugging/logging purposes).
std::string name;
//! List of asynchronously-determined block rejections to notify this peer about.
std::vector<CBlockReject> rejects;
//! The best known block we know this peer has announced.
CBlockIndex *pindexBestKnownBlock;
//! The hash of the last unknown block this peer has announced.
uint256 hashLastUnknownBlock;
//! The last full block we both have.
CBlockIndex *pindexLastCommonBlock;
//! The best header we have sent our peer.
CBlockIndex *pindexBestHeaderSent;
//! Whether we've started headers synchronization with this peer.
bool fSyncStarted;
//! Since when we're stalling block download progress (in microseconds), or 0.
int64_t nStallingSince;
list<QueuedBlock> vBlocksInFlight;
//! When the first entry in vBlocksInFlight started downloading. Don't care when vBlocksInFlight is empty.
int64_t nDownloadingSince;
int nBlocksInFlight;
int nBlocksInFlightValidHeaders;
//! Whether we consider this a preferred download peer.
bool fPreferredDownload;
//! Whether this peer wants invs or headers (when possible) for block announcements.
bool fPreferHeaders;
CNodeState() {
fCurrentlyConnected = false;
nMisbehavior = 0;
fShouldBan = false;
pindexBestKnownBlock = NULL;
hashLastUnknownBlock.SetNull();
pindexLastCommonBlock = NULL;
pindexBestHeaderSent = NULL;
fSyncStarted = false;
nStallingSince = 0;
nDownloadingSince = 0;
nBlocksInFlight = 0;
nBlocksInFlightValidHeaders = 0;
fPreferredDownload = false;
fPreferHeaders = false;
}
};
/** Map maintaining per-node state. Requires cs_main. */
map<NodeId, CNodeState> mapNodeState;
// Requires cs_main.
CNodeState *State(NodeId pnode) {
map<NodeId, CNodeState>::iterator it = mapNodeState.find(pnode);
if (it == mapNodeState.end())
return NULL;
return &it->second;
}
int GetHeight()
{
LOCK(cs_main);
return chainActive.Height();
}
void UpdatePreferredDownload(CNode* node, CNodeState* state)
{
nPreferredDownload -= state->fPreferredDownload;
// Whether this node should be marked as a preferred download node.
state->fPreferredDownload = (!node->fInbound || node->fWhitelisted) && !node->fOneShot && !node->fClient;
nPreferredDownload += state->fPreferredDownload;
}
void InitializeNode(NodeId nodeid, const CNode *pnode) {
LOCK(cs_main);
CNodeState &state = mapNodeState.insert(std::make_pair(nodeid, CNodeState())).first->second;
state.name = pnode->addrName;
state.address = pnode->addr;
}
void FinalizeNode(NodeId nodeid) {
LOCK(cs_main);
CNodeState *state = State(nodeid);
if (state->fSyncStarted)
nSyncStarted--;
if (state->nMisbehavior == 0 && state->fCurrentlyConnected) {
AddressCurrentlyConnected(state->address);
}
BOOST_FOREACH(const QueuedBlock& entry, state->vBlocksInFlight) {
mapBlocksInFlight.erase(entry.hash);
}
EraseOrphansFor(nodeid);
nPreferredDownload -= state->fPreferredDownload;
nPeersWithValidatedDownloads -= (state->nBlocksInFlightValidHeaders != 0);
assert(nPeersWithValidatedDownloads >= 0);
mapNodeState.erase(nodeid);
if (mapNodeState.empty()) {
// Do a consistency check after the last peer is removed.
assert(mapBlocksInFlight.empty());
assert(nPreferredDownload == 0);
assert(nPeersWithValidatedDownloads == 0);
}
}
// Requires cs_main.
// Returns a bool indicating whether we requested this block.
bool MarkBlockAsReceived(const uint256& hash) {
map<uint256, pair<NodeId, list<QueuedBlock>::iterator> >::iterator itInFlight = mapBlocksInFlight.find(hash);
if (itInFlight != mapBlocksInFlight.end()) {
CNodeState *state = State(itInFlight->second.first);
state->nBlocksInFlightValidHeaders -= itInFlight->second.second->fValidatedHeaders;
if (state->nBlocksInFlightValidHeaders == 0 && itInFlight->second.second->fValidatedHeaders) {
// Last validated block on the queue was received.
nPeersWithValidatedDownloads--;
}
if (state->vBlocksInFlight.begin() == itInFlight->second.second) {
// First block on the queue was received, update the start download time for the next one
state->nDownloadingSince = std::max(state->nDownloadingSince, GetTimeMicros());
}
state->vBlocksInFlight.erase(itInFlight->second.second);
state->nBlocksInFlight--;
state->nStallingSince = 0;
mapBlocksInFlight.erase(itInFlight);
return true;
}
return false;
}
// Requires cs_main.
void MarkBlockAsInFlight(NodeId nodeid, const uint256& hash, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams, CBlockIndex *pindex = NULL) {
CNodeState *state = State(nodeid);
assert(state != NULL);
// Make sure it's not listed somewhere already.
MarkBlockAsReceived(hash);
QueuedBlock newentry = {hash, pindex, pindex != NULL};
list<QueuedBlock>::iterator it = state->vBlocksInFlight.insert(state->vBlocksInFlight.end(), newentry);
state->nBlocksInFlight++;
state->nBlocksInFlightValidHeaders += newentry.fValidatedHeaders;
if (state->nBlocksInFlight == 1) {
// We're starting a block download (batch) from this peer.
state->nDownloadingSince = GetTimeMicros();
}
if (state->nBlocksInFlightValidHeaders == 1 && pindex != NULL) {
nPeersWithValidatedDownloads++;
}
mapBlocksInFlight[hash] = std::make_pair(nodeid, it);
}
/** Check whether the last unknown block a peer advertised is not yet known. */
void ProcessBlockAvailability(NodeId nodeid) {
CNodeState *state = State(nodeid);
assert(state != NULL);
if (!state->hashLastUnknownBlock.IsNull()) {
BlockMap::iterator itOld = mapBlockIndex.find(state->hashLastUnknownBlock);
if (itOld != mapBlockIndex.end() && itOld->second->nChainWork > 0) {
if (state->pindexBestKnownBlock == NULL || itOld->second->nChainWork >= state->pindexBestKnownBlock->nChainWork)
state->pindexBestKnownBlock = itOld->second;
state->hashLastUnknownBlock.SetNull();
}
}
}
/** Update tracking information about which blocks a peer is assumed to have. */
void UpdateBlockAvailability(NodeId nodeid, const uint256 &hash) {
CNodeState *state = State(nodeid);
assert(state != NULL);
ProcessBlockAvailability(nodeid);
BlockMap::iterator it = mapBlockIndex.find(hash);
if (it != mapBlockIndex.end() && it->second->nChainWork > 0) {
// An actually better block was announced.
if (state->pindexBestKnownBlock == NULL || it->second->nChainWork >= state->pindexBestKnownBlock->nChainWork)
state->pindexBestKnownBlock = it->second;
} else {
// An unknown block was announced; just assume that the latest one is the best one.
state->hashLastUnknownBlock = hash;
}
}
// Requires cs_main
bool CanDirectFetch(const Consensus::Params &consensusParams)
{
return chainActive.Tip()->GetBlockTime() > GetAdjustedTime() - consensusParams.nPowTargetSpacing * 20;
}
// Requires cs_main
bool PeerHasHeader(CNodeState *state, CBlockIndex *pindex)
{
if (state->pindexBestKnownBlock && pindex == state->pindexBestKnownBlock->GetAncestor(pindex->nHeight))
return true;
if (state->pindexBestHeaderSent && pindex == state->pindexBestHeaderSent->GetAncestor(pindex->nHeight))
return true;
return false;
}
/** Find the last common ancestor two blocks have.
* Both pa and pb must be non-NULL. */
CBlockIndex* LastCommonAncestor(CBlockIndex* pa, CBlockIndex* pb) {
if (pa->nHeight > pb->nHeight) {
pa = pa->GetAncestor(pb->nHeight);
} else if (pb->nHeight > pa->nHeight) {
pb = pb->GetAncestor(pa->nHeight);
}
while (pa != pb && pa && pb) {
pa = pa->pprev;
pb = pb->pprev;
}
// Eventually all chain branches meet at the genesis block.
assert(pa == pb);
return pa;
}
/** Update pindexLastCommonBlock and add not-in-flight missing successors to vBlocks, until it has
* at most count entries. */
void FindNextBlocksToDownload(NodeId nodeid, unsigned int count, std::vector<CBlockIndex*>& vBlocks, NodeId& nodeStaller) {
if (count == 0)
return;
vBlocks.reserve(vBlocks.size() + count);
CNodeState *state = State(nodeid);
assert(state != NULL);
// Make sure pindexBestKnownBlock is up to date, we'll need it.
ProcessBlockAvailability(nodeid);
if (state->pindexBestKnownBlock == NULL || state->pindexBestKnownBlock->nChainWork < chainActive.Tip()->nChainWork) {
// This peer has nothing interesting.
return;
}
if (state->pindexLastCommonBlock == NULL) {
// Bootstrap quickly by guessing a parent of our best tip is the forking point.
// Guessing wrong in either direction is not a problem.
state->pindexLastCommonBlock = chainActive[std::min(state->pindexBestKnownBlock->nHeight, chainActive.Height())];
}
// If the peer reorganized, our previous pindexLastCommonBlock may not be an ancestor
// of its current tip anymore. Go back enough to fix that.
state->pindexLastCommonBlock = LastCommonAncestor(state->pindexLastCommonBlock, state->pindexBestKnownBlock);
if (state->pindexLastCommonBlock == state->pindexBestKnownBlock)
return;
std::vector<CBlockIndex*> vToFetch;
CBlockIndex *pindexWalk = state->pindexLastCommonBlock;
// Never fetch further than the best block we know the peer has, or more than BLOCK_DOWNLOAD_WINDOW + 1 beyond the last
// linked block we have in common with this peer. The +1 is so we can detect stalling, namely if we would be able to
// download that next block if the window were 1 larger.
int nWindowEnd = state->pindexLastCommonBlock->nHeight + BLOCK_DOWNLOAD_WINDOW;
int nMaxHeight = std::min<int>(state->pindexBestKnownBlock->nHeight, nWindowEnd + 1);
NodeId waitingfor = -1;
while (pindexWalk->nHeight < nMaxHeight) {
// Read up to 128 (or more, if more blocks than that are needed) successors of pindexWalk (towards
// pindexBestKnownBlock) into vToFetch. We fetch 128, because CBlockIndex::GetAncestor may be as expensive
// as iterating over ~100 CBlockIndex* entries anyway.
int nToFetch = std::min(nMaxHeight - pindexWalk->nHeight, std::max<int>(count - vBlocks.size(), 128));
vToFetch.resize(nToFetch);
pindexWalk = state->pindexBestKnownBlock->GetAncestor(pindexWalk->nHeight + nToFetch);
vToFetch[nToFetch - 1] = pindexWalk;
for (unsigned int i = nToFetch - 1; i > 0; i--) {
vToFetch[i - 1] = vToFetch[i]->pprev;
}
// Iterate over those blocks in vToFetch (in forward direction), adding the ones that
// are not yet downloaded and not in flight to vBlocks. In the mean time, update
// pindexLastCommonBlock as long as all ancestors are already downloaded, or if it's
// already part of our chain (and therefore don't need it even if pruned).
BOOST_FOREACH(CBlockIndex* pindex, vToFetch) {
if (!pindex->IsValid(BLOCK_VALID_TREE)) {
// We consider the chain that this peer is on invalid.
return;
}
if (pindex->nStatus & BLOCK_HAVE_DATA || chainActive.Contains(pindex)) {
if (pindex->nChainTx)
state->pindexLastCommonBlock = pindex;
} else if (mapBlocksInFlight.count(pindex->GetBlockHash()) == 0) {
// The block is not already downloaded, and not yet in flight.
if (pindex->nHeight > nWindowEnd) {
// We reached the end of the window.
if (vBlocks.size() == 0 && waitingfor != nodeid) {
// We aren't able to fetch anything, but we would be if the download window was one larger.
nodeStaller = waitingfor;
}
return;
}
vBlocks.push_back(pindex);
if (vBlocks.size() == count) {
return;
}
} else if (waitingfor == -1) {
// This is the first already-in-flight block.
waitingfor = mapBlocksInFlight[pindex->GetBlockHash()].first;
}
}
}
}
} // anon namespace
bool GetNodeStateStats(NodeId nodeid, CNodeStateStats &stats) {
LOCK(cs_main);
CNodeState *state = State(nodeid);
if (state == NULL)
return false;
stats.nMisbehavior = state->nMisbehavior;
stats.nSyncHeight = state->pindexBestKnownBlock ? state->pindexBestKnownBlock->nHeight : -1;
stats.nCommonHeight = state->pindexLastCommonBlock ? state->pindexLastCommonBlock->nHeight : -1;
BOOST_FOREACH(const QueuedBlock& queue, state->vBlocksInFlight) {
if (queue.pindex)
stats.vHeightInFlight.push_back(queue.pindex->nHeight);
}
return true;
}
void RegisterNodeSignals(CNodeSignals& nodeSignals)
{
nodeSignals.GetHeight.connect(&GetHeight);
nodeSignals.ProcessMessages.connect(&ProcessMessages);
nodeSignals.SendMessages.connect(&SendMessages);
nodeSignals.InitializeNode.connect(&InitializeNode);
nodeSignals.FinalizeNode.connect(&FinalizeNode);
}
void UnregisterNodeSignals(CNodeSignals& nodeSignals)
{
nodeSignals.GetHeight.disconnect(&GetHeight);
nodeSignals.ProcessMessages.disconnect(&ProcessMessages);
nodeSignals.SendMessages.disconnect(&SendMessages);
nodeSignals.InitializeNode.disconnect(&InitializeNode);
nodeSignals.FinalizeNode.disconnect(&FinalizeNode);
}
CBlockIndex* FindForkInGlobalIndex(const CChain& chain, const CBlockLocator& locator)
{
// Find the first block the caller has in the main chain
BOOST_FOREACH(const uint256& hash, locator.vHave) {
BlockMap::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.find(hash);
if (mi != mapBlockIndex.end())
{
CBlockIndex* pindex = (*mi).second;
if (chain.Contains(pindex))
return pindex;
}
}
return chain.Genesis();
}
CCoinsViewCache *pcoinsTip = NULL;
CBlockTreeDB *pblocktree = NULL;
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// mapOrphanTransactions
//
bool AddOrphanTx(const CTransaction& tx, NodeId peer) EXCLUSIVE_LOCKS_REQUIRED(cs_main)
{
uint256 hash = tx.GetHash();
if (mapOrphanTransactions.count(hash))
return false;
// Ignore big transactions, to avoid a
// send-big-orphans memory exhaustion attack. If a peer has a legitimate
// large transaction with a missing parent then we assume
// it will rebroadcast it later, after the parent transaction(s)
// have been mined or received.
// 10,000 orphans, each of which is at most 5,000 bytes big is
// at most 500 megabytes of orphans:
unsigned int sz = tx.GetSerializeSize(SER_NETWORK, CTransaction::CURRENT_VERSION);
if (sz > 5000)
{
LogPrint("mempool", "ignoring large orphan tx (size: %u, hash: %s)\n", sz, hash.ToString());
return false;
}
mapOrphanTransactions[hash].tx = tx;
mapOrphanTransactions[hash].fromPeer = peer;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, tx.vin)
mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev[txin.prevout.hash].insert(hash);
LogPrint("mempool", "stored orphan tx %s (mapsz %u prevsz %u)\n", hash.ToString(),
mapOrphanTransactions.size(), mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev.size());
return true;
}
void static EraseOrphanTx(uint256 hash) EXCLUSIVE_LOCKS_REQUIRED(cs_main)
{
map<uint256, COrphanTx>::iterator it = mapOrphanTransactions.find(hash);
if (it == mapOrphanTransactions.end())
return;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, it->second.tx.vin)
{
map<uint256, set<uint256> >::iterator itPrev = mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev.find(txin.prevout.hash);
if (itPrev == mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev.end())
continue;
itPrev->second.erase(hash);
if (itPrev->second.empty())
mapOrphanTransactionsByPrev.erase(itPrev);
}
mapOrphanTransactions.erase(it);
}
void EraseOrphansFor(NodeId peer)
{
int nErased = 0;
map<uint256, COrphanTx>::iterator iter = mapOrphanTransactions.begin();
while (iter != mapOrphanTransactions.end())
{
map<uint256, COrphanTx>::iterator maybeErase = iter++; // increment to avoid iterator becoming invalid
if (maybeErase->second.fromPeer == peer)
{
EraseOrphanTx(maybeErase->second.tx.GetHash());
++nErased;
}
}
if (nErased > 0) LogPrint("mempool", "Erased %d orphan tx from peer %d\n", nErased, peer);
}
unsigned int LimitOrphanTxSize(unsigned int nMaxOrphans) EXCLUSIVE_LOCKS_REQUIRED(cs_main)
{
unsigned int nEvicted = 0;
while (mapOrphanTransactions.size() > nMaxOrphans)
{
// Evict a random orphan:
uint256 randomhash = GetRandHash();
map<uint256, COrphanTx>::iterator it = mapOrphanTransactions.lower_bound(randomhash);
if (it == mapOrphanTransactions.end())
it = mapOrphanTransactions.begin();
EraseOrphanTx(it->first);
++nEvicted;
}
return nEvicted;
}
bool IsFinalTx(const CTransaction &tx, int nBlockHeight, int64_t nBlockTime)
{
if (tx.nLockTime == 0)
return true;
if ((int64_t)tx.nLockTime < ((int64_t)tx.nLockTime < LOCKTIME_THRESHOLD ? (int64_t)nBlockHeight : nBlockTime))
return true;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, tx.vin) {
if (!(txin.nSequence == CTxIn::SEQUENCE_FINAL))
return false;
}
return true;
}
bool CheckFinalTx(const CTransaction &tx, int flags)
{
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
// By convention a negative value for flags indicates that the
// current network-enforced consensus rules should be used. In
// a future soft-fork scenario that would mean checking which
// rules would be enforced for the next block and setting the
// appropriate flags. At the present time no soft-forks are
// scheduled, so no flags are set.
flags = std::max(flags, 0);
// CheckFinalTx() uses chainActive.Height()+1 to evaluate
// nLockTime because when IsFinalTx() is called within
// CBlock::AcceptBlock(), the height of the block *being*
// evaluated is what is used. Thus if we want to know if a
// transaction can be part of the *next* block, we need to call
// IsFinalTx() with one more than chainActive.Height().
const int nBlockHeight = chainActive.Height() + 1;
// BIP113 will require that time-locked transactions have nLockTime set to
// less than the median time of the previous block they're contained in.
