Dump the contents of a database
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README.md

Dump the contents of a database

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This repo contains an easy to use class to dump a database using PHP. Currently MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite and MongoDB are supported. Behind the scenes mysqldump, pg_dump, sqlite3 and mongodump are used.

Here's are simple examples of how to create a database dump with different drivers:

MySQL

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\MySql::create()
    ->setDbName($databaseName)
    ->setUserName($userName)
    ->setPassword($password)
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql');

PostgreSQL

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\PostgreSql::create()
    ->setDbName($databaseName)
    ->setUserName($userName)
    ->setPassword($password)
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql');

SQLite

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\Sqlite::create()
    ->setDbName($pathToDatabaseFile)
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql');

MongoDB

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\MongoDb::create()
    ->setDbName($databaseName)
    ->setUserName($userName)
    ->setPassword($password)
    ->dumpToFile('dump.gz');

Spatie is a webdesign agency based in Antwerp, Belgium. You'll find an overview of all our open source projects on our website.

Requirements

For dumping MySQL-db's mysqldump should be installed.

For dumping PostgreSQL-db's pg_dump should be installed.

For dumping SQLite-db's sqlite3 should be installed.

For dumping MongoDB-db's mongodump should be installed.

Installation

You can install the package via composer:

$ composer require spatie/db-dumper

Usage

This is the simplest way to create a dump of a MySql db:

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\MySql::create()
    ->setDbName($databaseName)
    ->setUserName($userName)
    ->setPassword($password)
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql');

If you're working with PostgreSQL just use that dumper, most methods are available on both the MySql. and PostgreSql-dumper.

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\PostgreSql::create()
    ->setDbName($databaseName)
    ->setUserName($userName)
    ->setPassword($password)
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql');

If the mysqldump (or pg_dump) binary is installed in a non default location you can let the package know by using thesetDumpBinaryPath()-function:

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\MySql::create()
    ->setDumpBinaryPath('/custom/location')
    ->setDbName($databaseName)
    ->setUserName($userName)
    ->setPassword($password)
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql');

Dump specific tables

Using an array:

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\MySql::create()
    ->setDbName($databaseName)
    ->setUserName($userName)
    ->setPassword($password)
    ->includeTables(['table1', 'table2', 'table3'])
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql');

Using a string:

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\MySql::create()
    ->setDbName($databaseName)
    ->setUserName($userName)
    ->setPassword($password)
    ->includeTables('table1, table2, table3')
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql');

Excluding tables from the dump

Using an array:

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\MySql::create()
    ->setDbName($databaseName)
    ->setUserName($userName)
    ->setPassword($password)
    ->excludeTables(['table1', 'table2', 'table3'])
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql');

Using a string:

Spatie\DbDumper\Databases\MySql::create()
    ->setDbName($databaseName)
    ->setUserName($userName)
    ->setPassword($password)
    ->excludeTables('table1, table2, table3')
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql');

Adding extra options

If you want to add an arbitrary option to the dump command you can use addExtraOption

$dumpCommand = MySql::create()
    ->setDbName('dbname')
    ->setUserName('username')
    ->setPassword('password')
    ->addExtraOption('--xml')
    ->getDumpCommand('dump.sql', 'credentials.txt');

If you're working with MySql you can set the database name using --databases as an extra option. This is particularly useful when used in conjunction with the --add-drop-database mysqldump option (see the mysqldump docs).

$dumpCommand = MySql::create()
    ->setUserName('username')
    ->setPassword('password')
    ->addExtraOption('--databases dbname')
    ->addExtraOption('--add-drop-database')
    ->getDumpCommand('dump.sql', 'credentials.txt');

Please note that using the ->addExtraOption('--databases dbname') will override the database name set on a previous ->setDbName() call.

Using compression

If you want to compress the outputted file, you can use one of the compressors and the resulted dump file will be compressed.

There is one compressor that comes out of the box: GzipCompressor. It will compress your db dump with gzip. Make sure gzip is installed on your system before using this.

$dumpCommand = MySql::create()
    ->setDbName('dbname')
    ->setUserName('username')
    ->setPassword('password')
    ->useCompressor(new GzipCompressor())
    ->dumpToFile('dump.sql.gz');

Creating your own compressor

You can create you own compressor implementing the Compressor interface. Here's how that interface looks like:

namespace Spatie\DbDumper\Compressors;

interface Compressor
{
    public function useCommand(): string;
    
    public function useExtension(): string;
}

The useCommand should simply return the compression command the db dump will get pumped to. Here's the implementation of GzipCompression.

namespace Spatie\DbDumper\Compressors;

class GzipCompressor implements Compressor
{
    public function useCommand(): string
    {
        return 'gzip';
    }
    
    public function useExtension(): string
    {
        return 'gz';
    }
}

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information what has changed recently.

Testing

$ composer test

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Security

If you discover any security related issues, please email freek@spatie.be instead of using the issue tracker.

Postcardware

You're free to use this package, but if it makes it to your production environment we highly appreciate you sending us a postcard from your hometown, mentioning which of our package(s) you are using.

Our address is: Spatie, Samberstraat 69D, 2060 Antwerp, Belgium.

We publish all received postcards on our company website.

Credits

Initial PostgreSQL support was contributed by Adriano Machado. SQlite support was contributed by Peter Matseykanets.

Support us

Spatie is a webdesign agency based in Antwerp, Belgium. You'll find an overview of all our open source projects on our website.

Does your business depend on our contributions? Reach out and support us on Patreon. All pledges will be dedicated to allocating workforce on maintenance and new awesome stuff.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.