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/*
MMA8452Q Basic Example Code
Nathan Seidle
SparkFun Electronics
November 5, 2012
License: This code is public domain but you buy me a beer if you use this and we meet someday (Beerware license).
This example code shows how to read the X/Y/Z accelerations and basic functions of the MMA5842. It leaves out
all the neat features this IC is capable of (tap, orientation, and inerrupts) and just displays X/Y/Z. See
the advanced example code to see more features.
Hardware setup:
MMA8452 Breakout ------------ Arduino
3.3V --------------------- 3.3V
SDA -------^^(330)^^------- A4
SCL -------^^(330)^^------- A5
GND ---------------------- GND
The MMA8452 is 3.3V so we recommend using 330 or 1k resistors between a 5V Arduino and the MMA8452 breakout.
The MMA8452 has built in pull-up resistors for I2C so you do not need additional pull-ups.
*/
#include <Wire.h> // Used for I2C
// The SparkFun breakout board defaults to 1, set to 0 if SA0 jumper on the bottom of the board is set
#define MMA8452_ADDRESS 0x1D // 0x1D if SA0 is high, 0x1C if low
//Define a few of the registers that we will be accessing on the MMA8452
#define OUT_X_MSB 0x01
#define XYZ_DATA_CFG 0x0E
#define WHO_AM_I 0x0D
#define CTRL_REG1 0x2A
#define GSCALE 2 // Sets full-scale range to +/-2, 4, or 8g. Used to calc real g values.
void setup()
{
Serial.begin(57600);
Serial.println("MMA8452 Basic Example");
Wire.begin(); //Join the bus as a master
initMMA8452(); //Test and intialize the MMA8452
}
void loop()
{
int accelCount[3]; // Stores the 12-bit signed value
readAccelData(accelCount); // Read the x/y/z adc values
// Now we'll calculate the accleration value into actual g's
float accelG[3]; // Stores the real accel value in g's
for (int i = 0 ; i < 3 ; i++)
{
accelG[i] = (float) accelCount[i] / ((1<<12)/(2*GSCALE)); // get actual g value, this depends on scale being set
}
// Print out values
for (int i = 0 ; i < 3 ; i++)
{
Serial.print(accelG[i], 4); // Print g values
Serial.print("\t"); // tabs in between axes
}
Serial.println();
delay(10); // Delay here for visibility
}
void readAccelData(int *destination)
{
byte rawData[6]; // x/y/z accel register data stored here
readRegisters(OUT_X_MSB, 6, rawData); // Read the six raw data registers into data array
// Loop to calculate 12-bit ADC and g value for each axis
for(int i = 0; i < 3 ; i++)
{
int gCount = (rawData[i*2] << 8) | rawData[(i*2)+1]; //Combine the two 8 bit registers into one 12-bit number
gCount >>= 4; //The registers are left align, here we right align the 12-bit integer
// If the number is negative, we have to make it so manually (no 12-bit data type)
if (rawData[i*2] > 0x7F)
{
gCount -= 0x1000;
}
destination[i] = gCount; //Record this gCount into the 3 int array
}
}
// Initialize the MMA8452 registers
// See the many application notes for more info on setting all of these registers:
// http://www.freescale.com/webapp/sps/site/prod_summary.jsp?code=MMA8452Q
void initMMA8452()
{
byte c = readRegister(WHO_AM_I); // Read WHO_AM_I register
if (c == 0x2A) // WHO_AM_I should always be 0x2A
{
Serial.println("MMA8452Q is online...");
}
else
{
Serial.print("Could not connect to MMA8452Q: 0x");
Serial.println(c, HEX);
while(1) ; // Loop forever if communication doesn't happen
}
MMA8452Standby(); // Must be in standby to change registers
// Set up the full scale range to 2, 4, or 8g.
byte fsr = GSCALE;
if(fsr > 8) fsr = 8; //Easy error check
fsr >>= 2; // Neat trick, see page 22. 00 = 2G, 01 = 4A, 10 = 8G
writeRegister(XYZ_DATA_CFG, fsr);
//The default data rate is 800Hz and we don't modify it in this example code
MMA8452Active(); // Set to active to start reading
}
// Sets the MMA8452 to standby mode. It must be in standby to change most register settings
void MMA8452Standby()
{
byte c = readRegister(CTRL_REG1);
writeRegister(CTRL_REG1, c & ~(0x01)); //Clear the active bit to go into standby
}
// Sets the MMA8452 to active mode. Needs to be in this mode to output data
void MMA8452Active()
{
byte c = readRegister(CTRL_REG1);
writeRegister(CTRL_REG1, c | 0x01); //Set the active bit to begin detection
}
// Read bytesToRead sequentially, starting at addressToRead into the dest byte array
void readRegisters(byte addressToRead, int bytesToRead, byte * dest)
{
Wire.beginTransmission(MMA8452_ADDRESS);
Wire.write(addressToRead);
Wire.endTransmission(false); //endTransmission but keep the connection active
Wire.requestFrom(MMA8452_ADDRESS, bytesToRead); //Ask for bytes, once done, bus is released by default
while(Wire.available() < bytesToRead); //Hang out until we get the # of bytes we expect
for(int x = 0 ; x < bytesToRead ; x++)
dest[x] = Wire.read();
}
// Read a single byte from addressToRead and return it as a byte
byte readRegister(byte addressToRead)
{
Wire.beginTransmission(MMA8452_ADDRESS);
Wire.write(addressToRead);
Wire.endTransmission(false); //endTransmission but keep the connection active
Wire.requestFrom(MMA8452_ADDRESS, 1); //Ask for 1 byte, once done, bus is released by default
while(!Wire.available()) ; //Wait for the data to come back
return Wire.read(); //Return this one byte
}
// Writes a single byte (dataToWrite) into addressToWrite
void writeRegister(byte addressToWrite, byte dataToWrite)
{
Wire.beginTransmission(MMA8452_ADDRESS);
Wire.write(addressToWrite);
Wire.write(dataToWrite);
Wire.endTransmission(); //Stop transmitting
}