// When the next block is created its previous block will be the current
// chain tip, so we use that to calculate the median time passed to
// IsFinalTx() if LOCKTIME_MEDIAN_TIME_PAST is set.
const int64_t nBlockTime = (flags & LOCKTIME_MEDIAN_TIME_PAST)
? chainActive.Tip()->GetMedianTimePast()
: GetAdjustedTime();
return IsFinalTx(tx, nBlockHeight, nBlockTime);
}
/**
* Calculates the block height and previous block's median time past at
* which the transaction will be considered final in the context of BIP 68.
* Also removes from the vector of input heights any entries which did not
* correspond to sequence locked inputs as they do not affect the calculation.
*/
static std::pair<int, int64_t> CalculateSequenceLocks(const CTransaction &tx, int flags, std::vector<int>* prevHeights, const CBlockIndex& block)
{
assert(prevHeights->size() == tx.vin.size());
// Will be set to the equivalent height- and time-based nLockTime
// values that would be necessary to satisfy all relative lock-
// time constraints given our view of block chain history.
// The semantics of nLockTime are the last invalid height/time, so
// use -1 to have the effect of any height or time being valid.
int nMinHeight = -1;
int64_t nMinTime = -1;
// tx.nVersion is signed integer so requires cast to unsigned otherwise
// we would be doing a signed comparison and half the range of nVersion
// wouldn't support BIP 68.
bool fEnforceBIP68 = static_cast<uint32_t>(tx.nVersion) >= 2
&& flags & LOCKTIME_VERIFY_SEQUENCE;
// Do not enforce sequence numbers as a relative lock time
// unless we have been instructed to
if (!fEnforceBIP68) {
return std::make_pair(nMinHeight, nMinTime);
}
for (size_t txinIndex = 0; txinIndex < tx.vin.size(); txinIndex++) {
const CTxIn& txin = tx.vin[txinIndex];
// Sequence numbers with the most significant bit set are not
// treated as relative lock-times, nor are they given any
// consensus-enforced meaning at this point.
if (txin.nSequence & CTxIn::SEQUENCE_LOCKTIME_DISABLE_FLAG) {
// The height of this input is not relevant for sequence locks
(*prevHeights)[txinIndex] = 0;
continue;
}
int nCoinHeight = (*prevHeights)[txinIndex];
if (txin.nSequence & CTxIn::SEQUENCE_LOCKTIME_TYPE_FLAG) {
int64_t nCoinTime = block.GetAncestor(std::max(nCoinHeight-1, 0))->GetMedianTimePast();
// NOTE: Subtract 1 to maintain nLockTime semantics
// BIP 68 relative lock times have the semantics of calculating
// the first block or time at which the transaction would be
// valid. When calculating the effective block time or height
// for the entire transaction, we switch to using the
// semantics of nLockTime which is the last invalid block
// time or height. Thus we subtract 1 from the calculated
// time or height.
// Time-based relative lock-times are measured from the
// smallest allowed timestamp of the block containing the
// txout being spent, which is the median time past of the
// block prior.
nMinTime = std::max(nMinTime, nCoinTime + (int64_t)((txin.nSequence & CTxIn::SEQUENCE_LOCKTIME_MASK) << CTxIn::SEQUENCE_LOCKTIME_GRANULARITY) - 1);
} else {
nMinHeight = std::max(nMinHeight, nCoinHeight + (int)(txin.nSequence & CTxIn::SEQUENCE_LOCKTIME_MASK) - 1);
}
}
return std::make_pair(nMinHeight, nMinTime);
}
static bool EvaluateSequenceLocks(const CBlockIndex& block, std::pair<int, int64_t> lockPair)
{
assert(block.pprev);
int64_t nBlockTime = block.pprev->GetMedianTimePast();
if (lockPair.first >= block.nHeight || lockPair.second >= nBlockTime)
return false;
return true;
}
bool SequenceLocks(const CTransaction &tx, int flags, std::vector<int>* prevHeights, const CBlockIndex& block)
{
return EvaluateSequenceLocks(block, CalculateSequenceLocks(tx, flags, prevHeights, block));
}
bool TestLockPointValidity(const LockPoints* lp)
{
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
assert(lp);
// If there are relative lock times then the maxInputBlock will be set
// If there are no relative lock times, the LockPoints don't depend on the chain
if (lp->maxInputBlock) {
// Check whether chainActive is an extension of the block at which the LockPoints
// calculation was valid. If not LockPoints are no longer valid
if (!chainActive.Contains(lp->maxInputBlock)) {
return false;
}
}
// LockPoints still valid
return true;
}
bool CheckSequenceLocks(const CTransaction &tx, int flags, LockPoints* lp, bool useExistingLockPoints)
{
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
AssertLockHeld(mempool.cs);
CBlockIndex* tip = chainActive.Tip();
CBlockIndex index;
index.pprev = tip;
// CheckSequenceLocks() uses chainActive.Height()+1 to evaluate
// height based locks because when SequenceLocks() is called within
// ConnectBlock(), the height of the block *being*
// evaluated is what is used.
// Thus if we want to know if a transaction can be part of the
// *next* block, we need to use one more than chainActive.Height()
index.nHeight = tip->nHeight + 1;
std::pair<int, int64_t> lockPair;
if (useExistingLockPoints) {
assert(lp);
lockPair.first = lp->height;
lockPair.second = lp->time;
}
else {
// pcoinsTip contains the UTXO set for chainActive.Tip()
CCoinsViewMemPool viewMemPool(pcoinsTip, mempool);
std::vector<int> prevheights;
prevheights.resize(tx.vin.size());
for (size_t txinIndex = 0; txinIndex < tx.vin.size(); txinIndex++) {
const CTxIn& txin = tx.vin[txinIndex];
CCoins coins;
if (!viewMemPool.GetCoins(txin.prevout.hash, coins)) {
return error("%s: Missing input", __func__);
}
if (coins.nHeight == MEMPOOL_HEIGHT) {
// Assume all mempool transaction confirm in the next block
prevheights[txinIndex] = tip->nHeight + 1;
} else {
prevheights[txinIndex] = coins.nHeight;
}
}
lockPair = CalculateSequenceLocks(tx, flags, &prevheights, index);
if (lp) {
lp->height = lockPair.first;
lp->time = lockPair.second;
// Also store the hash of the block with the highest height of
// all the blocks which have sequence locked prevouts.
// This hash needs to still be on the chain
// for these LockPoint calculations to be valid
// Note: It is impossible to correctly calculate a maxInputBlock
// if any of the sequence locked inputs depend on unconfirmed txs,
// except in the special case where the relative lock time/height
// is 0, which is equivalent to no sequence lock. Since we assume
// input height of tip+1 for mempool txs and test the resulting
// lockPair from CalculateSequenceLocks against tip+1. We know
// EvaluateSequenceLocks will fail if there was a non-zero sequence
// lock on a mempool input, so we can use the return value of
// CheckSequenceLocks to indicate the LockPoints validity
int maxInputHeight = 0;
BOOST_FOREACH(int height, prevheights) {
// Can ignore mempool inputs since we'll fail if they had non-zero locks
if (height != tip->nHeight+1) {
maxInputHeight = std::max(maxInputHeight, height);
}
}
lp->maxInputBlock = tip->GetAncestor(maxInputHeight);
}
}
return EvaluateSequenceLocks(index, lockPair);
}
unsigned int GetLegacySigOpCount(const CTransaction& tx)
{
unsigned int nSigOps = 0;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, tx.vin)
{
nSigOps += txin.scriptSig.GetSigOpCount(false);
}
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxOut& txout, tx.vout)
{
nSigOps += txout.scriptPubKey.GetSigOpCount(false);
}
return nSigOps;
}
unsigned int GetP2SHSigOpCount(const CTransaction& tx, const CCoinsViewCache& inputs)
{
if (tx.IsCoinBase())
return 0;
unsigned int nSigOps = 0;
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < tx.vin.size(); i++)
{
const CTxOut &prevout = inputs.GetOutputFor(tx.vin[i]);
if (prevout.scriptPubKey.IsPayToScriptHash())
nSigOps += prevout.scriptPubKey.GetSigOpCount(tx.vin[i].scriptSig);
}
return nSigOps;
}
int GetUTXOHeight(const COutPoint& outpoint)
{
LOCK(cs_main);
CCoins coins;
if(!pcoinsTip->GetCoins(outpoint.hash, coins) ||
(unsigned int)outpoint.n>=coins.vout.size() ||
coins.vout[outpoint.n].IsNull()) {
return -1;
}
return coins.nHeight;
}
int GetInputAge(const CTxIn &txin)
{
CCoinsView viewDummy;
CCoinsViewCache view(&viewDummy);
{
LOCK(mempool.cs);
CCoinsViewMemPool viewMempool(pcoinsTip, mempool);
view.SetBackend(viewMempool); // temporarily switch cache backend to db+mempool view
const CCoins* coins = view.AccessCoins(txin.prevout.hash);
if (coins) {
if(coins->nHeight < 0) return 0;
return chainActive.Height() - coins->nHeight + 1;
} else {
return -1;
}
}
}
int GetInputAgeIX(const uint256 &nTXHash, const CTxIn &txin)
{
int nResult = GetInputAge(txin);
if(nResult < 0) return -1;
if (nResult < 6 && instantsend.IsLockedInstantSendTransaction(nTXHash))
return nInstantSendDepth + nResult;
return nResult;
}
int GetIXConfirmations(const uint256 &nTXHash)
{
if (instantsend.IsLockedInstantSendTransaction(nTXHash))
return nInstantSendDepth;
return 0;
}
bool CheckTransaction(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state)
{
// Basic checks that don't depend on any context
if (tx.vin.empty())
return state.DoS(10, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-vin-empty");
if (tx.vout.empty())
return state.DoS(10, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-vout-empty");
// Size limits
if (::GetSerializeSize(tx, SER_NETWORK, PROTOCOL_VERSION) > MAX_BLOCK_SIZE)
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-oversize");
// Check for negative or overflow output values
CAmount nValueOut = 0;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxOut& txout, tx.vout)
{
if (txout.nValue < 0)
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-vout-negative");
if (txout.nValue > MAX_MONEY)
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-vout-toolarge");
nValueOut += txout.nValue;
if (!MoneyRange(nValueOut))
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-txouttotal-toolarge");
}
// Check for duplicate inputs
set<COutPoint> vInOutPoints;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, tx.vin)
{
if (vInOutPoints.count(txin.prevout))
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-inputs-duplicate");
vInOutPoints.insert(txin.prevout);
}
if (tx.IsCoinBase())
{
if (tx.vin[0].scriptSig.size() < 2 || tx.vin[0].scriptSig.size() > 100)
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-cb-length");
}
else
{
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn& txin, tx.vin)
if (txin.prevout.IsNull())
return state.DoS(10, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-prevout-null");
}
return true;
}
void LimitMempoolSize(CTxMemPool& pool, size_t limit, unsigned long age) {
int expired = pool.Expire(GetTime() - age);
if (expired != 0)
LogPrint("mempool", "Expired %i transactions from the memory pool\n", expired);
std::vector<uint256> vNoSpendsRemaining;
pool.TrimToSize(limit, &vNoSpendsRemaining);
BOOST_FOREACH(const uint256& removed, vNoSpendsRemaining)
pcoinsTip->Uncache(removed);
}
/** Convert CValidationState to a human-readable message for logging */
std::string FormatStateMessage(const CValidationState &state)
{
return strprintf("%s%s (code %i)",
state.GetRejectReason(),
state.GetDebugMessage().empty() ? "" : ", "+state.GetDebugMessage(),
state.GetRejectCode());
}
bool AcceptToMemoryPoolWorker(CTxMemPool& pool, CValidationState &state, const CTransaction &tx, bool fLimitFree,
bool* pfMissingInputs, bool fOverrideMempoolLimit, bool fRejectAbsurdFee,
std::vector<uint256>& vHashTxnToUncache, bool fDryRun)
{
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
if (pfMissingInputs)
*pfMissingInputs = false;
if (!CheckTransaction(tx, state))
return false;
// Coinbase is only valid in a block, not as a loose transaction
if (tx.IsCoinBase())
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "coinbase");
// Rather not work on nonstandard transactions (unless -testnet/-regtest)
string reason;
if (fRequireStandard && !IsStandardTx(tx, reason))
return state.DoS(0, false, REJECT_NONSTANDARD, reason);
// Don't relay version 2 transactions until CSV is active, and we can be
// sure that such transactions will be mined (unless we're on
// -testnet/-regtest).
const CChainParams& chainparams = Params();
if (fRequireStandard && tx.nVersion >= 2 && VersionBitsTipState(chainparams.GetConsensus(), Consensus::DEPLOYMENT_CSV) != THRESHOLD_ACTIVE) {
return state.DoS(0, false, REJECT_NONSTANDARD, "premature-version2-tx");
}
// Only accept nLockTime-using transactions that can be mined in the next
// block; we don't want our mempool filled up with transactions that can't
// be mined yet.
if (!CheckFinalTx(tx, STANDARD_LOCKTIME_VERIFY_FLAGS))
return state.DoS(0, false, REJECT_NONSTANDARD, "non-final");
// is it already in the memory pool?
uint256 hash = tx.GetHash();
if (pool.exists(hash))
return state.Invalid(false, REJECT_ALREADY_KNOWN, "txn-already-in-mempool");
// If this is a Transaction Lock Request check to see if it's valid
if(instantsend.HasTxLockRequest(hash) && !CTxLockRequest(tx).IsValid())
return state.DoS(10, error("AcceptToMemoryPool : CTxLockRequest %s is invalid", hash.ToString()),
REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txlockrequest");
// Check for conflicts with a completed Transaction Lock
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn &txin, tx.vin)
{
uint256 hashLocked;
if(instantsend.GetLockedOutPointTxHash(txin.prevout, hashLocked) && hash != hashLocked)
return state.DoS(10, error("AcceptToMemoryPool : Transaction %s conflicts with completed Transaction Lock %s",
hash.ToString(), hashLocked.ToString()),
REJECT_INVALID, "tx-txlock-conflict");
}
// Check for conflicts with in-memory transactions
set<uint256> setConflicts;
{
LOCK(pool.cs); // protect pool.mapNextTx
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn &txin, tx.vin)
{
if (pool.mapNextTx.count(txin.prevout))
{
const CTransaction *ptxConflicting = pool.mapNextTx[txin.prevout].ptx;
if (!setConflicts.count(ptxConflicting->GetHash()))
{
// InstantSend txes are not replacable
if(instantsend.HasTxLockRequest(ptxConflicting->GetHash())) {
// this tx conflicts with a Transaction Lock Request candidate
return state.DoS(0, error("AcceptToMemoryPool : Transaction %s conflicts with Transaction Lock Request %s",
hash.ToString(), ptxConflicting->GetHash().ToString()),
REJECT_INVALID, "tx-txlockreq-mempool-conflict");
} else if (instantsend.HasTxLockRequest(hash)) {
// this tx is a tx lock request and it conflicts with a normal tx
return state.DoS(0, error("AcceptToMemoryPool : Transaction Lock Request %s conflicts with transaction %s",
hash.ToString(), ptxConflicting->GetHash().ToString()),
REJECT_INVALID, "txlockreq-tx-mempool-conflict");
}
// Allow opt-out of transaction replacement by setting
// nSequence >= maxint-1 on all inputs.
//
// maxint-1 is picked to still allow use of nLockTime by
// non-replacable transactions. All inputs rather than just one
// is for the sake of multi-party protocols, where we don't
// want a single party to be able to disable replacement.
