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README.md

sc-MongoDB Cookbook

Cookbook Version Build Status OpenCollective OpenCollective License

Installs and configures MongoDB

Maintainers

This cookbook is maintained by the Sous Chefs. The Sous Chefs are a community of Chef cookbook maintainers working together to maintain important cookbooks. If you’d like to know more please visit sous-chefs.org or come chat with us on the Chef Community Slack in #sous-chefs.

Supports

  • Single MongoDB instance
  • Replication
  • Sharding
  • Replication and Sharding
  • MongoDB Monitoring System

Requirements

This cookbook depends on these external cookbooks

  • apt
  • python
  • yum

As of 1.0 This Cookbook requires

  • Chef > 12.5
  • Ruby > 2.3

As of 0.16 This Cookbook requires

  • Chef > 11
  • Ruby > 1.9

Platform

Currently we 'actively' test using test-kitchen on Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, Redhat

Definitions

This cookbook contains a definition mongodb_instance which can be used to configure a certain type of mongodb instance, like the default mongodb or various components of a sharded setup.

For examples see the USAGE section below.

Attributes

### MongoDB setup

  • default['mongodb']['install_method'] - This option can be "mongodb-org" or "none" - Default ("mongodb-org")

MongoDB Configuration

The node['mongodb']['config'] is split into 2 keys, mongod and mongos (i.e. node['mongodb']['config']['mongod']). They attributes are rendered out as a yaml config file. All settings defined in the Configuration File Options documentation page can be added to the node['mongodb']['config'][<setting>] attribute: https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/reference/configuration-options/

Several important attributes to note:

  • node['mongodb']['config']['mongod']['net']['bindIp'] - Configure from which address to accept connections
  • node['mongodb']['config']['mongod']['net']['port'] - Port the mongod listens on, default is 27017
  • node['mongodb']['config']['mongod']['replication']['oplogSizeMB'] - Specifies a maximum size in megabytes for the replication operation log
  • node['mongodb']['config']['mongod']['storage']['dbPath'] - Location for mongodb data directory, defaults to "/var/lib/mongodb"
  • node['mongodb']['config']['mongod']['storage']['engine'] - Storage engine to use, default is "wiredTiger"
  • node['mongodb']['config']['mongod']['systemLog']['path'] - Path for the logfiles, default is "/var/lib/mongo" for rhel and fedora and "/var/log/mongodb/mongod.log" for all others
  • node['mongodb']['config']['mongod'][<setting>] - General MongoDB Configuration File option

Cookbook specific attributes

  • node['mongodb']['reload_action'] - Action to take when MongoDB conf files are modified, default is "restart"
  • node['mongodb']['package_version'] - Version of the MongoDB package to install, default is nil
  • node['mongodb']['client_roles'] - Role identifying all external clients which should have access to a mongod instance

Sharding and replication attributes

  • node['mongodb']['config']['mongod']['replication']['replSetName'] - Define name of replicaset
  • node['mongodb']['cluster_name'] - Name of the cluster, all members of the cluster must reference to the same name, as this name is used internally to identify all members of a cluster.
  • node['mongodb']['shard_name'] - Name of a shard, default is "default"
  • node['mongodb']['sharded_collections'] - Define which collections are sharded
  • node['mongodb']['replica_arbiter_only'] - Set to true to make node an arbiter.
  • node['mongodb']['replica_build_indexes'] - Set to false to omit index creation.
  • node['mongodb']['replica_hidden'] - Set to true to hide node from replicaset.
  • node['mongodb']['replica_slave_delay'] - Number of seconds to delay slave replication.
  • node['mongodb']['replica_priority'] - Node priority.
  • node['mongodb']['replica_tags'] - Node tags.
  • node['mongodb']['replica_votes'] - Number of votes node will cast in an election.

shared MMS Agent attributes

  • node['mongodb']['mms_agent']['api_key'] - MMS Agent API Key. No default, required.
  • node['mongodb']['mms_agent']['automation']['config'][<setting>] - General MongoDB MMS Automation Agent configuration file option.
  • node['mongodb']['mms_agent']['backup']['config'][<setting>] - General MongoDB MMS Monitoring Agent configuration file option.
  • node['mongodb']['mms_agent']['monitoring']['config'][<setting>] - General MongoDB MMS Monitoring Agent configuration file option.

Automation Agent Settings

The defaults values installed by the package are:

mmsBaseUrl=https://mms.mongodb.com
logFile=/var/log/mongodb-mms-automation/automation-agent.log
mmsConfigBackup=/var/lib/mongodb-mms-automation/mms-cluster-config-backup.json
logLevel=INFO
maxLogFiles=10
maxLogFileSize=268435456

Backup Agent Settings

The defaults values installed by the package are:

mothership=api-backup.mongodb.com
https=true

Monitoring Agent Settings

The defaults values installed by the package are:

mmsBaseUrl=https://mms.mongodb.com

User management attributes

  • node['mongodb']['config']['auth'] - Require authentication to access or modify the database (True or False), Default is nil
  • node['mongodb']['admin'] - The admin user with userAdmin privileges that allows user management
  • node['mongodb']['users'] - Array of users to add when running the user management recipe

Useage

Single mongodb instance

Simply add

include_recipe "sc-mongodb::default"

to your recipe. This will run the mongodb instance as configured by your distribution. You can change the dbpath, logpath and port settings (see ATTRIBUTES) for this node by using the mongodb_instance definition:

mongodb_instance "mongodb" do
  port node['application']['port']
end

This definition also allows you to run another mongod instance with a different name on the same node

mongodb_instance "my_instance" do
  port node['mongodb']['port'] + 100
end

The result is a new system service with

  /etc/init.d/my_instance <start|stop|restart|status>

Replicasets

Add sc-mongodb::replicaset (instead of sc-mongodb::default) to the node's run_list. Also choose a name for your replicaset cluster and set the value of node['mongodb']['cluster_name'] for each member to this name.

