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FITS to Azimuth/Elevation using Astrometry.net--calibrate and plate scale images
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README.md

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Azimuth/Elevation converter for Astrometry.net

Note: If you want to work with the intermediate steps (source extraction) or photometry, see my AstroPy-based examples.

Prerequisites

Astrometry.net ≥ 0.67 or, use the astrometry.net cloud service.

Installation

python3 -m pip install -e .

Astrometry.net index files

If you use astrometry.net on your PC, you may need to install the index files and setup your config file to point at them:

downloadIndex ~/data

Command line options

Pass-through arguments

The -a --args command line option allows passing through a variety of parameters to solve-field, which underlies this program. Type solve-field -h or man solve-field for a brief description of the nearly 100 options available.

Be sure to enclose the options in quotes. For example, to specify that the image field is at least 20 degrees in extent:

PlateScale ~/data/myimg.jpg -a "-L 20"

Examples

Citizen science images often contain extraneous items in the image field of view. These can very easily break solve-field, which is designed for professional science-grade imagery from telescopes and narrow to medium field of view imagers (at least to 50 degree FOV). To mitigate these issues, judicious use of arguments passed to solve-field via --args is probably a good start.

The parameters I find most useful for citizen science images include:

-L / --scale-low <scale>: lower bound of image scale estimate
-H / --scale-high <scale>: upper bound of image scale estimate
 -d / --depth <number or range>: number of field objects to look at, or range
          of numbers; 1 is the brightest star, so "-d 10" or "-d 1-10" mean look
          at the top ten brightest stars only.

For extraneous regions of the image, try making a copy of the original image that has the offending regions cropped out. If the original image is in a lossy format such as JPEG, consider saving in a lossless format such as PNG after cropping.

FITS image input

FITS is a legacy file format commonly used in astronomy.

Astrometry.net installed on your PC

PlateScaleFITS myimg.fits -c 61.2 -149.9 -t 2013-04-02T12:03:23Z --nc --png

gives NetCDF .nc with az/el ra/dec and PNG plots of the data. Both files contain the same data, just for your convenience.

61.2 -149.9 is your WGS84 coordinates, 2013-04-02T12:03:23Z is UTC time of the picture.

wcs.fits from the Astrometry.net WEBSITE

first rename wcs.fits to myimg.wcs:

PlateScaleFITS myimg.wcs -c 61.2 -149.9 -t 2013-04-02T12:03:23Z --nc --png

JPG image input

JPG is commonly used by prosumer cameras. It's preferable to use lossless formats for scientific imaging such as JPEG2000 or newer file formats.

Notes

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