//
// The opt-out ignores descendants as anyone relying on
// first-seen mempool behavior should be checking all
// unconfirmed ancestors anyway; doing otherwise is hopelessly
// insecure.
bool fReplacementOptOut = true;
if (fEnableReplacement)
{
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn &txin, ptxConflicting->vin)
{
if (txin.nSequence < std::numeric_limits<unsigned int>::max()-1)
{
fReplacementOptOut = false;
break;
}
}
}
if (fReplacementOptOut)
return state.Invalid(false, REJECT_CONFLICT, "txn-mempool-conflict");
setConflicts.insert(ptxConflicting->GetHash());
}
}
}
}
{
CCoinsView dummy;
CCoinsViewCache view(&dummy);
CAmount nValueIn = 0;
LockPoints lp;
{
LOCK(pool.cs);
CCoinsViewMemPool viewMemPool(pcoinsTip, pool);
view.SetBackend(viewMemPool);
// do we already have it?
bool fHadTxInCache = pcoinsTip->HaveCoinsInCache(hash);
if (view.HaveCoins(hash)) {
if (!fHadTxInCache)
vHashTxnToUncache.push_back(hash);
return state.Invalid(false, REJECT_ALREADY_KNOWN, "txn-already-known");
}
// do all inputs exist?
// Note that this does not check for the presence of actual outputs (see the next check for that),
// and only helps with filling in pfMissingInputs (to determine missing vs spent).
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn txin, tx.vin) {
if (!pcoinsTip->HaveCoinsInCache(txin.prevout.hash))
vHashTxnToUncache.push_back(txin.prevout.hash);
if (!view.HaveCoins(txin.prevout.hash)) {
if (pfMissingInputs)
*pfMissingInputs = true;
return false; // fMissingInputs and !state.IsInvalid() is used to detect this condition, don't set state.Invalid()
}
}
// are the actual inputs available?
if (!view.HaveInputs(tx))
return state.Invalid(false, REJECT_DUPLICATE, "bad-txns-inputs-spent");
// Bring the best block into scope
view.GetBestBlock();
nValueIn = view.GetValueIn(tx);
// we have all inputs cached now, so switch back to dummy, so we don't need to keep lock on mempool
view.SetBackend(dummy);
// Only accept BIP68 sequence locked transactions that can be mined in the next
// block; we don't want our mempool filled up with transactions that can't
// be mined yet.
// Must keep pool.cs for this unless we change CheckSequenceLocks to take a
// CoinsViewCache instead of create its own
if (!CheckSequenceLocks(tx, STANDARD_LOCKTIME_VERIFY_FLAGS, &lp))
return state.DoS(0, false, REJECT_NONSTANDARD, "non-BIP68-final");
}
// Check for non-standard pay-to-script-hash in inputs
if (fRequireStandard && !AreInputsStandard(tx, view))
return state.Invalid(false, REJECT_NONSTANDARD, "bad-txns-nonstandard-inputs");
unsigned int nSigOps = GetLegacySigOpCount(tx);
nSigOps += GetP2SHSigOpCount(tx, view);
CAmount nValueOut = tx.GetValueOut();
CAmount nFees = nValueIn-nValueOut;
// nModifiedFees includes any fee deltas from PrioritiseTransaction
CAmount nModifiedFees = nFees;
double nPriorityDummy = 0;
pool.ApplyDeltas(hash, nPriorityDummy, nModifiedFees);
CAmount inChainInputValue;
double dPriority = view.GetPriority(tx, chainActive.Height(), inChainInputValue);
// Keep track of transactions that spend a coinbase, which we re-scan
// during reorgs to ensure COINBASE_MATURITY is still met.
bool fSpendsCoinbase = false;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn &txin, tx.vin) {
const CCoins *coins = view.AccessCoins(txin.prevout.hash);
if (coins->IsCoinBase()) {
fSpendsCoinbase = true;
break;
}
}
CTxMemPoolEntry entry(tx, nFees, GetTime(), dPriority, chainActive.Height(), pool.HasNoInputsOf(tx), inChainInputValue, fSpendsCoinbase, nSigOps, lp);
unsigned int nSize = entry.GetTxSize();
// Check that the transaction doesn't have an excessive number of
// sigops, making it impossible to mine. Since the coinbase transaction
// itself can contain sigops MAX_STANDARD_TX_SIGOPS is less than
// MAX_BLOCK_SIGOPS; we still consider this an invalid rather than
// merely non-standard transaction.
if ((nSigOps > MAX_STANDARD_TX_SIGOPS) || (nBytesPerSigOp && nSigOps > nSize / nBytesPerSigOp))
return state.DoS(0, false, REJECT_NONSTANDARD, "bad-txns-too-many-sigops", false,
strprintf("%d", nSigOps));
CAmount mempoolRejectFee = pool.GetMinFee(GetArg("-maxmempool", DEFAULT_MAX_MEMPOOL_SIZE) * 1000000).GetFee(nSize);
if (mempoolRejectFee > 0 && nModifiedFees < mempoolRejectFee) {
return state.DoS(0, false, REJECT_INSUFFICIENTFEE, "mempool min fee not met", false, strprintf("%d < %d", nFees, mempoolRejectFee));
} else if (GetBoolArg("-relaypriority", DEFAULT_RELAYPRIORITY) && nModifiedFees < ::minRelayTxFee.GetFee(nSize) && !AllowFree(entry.GetPriority(chainActive.Height() + 1))) {
// Require that free transactions have sufficient priority to be mined in the next block.
return state.DoS(0, false, REJECT_INSUFFICIENTFEE, "insufficient priority");
}
// Continuously rate-limit free (really, very-low-fee) transactions
// This mitigates 'penny-flooding' -- sending thousands of free transactions just to
// be annoying or make others' transactions take longer to confirm.
if (fLimitFree && nModifiedFees < ::minRelayTxFee.GetFee(nSize))
{
static CCriticalSection csFreeLimiter;
static double dFreeCount;
static int64_t nLastTime;
int64_t nNow = GetTime();
LOCK(csFreeLimiter);
// Use an exponentially decaying ~10-minute window:
dFreeCount *= pow(1.0 - 1.0/600.0, (double)(nNow - nLastTime));
nLastTime = nNow;
// -limitfreerelay unit is thousand-bytes-per-minute
// At default rate it would take over a month to fill 1GB
if (dFreeCount >= GetArg("-limitfreerelay", DEFAULT_LIMITFREERELAY) * 10 * 1000)
return state.DoS(0, false, REJECT_INSUFFICIENTFEE, "rate limited free transaction");
LogPrint("mempool", "Rate limit dFreeCount: %g => %g\n", dFreeCount, dFreeCount+nSize);
dFreeCount += nSize;
}
if (fRejectAbsurdFee && nFees > ::minRelayTxFee.GetFee(nSize) * 10000)
return state.Invalid(false,
REJECT_HIGHFEE, "absurdly-high-fee",
strprintf("%d > %d", nFees, ::minRelayTxFee.GetFee(nSize) * 10000));
// Calculate in-mempool ancestors, up to a limit.
CTxMemPool::setEntries setAncestors;
size_t nLimitAncestors = GetArg("-limitancestorcount", DEFAULT_ANCESTOR_LIMIT);
size_t nLimitAncestorSize = GetArg("-limitancestorsize", DEFAULT_ANCESTOR_SIZE_LIMIT)*1000;
size_t nLimitDescendants = GetArg("-limitdescendantcount", DEFAULT_DESCENDANT_LIMIT);
size_t nLimitDescendantSize = GetArg("-limitdescendantsize", DEFAULT_DESCENDANT_SIZE_LIMIT)*1000;
std::string errString;
if (!pool.CalculateMemPoolAncestors(entry, setAncestors, nLimitAncestors, nLimitAncestorSize, nLimitDescendants, nLimitDescendantSize, errString)) {
return state.DoS(0, false, REJECT_NONSTANDARD, "too-long-mempool-chain", false, errString);
}
// A transaction that spends outputs that would be replaced by it is invalid. Now
// that we have the set of all ancestors we can detect this
// pathological case by making sure setConflicts and setAncestors don't
// intersect.
BOOST_FOREACH(CTxMemPool::txiter ancestorIt, setAncestors)
{
const uint256 &hashAncestor = ancestorIt->GetTx().GetHash();
if (setConflicts.count(hashAncestor))
{
return state.DoS(10, error("AcceptToMemoryPool: %s spends conflicting transaction %s",
hash.ToString(),
hashAncestor.ToString()),
REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-spends-conflicting-tx");
}
}
// Check if it's economically rational to mine this transaction rather
// than the ones it replaces.
CAmount nConflictingFees = 0;
size_t nConflictingSize = 0;
uint64_t nConflictingCount = 0;
CTxMemPool::setEntries allConflicting;
// If we don't hold the lock allConflicting might be incomplete; the
// subsequent RemoveStaged() and addUnchecked() calls don't guarantee
// mempool consistency for us.
LOCK(pool.cs);
if (setConflicts.size())
{
CFeeRate newFeeRate(nModifiedFees, nSize);
set<uint256> setConflictsParents;
const int maxDescendantsToVisit = 100;
CTxMemPool::setEntries setIterConflicting;
BOOST_FOREACH(const uint256 &hashConflicting, setConflicts)
{
CTxMemPool::txiter mi = pool.mapTx.find(hashConflicting);
if (mi == pool.mapTx.end())
continue;
// Save these to avoid repeated lookups
setIterConflicting.insert(mi);
// If this entry is "dirty", then we don't have descendant
// state for this transaction, which means we probably have
// lots of in-mempool descendants.
// Don't allow replacements of dirty transactions, to ensure
// that we don't spend too much time walking descendants.
// This should be rare.
if (mi->IsDirty()) {
return state.DoS(0,
error("AcceptToMemoryPool: rejecting replacement %s; cannot replace tx %s with untracked descendants",
hash.ToString(),
mi->GetTx().GetHash().ToString()),
REJECT_NONSTANDARD, "too many potential replacements");
}
// Don't allow the replacement to reduce the feerate of the
// mempool.
//
// We usually don't want to accept replacements with lower
// feerates than what they replaced as that would lower the
// feerate of the next block. Requiring that the feerate always
// be increased is also an easy-to-reason about way to prevent
// DoS attacks via replacements.
//
// The mining code doesn't (currently) take children into
// account (CPFP) so we only consider the feerates of
// transactions being directly replaced, not their indirect
// descendants. While that does mean high feerate children are
// ignored when deciding whether or not to replace, we do
// require the replacement to pay more overall fees too,
// mitigating most cases.
CFeeRate oldFeeRate(mi->GetModifiedFee(), mi->GetTxSize());
if (newFeeRate <= oldFeeRate)
{
return state.DoS(0,
error("AcceptToMemoryPool: rejecting replacement %s; new feerate %s <= old feerate %s",
hash.ToString(),
newFeeRate.ToString(),
oldFeeRate.ToString()),
REJECT_INSUFFICIENTFEE, "insufficient fee");
}
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn &txin, mi->GetTx().vin)
{
setConflictsParents.insert(txin.prevout.hash);
}
nConflictingCount += mi->GetCountWithDescendants();
}
// This potentially overestimates the number of actual descendants
// but we just want to be conservative to avoid doing too much
// work.
if (nConflictingCount <= maxDescendantsToVisit) {
// If not too many to replace, then calculate the set of
// transactions that would have to be evicted
BOOST_FOREACH(CTxMemPool::txiter it, setIterConflicting) {
pool.CalculateDescendants(it, allConflicting);
}
BOOST_FOREACH(CTxMemPool::txiter it, allConflicting) {
nConflictingFees += it->GetModifiedFee();
nConflictingSize += it->GetTxSize();
}
} else {
return state.DoS(0,
error("AcceptToMemoryPool: rejecting replacement %s; too many potential replacements (%d > %d)\n",
hash.ToString(),
nConflictingCount,
maxDescendantsToVisit),
REJECT_NONSTANDARD, "too many potential replacements");
}
for (unsigned int j = 0; j < tx.vin.size(); j++)
{
// We don't want to accept replacements that require low
// feerate junk to be mined first. Ideally we'd keep track of
// the ancestor feerates and make the decision based on that,
// but for now requiring all new inputs to be confirmed works.
if (!setConflictsParents.count(tx.vin[j].prevout.hash))
{
// Rather than check the UTXO set - potentially expensive -
// it's cheaper to just check if the new input refers to a
// tx that's in the mempool.
if (pool.mapTx.find(tx.vin[j].prevout.hash) != pool.mapTx.end())
return state.DoS(0, error("AcceptToMemoryPool: replacement %s adds unconfirmed input, idx %d",
hash.ToString(), j),
REJECT_NONSTANDARD, "replacement-adds-unconfirmed");
}
}
// The replacement must pay greater fees than the transactions it
// replaces - if we did the bandwidth used by those conflicting
// transactions would not be paid for.
if (nModifiedFees < nConflictingFees)
{
return state.DoS(0, error("AcceptToMemoryPool: rejecting replacement %s, less fees than conflicting txs; %s < %s",
hash.ToString(), FormatMoney(nModifiedFees), FormatMoney(nConflictingFees)),
REJECT_INSUFFICIENTFEE, "insufficient fee");
}
// Finally in addition to paying more fees than the conflicts the
// new transaction must pay for its own bandwidth.
CAmount nDeltaFees = nModifiedFees - nConflictingFees;
if (nDeltaFees < ::minRelayTxFee.GetFee(nSize))
{
return state.DoS(0,
error("AcceptToMemoryPool: rejecting replacement %s, not enough additional fees to relay; %s < %s",
hash.ToString(),
FormatMoney(nDeltaFees),
FormatMoney(::minRelayTxFee.GetFee(nSize))),
REJECT_INSUFFICIENTFEE, "insufficient fee");
}
}
// If we aren't going to actually accept it but just were verifying it, we are fine already
if(fDryRun) return true;
// Check against previous transactions
// This is done last to help prevent CPU exhaustion denial-of-service attacks.
if (!CheckInputs(tx, state, view, true, STANDARD_SCRIPT_VERIFY_FLAGS, true))
return false;
// Check again against just the consensus-critical mandatory script
// verification flags, in case of bugs in the standard flags that cause
// transactions to pass as valid when they're actually invalid. For
// instance the STRICTENC flag was incorrectly allowing certain
// CHECKSIG NOT scripts to pass, even though they were invalid.
//
// There is a similar check in CreateNewBlock() to prevent creating
// invalid blocks, however allowing such transactions into the mempool
// can be exploited as a DoS attack.
