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TBF is an automatic test-case generation and execution framework for C programs. It is able to prepare C programs for a handful of prominent test-case generators, create a test harness for generated tests and execute them.

TBF is no longer maintained. Since Test-Comp provides a uniform interface for test-suite generators and an exhaustive comparison, TBF is no longer necessary. If you are interested in comparing test-suite generators, you can use the archives submitted to Test-Comp or take a look at the competition results.


  • Python 3.5 or later


In virtual environment with pipenv

TBF uses pipenv for easy, local dependency management during development:

  • If you don't have pipenv installed yet, install it as described on the project's webpage.
  • To set up the pipenv for TBF, run from the project's root directory:
      pipenv install
  • To run TBF in the dedicated pipenv environment, run pipenv run bin/tbf, or pipenv shell to enter the virtual environment and from there bin/tbf.

Global/User installation with pip

TBF can be properly installed with pip. For example, to install the current state of tbf for the current user, run

  pip install --user .


Run TBF with parameter --help to get an overview over all available command-line parameters.

tbf allows the specification of a test-case generator and a test validation method (e.g., test-case execution). If both are given, tbf will run the test-case generator and execute the generated test cases in a test harness. If no test validation method is given, tbf will only run the test-case generator. If you do that, use parameter --keep-files to keep the generated test cases and all other generated files, or --write-xml to keep test-format XMLs describing the generated test cases.


Falsification with AFL

To run tbf with AFL-fuzz and test-case execution on file examples/simple.c from within a pipenv shell environment, run:

  bin/tbf -i afl --execution --stats examples/simple.c

Parameter --stats makes TBF print statistics on stdout.

After execution, directory output/ will contain some files of interest, e.g. the test harness as C-file (harness.c) and the executable test (a.out).

Test-case Generation with PRTest

To create a test suite in the XML test-format with tbf and the random tester PRTest 1, running for 10 seconds and using a 64bit machine model, run:

  bin/tbf -i random --write-xml --timelimit 10 examples/simple.c

After execution, there will be multiple files describing the test suite in directory output/test-suite. There wil be a metadata file metadata.xml, and one additional XML file for each created test case.

1: PRTest is a very simple random-tester included with tbf.

Supported Test-Case Generators

Currently supported test-case generators are:

  • (afl) AFL-fuzz is a greybox fuzz tester.
  • (crest) CREST is a concolic tester (using dynamic symbolic execution)
  • (cpatiger) CPATiger is a multi-goal tester based on the model checker CPAchecker (an automatic, formal verification tool).
  • (fshell) FShell is the CBMC-based tester.
  • (klee) KLEE is a symbolic execution-based tester and verifier.
  • (random) PRTest (also just called 'random') is a very simple, in-house implementation of a random tester.


To set up the pipenv for development with TBF, run, from the project's root directory: pipenv install --dev.

To run pylint and unit tests, run pipenv run py.test.

If you copy contrib/git_hooks/ to file .git/hooks/pre-commit, the python formatter yapf will automatically run whenever you commit some code. This assumes that you set up the pipenv environment for TBF development as specified above.