Quick generation of CRUD generic views for django!
Clone or download

README.rst

django-generic-scaffold

https://travis-ci.org/spapas/django-generic-scaffold.svg?branch=master

With django-generic-scaffold you can quickly create and CRUD generic class based views for your models so you will have a basic CRUD interface to your models by writing only a couple of lines of extra code! The purpose of this CRUD interface is, as opposed to django-admin, to be used by users and not staff members.

django-generic-scaffold is different from other scaffolding tools because it generates all views/url routes on-the-fly (by creating subclasses of normal django class-based views) and not by outputing python code.

Example

I've added an example project of using django-generic-scaffold: https://github.com/spapas/generic-scaffold-demo

Installation

Install it with pip install django-generic-scaffold, or if you want to use the latest version on github, try pip install git+https://github.com/spapas/django-generic-scaffold.

If you want to use the template tags and the fallback templates of django-generic-scaffold, please put generic_scaffold in your INSTALLED_APPS setting. If you don't need the template tags or fallback templates then no modifying of your settings is needed, just go ahead and use it!

Simple usage

Let's say you have defined a model named Book in your models.py. In your views.py or, even better in a module named scaffolding.py define a class that overrides CrudManager:

from generic_scaffold import CrudManager
import models

class BookCrudManager(CrudManager):
    model = models.Book
    prefix = 'books'

Now, include the following lines to the urls.py of your application:

from scaffolding import BookCrudManager # or from views import BookCrudManager depending on where you've put it
book_crud = BookCrudManager()

# [...] define your urlpatters here

urlpatterns += book_crud.get_url_patterns()

You may now visit http://127.0.0.1:8000/books (or whatever was your prefix) to get a list of your Book instances. The following methods have also been created:

  • Create: http://127.0.0.1:8000/bookscreate
  • Detail: http://127.0.0.1:8000/booksdetail/<id>
  • Edit: http://127.0.0.1:8000/booksupdate/<id>
  • Delete: http://127.0.0.1:8000/booksdelete/<id>

If you don't do anything else, the default fallback templates will be used (they are ugly and should only be used for testing). You should add a template named app_name/testmodel_list.html (which is the default template for the ListView) to override the fallback templates - please read the next section for more info on that.

The prefix option you set to the BooksCrudManager method will just prepend this prefix to all created urls and can also be used to get your url names for reversing.

Template selection

There's a bunch of fallback templates that will be used if no other template can be used instead. These template are for testing purposes only and should be overriden (unless you want to quickly see that everything works). Now, there are two ways you can redefine your templates:

  • Implicitly: Just add appropriate templates depending on your app/model name (similarly to normal class-based-views), for example for app_name and TestModel you can add the following templates:

For create/update add app_name/testmodel_form.html, for list add app_name/testmodel_list.html, for detail add app_name/testmodel_detail.html, for delete add app_name/testmodel_confirm_delete.html.

  • Explicitly: You can use the action_template_name configuration option to explicitly set which templates will be used for each action. The action could be list, detail, update, create or delete. So to configure the detail template name to be foo.html you'll use the option detail_template_name = 'foo.html'.

So, the priority of templates is:

  • Explicit templates (if configured)
  • Implicit templates (if found)
  • Fallback templates (as a last resort)

Configuration

Most of the time, you'll need to configure three things before using django-generic-scaffold: The form class used for create and update views, the access permissions for each generic class based view and the templates that each view will use. These can be configured just by settings attributes to your CrudManager class.

  • To configure the form class that will be used, use the option form_class.
  • To set the permissions you have to set the permissions attribute to a dictionary of callables. The keys of that dictionary should be list, detail, update, create or delete while the values should be callables like login_required or permission_required('permission') etc.
  • To configure the template names explicitly, use action_template_name.

For any other configuration of the generated class based views you'll need to define mixins that will be passed to the generated CBV classes as a list using the option action_mixins (again action is either list, detail, etc).

Using mixins you can do whatever you want to your resulting CBV classes -- also, by forcing you to use mixins django-generic-scaffold will help you follow bet code practices (DRY).

However, sometimes mixins are not enough and you may need to completely override the parent Views to use something else. For this, you may set the action_view_class property to your own parent class view (i.e list_view_class = OverridenListView).

API and template tags

If you want to use the provided template tags to your templates, you'll need to add {% load generic_scaffold_tags %} near the top of your template. Then you may use set_urls_for_scaffold which will output the URLs of the selected scaffold depending on your configuration. This tag can receive three parameters: The django app name, the model name and the prefix name. You can either use the combination of app name / model name or just the prefix. It will return a dictionary with all the scaffolded urls for this model. For example, to get the url names for the model test2 (careful you must use the internal model name so for Test2 use test2 ) belonging to the app test1 you'll use {% set_urls_for_scaffold "test1" "test2" as url_names %} and then you could use the attributes list, create, detail, update, delete of that object to reverse and get the corresponding urls, for example use {% url url_names.list } to get the url for list.

There's also a similar API function named get_url_names that you can use to get the urls for your scaffolds.

For example, you can do something like:

from generic_scaffold import get_url_names
from django.core.urlresolvers import reverse

names = get_url_names(prefix='test')
list_url = reverse(names['list'])

Sample configuration

A sample config that uses a different form (TestForm), defines different behavior using mixins for create and update and needs a logged in user for update / delete / create (but anonymous users can list and detail) is the following:

from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required

class TestCrudManager(CrudManager):
    prefix = 'test'
    model = models.TestModel
    form_class = forms.TestForm
    create_mixins = (CreateMixin, )
    update_mixins = (UpdateMixin, )
    permissions = {
        'update': login_required,
        'delete': login_required,
        'create': login_required,
    }

Django/python version support

As can be seen from tox.ini, the tests are run for Python 2.7 with Django 1.6-1.11 and for Python 3.5 with Django 1.8-2.1, so these are the supported versions.

Changelog

v.0.5.3

  • Add Django 2.1 to tox.ini

v.0.5.2

  • Upload readme to pypi

v.0.5.0

  • Add support for Django 2

v.0.4.1

  • Add support for Django 1.11

v.0.4.0

  • Add support for Django 1.10
  • Allow overriding the parent classes of all views

v.0.3.3

  • Fix bug with django 1.9 not containing the (url) patterns function

v.0.3.2

  • Include templates in pip package (old version did not include them due to wrong setup.py configuration)

v.0.3.1

  • Fix bug with '__all__' fields when adding form_class

v.0.3.0

  • Drop support for Django 1.4 and 1.5
  • Add support for python 3 (python 3.5) for Django 1.8 and 1.9

v.0.2.0

  • Braking changes for API and template tags
  • Add example project
  • Add support and configure tox for Django 1.9
  • A bunch of fallback templates have been added (generic_scaffold/{list, detail, form, confirm_delete}.html)
  • Use API (get_url_names) for tests and add it to docs
  • Add (url) prefix as an attribute to CrudManager and fix templatetag to use it.
  • Prefix has to be unique to make API and template tags easier to use
  • Model also has to be unique

v.0.1.2

  • Add tests and integrate with tox
  • Add some basic templates (non-empty, mainly for tests)

v.0.1.1

  • Add template tags to get crud urls

v.0.1

  • Initial