if (!CheckInputs(tx, state, view, true, MANDATORY_SCRIPT_VERIFY_FLAGS, true))
{
return error("%s: BUG! PLEASE REPORT THIS! ConnectInputs failed against MANDATORY but not STANDARD flags %s, %s",
__func__, hash.ToString(), FormatStateMessage(state));
}
// Remove conflicting transactions from the mempool
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxMemPool::txiter it, allConflicting)
{
LogPrint("mempool", "replacing tx %s with %s for %s BTC additional fees, %d delta bytes\n",
it->GetTx().GetHash().ToString(),
hash.ToString(),
FormatMoney(nModifiedFees - nConflictingFees),
(int)nSize - (int)nConflictingSize);
}
pool.RemoveStaged(allConflicting);
// Store transaction in memory
pool.addUnchecked(hash, entry, setAncestors, !IsInitialBlockDownload());
// Add memory address index
if (fAddressIndex) {
pool.addAddressIndex(entry, view);
}
// Add memory spent index
if (fSpentIndex) {
pool.addSpentIndex(entry, view);
}
// trim mempool and check if tx was trimmed
if (!fOverrideMempoolLimit) {
LimitMempoolSize(pool, GetArg("-maxmempool", DEFAULT_MAX_MEMPOOL_SIZE) * 1000000, GetArg("-mempoolexpiry", DEFAULT_MEMPOOL_EXPIRY) * 60 * 60);
if (!pool.exists(hash))
return state.DoS(0, false, REJECT_INSUFFICIENTFEE, "mempool full");
}
}
if(!fDryRun) SyncWithWallets(tx, NULL);
return true;
}
bool AcceptToMemoryPool(CTxMemPool& pool, CValidationState &state, const CTransaction &tx, bool fLimitFree,
bool* pfMissingInputs, bool fOverrideMempoolLimit, bool fRejectAbsurdFee, bool fDryRun)
{
std::vector<uint256> vHashTxToUncache;
bool res = AcceptToMemoryPoolWorker(pool, state, tx, fLimitFree, pfMissingInputs, fOverrideMempoolLimit, fRejectAbsurdFee, vHashTxToUncache, fDryRun);
if (!res || fDryRun) {
if(!res) LogPrint("mempool", "%s: %s %s\n", __func__, tx.GetHash().ToString(), state.GetRejectReason());
BOOST_FOREACH(const uint256& hashTx, vHashTxToUncache)
pcoinsTip->Uncache(hashTx);
}
return res;
}
bool GetTimestampIndex(const unsigned int &high, const unsigned int &low, std::vector<uint256> &hashes)
{
if (!fTimestampIndex)
return error("Timestamp index not enabled");
if (!pblocktree->ReadTimestampIndex(high, low, hashes))
return error("Unable to get hashes for timestamps");
return true;
}
bool GetSpentIndex(CSpentIndexKey &key, CSpentIndexValue &value)
{
if (!fSpentIndex)
return false;
if (mempool.getSpentIndex(key, value))
return true;
if (!pblocktree->ReadSpentIndex(key, value))
return false;
return true;
}
bool GetAddressIndex(uint160 addressHash, int type,
std::vector<std::pair<CAddressIndexKey, CAmount> > &addressIndex, int start, int end)
{
if (!fAddressIndex)
return error("address index not enabled");
if (!pblocktree->ReadAddressIndex(addressHash, type, addressIndex, start, end))
return error("unable to get txids for address");
return true;
}
bool GetAddressUnspent(uint160 addressHash, int type,
std::vector<std::pair<CAddressUnspentKey, CAddressUnspentValue> > &unspentOutputs)
{
if (!fAddressIndex)
return error("address index not enabled");
if (!pblocktree->ReadAddressUnspentIndex(addressHash, type, unspentOutputs))
return error("unable to get txids for address");
return true;
}
/** Return transaction in tx, and if it was found inside a block, its hash is placed in hashBlock */
bool GetTransaction(const uint256 &hash, CTransaction &txOut, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams, uint256 &hashBlock, bool fAllowSlow)
{
CBlockIndex *pindexSlow = NULL;
LOCK(cs_main);
if (mempool.lookup(hash, txOut))
{
return true;
}
if (fTxIndex) {
CDiskTxPos postx;
if (pblocktree->ReadTxIndex(hash, postx)) {
CAutoFile file(OpenBlockFile(postx, true), SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
if (file.IsNull())
return error("%s: OpenBlockFile failed", __func__);
CBlockHeader header;
try {
file >> header;
fseek(file.Get(), postx.nTxOffset, SEEK_CUR);
file >> txOut;
} catch (const std::exception& e) {
return error("%s: Deserialize or I/O error - %s", __func__, e.what());
}
hashBlock = header.GetHash();
if (txOut.GetHash() != hash)
return error("%s: txid mismatch", __func__);
return true;
}
}
if (fAllowSlow) { // use coin database to locate block that contains transaction, and scan it
int nHeight = -1;
{
CCoinsViewCache &view = *pcoinsTip;
const CCoins* coins = view.AccessCoins(hash);
if (coins)
nHeight = coins->nHeight;
}
if (nHeight > 0)
pindexSlow = chainActive[nHeight];
}
if (pindexSlow) {
CBlock block;
if (ReadBlockFromDisk(block, pindexSlow, consensusParams)) {
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction &tx, block.vtx) {
if (tx.GetHash() == hash) {
txOut = tx;
hashBlock = pindexSlow->GetBlockHash();
return true;
}
}
}
}
return false;
}
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// CBlock and CBlockIndex
//
bool WriteBlockToDisk(const CBlock& block, CDiskBlockPos& pos, const CMessageHeader::MessageStartChars& messageStart)
{
// Open history file to append
CAutoFile fileout(OpenBlockFile(pos), SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
if (fileout.IsNull())
return error("WriteBlockToDisk: OpenBlockFile failed");
// Write index header
unsigned int nSize = fileout.GetSerializeSize(block);
fileout << FLATDATA(messageStart) << nSize;
// Write block
long fileOutPos = ftell(fileout.Get());
if (fileOutPos < 0)
return error("WriteBlockToDisk: ftell failed");
pos.nPos = (unsigned int)fileOutPos;
fileout << block;
return true;
}
bool ReadBlockFromDisk(CBlock& block, const CDiskBlockPos& pos, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams)
{
block.SetNull();
// Open history file to read
CAutoFile filein(OpenBlockFile(pos, true), SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
if (filein.IsNull())
return error("ReadBlockFromDisk: OpenBlockFile failed for %s", pos.ToString());
// Read block
try {
filein >> block;
}
catch (const std::exception& e) {
return error("%s: Deserialize or I/O error - %s at %s", __func__, e.what(), pos.ToString());
}
// Check the header
if (!CheckProofOfWork(block.GetHash(), block.nBits, consensusParams))
return error("ReadBlockFromDisk: Errors in block header at %s", pos.ToString());
return true;
}
bool ReadBlockFromDisk(CBlock& block, const CBlockIndex* pindex, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams)
{
if (!ReadBlockFromDisk(block, pindex->GetBlockPos(), consensusParams))
return false;
if (block.GetHash() != pindex->GetBlockHash())
return error("ReadBlockFromDisk(CBlock&, CBlockIndex*): GetHash() doesn't match index for %s at %s",
pindex->ToString(), pindex->GetBlockPos().ToString());
return true;
}
double ConvertBitsToDouble(unsigned int nBits)
{
int nShift = (nBits >> 24) & 0xff;
double dDiff = (double)0x0000ffff / (double)(nBits & 0x00ffffff);
while (nShift < 29)
{
dDiff *= 256.0;
nShift++;
}
while (nShift > 29)
{
dDiff /= 256.0;
nShift--;
}
return dDiff;
}
/*
NOTE: unlike bitcoin we are using PREVIOUS block height here,
might be a good idea to change this to use prev bits
but current height to avoid confusion.
*/
CAmount GetBlockSubsidy(int nPrevBits, int nPrevHeight, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams, bool fSuperblockPartOnly)
{
CAmount nSubsidyBase;
if (nPrevHeight <= 0) nSubsidyBase = 41000000; // ICO
if (nPrevHeight > 1) nSubsidyBase = 1; // anti-instamine
if (nPrevHeight >= 101) nSubsidyBase = 250;
if (nPrevHeight >= 2881) nSubsidyBase = 475;
if (nPrevHeight >= 5721) nSubsidyBase = 1000;
if (nPrevHeight >= 11441) nSubsidyBase = 1500;
// LogPrintf("height %u diff %4.2f reward %d\n", nPrevHeight, dDiff, nSubsidyBase);
CAmount nSubsidy = nSubsidyBase * COIN;
// yearly decline of production by ~7.1% per year, projected ~18M coins max by year 2050+.
for (int i = consensusParams.nSubsidyHalvingInterval; i <= nPrevHeight; i += consensusParams.nSubsidyHalvingInterval) {
nSubsidy -= nSubsidy/14;
}
// Hard fork to reduce the block reward by 10 extra percent (allowing budget/superblocks)
CAmount nSuperblockPart = (nPrevHeight > consensusParams.nBudgetPaymentsStartBlock) ? nSubsidy/10 : 0;
return fSuperblockPartOnly ? nSuperblockPart : nSubsidy - nSuperblockPart;
}
CAmount GetMasternodePayment(int nHeight, CAmount blockValue)
{
CAmount ret = blockValue/5; // start at 20%
int nMNPIBlock = Params().GetConsensus().nMasternodePaymentsIncreaseBlock;
int nMNPIPeriod = Params().GetConsensus().nMasternodePaymentsIncreasePeriod;
// mainnet:
if(nHeight > nMNPIBlock) ret += blockValue / 20; // 158000 - 25.0% - 2014-10-24
if(nHeight > nMNPIBlock+(nMNPIPeriod* 1)) ret += blockValue / 20; // 175280 - 30.0% - 2014-11-25
if(nHeight > nMNPIBlock+(nMNPIPeriod* 2)) ret += blockValue / 20; // 192560 - 35.0% - 2014-12-26
if(nHeight > nMNPIBlock+(nMNPIPeriod* 3)) ret += blockValue / 40; // 209840 - 37.5% - 2015-01-26
if(nHeight > nMNPIBlock+(nMNPIPeriod* 4)) ret += blockValue / 40; // 227120 - 40.0% - 2015-02-27
if(nHeight > nMNPIBlock+(nMNPIPeriod* 5)) ret += blockValue / 40; // 244400 - 42.5% - 2015-03-30
if(nHeight > nMNPIBlock+(nMNPIPeriod* 6)) ret += blockValue / 40; // 261680 - 45.0% - 2015-05-01
if(nHeight > nMNPIBlock+(nMNPIPeriod* 7)) ret += blockValue / 40; // 278960 - 47.5% - 2015-06-01
if(nHeight > nMNPIBlock+(nMNPIPeriod* 9)) ret += blockValue / 40; // 313520 - 50.0% - 2015-08-03
return ret;
}
bool IsInitialBlockDownload()
{
static bool lockIBDState = false;
if (lockIBDState)
return false;
if (fImporting || fReindex)
return true;
LOCK(cs_main);
const CChainParams& chainParams = Params();
if (fCheckpointsEnabled && chainActive.Height() < Checkpoints::GetTotalBlocksEstimate(chainParams.Checkpoints()))
return true;
bool state = (chainActive.Height() < pindexBestHeader->nHeight - 24 * 6 ||
std::max(chainActive.Tip()->GetBlockTime(), pindexBestHeader->GetBlockTime()) < GetTime() - chainParams.MaxTipAge());
if (!state)
lockIBDState = true;
return state;
}
bool fLargeWorkForkFound = false;
bool fLargeWorkInvalidChainFound = false;
CBlockIndex *pindexBestForkTip = NULL, *pindexBestForkBase = NULL;
void CheckForkWarningConditions()
{
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
// Before we get past initial download, we cannot reliably alert about forks
// (we assume we don't get stuck on a fork before the last checkpoint)
if (IsInitialBlockDownload())
return;
// If our best fork is no longer within 72 blocks (+/- 3 hours if no one mines it)
// of our head, drop it
if (pindexBestForkTip && chainActive.Height() - pindexBestForkTip->nHeight >= 72)
pindexBestForkTip = NULL;
if (pindexBestForkTip || (pindexBestInvalid && pindexBestInvalid->nChainWork > chainActive.Tip()->nChainWork + (GetBlockProof(*chainActive.Tip()) * 6)))
{
if (!fLargeWorkForkFound && pindexBestForkBase)
{
if(pindexBestForkBase->phashBlock){
std::string warning = std::string("'Warning: Large-work fork detected, forking after block ") +
pindexBestForkBase->phashBlock->ToString() + std::string("'");
CAlert::Notify(warning, true);
}
}
if (pindexBestForkTip && pindexBestForkBase)
{
if(pindexBestForkBase->phashBlock){
LogPrintf("%s: Warning: Large valid fork found\n forking the chain at height %d (%s)\n lasting to height %d (%s).\nChain state database corruption likely.\n", __func__,
pindexBestForkBase->nHeight, pindexBestForkBase->phashBlock->ToString(),
pindexBestForkTip->nHeight, pindexBestForkTip->phashBlock->ToString());
fLargeWorkForkFound = true;
}
}
else
{
if(pindexBestInvalid->nHeight > chainActive.Height() + 6)
LogPrintf("%s: Warning: Found invalid chain at least ~6 blocks longer than our best chain.\nChain state database corruption likely.\n", __func__);
else
LogPrintf("%s: Warning: Found invalid chain which has higher work (at least ~6 blocks worth of work) than our best chain.\nChain state database corruption likely.\n", __func__);
fLargeWorkInvalidChainFound = true;
}
}
else
{
fLargeWorkForkFound = false;
fLargeWorkInvalidChainFound = false;
}
}
void CheckForkWarningConditionsOnNewFork(CBlockIndex* pindexNewForkTip)
{
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
// If we are on a fork that is sufficiently large, set a warning flag
CBlockIndex* pfork = pindexNewForkTip;
CBlockIndex* plonger = chainActive.Tip();
while (pfork && pfork != plonger)
{
while (plonger && plonger->nHeight > pfork->nHeight)
plonger = plonger->pprev;
if (pfork == plonger)
break;
pfork = pfork->pprev;
}
// We define a condition where we should warn the user about as a fork of at least 7 blocks
// with a tip within 72 blocks (+/- 3 hours if no one mines it) of ours
// or a chain that is entirely longer than ours and invalid (note that this should be detected by both)
// We use 7 blocks rather arbitrarily as it represents just under 10% of sustained network
// hash rate operating on the fork.
// We define it this way because it allows us to only store the highest fork tip (+ base) which meets
// the 7-block condition and from this always have the most-likely-to-cause-warning fork
if (pfork && (!pindexBestForkTip || (pindexBestForkTip && pindexNewForkTip->nHeight > pindexBestForkTip->nHeight)) &&
pindexNewForkTip->nChainWork - pfork->nChainWork > (GetBlockProof(*pfork) * 7) &&
chainActive.Height() - pindexNewForkTip->nHeight < 72)
{
pindexBestForkTip = pindexNewForkTip;
pindexBestForkBase = pfork;
}
CheckForkWarningConditions();
}
// Requires cs_main.
void Misbehaving(NodeId pnode, int howmuch)
{
if (howmuch == 0)
return;
CNodeState *state = State(pnode);
if (state == NULL)
return;
state->nMisbehavior += howmuch;
int banscore = GetArg("-banscore", DEFAULT_BANSCORE_THRESHOLD);
if (state->nMisbehavior >= banscore && state->nMisbehavior - howmuch < banscore)
{
LogPrintf("%s: %s (%d -> %d) BAN THRESHOLD EXCEEDED\n", __func__, state->name, state->nMisbehavior-howmuch, state->nMisbehavior);
state->fShouldBan = true;
} else
LogPrintf("%s: %s (%d -> %d)\n", __func__, state->name, state->nMisbehavior-howmuch, state->nMisbehavior);
}
void static InvalidChainFound(CBlockIndex* pindexNew)
{
if (!pindexBestInvalid || pindexNew->nChainWork > pindexBestInvalid->nChainWork)
pindexBestInvalid = pindexNew;
LogPrintf("%s: invalid block=%s height=%d log2_work=%.8g date=%s\n", __func__,
pindexNew->GetBlockHash().ToString(), pindexNew->nHeight,
log(pindexNew->nChainWork.getdouble())/log(2.0), DateTimeStrFormat("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S",
pindexNew->GetBlockTime()));
CBlockIndex *tip = chainActive.Tip();
assert (tip);
LogPrintf("%s: current best=%s height=%d log2_work=%.8g date=%s\n", __func__,
tip->GetBlockHash().ToString(), chainActive.Height(), log(tip->nChainWork.getdouble())/log(2.0),
DateTimeStrFormat("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", tip->GetBlockTime()));
CheckForkWarningConditions();
}
void static InvalidBlockFound(CBlockIndex *pindex, const CValidationState &state) {
int nDoS = 0;
if (state.IsInvalid(nDoS)) {
std::map<uint256, NodeId>::iterator it = mapBlockSource.find(pindex->GetBlockHash());
if (it != mapBlockSource.end() && State(it->second)) {
assert (state.GetRejectCode() < REJECT_INTERNAL); // Blocks are never rejected with internal reject codes
CBlockReject reject = {(unsigned char)state.GetRejectCode(), state.GetRejectReason().substr(0, MAX_REJECT_MESSAGE_LENGTH), pindex->GetBlockHash()};
State(it->second)->rejects.push_back(reject);
if (nDoS > 0)
Misbehaving(it->second, nDoS);
}
}
if (!state.CorruptionPossible()) {
pindex->nStatus |= BLOCK_FAILED_VALID;
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindex);
setBlockIndexCandidates.erase(pindex);
InvalidChainFound(pindex);
}
}
void UpdateCoins(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, CCoinsViewCache &inputs, CTxUndo &txundo, int nHeight)
{
// mark inputs spent
if (!tx.IsCoinBase()) {
txundo.vprevout.reserve(tx.vin.size());
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTxIn &txin, tx.vin) {
CCoinsModifier coins = inputs.ModifyCoins(txin.prevout.hash);
unsigned nPos = txin.prevout.n;
if (nPos >= coins->vout.size() || coins->vout[nPos].IsNull())
assert(false);
// mark an outpoint spent, and construct undo information
txundo.vprevout.push_back(CTxInUndo(coins->vout[nPos]));
coins->Spend(nPos);
if (coins->vout.size() == 0) {
CTxInUndo& undo = txundo.vprevout.back();
undo.nHeight = coins->nHeight;
undo.fCoinBase = coins->fCoinBase;
undo.nVersion = coins->nVersion;
}
}
// add outputs
inputs.ModifyNewCoins(tx.GetHash())->FromTx(tx, nHeight);
}
else {
// add outputs for coinbase tx
// In this case call the full ModifyCoins which will do a database
// lookup to be sure the coins do not already exist otherwise we do not
// know whether to mark them fresh or not. We want the duplicate coinbases
// before BIP30 to still be properly overwritten.
inputs.ModifyCoins(tx.GetHash())->FromTx(tx, nHeight);
}
}
void UpdateCoins(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, CCoinsViewCache &inputs, int nHeight)
{
CTxUndo txundo;
UpdateCoins(tx, state, inputs, txundo, nHeight);
}
bool CScriptCheck::operator()() {
const CScript &scriptSig = ptxTo->vin[nIn].scriptSig;
if (!VerifyScript(scriptSig, scriptPubKey, nFlags, CachingTransactionSignatureChecker(ptxTo, nIn, cacheStore), &error)) {
return false;
}
return true;
}
int GetSpendHeight(const CCoinsViewCache& inputs)
{
LOCK(cs_main);
CBlockIndex* pindexPrev = mapBlockIndex.find(inputs.GetBestBlock())->second;
return pindexPrev->nHeight + 1;
}
namespace Consensus {
bool CheckTxInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState& state, const CCoinsViewCache& inputs, int nSpendHeight)
{
// This doesn't trigger the DoS code on purpose; if it did, it would make it easier
// for an attacker to attempt to split the network.
if (!inputs.HaveInputs(tx))
return state.Invalid(false, 0, "", "Inputs unavailable");
CAmount nValueIn = 0;
CAmount nFees = 0;
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < tx.vin.size(); i++)
{
const COutPoint &prevout = tx.vin[i].prevout;
const CCoins *coins = inputs.AccessCoins(prevout.hash);
assert(coins);
// If prev is coinbase, check that it's matured
if (coins->IsCoinBase()) {
if (nSpendHeight - coins->nHeight < COINBASE_MATURITY)
return state.Invalid(false,
REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-premature-spend-of-coinbase",
strprintf("tried to spend coinbase at depth %d", nSpendHeight - coins->nHeight));
}
// Check for negative or overflow input values
nValueIn += coins->vout[prevout.n].nValue;
if (!MoneyRange(coins->vout[prevout.n].nValue) || !MoneyRange(nValueIn))
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-inputvalues-outofrange");
}
if (nValueIn < tx.GetValueOut())
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-in-belowout", false,
strprintf("value in (%s) < value out (%s)", FormatMoney(nValueIn), FormatMoney(tx.GetValueOut())));
// Tally transaction fees
CAmount nTxFee = nValueIn - tx.GetValueOut();
if (nTxFee < 0)
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-fee-negative");
nFees += nTxFee;
if (!MoneyRange(nFees))
return state.DoS(100, false, REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-fee-outofrange");
return true;
}
}// namespace Consensus
bool CheckInputs(const CTransaction& tx, CValidationState &state, const CCoinsViewCache &inputs, bool fScriptChecks, unsigned int flags, bool cacheStore, std::vector<CScriptCheck> *pvChecks)
{
if (!tx.IsCoinBase())
{
if (!Consensus::CheckTxInputs(tx, state, inputs, GetSpendHeight(inputs)))
return false;
if (pvChecks)
pvChecks->reserve(tx.vin.size());
// The first loop above does all the inexpensive checks.
