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Nokogiri (鋸) is an HTML, XML, SAX, and Reader parser. Among Nokogiri's many features is the ability to search documents via XPath or CSS3 selectors.

XML is like violence - if it doesn’t solve your problems, you are not using enough of it.


  • XML/HTML DOM parser which handles broken HTML
  • XML/HTML SAX parser
  • XML/HTML Push parser
  • XPath 1.0 support for document searching
  • CSS3 selector support for document searching
  • XML/HTML builder
  • XSLT transformer

Nokogiri parses and searches XML/HTML using native libraries (either C or Java, depending on your Ruby), which means it's fast and standards-compliant.


If this doesn't work:

gem install nokogiri

then please start troubleshooting here:

There are currently 1,237 Stack Overflow questions about Nokogiri installation. The vast majority of them are out of date and therefore incorrect. Please do not use Stack Overflow.

Instead, tell us when the above instructions don't work for you. This allows us to both help you directly and improve the documentation.

Binary packages

Binary packages are available for some distributions.


There are open-source tutorials (to which we invite contributions!) here:


Nokogiri is a large library, but here is example usage for parsing and examining a document:

  require 'nokogiri'
  require 'open-uri'

  # Fetch and parse HTML document
  doc = Nokogiri::HTML(open(''))

  # Search for nodes by css
  doc.css('nav li a').each do |link|
    puts link.content

  # Search for nodes by xpath
  doc.xpath('//h2 | //h3').each do |link|
    puts link.content

  # Or mix and match.'', '//h2').each do |link|
    puts link.content


  • Ruby 1.9.3 or higher, including any development packages necessary to compile native extensions.

  • In Nokogiri 1.6.0 and later libxml2 and libxslt are bundled with the gem, but if you want to use the system versions:


Strings are always stored as UTF-8 internally. Methods that return text values will always return UTF-8 encoded strings. Methods that return a string containing markup (like to_xml, to_html and inner_html) will return a string encoded like the source document.


Some documents declare one encoding, but actually use a different one. In these cases, which encoding should the parser choose?

Data is just a stream of bytes. Humans add meaning to that stream. Any particular set of bytes could be valid characters in multiple encodings, so detecting encoding with 100% accuracy is not possible. libxml2 does its best, but it can't be right all the time.

If you want Nokogiri to handle the document encoding properly, your best bet is to explicitly set the encoding. Here is an example of explicitly setting the encoding to EUC-JP on the parser:

  doc = Nokogiri.XML('<foo><bar /><foo>', nil, 'EUC-JP')


  bundle install
  bundle exec rake


MIT. See the LICENSE.txt file.

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