The recipe will try to configure the replicaset with the instances already registered in your chef-server with the same node['mongodb']['cluster_name'], to configure various machines with the replicaset you'll need to deactivate the automatic configuration with node['mongodb']['auto_configure']['replicaset'] = false and enable that flag only on the last instance of the replicaset.

Sharding

You need a few more components, but the idea is the same: identification of the members with their different internal roles (mongos, configserver, etc.) is done via the node['mongodb']['cluster_name'] and node['mongodb']['shard_name'] attributes.

Let's have a look at a simple sharding setup, consisting of two shard servers, one config server and one mongos.

First we would like to configure the two shards. For doing so, just use sc-mongodb::shard in the node's run_list and define a unique mongodb['shard_name'] for each of these two nodes, say "shard1" and "shard2".

Then configure a node to act as a config server - by using the sc-mongodb::configserver recipe.

And finally you need to configure the mongos. This can be done by using the sc-mongodb::mongos recipe. The mongos needs some special configuration, as these mongos are actually doing the configuration of the whole sharded cluster. Most importantly you need to define what collections should be sharded by setting the attribute mongodb['sharded_collections']:

{
  "mongodb": {
    "sharded_collections": {
      "test.addressbook": "name",
      "mydatabase.calendar": "date"
    }
  }
}

Now mongos will automatically enable sharding for the "test" and the "mydatabase" database. Also the "addressbook" and the "calendar" collection will be sharded, with sharding key "name" resp. "date". In the context of a sharding cluster always keep in mind to use a single role which is added to all members of the cluster to identify all member nodes. Also shard names are important to distinguish the different shards. This is esp. important when you want to replicate shards.

Sharding + Replication

The setup is not much different to the one described above. All you have to do is add the sc-mongodb::replicaset recipe to all shard nodes, and make sure that all shard nodes which should be in the same replicaset have the same shard name.

For more details, you can find a tutorial for Sharding + Replication in the wiki.

MMS Agent

This cookbook also includes support for MongoDB Monitoring System (MMS) agent. MMS is a hosted monitoring service, provided by MongoDB, Inc. Once the small agent program is installed on the MongoDB host, it automatically collects the metrics and uploads them to the MMS server. The graphs of these metrics are shown on the web page. It helps a lot for tackling MongoDB related problems, so MMS is the baseline for all production MongoDB deployments.

To setup MMS, simply set your keys in node['mongodb']['mms_agent']['api_key'] and then add the sc-mongodb::mms_monitoring_agent recipe to your run list. Your current keys should be available at your MMS Settings page.

The agent install and configurations is also available via a custom resource for wrapper cookbooks. This allows for further customization outside of this cookbook

mongodb_agent 'monitoring' do
  config {} # Key and value pairs that will be in the config file
  group 'group' # Group to own the config file
  package_url 'package_url' # Download URL of the agent package
  user 'user' # User to own the config file
end

User Management

--NOTE:-- Using the sc-mongodb::user_management is not secure since passwords are stored plain text in your node attributes. Please concider using a wrapper recipe with encrypted data bags when using this cookbook in production.

An optional recipe is sc-mongodb::user_management which will enable authentication in the configuration file by default and create any users in the node['mongodb']['users']. The users array expects a hash of username, password, roles, and database. Roles should be an array of roles the user should have on the database given.

By default, authentication is not required on the database. This can be overridden by setting the node['mongodb']['config']['auth'] attribute to true in the chef json.

If the auth configuration is true, it will try to create the node['mongodb']['admin'] user, or update them if they already exist. Before using on a new database, ensure you're overwriting the node['mongodb']['authentication']['username'] and node['mongodb']['authentication']['password'] to something besides their default values.

To update the admin username or password after already having deployed the recipe with authentication as required, simply change node['mongodb']['admin']['password'] to the new password while keeping the value of node['mongodb']['authentication']['password'] the old value. After the recipe runs successfully, be sure to change the latter variable to the new password so that subsequent attempts to authenticate will work.

There's also a user resource which has the actions :add, :modify and :delete. If modify is used on a user that doesn't exist, it will be added. If add is used on a user that exists, it will be modified.

If using this recipe with replication and sharding, ensure that the node['mongodb']['key_file_content'] is set. All nodes must have the same key file in order for the replica set to initialize successfully when authentication is required. For mongos instances, set node['mongodb']['mongos_create_admin'] to true to force the creation of the admin user on mongos instances.

Contributors

This project exists thanks to all the people who contribute.

Backers

Thank you to all our backers!

https://opencollective.com/sous-chefs#backers

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