// Only if ALL inputs pass do we perform expensive ECDSA signature checks.
// Helps prevent CPU exhaustion attacks.
// Skip ECDSA signature verification when connecting blocks
// before the last block chain checkpoint. This is safe because block merkle hashes are
// still computed and checked, and any change will be caught at the next checkpoint.
if (fScriptChecks) {
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < tx.vin.size(); i++) {
const COutPoint &prevout = tx.vin[i].prevout;
const CCoins* coins = inputs.AccessCoins(prevout.hash);
assert(coins);
// Verify signature
CScriptCheck check(*coins, tx, i, flags, cacheStore);
if (pvChecks) {
pvChecks->push_back(CScriptCheck());
check.swap(pvChecks->back());
} else if (!check()) {
if (flags & STANDARD_NOT_MANDATORY_VERIFY_FLAGS) {
// Check whether the failure was caused by a
// non-mandatory script verification check, such as
// non-standard DER encodings or non-null dummy
// arguments; if so, don't trigger DoS protection to
// avoid splitting the network between upgraded and
// non-upgraded nodes.
CScriptCheck check2(*coins, tx, i,
flags & ~STANDARD_NOT_MANDATORY_VERIFY_FLAGS, cacheStore);
if (check2())
return state.Invalid(false, REJECT_NONSTANDARD, strprintf("non-mandatory-script-verify-flag (%s)", ScriptErrorString(check.GetScriptError())));
}
// Failures of other flags indicate a transaction that is
// invalid in new blocks, e.g. a invalid P2SH. We DoS ban
// such nodes as they are not following the protocol. That
// said during an upgrade careful thought should be taken
// as to the correct behavior - we may want to continue
// peering with non-upgraded nodes even after a soft-fork
// super-majority vote has passed.
return state.DoS(100,false, REJECT_INVALID, strprintf("mandatory-script-verify-flag-failed (%s)", ScriptErrorString(check.GetScriptError())));
}
}
}
}
return true;
}
namespace {
bool UndoWriteToDisk(const CBlockUndo& blockundo, CDiskBlockPos& pos, const uint256& hashBlock, const CMessageHeader::MessageStartChars& messageStart)
{
// Open history file to append
CAutoFile fileout(OpenUndoFile(pos), SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
if (fileout.IsNull())
return error("%s: OpenUndoFile failed", __func__);
// Write index header
unsigned int nSize = fileout.GetSerializeSize(blockundo);
fileout << FLATDATA(messageStart) << nSize;
// Write undo data
long fileOutPos = ftell(fileout.Get());
if (fileOutPos < 0)
return error("%s: ftell failed", __func__);
pos.nPos = (unsigned int)fileOutPos;
fileout << blockundo;
// calculate & write checksum
CHashWriter hasher(SER_GETHASH, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
hasher << hashBlock;
hasher << blockundo;
fileout << hasher.GetHash();
return true;
}
bool UndoReadFromDisk(CBlockUndo& blockundo, const CDiskBlockPos& pos, const uint256& hashBlock)
{
// Open history file to read
CAutoFile filein(OpenUndoFile(pos, true), SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
if (filein.IsNull())
return error("%s: OpenBlockFile failed", __func__);
// Read block
uint256 hashChecksum;
try {
filein >> blockundo;
filein >> hashChecksum;
}
catch (const std::exception& e) {
return error("%s: Deserialize or I/O error - %s", __func__, e.what());
}
// Verify checksum
CHashWriter hasher(SER_GETHASH, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
hasher << hashBlock;
hasher << blockundo;
if (hashChecksum != hasher.GetHash())
return error("%s: Checksum mismatch", __func__);
return true;
}
/** Abort with a message */
bool AbortNode(const std::string& strMessage, const std::string& userMessage="")
{
strMiscWarning = strMessage;
LogPrintf("*** %s\n", strMessage);
uiInterface.ThreadSafeMessageBox(
userMessage.empty() ? _("Error: A fatal internal error occurred, see debug.log for details") : userMessage,
"", CClientUIInterface::MSG_ERROR);
StartShutdown();
return false;
}
bool AbortNode(CValidationState& state, const std::string& strMessage, const std::string& userMessage="")
{
AbortNode(strMessage, userMessage);
return state.Error(strMessage);
}
} // anon namespace
/**
* Apply the undo operation of a CTxInUndo to the given chain state.
* @param undo The undo object.
* @param view The coins view to which to apply the changes.
* @param out The out point that corresponds to the tx input.
* @return True on success.
*/
static bool ApplyTxInUndo(const CTxInUndo& undo, CCoinsViewCache& view, const COutPoint& out)
{
bool fClean = true;
CCoinsModifier coins = view.ModifyCoins(out.hash);
if (undo.nHeight != 0) {
// undo data contains height: this is the last output of the prevout tx being spent
if (!coins->IsPruned())
fClean = fClean && error("%s: undo data overwriting existing transaction", __func__);
coins->Clear();
coins->fCoinBase = undo.fCoinBase;
coins->nHeight = undo.nHeight;
coins->nVersion = undo.nVersion;
} else {
if (coins->IsPruned())
fClean = fClean && error("%s: undo data adding output to missing transaction", __func__);
}
if (coins->IsAvailable(out.n))
fClean = fClean && error("%s: undo data overwriting existing output", __func__);
if (coins->vout.size() < out.n+1)
coins->vout.resize(out.n+1);
coins->vout[out.n] = undo.txout;
return fClean;
}
bool DisconnectBlock(const CBlock& block, CValidationState& state, const CBlockIndex* pindex, CCoinsViewCache& view, bool* pfClean)
{
assert(pindex->GetBlockHash() == view.GetBestBlock());
if (pfClean)
*pfClean = false;
bool fClean = true;
CBlockUndo blockUndo;
CDiskBlockPos pos = pindex->GetUndoPos();
if (pos.IsNull())
return error("DisconnectBlock(): no undo data available");
if (!UndoReadFromDisk(blockUndo, pos, pindex->pprev->GetBlockHash()))
return error("DisconnectBlock(): failure reading undo data");
if (blockUndo.vtxundo.size() + 1 != block.vtx.size())
return error("DisconnectBlock(): block and undo data inconsistent");
std::vector<std::pair<CAddressIndexKey, CAmount> > addressIndex;
std::vector<std::pair<CAddressUnspentKey, CAddressUnspentValue> > addressUnspentIndex;
std::vector<std::pair<CSpentIndexKey, CSpentIndexValue> > spentIndex;
// undo transactions in reverse order
for (int i = block.vtx.size() - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
const CTransaction &tx = block.vtx[i];
uint256 hash = tx.GetHash();
if (fAddressIndex) {
for (unsigned int k = tx.vout.size(); k-- > 0;) {
const CTxOut &out = tx.vout[k];
if (out.scriptPubKey.IsPayToScriptHash()) {
vector<unsigned char> hashBytes(out.scriptPubKey.begin()+2, out.scriptPubKey.begin()+22);
// undo receiving activity
addressIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressIndexKey(2, uint160(hashBytes), pindex->nHeight, i, hash, k, false), out.nValue));
// undo unspent index
addressUnspentIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressUnspentKey(2, uint160(hashBytes), hash, k), CAddressUnspentValue()));
} else if (out.scriptPubKey.IsPayToPublicKeyHash()) {
vector<unsigned char> hashBytes(out.scriptPubKey.begin()+3, out.scriptPubKey.begin()+23);
// undo receiving activity
addressIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressIndexKey(1, uint160(hashBytes), pindex->nHeight, i, hash, k, false), out.nValue));
// undo unspent index
addressUnspentIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressUnspentKey(1, uint160(hashBytes), hash, k), CAddressUnspentValue()));
} else {
continue;
}
}
}
// Check that all outputs are available and match the outputs in the block itself
// exactly.
{
CCoinsModifier outs = view.ModifyCoins(hash);
outs->ClearUnspendable();
CCoins outsBlock(tx, pindex->nHeight);
// The CCoins serialization does not serialize negative numbers.
// No network rules currently depend on the version here, so an inconsistency is harmless
// but it must be corrected before txout nversion ever influences a network rule.
if (outsBlock.nVersion < 0)
outs->nVersion = outsBlock.nVersion;
if (*outs != outsBlock)
fClean = fClean && error("DisconnectBlock(): added transaction mismatch? database corrupted");
// remove outputs
outs->Clear();
}
// restore inputs
if (i > 0) { // not coinbases
const CTxUndo &txundo = blockUndo.vtxundo[i-1];
if (txundo.vprevout.size() != tx.vin.size())
return error("DisconnectBlock(): transaction and undo data inconsistent");
for (unsigned int j = tx.vin.size(); j-- > 0;) {
const COutPoint &out = tx.vin[j].prevout;
const CTxInUndo &undo = txundo.vprevout[j];
if (!ApplyTxInUndo(undo, view, out))
fClean = false;
const CTxIn input = tx.vin[j];
if (fSpentIndex) {
// undo and delete the spent index
spentIndex.push_back(make_pair(CSpentIndexKey(input.prevout.hash, input.prevout.n), CSpentIndexValue()));
}
if (fAddressIndex) {
const CTxOut &prevout = view.GetOutputFor(tx.vin[j]);
if (prevout.scriptPubKey.IsPayToScriptHash()) {
vector<unsigned char> hashBytes(prevout.scriptPubKey.begin()+2, prevout.scriptPubKey.begin()+22);
// undo spending activity
addressIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressIndexKey(2, uint160(hashBytes), pindex->nHeight, i, hash, j, true), prevout.nValue * -1));
// restore unspent index
addressUnspentIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressUnspentKey(2, uint160(hashBytes), input.prevout.hash, input.prevout.n), CAddressUnspentValue(prevout.nValue, prevout.scriptPubKey, undo.nHeight)));
} else if (prevout.scriptPubKey.IsPayToPublicKeyHash()) {
vector<unsigned char> hashBytes(prevout.scriptPubKey.begin()+3, prevout.scriptPubKey.begin()+23);
// undo spending activity
addressIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressIndexKey(1, uint160(hashBytes), pindex->nHeight, i, hash, j, true), prevout.nValue * -1));
// restore unspent index
addressUnspentIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressUnspentKey(1, uint160(hashBytes), input.prevout.hash, input.prevout.n), CAddressUnspentValue(prevout.nValue, prevout.scriptPubKey, undo.nHeight)));
} else {
continue;
}
}
}
}
}
// move best block pointer to prevout block
view.SetBestBlock(pindex->pprev->GetBlockHash());
if (pfClean) {
*pfClean = fClean;
return true;
}
if (fAddressIndex) {
if (!pblocktree->EraseAddressIndex(addressIndex)) {
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to delete address index");
}
if (!pblocktree->UpdateAddressUnspentIndex(addressUnspentIndex)) {
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to write address unspent index");
}
}
return fClean;
}
void static FlushBlockFile(bool fFinalize = false)
{
LOCK(cs_LastBlockFile);
CDiskBlockPos posOld(nLastBlockFile, 0);
FILE *fileOld = OpenBlockFile(posOld);
if (fileOld) {
if (fFinalize)
TruncateFile(fileOld, vinfoBlockFile[nLastBlockFile].nSize);
FileCommit(fileOld);
fclose(fileOld);
}
fileOld = OpenUndoFile(posOld);
if (fileOld) {
if (fFinalize)
TruncateFile(fileOld, vinfoBlockFile[nLastBlockFile].nUndoSize);
FileCommit(fileOld);
fclose(fileOld);
}
}
bool FindUndoPos(CValidationState &state, int nFile, CDiskBlockPos &pos, unsigned int nAddSize);
static CCheckQueue<CScriptCheck> scriptcheckqueue(128);
void ThreadScriptCheck() {
RenameThread("sos-scriptch");
scriptcheckqueue.Thread();
}
//
// Called periodically asynchronously; alerts if it smells like
// we're being fed a bad chain (blocks being generated much
// too slowly or too quickly).
//
void PartitionCheck(bool (*initialDownloadCheck)(), CCriticalSection& cs, const CBlockIndex *const &bestHeader,
int64_t nPowTargetSpacing)
{
if (bestHeader == NULL || initialDownloadCheck()) return;
static int64_t lastAlertTime = 0;
int64_t now = GetAdjustedTime();
if (lastAlertTime > now-60*60*24) return; // Alert at most once per day
const int SPAN_HOURS=1; // was 4h in bitcoin but we have 4x faster blocks
const int SPAN_SECONDS=SPAN_HOURS*60*60;
int BLOCKS_EXPECTED = SPAN_SECONDS / nPowTargetSpacing;
boost::math::poisson_distribution<double> poisson(BLOCKS_EXPECTED);
std::string strWarning;
int64_t startTime = GetAdjustedTime()-SPAN_SECONDS;
LOCK(cs);
const CBlockIndex* i = bestHeader;
int nBlocks = 0;
while (i->GetBlockTime() >= startTime) {
++nBlocks;
i = i->pprev;
if (i == NULL) return; // Ran out of chain, we must not be fully sync'ed
}
// How likely is it to find that many by chance?
double p = boost::math::pdf(poisson, nBlocks);
LogPrint("partitioncheck", "%s: Found %d blocks in the last %d hours\n", __func__, nBlocks, SPAN_HOURS);
LogPrint("partitioncheck", "%s: likelihood: %g\n", __func__, p);
// Aim for one false-positive about every fifty years of normal running:
const int FIFTY_YEARS = 50*365*24*60*60;
double alertThreshold = 1.0 / (FIFTY_YEARS / SPAN_SECONDS);
if (p <= alertThreshold && nBlocks < BLOCKS_EXPECTED)
{
// Many fewer blocks than expected: alert!
strWarning = strprintf(_("WARNING: check your network connection, %d blocks received in the last %d hours (%d expected)"),
nBlocks, SPAN_HOURS, BLOCKS_EXPECTED);
}
else if (p <= alertThreshold && nBlocks > BLOCKS_EXPECTED)
{
// Many more blocks than expected: alert!
strWarning = strprintf(_("WARNING: abnormally high number of blocks generated, %d blocks received in the last %d hours (%d expected)"),
nBlocks, SPAN_HOURS, BLOCKS_EXPECTED);
}
if (!strWarning.empty())
{
strMiscWarning = strWarning;
CAlert::Notify(strWarning, true);
lastAlertTime = now;
}
}
// Protected by cs_main
static VersionBitsCache versionbitscache;
int32_t ComputeBlockVersion(const CBlockIndex* pindexPrev, const Consensus::Params& params)
{
LOCK(cs_main);
int32_t nVersion = VERSIONBITS_TOP_BITS;
for (int i = 0; i < (int)Consensus::MAX_VERSION_BITS_DEPLOYMENTS; i++) {
ThresholdState state = VersionBitsState(pindexPrev, params, (Consensus::DeploymentPos)i, versionbitscache);
if (state == THRESHOLD_LOCKED_IN || state == THRESHOLD_STARTED) {
nVersion |= VersionBitsMask(params, (Consensus::DeploymentPos)i);
}
}
return nVersion;
}
bool GetBlockHash(uint256& hashRet, int nBlockHeight)
{
LOCK(cs_main);
if(chainActive.Tip() == NULL) return false;
if(nBlockHeight < -1 || nBlockHeight > chainActive.Height()) return false;
if(nBlockHeight == -1) nBlockHeight = chainActive.Height();
hashRet = chainActive[nBlockHeight]->GetBlockHash();
return true;
}
/**
* Threshold condition checker that triggers when unknown versionbits are seen on the network.
