PythonCodingConventions

Longo Grinrag edited this page Oct 30, 2017 · 3 revisions
Clone this wiki locally

WARNING

All python code must be compatible with Python 2 ( including 2.4 on RHEL5) and Python 3. For additional information see articles:

This is a rough guideline about coding styles, comments, variable names and other stuff in the Python code for the Spacewalk backend, for full information, see PEP 8 - Style Guide for Python Code

  1. Line wrapping

    One shall not wrap up lines just because we need to make the text fit to 60 columns, or 70 columns, or 80 columns. Most code written today has a hard time fitting within 80 columns. Let's be reasonable here. I am using xterms that are 100 cols x 80 rows. I am trying to make everything fit to the 80 columns mark, but if for some reason a line expands to be 83 columns, don't break it needlessly.

  2. Variable and function Names

    Please use variable names that are easy to write and understand what they are for. Please try to match the field names most likely found in the SQL queries that make use of those variables. So please use system_id, not systemId, org_id, not orgId and so forth. Regarding function names, studly caps suck. I personally favor some_other_function instead of someOtherFunction. It is easier to read/spot/grep/parse whatever. Yeah, it is C style and again, there is a reason why C coding style has been around for so long...

  3. Comments

    Comments should be written as docstring. This way programmers documentation can be created automatically.

    So please use something like this:

    def auth(system_cert):
        """ Authenticate the server certificate """

    Instead of:

    def auth(system_cert):
        # Authenticate the server cert

    Or instead of:

    # Authenticate the server cert
    def auth(system_cert):
  4. Classes and inheritance

    Please don't build up classes and inherit from them where you think that it may produce more readable code without considering the consequences of overloading classes with members that really have nothing to do with the base class. A classic example is having methods in a server object designed to solve a dependency, or extract a package path. Neither of these functions need anything from the base server object to function completely. Even though it is easier to be able to call server.solve_dep in some piece of code when we already have the server object, this thoroughly confuses the meaning of a server object and makes updating the base class a whole lot harder because of all these hidden dependencies and reliance on unspecified behavior of the base class. Think it through, sometimes it makes a whole lot more sense to have an extra module that deals only with those aspects.

  5. Internal functions

    Internal functions in the code (usually denoted by a _ or by a __ prefix) are a cool thing when they are not abused. Having an internal function that is two lines long and is called from a single place in the whole code base does nothing but complicate the whole code base and makes it harder to follow.

  6. The % operator on long lines

    The % operator (and, if required, the opening paren for the tuple) should follow immediately the string on the same line. Use this:

         "long string" % (
         arg1, args2)

    Do not do this:

         "long string"
         % (arg1, arg2)
  7. Translations

    Be careful how you translate strings. Translation is done usually by using the _() function on a string of text. Make sure you use only the string of text and not include the arguments to string formatters too.

    Use this:

        print _("Foo %s: %s") % ("bar", 1)

    Do not do this:

        print _("Foo %s: %s" % ("bar", 1))

    There is a BIG difference.

  8. Consistency (Grandfather clause)

    If you are editing an existing file that follows a different style than that suggested in these guidelines, please conform to to the foreign style for your changes in that particular file (when in Rome...). This is better than changing the entire file to meet the official guidelines (which can introduce regression), and much better than using multiple styles in a single file (difficult to read). In general, we want to maintain consistency and readability within files.