*/
class WarningBitsConditionChecker : public AbstractThresholdConditionChecker
{
private:
int bit;
public:
WarningBitsConditionChecker(int bitIn) : bit(bitIn) {}
int64_t BeginTime(const Consensus::Params& params) const { return 0; }
int64_t EndTime(const Consensus::Params& params) const { return std::numeric_limits<int64_t>::max(); }
int Period(const Consensus::Params& params) const { return params.nMinerConfirmationWindow; }
int Threshold(const Consensus::Params& params) const { return params.nRuleChangeActivationThreshold; }
bool Condition(const CBlockIndex* pindex, const Consensus::Params& params) const
{
return ((pindex->nVersion & VERSIONBITS_TOP_MASK) == VERSIONBITS_TOP_BITS) &&
((pindex->nVersion >> bit) & 1) != 0 &&
((ComputeBlockVersion(pindex->pprev, params) >> bit) & 1) == 0;
}
};
// Protected by cs_main
static ThresholdConditionCache warningcache[VERSIONBITS_NUM_BITS];
static int64_t nTimeCheck = 0;
static int64_t nTimeForks = 0;
static int64_t nTimeVerify = 0;
static int64_t nTimeConnect = 0;
static int64_t nTimeIndex = 0;
static int64_t nTimeCallbacks = 0;
static int64_t nTimeTotal = 0;
bool ConnectBlock(const CBlock& block, CValidationState& state, CBlockIndex* pindex, CCoinsViewCache& view, bool fJustCheck)
{
const CChainParams& chainparams = Params();
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
int64_t nTimeStart = GetTimeMicros();
// Check it again in case a previous version let a bad block in
if (!CheckBlock(block, state, !fJustCheck, !fJustCheck))
return false;
// verify that the view's current state corresponds to the previous block
uint256 hashPrevBlock = pindex->pprev == NULL ? uint256() : pindex->pprev->GetBlockHash();
assert(hashPrevBlock == view.GetBestBlock());
// Special case for the genesis block, skipping connection of its transactions
// (its coinbase is unspendable)
if (block.GetHash() == chainparams.GetConsensus().hashGenesisBlock) {
if (!fJustCheck)
view.SetBestBlock(pindex->GetBlockHash());
return true;
}
bool fScriptChecks = true;
if (fCheckpointsEnabled) {
CBlockIndex *pindexLastCheckpoint = Checkpoints::GetLastCheckpoint(chainparams.Checkpoints());
if (pindexLastCheckpoint && pindexLastCheckpoint->GetAncestor(pindex->nHeight) == pindex) {
// This block is an ancestor of a checkpoint: disable script checks
fScriptChecks = false;
}
}
int64_t nTime1 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeCheck += nTime1 - nTimeStart;
LogPrint("bench", " - Sanity checks: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", 0.001 * (nTime1 - nTimeStart), nTimeCheck * 0.000001);
// Do not allow blocks that contain transactions which 'overwrite' older transactions,
// unless those are already completely spent.
// If such overwrites are allowed, coinbases and transactions depending upon those
// can be duplicated to remove the ability to spend the first instance -- even after
// being sent to another address.
// See BIP30 and http://r6.ca/blog/20120206T005236Z.html for more information.
// This logic is not necessary for memory pool transactions, as AcceptToMemoryPool
// already refuses previously-known transaction ids entirely.
// This rule was originally applied to all blocks with a timestamp after March 15, 2012, 0:00 UTC.
// Now that the whole chain is irreversibly beyond that time it is applied to all blocks except the
// two in the chain that violate it. This prevents exploiting the issue against nodes during their
// initial block download.
bool fEnforceBIP30 = (!pindex->phashBlock) || // Enforce on CreateNewBlock invocations which don't have a hash.
!((pindex->nHeight==91842 && pindex->GetBlockHash() == uint256S("0x00000000000a4d0a398161ffc163c503763b1f4360639393e0e4c8e300e0caec")) ||
(pindex->nHeight==91880 && pindex->GetBlockHash() == uint256S("0x00000000000743f190a18c5577a3c2d2a1f610ae9601ac046a38084ccb7cd721")));
// Once BIP34 activated it was not possible to create new duplicate coinbases and thus other than starting
// with the 2 existing duplicate coinbase pairs, not possible to create overwriting txs. But by the
// time BIP34 activated, in each of the existing pairs the duplicate coinbase had overwritten the first
// before the first had been spent. Since those coinbases are sufficiently buried its no longer possible to create further
// duplicate transactions descending from the known pairs either.
// If we're on the known chain at height greater than where BIP34 activated, we can save the db accesses needed for the BIP30 check.
CBlockIndex *pindexBIP34height = pindex->pprev->GetAncestor(chainparams.GetConsensus().BIP34Height);
//Only continue to enforce if we're below BIP34 activation height or the block hash at that height doesn't correspond.
fEnforceBIP30 = fEnforceBIP30 && (!pindexBIP34height || !(pindexBIP34height->GetBlockHash() == chainparams.GetConsensus().BIP34Hash));
if (fEnforceBIP30) {
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction& tx, block.vtx) {
const CCoins* coins = view.AccessCoins(tx.GetHash());
if (coins && !coins->IsPruned())
return state.DoS(100, error("ConnectBlock(): tried to overwrite transaction"),
REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-BIP30");
}
}
// BIP16 didn't become active until Apr 1 2012
int64_t nBIP16SwitchTime = 1333238400;
bool fStrictPayToScriptHash = (pindex->GetBlockTime() >= nBIP16SwitchTime);
unsigned int flags = fStrictPayToScriptHash ? SCRIPT_VERIFY_P2SH : SCRIPT_VERIFY_NONE;
// Start enforcing the DERSIG (BIP66) rules, for block.nVersion=3 blocks,
// when 75% of the network has upgraded:
if (block.nVersion >= 3 && IsSuperMajority(3, pindex->pprev, chainparams.GetConsensus().nMajorityEnforceBlockUpgrade, chainparams.GetConsensus())) {
flags |= SCRIPT_VERIFY_DERSIG;
}
// Start enforcing CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY, (BIP65) for block.nVersion=4
// blocks, when 75% of the network has upgraded:
if (block.nVersion >= 4 && IsSuperMajority(4, pindex->pprev, chainparams.GetConsensus().nMajorityEnforceBlockUpgrade, chainparams.GetConsensus())) {
flags |= SCRIPT_VERIFY_CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY;
}
// Start enforcing BIP68 (sequence locks) and BIP112 (CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY) using versionbits logic.
int nLockTimeFlags = 0;
if (VersionBitsState(pindex->pprev, chainparams.GetConsensus(), Consensus::DEPLOYMENT_CSV, versionbitscache) == THRESHOLD_ACTIVE) {
flags |= SCRIPT_VERIFY_CHECKSEQUENCEVERIFY;
nLockTimeFlags |= LOCKTIME_VERIFY_SEQUENCE;
}
int64_t nTime2 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeForks += nTime2 - nTime1;
LogPrint("bench", " - Fork checks: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", 0.001 * (nTime2 - nTime1), nTimeForks * 0.000001);
CBlockUndo blockundo;
CCheckQueueControl<CScriptCheck> control(fScriptChecks && nScriptCheckThreads ? &scriptcheckqueue : NULL);
std::vector<int> prevheights;
CAmount nFees = 0;
int nInputs = 0;
unsigned int nSigOps = 0;
CDiskTxPos pos(pindex->GetBlockPos(), GetSizeOfCompactSize(block.vtx.size()));
std::vector<std::pair<uint256, CDiskTxPos> > vPos;
vPos.reserve(block.vtx.size());
blockundo.vtxundo.reserve(block.vtx.size() - 1);
std::vector<std::pair<CAddressIndexKey, CAmount> > addressIndex;
std::vector<std::pair<CAddressUnspentKey, CAddressUnspentValue> > addressUnspentIndex;
std::vector<std::pair<CSpentIndexKey, CSpentIndexValue> > spentIndex;
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < block.vtx.size(); i++)
{
const CTransaction &tx = block.vtx[i];
const uint256 txhash = tx.GetHash();
nInputs += tx.vin.size();
nSigOps += GetLegacySigOpCount(tx);
if (nSigOps > MAX_BLOCK_SIGOPS)
return state.DoS(100, error("ConnectBlock(): too many sigops"),
REJECT_INVALID, "bad-blk-sigops");
if (!tx.IsCoinBase())
{
if (!view.HaveInputs(tx))
return state.DoS(100, error("ConnectBlock(): inputs missing/spent"),
REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-inputs-missingorspent");
// Check that transaction is BIP68 final
// BIP68 lock checks (as opposed to nLockTime checks) must
// be in ConnectBlock because they require the UTXO set
prevheights.resize(tx.vin.size());
for (size_t j = 0; j < tx.vin.size(); j++) {
prevheights[j] = view.AccessCoins(tx.vin[j].prevout.hash)->nHeight;
}
if (!SequenceLocks(tx, nLockTimeFlags, &prevheights, *pindex)) {
return state.DoS(100, error("%s: contains a non-BIP68-final transaction", __func__),
REJECT_INVALID, "bad-txns-nonfinal");
}
if (fAddressIndex || fSpentIndex)
{
for (size_t j = 0; j < tx.vin.size(); j++) {
const CTxIn input = tx.vin[j];
const CTxOut &prevout = view.GetOutputFor(tx.vin[j]);
uint160 hashBytes;
int addressType;
if (prevout.scriptPubKey.IsPayToScriptHash()) {
hashBytes = uint160(vector <unsigned char>(prevout.scriptPubKey.begin()+2, prevout.scriptPubKey.begin()+22));
addressType = 2;
} else if (prevout.scriptPubKey.IsPayToPublicKeyHash()) {
hashBytes = uint160(vector <unsigned char>(prevout.scriptPubKey.begin()+3, prevout.scriptPubKey.begin()+23));
addressType = 1;
} else {
hashBytes.SetNull();
addressType = 0;
}
if (fAddressIndex && addressType > 0) {
// record spending activity
addressIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressIndexKey(addressType, hashBytes, pindex->nHeight, i, txhash, j, true), prevout.nValue * -1));
// remove address from unspent index
addressUnspentIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressUnspentKey(addressType, hashBytes, input.prevout.hash, input.prevout.n), CAddressUnspentValue()));
}
if (fSpentIndex) {
// add the spent index to determine the txid and input that spent an output
// and to find the amount and address from an input
spentIndex.push_back(make_pair(CSpentIndexKey(input.prevout.hash, input.prevout.n), CSpentIndexValue(txhash, j, pindex->nHeight, prevout.nValue, addressType, hashBytes)));
}
}
}
if (fStrictPayToScriptHash)
{
// Add in sigops done by pay-to-script-hash inputs;
// this is to prevent a "rogue miner" from creating
// an incredibly-expensive-to-validate block.
nSigOps += GetP2SHSigOpCount(tx, view);
if (nSigOps > MAX_BLOCK_SIGOPS)
return state.DoS(100, error("ConnectBlock(): too many sigops"),
REJECT_INVALID, "bad-blk-sigops");
}
nFees += view.GetValueIn(tx)-tx.GetValueOut();
std::vector<CScriptCheck> vChecks;
bool fCacheResults = fJustCheck; /* Don't cache results if we're actually connecting blocks (still consult the cache, though) */
if (!CheckInputs(tx, state, view, fScriptChecks, flags, fCacheResults, nScriptCheckThreads ? &vChecks : NULL))
return error("ConnectBlock(): CheckInputs on %s failed with %s",
tx.GetHash().ToString(), FormatStateMessage(state));
control.Add(vChecks);
}
if (fAddressIndex) {
for (unsigned int k = 0; k < tx.vout.size(); k++) {
const CTxOut &out = tx.vout[k];
if (out.scriptPubKey.IsPayToScriptHash()) {
vector<unsigned char> hashBytes(out.scriptPubKey.begin()+2, out.scriptPubKey.begin()+22);
// record receiving activity
addressIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressIndexKey(2, uint160(hashBytes), pindex->nHeight, i, txhash, k, false), out.nValue));
// record unspent output
addressUnspentIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressUnspentKey(2, uint160(hashBytes), txhash, k), CAddressUnspentValue(out.nValue, out.scriptPubKey, pindex->nHeight)));
} else if (out.scriptPubKey.IsPayToPublicKeyHash()) {
vector<unsigned char> hashBytes(out.scriptPubKey.begin()+3, out.scriptPubKey.begin()+23);
// record receiving activity
addressIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressIndexKey(1, uint160(hashBytes), pindex->nHeight, i, txhash, k, false), out.nValue));
// record unspent output
addressUnspentIndex.push_back(make_pair(CAddressUnspentKey(1, uint160(hashBytes), txhash, k), CAddressUnspentValue(out.nValue, out.scriptPubKey, pindex->nHeight)));
} else {
continue;
}
}
}
CTxUndo undoDummy;
if (i > 0) {
blockundo.vtxundo.push_back(CTxUndo());
}
UpdateCoins(tx, state, view, i == 0 ? undoDummy : blockundo.vtxundo.back(), pindex->nHeight);
vPos.push_back(std::make_pair(tx.GetHash(), pos));
pos.nTxOffset += ::GetSerializeSize(tx, SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION);
}
int64_t nTime3 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeConnect += nTime3 - nTime2;
LogPrint("bench", " - Connect %u transactions: %.2fms (%.3fms/tx, %.3fms/txin) [%.2fs]\n", (unsigned)block.vtx.size(), 0.001 * (nTime3 - nTime2), 0.001 * (nTime3 - nTime2) / block.vtx.size(), nInputs <= 1 ? 0 : 0.001 * (nTime3 - nTime2) / (nInputs-1), nTimeConnect * 0.000001);
// SOS : MODIFIED TO CHECK MASTERNODE PAYMENTS AND SUPERBLOCKS
// It's possible that we simply don't have enough data and this could fail
// (i.e. block itself could be a correct one and we need to store it),
// that's why this is in ConnectBlock. Could be the other way around however -
// the peer who sent us this block is missing some data and wasn't able
// to recognize that block is actually invalid.
// TODO: resync data (both ways?) and try to reprocess this block later.
CAmount blockReward = nFees + GetBlockSubsidy(pindex->pprev->nBits, pindex->pprev->nHeight, chainparams.GetConsensus());
std::string strError = "";
if (!IsBlockValueValid(block, pindex->nHeight, blockReward, strError)) {
return state.DoS(0, error("ConnectBlock(SOS): %s", strError), REJECT_INVALID, "bad-cb-amount");
}
if (!IsBlockPayeeValid(block.vtx[0], pindex->nHeight, blockReward)) {
mapRejectedBlocks.insert(make_pair(block.GetHash(), GetTime()));
return state.DoS(0, error("ConnectBlock(SOS): couldn't find masternode or superblock payments"),
REJECT_INVALID, "bad-cb-payee");
}
// END SOS
if (!control.Wait())
return state.DoS(100, false);
int64_t nTime4 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeVerify += nTime4 - nTime2;
LogPrint("bench", " - Verify %u txins: %.2fms (%.3fms/txin) [%.2fs]\n", nInputs - 1, 0.001 * (nTime4 - nTime2), nInputs <= 1 ? 0 : 0.001 * (nTime4 - nTime2) / (nInputs-1), nTimeVerify * 0.000001);
if (fJustCheck)
return true;
// Write undo information to disk
if (pindex->GetUndoPos().IsNull() || !pindex->IsValid(BLOCK_VALID_SCRIPTS))
{
if (pindex->GetUndoPos().IsNull()) {
CDiskBlockPos pos;
if (!FindUndoPos(state, pindex->nFile, pos, ::GetSerializeSize(blockundo, SER_DISK, CLIENT_VERSION) + 40))
return error("ConnectBlock(): FindUndoPos failed");
if (!UndoWriteToDisk(blockundo, pos, pindex->pprev->GetBlockHash(), chainparams.MessageStart()))
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to write undo data");
// update nUndoPos in block index
pindex->nUndoPos = pos.nPos;
pindex->nStatus |= BLOCK_HAVE_UNDO;
}
pindex->RaiseValidity(BLOCK_VALID_SCRIPTS);
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindex);
}
if (fTxIndex)
if (!pblocktree->WriteTxIndex(vPos))
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to write transaction index");
if (fAddressIndex) {
if (!pblocktree->WriteAddressIndex(addressIndex)) {
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to write address index");
}
if (!pblocktree->UpdateAddressUnspentIndex(addressUnspentIndex)) {
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to write address unspent index");
}
}
if (fSpentIndex)
if (!pblocktree->UpdateSpentIndex(spentIndex))
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to write transaction index");
if (fTimestampIndex)
if (!pblocktree->WriteTimestampIndex(CTimestampIndexKey(pindex->nTime, pindex->GetBlockHash())))
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to write timestamp index");
// add this block to the view's block chain
view.SetBestBlock(pindex->GetBlockHash());
int64_t nTime5 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeIndex += nTime5 - nTime4;
LogPrint("bench", " - Index writing: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", 0.001 * (nTime5 - nTime4), nTimeIndex * 0.000001);
// Watch for changes to the previous coinbase transaction.
static uint256 hashPrevBestCoinBase;
GetMainSignals().UpdatedTransaction(hashPrevBestCoinBase);
hashPrevBestCoinBase = block.vtx[0].GetHash();
int64_t nTime6 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeCallbacks += nTime6 - nTime5;
LogPrint("bench", " - Callbacks: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", 0.001 * (nTime6 - nTime5), nTimeCallbacks * 0.000001);
return true;
}
enum FlushStateMode {
FLUSH_STATE_NONE,
FLUSH_STATE_IF_NEEDED,
FLUSH_STATE_PERIODIC,
FLUSH_STATE_ALWAYS
};
/**
* Update the on-disk chain state.
* The caches and indexes are flushed depending on the mode we're called with
* if they're too large, if it's been a while since the last write,
* or always and in all cases if we're in prune mode and are deleting files.
*/
bool static FlushStateToDisk(CValidationState &state, FlushStateMode mode) {
const CChainParams& chainparams = Params();
LOCK2(cs_main, cs_LastBlockFile);
static int64_t nLastWrite = 0;
static int64_t nLastFlush = 0;
static int64_t nLastSetChain = 0;
std::set<int> setFilesToPrune;
bool fFlushForPrune = false;
try {
if (fPruneMode && fCheckForPruning && !fReindex) {
FindFilesToPrune(setFilesToPrune, chainparams.PruneAfterHeight());
fCheckForPruning = false;
if (!setFilesToPrune.empty()) {
fFlushForPrune = true;
if (!fHavePruned) {
pblocktree->WriteFlag("prunedblockfiles", true);
fHavePruned = true;
}
}
}
int64_t nNow = GetTimeMicros();
// Avoid writing/flushing immediately after startup.
if (nLastWrite == 0) {
nLastWrite = nNow;
}
if (nLastFlush == 0) {
nLastFlush = nNow;
}
if (nLastSetChain == 0) {
nLastSetChain = nNow;
}
size_t cacheSize = pcoinsTip->DynamicMemoryUsage();
// The cache is large and close to the limit, but we have time now (not in the middle of a block processing).
bool fCacheLarge = mode == FLUSH_STATE_PERIODIC && cacheSize * (10.0/9) > nCoinCacheUsage;
// The cache is over the limit, we have to write now.
bool fCacheCritical = mode == FLUSH_STATE_IF_NEEDED && cacheSize > nCoinCacheUsage;
// It's been a while since we wrote the block index to disk. Do this frequently, so we don't need to redownload after a crash.
bool fPeriodicWrite = mode == FLUSH_STATE_PERIODIC && nNow > nLastWrite + (int64_t)DATABASE_WRITE_INTERVAL * 1000000;
// It's been very long since we flushed the cache. Do this infrequently, to optimize cache usage.
bool fPeriodicFlush = mode == FLUSH_STATE_PERIODIC && nNow > nLastFlush + (int64_t)DATABASE_FLUSH_INTERVAL * 1000000;
// Combine all conditions that result in a full cache flush.
bool fDoFullFlush = (mode == FLUSH_STATE_ALWAYS) || fCacheLarge || fCacheCritical || fPeriodicFlush || fFlushForPrune;
// Write blocks and block index to disk.
if (fDoFullFlush || fPeriodicWrite) {
// Depend on nMinDiskSpace to ensure we can write block index
if (!CheckDiskSpace(0))
return state.Error("out of disk space");
// First make sure all block and undo data is flushed to disk.
FlushBlockFile();
// Then update all block file information (which may refer to block and undo files).
{
std::vector<std::pair<int, const CBlockFileInfo*> > vFiles;
vFiles.reserve(setDirtyFileInfo.size());
for (set<int>::iterator it = setDirtyFileInfo.begin(); it != setDirtyFileInfo.end(); ) {
vFiles.push_back(make_pair(*it, &vinfoBlockFile[*it]));
setDirtyFileInfo.erase(it++);
}
std::vector<const CBlockIndex*> vBlocks;
vBlocks.reserve(setDirtyBlockIndex.size());
for (set<CBlockIndex*>::iterator it = setDirtyBlockIndex.begin(); it != setDirtyBlockIndex.end(); ) {
vBlocks.push_back(*it);
setDirtyBlockIndex.erase(it++);
}
if (!pblocktree->WriteBatchSync(vFiles, nLastBlockFile, vBlocks)) {
return AbortNode(state, "Files to write to block index database");
}
}
// Finally remove any pruned files
if (fFlushForPrune)
UnlinkPrunedFiles(setFilesToPrune);
nLastWrite = nNow;
}
// Flush best chain related state. This can only be done if the blocks / block index write was also done.
if (fDoFullFlush) {
// Typical CCoins structures on disk are around 128 bytes in size.
// Pushing a new one to the database can cause it to be written
// twice (once in the log, and once in the tables). This is already
// an overestimation, as most will delete an existing entry or
// overwrite one. Still, use a conservative safety factor of 2.
if (!CheckDiskSpace(128 * 2 * 2 * pcoinsTip->GetCacheSize()))
return state.Error("out of disk space");
// Flush the chainstate (which may refer to block index entries).
if (!pcoinsTip->Flush())
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to write to coin database");
nLastFlush = nNow;
}
if (fDoFullFlush || ((mode == FLUSH_STATE_ALWAYS || mode == FLUSH_STATE_PERIODIC) && nNow > nLastSetChain + (int64_t)DATABASE_WRITE_INTERVAL * 1000000)) {
// Update best block in wallet (so we can detect restored wallets).
GetMainSignals().SetBestChain(chainActive.GetLocator());
nLastSetChain = nNow;
}
} catch (const std::runtime_error& e) {
return AbortNode(state, std::string("System error while flushing: ") + e.what());
}
return true;
}
void FlushStateToDisk() {
CValidationState state;
FlushStateToDisk(state, FLUSH_STATE_ALWAYS);
}
void PruneAndFlush() {
CValidationState state;
fCheckForPruning = true;
FlushStateToDisk(state, FLUSH_STATE_NONE);
}
/** Update chainActive and related internal data structures. */
void static UpdateTip(CBlockIndex *pindexNew) {
const CChainParams& chainParams = Params();
chainActive.SetTip(pindexNew);
// New best block
nTimeBestReceived = GetTime();
mempool.AddTransactionsUpdated(1);
LogPrintf("%s: new best=%s height=%d log2_work=%.8g tx=%lu date=%s progress=%f cache=%.1fMiB(%utx)\n", __func__,
chainActive.Tip()->GetBlockHash().ToString(), chainActive.Height(), log(chainActive.Tip()->nChainWork.getdouble())/log(2.0), (unsigned long)chainActive.Tip()->nChainTx,
DateTimeStrFormat("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", chainActive.Tip()->GetBlockTime()),
Checkpoints::GuessVerificationProgress(chainParams.Checkpoints(), chainActive.Tip()), pcoinsTip->DynamicMemoryUsage() * (1.0 / (1<<20)), pcoinsTip->GetCacheSize());
cvBlockChange.notify_all();
// Check the version of the last 100 blocks to see if we need to upgrade:
static bool fWarned = false;
if (!IsInitialBlockDownload())
{
int nUpgraded = 0;
const CBlockIndex* pindex = chainActive.Tip();
for (int bit = 0; bit < VERSIONBITS_NUM_BITS; bit++) {
WarningBitsConditionChecker checker(bit);
ThresholdState state = checker.GetStateFor(pindex, chainParams.GetConsensus(), warningcache[bit]);
if (state == THRESHOLD_ACTIVE || state == THRESHOLD_LOCKED_IN) {
if (state == THRESHOLD_ACTIVE) {
strMiscWarning = strprintf(_("Warning: unknown new rules activated (versionbit %i)"), bit);
if (!fWarned) {
CAlert::Notify(strMiscWarning, true);
fWarned = true;
}
} else {
LogPrintf("%s: unknown new rules are about to activate (versionbit %i)\n", __func__, bit);
}
}
}
for (int i = 0; i < 100 && pindex != NULL; i++)
{
int32_t nExpectedVersion = ComputeBlockVersion(pindex->pprev, chainParams.GetConsensus());
if (pindex->nVersion > VERSIONBITS_LAST_OLD_BLOCK_VERSION && (pindex->nVersion & ~nExpectedVersion) != 0)
++nUpgraded;
pindex = pindex->pprev;
}
if (nUpgraded > 0)
LogPrintf("%s: %d of last 100 blocks have unexpected version\n", __func__, nUpgraded);
if (nUpgraded > 100/2)
{
// strMiscWarning is read by GetWarnings(), called by Qt and the JSON-RPC code to warn the user:
strMiscWarning = _("Warning: Unknown block versions being mined! It's possible unknown rules are in effect");
if (!fWarned) {
CAlert::Notify(strMiscWarning, true);
fWarned = true;
}
}
}
}
/** Disconnect chainActive's tip. You probably want to call mempool.removeForReorg and manually re-limit mempool size after this, with cs_main held. */
bool static DisconnectTip(CValidationState& state, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams)
{
CBlockIndex *pindexDelete = chainActive.Tip();
assert(pindexDelete);
// Read block from disk.
CBlock block;
if (!ReadBlockFromDisk(block, pindexDelete, consensusParams))
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to read block");
// Apply the block atomically to the chain state.
int64_t nStart = GetTimeMicros();
{
CCoinsViewCache view(pcoinsTip);
if (!DisconnectBlock(block, state, pindexDelete, view))
return error("DisconnectTip(): DisconnectBlock %s failed", pindexDelete->GetBlockHash().ToString());
assert(view.Flush());
}
LogPrint("bench", "- Disconnect block: %.2fms\n", (GetTimeMicros() - nStart) * 0.001);
// Write the chain state to disk, if necessary.
if (!FlushStateToDisk(state, FLUSH_STATE_IF_NEEDED))
return false;
// Resurrect mempool transactions from the disconnected block.
std::vector<uint256> vHashUpdate;
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction &tx, block.vtx) {
// ignore validation errors in resurrected transactions
list<CTransaction> removed;
CValidationState stateDummy;
if (tx.IsCoinBase() || !AcceptToMemoryPool(mempool, stateDummy, tx, false, NULL, true)) {
mempool.remove(tx, removed, true);
} else if (mempool.exists(tx.GetHash())) {
vHashUpdate.push_back(tx.GetHash());
}
}
// AcceptToMemoryPool/addUnchecked all assume that new mempool entries have
// no in-mempool children, which is generally not true when adding
// previously-confirmed transactions back to the mempool.
// UpdateTransactionsFromBlock finds descendants of any transactions in this
// block that were added back and cleans up the mempool state.
mempool.UpdateTransactionsFromBlock(vHashUpdate);
// Update chainActive and related variables.
UpdateTip(pindexDelete->pprev);
// Let wallets know transactions went from 1-confirmed to
// 0-confirmed or conflicted:
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction &tx, block.vtx) {
SyncWithWallets(tx, NULL);
}
return true;
}
static int64_t nTimeReadFromDisk = 0;
static int64_t nTimeConnectTotal = 0;
static int64_t nTimeFlush = 0;
static int64_t nTimeChainState = 0;
static int64_t nTimePostConnect = 0;
/**
* Connect a new block to chainActive. pblock is either NULL or a pointer to a CBlock
* corresponding to pindexNew, to bypass loading it again from disk.
*/
bool static ConnectTip(CValidationState& state, const CChainParams& chainparams, CBlockIndex* pindexNew, const CBlock* pblock)
{
assert(pindexNew->pprev == chainActive.Tip());
// Read block from disk.
int64_t nTime1 = GetTimeMicros();
CBlock block;
if (!pblock) {
if (!ReadBlockFromDisk(block, pindexNew, chainparams.GetConsensus()))
return AbortNode(state, "Failed to read block");
pblock = &block;
}
// Apply the block atomically to the chain state.
int64_t nTime2 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeReadFromDisk += nTime2 - nTime1;
int64_t nTime3;
LogPrint("bench", " - Load block from disk: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", (nTime2 - nTime1) * 0.001, nTimeReadFromDisk * 0.000001);
{
CCoinsViewCache view(pcoinsTip);
bool rv = ConnectBlock(*pblock, state, pindexNew, view);
GetMainSignals().BlockChecked(*pblock, state);
if (!rv) {
if (state.IsInvalid())
InvalidBlockFound(pindexNew, state);
return error("ConnectTip(): ConnectBlock %s failed", pindexNew->GetBlockHash().ToString());
}
mapBlockSource.erase(pindexNew->GetBlockHash());
nTime3 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeConnectTotal += nTime3 - nTime2;
LogPrint("bench", " - Connect total: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", (nTime3 - nTime2) * 0.001, nTimeConnectTotal * 0.000001);
assert(view.Flush());
}
int64_t nTime4 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeFlush += nTime4 - nTime3;
LogPrint("bench", " - Flush: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", (nTime4 - nTime3) * 0.001, nTimeFlush * 0.000001);
// Write the chain state to disk, if necessary.
if (!FlushStateToDisk(state, FLUSH_STATE_IF_NEEDED))
return false;
int64_t nTime5 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimeChainState += nTime5 - nTime4;
LogPrint("bench", " - Writing chainstate: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", (nTime5 - nTime4) * 0.001, nTimeChainState * 0.000001);
// Remove conflicting transactions from the mempool.
list<CTransaction> txConflicted;
mempool.removeForBlock(pblock->vtx, pindexNew->nHeight, txConflicted, !IsInitialBlockDownload());
// Update chainActive & related variables.
UpdateTip(pindexNew);
// Tell wallet about transactions that went from mempool
// to conflicted:
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction &tx, txConflicted) {
SyncWithWallets(tx, NULL);
}
// ... and about transactions that got confirmed:
BOOST_FOREACH(const CTransaction &tx, pblock->vtx) {
SyncWithWallets(tx, pblock);
}
int64_t nTime6 = GetTimeMicros(); nTimePostConnect += nTime6 - nTime5; nTimeTotal += nTime6 - nTime1;
LogPrint("bench", " - Connect postprocess: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", (nTime6 - nTime5) * 0.001, nTimePostConnect * 0.000001);
LogPrint("bench", "- Connect block: %.2fms [%.2fs]\n", (nTime6 - nTime1) * 0.001, nTimeTotal * 0.000001);
return true;
}
bool DisconnectBlocks(int blocks)
{
LOCK(cs_main);
CValidationState state;
const CChainParams& chainparams = Params();
LogPrintf("DisconnectBlocks -- Got command to replay %d blocks\n", blocks);
for(int i = 0; i < blocks; i++) {
if(!DisconnectTip(state, chainparams.GetConsensus()) || !state.IsValid()) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
void ReprocessBlocks(int nBlocks)
{
LOCK(cs_main);
std::map<uint256, int64_t>::iterator it = mapRejectedBlocks.begin();
while(it != mapRejectedBlocks.end()){
//use a window twice as large as is usual for the nBlocks we want to reset
if((*it).second > GetTime() - (nBlocks*60*5)) {
BlockMap::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.find((*it).first);
if (mi != mapBlockIndex.end() && (*mi).second) {
CBlockIndex* pindex = (*mi).second;
LogPrintf("ReprocessBlocks -- %s\n", (*it).first.ToString());
CValidationState state;
ReconsiderBlock(state, pindex);
}
}
++it;
}
DisconnectBlocks(nBlocks);
CValidationState state;
ActivateBestChain(state, Params());
}
/**
* Return the tip of the chain with the most work in it, that isn't
* known to be invalid (it's however far from certain to be valid).
*/
static CBlockIndex* FindMostWorkChain() {
do {
CBlockIndex *pindexNew = NULL;
// Find the best candidate header.
{
std::set<CBlockIndex*, CBlockIndexWorkComparator>::reverse_iterator it = setBlockIndexCandidates.rbegin();
if (it == setBlockIndexCandidates.rend())
return NULL;
pindexNew = *it;
}
// Check whether all blocks on the path between the currently active chain and the candidate are valid.
// Just going until the active chain is an optimization, as we know all blocks in it are valid already.
CBlockIndex *pindexTest = pindexNew;
bool fInvalidAncestor = false;
while (pindexTest && !chainActive.Contains(pindexTest)) {
assert(pindexTest->nChainTx || pindexTest->nHeight == 0);
// Pruned nodes may have entries in setBlockIndexCandidates for
// which block files have been deleted. Remove those as candidates
// for the most work chain if we come across them; we can't switch
// to a chain unless we have all the non-active-chain parent blocks.
bool fFailedChain = pindexTest->nStatus & BLOCK_FAILED_MASK;
bool fMissingData = !(pindexTest->nStatus & BLOCK_HAVE_DATA);
if (fFailedChain || fMissingData) {
// Candidate chain is not usable (either invalid or missing data)
if (fFailedChain && (pindexBestInvalid == NULL || pindexNew->nChainWork > pindexBestInvalid->nChainWork))
pindexBestInvalid = pindexNew;
CBlockIndex *pindexFailed = pindexNew;
// Remove the entire chain from the set.
while (pindexTest != pindexFailed) {
if (fFailedChain) {
pindexFailed->nStatus |= BLOCK_FAILED_CHILD;
} else if (fMissingData) {
// If we're missing data, then add back to mapBlocksUnlinked,
// so that if the block arrives in the future we can try adding
// to setBlockIndexCandidates again.
mapBlocksUnlinked.insert(std::make_pair(pindexFailed->pprev, pindexFailed));
}
setBlockIndexCandidates.erase(pindexFailed);
pindexFailed = pindexFailed->pprev;
}
setBlockIndexCandidates.erase(pindexTest);
fInvalidAncestor = true;
break;
}
pindexTest = pindexTest->pprev;
}
if (!fInvalidAncestor)
return pindexNew;
} while(true);
}
/** Delete all entries in setBlockIndexCandidates that are worse than the current tip. */
static void PruneBlockIndexCandidates() {
// Note that we can't delete the current block itself, as we may need to return to it later in case a
// reorganization to a better block fails.
std::set<CBlockIndex*, CBlockIndexWorkComparator>::iterator it = setBlockIndexCandidates.begin();
while (it != setBlockIndexCandidates.end() && setBlockIndexCandidates.value_comp()(*it, chainActive.Tip())) {
setBlockIndexCandidates.erase(it++);
}
// Either the current tip or a successor of it we're working towards is left in setBlockIndexCandidates.
assert(!setBlockIndexCandidates.empty());
}
/**
* Try to make some progress towards making pindexMostWork the active block.
* pblock is either NULL or a pointer to a CBlock corresponding to pindexMostWork.
*/
static bool ActivateBestChainStep(CValidationState& state, const CChainParams& chainparams, CBlockIndex* pindexMostWork, const CBlock* pblock)
{
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
bool fInvalidFound = false;
const CBlockIndex *pindexOldTip = chainActive.Tip();
const CBlockIndex *pindexFork = chainActive.FindFork(pindexMostWork);
// Disconnect active blocks which are no longer in the best chain.
bool fBlocksDisconnected = false;
while (chainActive.Tip() && chainActive.Tip() != pindexFork) {
if (!DisconnectTip(state, chainparams.GetConsensus()))
return false;
fBlocksDisconnected = true;
}
// Build list of new blocks to connect.
std::vector<CBlockIndex*> vpindexToConnect;
bool fContinue = true;
int nHeight = pindexFork ? pindexFork->nHeight : -1;
while (fContinue && nHeight != pindexMostWork->nHeight) {
// Don't iterate the entire list of potential improvements toward the best tip, as we likely only need
// a few blocks along the way.
int nTargetHeight = std::min(nHeight + 32, pindexMostWork->nHeight);
vpindexToConnect.clear();
vpindexToConnect.reserve(nTargetHeight - nHeight);
CBlockIndex *pindexIter = pindexMostWork->GetAncestor(nTargetHeight);
while (pindexIter && pindexIter->nHeight != nHeight) {
vpindexToConnect.push_back(pindexIter);
pindexIter = pindexIter->pprev;
}
nHeight = nTargetHeight;
// Connect new blocks.
BOOST_REVERSE_FOREACH(CBlockIndex *pindexConnect, vpindexToConnect) {
if (!ConnectTip(state, chainparams, pindexConnect, pindexConnect == pindexMostWork ? pblock : NULL)) {
if (state.IsInvalid()) {
// The block violates a consensus rule.
if (!state.CorruptionPossible())
InvalidChainFound(vpindexToConnect.back());
state = CValidationState();
fInvalidFound = true;
fContinue = false;
break;
} else {
// A system error occurred (disk space, database error, ...).
return false;
}
} else {
PruneBlockIndexCandidates();
if (!pindexOldTip || chainActive.Tip()->nChainWork > pindexOldTip->nChainWork) {
// We're in a better position than we were. Return temporarily to release the lock.
fContinue = false;
break;
}
}
}
}
if (fBlocksDisconnected) {
mempool.removeForReorg(pcoinsTip, chainActive.Tip()->nHeight + 1, STANDARD_LOCKTIME_VERIFY_FLAGS);
LimitMempoolSize(mempool, GetArg("-maxmempool", DEFAULT_MAX_MEMPOOL_SIZE) * 1000000, GetArg("-mempoolexpiry", DEFAULT_MEMPOOL_EXPIRY) * 60 * 60);
}
mempool.check(pcoinsTip);
// Callbacks/notifications for a new best chain.
if (fInvalidFound)
CheckForkWarningConditionsOnNewFork(vpindexToConnect.back());
else
CheckForkWarningConditions();
return true;
}
/**
* Make the best chain active, in multiple steps. The result is either failure
* or an activated best chain. pblock is either NULL or a pointer to a block
* that is already loaded (to avoid loading it again from disk).
*/
bool ActivateBestChain(CValidationState &state, const CChainParams& chainparams, const CBlock *pblock) {
CBlockIndex *pindexMostWork = NULL;
do {
boost::this_thread::interruption_point();
if (ShutdownRequested())
break;
CBlockIndex *pindexNewTip = NULL;
const CBlockIndex *pindexFork;
bool fInitialDownload;
{
LOCK(cs_main);
CBlockIndex *pindexOldTip = chainActive.Tip();
pindexMostWork = FindMostWorkChain();
// Whether we have anything to do at all.
if (pindexMostWork == NULL || pindexMostWork == chainActive.Tip())
return true;
if (!ActivateBestChainStep(state, chainparams, pindexMostWork, pblock && pblock->GetHash() == pindexMostWork->GetBlockHash() ? pblock : NULL))
return false;
pindexNewTip = chainActive.Tip();
pindexFork = chainActive.FindFork(pindexOldTip);
fInitialDownload = IsInitialBlockDownload();
}
// When we reach this point, we switched to a new tip (stored in pindexNewTip).
// Notifications/callbacks that can run without cs_main
// Always notify the UI if a new block tip was connected
if (pindexFork != pindexNewTip) {
uiInterface.NotifyBlockTip(fInitialDownload, pindexNewTip);
if (!fInitialDownload) {
// Find the hashes of all blocks that weren't previously in the best chain.
std::vector<uint256> vHashes;
CBlockIndex *pindexToAnnounce = pindexNewTip;
while (pindexToAnnounce != pindexFork) {
vHashes.push_back(pindexToAnnounce->GetBlockHash());
pindexToAnnounce = pindexToAnnounce->pprev;
if (vHashes.size() == MAX_BLOCKS_TO_ANNOUNCE) {
// Limit announcements in case of a huge reorganization.
// Rely on the peer's synchronization mechanism in that case.
break;
}
}
// Relay inventory, but don't relay old inventory during initial block download.
int nBlockEstimate = 0;
if (fCheckpointsEnabled)
nBlockEstimate = Checkpoints::GetTotalBlocksEstimate(chainparams.Checkpoints());
{
LOCK(cs_vNodes);
BOOST_FOREACH(CNode* pnode, vNodes) {
if (chainActive.Height() > (pnode->nStartingHeight != -1 ? pnode->nStartingHeight - 2000 : nBlockEstimate)) {
BOOST_REVERSE_FOREACH(const uint256& hash, vHashes) {
pnode->PushBlockHash(hash);
}
}
}
}
// Notify external listeners about the new tip.
if (!vHashes.empty()) {
GetMainSignals().UpdatedBlockTip(pindexNewTip);
}
}
}
} while(pindexMostWork != chainActive.Tip());
CheckBlockIndex(chainparams.GetConsensus());
// Write changes periodically to disk, after relay.
if (!FlushStateToDisk(state, FLUSH_STATE_PERIODIC)) {
return false;
}
return true;
}
bool InvalidateBlock(CValidationState& state, const Consensus::Params& consensusParams, CBlockIndex *pindex)
{
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
// Mark the block itself as invalid.
pindex->nStatus |= BLOCK_FAILED_VALID;
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindex);
setBlockIndexCandidates.erase(pindex);
while (chainActive.Contains(pindex)) {
CBlockIndex *pindexWalk = chainActive.Tip();
pindexWalk->nStatus |= BLOCK_FAILED_CHILD;
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindexWalk);
setBlockIndexCandidates.erase(pindexWalk);
// ActivateBestChain considers blocks already in chainActive
// unconditionally valid already, so force disconnect away from it.
if (!DisconnectTip(state, consensusParams)) {
mempool.removeForReorg(pcoinsTip, chainActive.Tip()->nHeight + 1, STANDARD_LOCKTIME_VERIFY_FLAGS);
return false;
}
}
LimitMempoolSize(mempool, GetArg("-maxmempool", DEFAULT_MAX_MEMPOOL_SIZE) * 1000000, GetArg("-mempoolexpiry", DEFAULT_MEMPOOL_EXPIRY) * 60 * 60);
// The resulting new best tip may not be in setBlockIndexCandidates anymore, so
// add it again.
BlockMap::iterator it = mapBlockIndex.begin();
while (it != mapBlockIndex.end()) {
if (it->second->IsValid(BLOCK_VALID_TRANSACTIONS) && it->second->nChainTx && !setBlockIndexCandidates.value_comp()(it->second, chainActive.Tip())) {
setBlockIndexCandidates.insert(it->second);
}
it++;
}
InvalidChainFound(pindex);
mempool.removeForReorg(pcoinsTip, chainActive.Tip()->nHeight + 1, STANDARD_LOCKTIME_VERIFY_FLAGS);
return true;
}
bool ReconsiderBlock(CValidationState& state, CBlockIndex *pindex) {
AssertLockHeld(cs_main);
int nHeight = pindex->nHeight;
// Remove the invalidity flag from this block and all its descendants.
BlockMap::iterator it = mapBlockIndex.begin();
while (it != mapBlockIndex.end()) {
if (!it->second->IsValid() && it->second->GetAncestor(nHeight) == pindex) {
it->second->nStatus &= ~BLOCK_FAILED_MASK;
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(it->second);
if (it->second->IsValid(BLOCK_VALID_TRANSACTIONS) && it->second->nChainTx && setBlockIndexCandidates.value_comp()(chainActive.Tip(), it->second)) {
setBlockIndexCandidates.insert(it->second);
}
if (it->second == pindexBestInvalid) {
// Reset invalid block marker if it was pointing to one of those.
pindexBestInvalid = NULL;
}
}
it++;
}
// Remove the invalidity flag from all ancestors too.
while (pindex != NULL) {
if (pindex->nStatus & BLOCK_FAILED_MASK) {
pindex->nStatus &= ~BLOCK_FAILED_MASK;
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindex);
}
pindex = pindex->pprev;
}
return true;
}
CBlockIndex* AddToBlockIndex(const CBlockHeader& block)
{
// Check for duplicate
uint256 hash = block.GetHash();
BlockMap::iterator it = mapBlockIndex.find(hash);
if (it != mapBlockIndex.end())
return it->second;
// Construct new block index object
CBlockIndex* pindexNew = new CBlockIndex(block);
assert(pindexNew);
// We assign the sequence id to blocks only when the full data is available,
// to avoid miners withholding blocks but broadcasting headers, to get a
// competitive advantage.
pindexNew->nSequenceId = 0;
BlockMap::iterator mi = mapBlockIndex.insert(make_pair(hash, pindexNew)).first;
pindexNew->phashBlock = &((*mi).first);
BlockMap::iterator miPrev = mapBlockIndex.find(block.hashPrevBlock);
if (miPrev != mapBlockIndex.end())
{
pindexNew->pprev = (*miPrev).second;
pindexNew->nHeight = pindexNew->pprev->nHeight + 1;
pindexNew->BuildSkip();
}
pindexNew->nChainWork = (pindexNew->pprev ? pindexNew->pprev->nChainWork : 0) + GetBlockProof(*pindexNew);
pindexNew->RaiseValidity(BLOCK_VALID_TREE);
if (pindexBestHeader == NULL || pindexBestHeader->nChainWork < pindexNew->nChainWork)
pindexBestHeader = pindexNew;
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindexNew);
return pindexNew;
}
/** Mark a block as having its data received and checked (up to BLOCK_VALID_TRANSACTIONS). */
bool ReceivedBlockTransactions(const CBlock &block, CValidationState& state, CBlockIndex *pindexNew, const CDiskBlockPos& pos)
{
pindexNew->nTx = block.vtx.size();
pindexNew->nChainTx = 0;
pindexNew->nFile = pos.nFile;
pindexNew->nDataPos = pos.nPos;
pindexNew->nUndoPos = 0;
pindexNew->nStatus |= BLOCK_HAVE_DATA;
pindexNew->RaiseValidity(BLOCK_VALID_TRANSACTIONS);
setDirtyBlockIndex.insert(pindexNew);
if (pindexNew->pprev == NULL || pindexNew->pprev->nChainTx) {
// If pindexNew is the genesis block or all parents are BLOCK_VALID_TRANSACTIONS.
deque<CBlockIndex*> queue;
queue.push_back(pindexNew);
// Recursively process any descendant blocks that now may be eligible to be connected.
while (!queue.empty()) {
CBlockIndex *pindex = queue.front();
queue.pop_front();
pindex->nChainTx = (pindex->pprev ? pindex->pprev->nChainTx : 0) + pindex->nTx;
{
LOCK(cs_nBlockSequenceId);
pindex->nSequenceId = nBlockSequenceId++;
}
if (chainActive.Tip() == NULL || !setBlockIndexCandidates.value_comp()(pindex, chainActive.Tip())) {
setBlockIndexCandidates.insert(pindex);
}
std::pair<std::multimap<CBlockIndex*, CBlockIndex*>::iterator, std::multimap<CBlockIndex*, CBlockIndex*>::iterator> range = mapBlocksUnlinked.equal_range(pindex);
while (range.first != range.second) {
std::multimap<CBlockIndex*, CBlockIndex*>::iterator it = range.first;
queue.push_back(it->second);
range.first++;
mapBlocksUnlinked.erase(it);
}
}
} else {
if (pindexNew->pprev && pindexNew->pprev->IsValid(BLOCK_VALID_TREE)) {
mapBlocksUnlinked.insert(std::make_pair(pindexNew->pprev, pindexNew));
}
}
return true;
}
bool FindBlockPos(CValidationState &state, CDiskBlockPos &pos, unsigned int nAddSize, unsigned int nHeight, uint64_t nTime, bool fKnown = false)
{
LOCK(cs_LastBlockFile);
unsigned int nFile = fKnown ? pos.nFile : nLastBlockFile;
if (vinfoBlockFile.size() <= nFile) {
vinfoBlockFile.resize(nFile + 1);
}
if (!fKnown) {
while (vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nSize + nAddSize >= MAX_BLOCKFILE_SIZE) {
nFile++;
if (vinfoBlockFile.size() <= nFile) {
vinfoBlockFile.resize(nFile + 1);
}
}
pos.nFile = nFile;
pos.nPos = vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nSize;
}
if ((int)nFile != nLastBlockFile) {
if (!fKnown) {
LogPrintf("Leaving block file %i: %s\n", nLastBlockFile, vinfoBlockFile[nLastBlockFile].ToString());
}
FlushBlockFile(!fKnown);
nLastBlockFile = nFile;
}
vinfoBlockFile[nFile].AddBlock(nHeight, nTime);
if (fKnown)
vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nSize = std::max(pos.nPos + nAddSize, vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nSize);
else
vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nSize += nAddSize;
if (!fKnown) {
unsigned int nOldChunks = (pos.nPos + BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) / BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE;
unsigned int nNewChunks = (vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nSize + BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) / BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE;
if (nNewChunks > nOldChunks) {
if (fPruneMode)
fCheckForPruning = true;
if (CheckDiskSpace(nNewChunks * BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - pos.nPos)) {
FILE *file = OpenBlockFile(pos);
if (file) {
LogPrintf("Pre-allocating up to position 0x%x in blk%05u.dat\n", nNewChunks * BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE, pos.nFile);
AllocateFileRange(file, pos.nPos, nNewChunks * BLOCKFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - pos.nPos);
fclose(file);
}
}
else
return state.Error("out of disk space");
}
}
setDirtyFileInfo.insert(nFile);
return true;
}
bool FindUndoPos(CValidationState &state, int nFile, CDiskBlockPos &pos, unsigned int nAddSize)
{
pos.nFile = nFile;
LOCK(cs_LastBlockFile);
unsigned int nNewSize;
pos.nPos = vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nUndoSize;
nNewSize = vinfoBlockFile[nFile].nUndoSize += nAddSize;
setDirtyFileInfo.insert(nFile);
unsigned int nOldChunks = (pos.nPos + UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) / UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE;
unsigned int nNewChunks = (nNewSize + UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) / UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE;
if (nNewChunks > nOldChunks) {
if (fPruneMode)
fCheckForPruning = true;
if (CheckDiskSpace(nNewChunks * UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - pos.nPos)) {
FILE *file = OpenUndoFile(pos);
if (file) {
LogPrintf("Pre-allocating up to position 0x%x in rev%05u.dat\n", nNewChunks * UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE, pos.nFile);
AllocateFileRange(file, pos.nPos, nNewChunks * UNDOFILE_CHUNK_SIZE - pos.nPos);
fclose(file);
}
}
else
return state.Error("out of disk space");
}
return true;
}
bool CheckBlockHeader(const CBlockHeader& block, CValidationState& state, bool fCheckPOW)
{
// Check proof of work matches claimed amount
if (fCheckPOW && !CheckProofOfWork(block.GetHash(), block.nBits, Params().GetConsensus()))
return state.DoS(50, error("CheckBlockHeader(): proof of work failed"),
REJECT_INVALID, "high-hash");
// Check timestamp
if (block.GetBlockTime() > GetAdjustedTime() + 2 * 60 * 60)
return state.Invalid(error("CheckBlockHeader(): block timestamp too far in the future"),
REJECT_INVALID, "time-too-new");
return true;
}
bool CheckBlock(const CBlock& block, CValidationState& state, bool fCheckPOW, bool fCheckMerkleRoot)
{
// These are checks that are independent of context.
if (block.fChecked)
return true;
// Check that the header is valid (particularly PoW). This is mostly
// redundant with the call in AcceptBlockHeader.
if (!CheckBlockHeader(block, state, fCheckPOW))
return false;
// Check the merkle root.
if (fCheckMerkleRoot) {
bool mutated;