PHP
Clone or download

README.md

A set of useful Laravel collection macros

Latest Version on Packagist StyleCI Build Status SensioLabsInsight Quality Score Total Downloads

This repository contains some useful collection macros.

Spatie is a webdesign agency based in Antwerp, Belgium. You'll find an overview of all our open source projects on our website.

Postcardware

You're free to use this package (it's MIT-licensed), but if it makes it to your production environment you are required to send us a postcard from your hometown, mentioning which of our package(s) you are using.

Our address is: Spatie, Samberstraat 69D, 2060 Antwerp, Belgium.

The best postcards will get published on the open source page on our website.

Installation

You can pull in the package via composer:

composer require spatie/laravel-collection-macros

The package will automatically register itself.

Macros

after

Get the next item from the collection.

$collection = collect([1,2,3]);

$currentItem = 2;

$currentItem = $collection->after($currentItem); // return 3;
$collection->after($currentItem); // return null;

$currentItem = $collection->after(function($item) {
    return $item > 1;
}); // return 3;

You can also pass a second parameter to be used as a fallback.

$collection = collect([1,2,3]);

$currentItem = 3;

$collection->after($currentItem, $collection->first()); // return 1;

at

Retrieve an item at an index.

$data = new Collection([1, 2, 3]);

$data->at(0); // 1
$data->at(1); // 2
$data->at(-1); // 3

before

Get the previous item from the collection.

$collection = collect([1,2,3]);

$currentItem = 2;

$currentItem = $collection->before($currentItem); // return 1;
$collection->before($currentItem); // return null;

$currentItem = $collection->before(function($item) {
    return $item > 2;
}); // return 2;

You can also pass a second parameter to be used as a fallback.

$collection = collect([1,2,3]);

$currentItem = 1;

$collection->before($currentItem, $collection->last()); // return 3;

chunkBy

Chunks the values from a collection into groups as long the given callback is true. If the optional parameter $preserveKeys as true is passed, it will preserve the original keys.

collect(['A', 'A', 'B', 'A'])->chunkBy(function($item) {
    return $item == 'A';
}); // return Collection([['A', 'A'],['B'], ['A']])

collect

Get an item at a given key, and collect it.

$collection = collect([
    'foo' => [1, 2, 3],
    'bar' => [4, 5, 6],
]);

$collection->collect('foo'); // Collection([1, 2, 3])

You can also pass a second parameter to be used as a fallback.

$collection = collect([
    'foo' => [1, 2, 3],
    'bar' => [4, 5, 6],
]);

$collection->collect('baz', ['Nope']); // Collection(['Nope'])

eachCons

Get the following consecutive neighbours in a collection from a given chunk size. If the optional parameter $preserveKeys as true is passed, it will preserve the original keys.

collect([1, 2, 3, 4])->eachCons(2); // return collect([[1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 4]])

extract

Extract keys from a collection. This is very similar to only, with two key differences:

  • extract returns an array of values, not an associative array
  • If a value doesn't exist, it will fill the value with null instead of omitting it

extract is useful when using PHP 7.1 short list() syntax.

[$name, $role] = collect($user)->extract('name', 'role.name');

filterMap

Map a collection and remove falsy values in one go.

$collection = collect([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6])->filterMap(function ($number) {
    $quotient = $number / 3;

    return is_integer($quotient) ? $quotient : null;
});

$collection->toArray(); // returns [1, 2]

firstOrfail

Get the first item. Throws Spatie\CollectionMacros\Exceptions\CollectionItemNotFound if the item was not found.

$collection = collect([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6])->firstOrFail();

$collection->toArray(); // returns [1]

collect([])->firstOrFail(); // throws Spatie\CollectionMacros\Exceptions\CollectionItemNotFound

fromPairs

Transform a collection into an associative array form collection item.

$collection = collect(['a', 'b'], ['c', 'd'], ['e', 'f'])->fromPairs();

$collection->toArray(); // returns ['a' => 'b', 'c' => 'd', 'e' => 'f']

glob

Returns a collection of a glob() result.

Collection::glob('config/*.php');

groupByModel

Similar to groupBy, but groups the collection by an Eloquent model. Since the key is an object instead of an integer or string, the results are divided into separate arrays.

$posts->groupByModel('category');

// [
//     [$categoryA, [/*...$posts*/]],
//     [$categoryB, [/*...$posts*/]],
// ];

Full signature: groupByModel($callback, $preserveKeys, $modelKey, $itemsKey)

ifAny

Executes the passed callable if the collection isn't empty. The entire collection will be returned.

collect()->ifAny(function(Collection $collection) { // empty collection so this won't get called
   echo 'Hello';
});

collect([1, 2, 3])->ifAny(function(Collection $collection) { // non-empty collection so this will get called
   echo 'Hello';
});

ifEmpty

Executes the passed callable if the collection is empty. The entire collection will be returned.

collect()->ifEmpty(function(Collection $collection) { // empty collection so this will called
   echo 'Hello';
});

collect([1, 2, 3])->ifEmpty(function(Collection $collection) { // non-empty collection so this won't get called
   echo 'Hello';
});

none

Checks whether a collection doesn't contain any occurrences of a given item, key-value pair, or passing truth test. The function accepts the same parameters as the contains collection method.

collect(['foo'])->none('bar'); // returns true
collect(['foo'])->none('foo'); // returns false

collect([['name' => 'foo']])->none('name', 'bar'); // returns true
collect([['name' => 'foo']])->none('name', 'foo'); // returns false

collect(['name' => 'foo'])->none(function ($key, $value) {
   return $key === 'name' && $value === 'bar';
}); // returns true

paginate

Create a LengthAwarePaginator instance for the items in the collection.

collect($posts)->paginate(5);

This paginates the contents of $posts with 5 items per page. paginate accepts quite some options, head over to the Laravel docs for an in-depth guide.

paginate(int $perPage = 15, string $pageName = 'page', int $page = null, int $total = null, array $options = [])

parallelMap

Identical to map but each item in the collection will be processed in parallel. Before using this macro you should pull in the amphp/parallel-functions package.

composer require amphp/parallel-functions

Be aware that under the hood some overhead is introduced to make the parallel processing possible. When your $callable is only a simple operation it's probably better to use map instead. Also keep in mind that parallelMap can be memory intensive.

$pageSources = collect($urls)->parallelMap(function($url) {
    return file_get_contents($url);
});

The page contents of the given $urls will be fetched at the same time. The underlying amp sets a maximum of 32 concurrent processes by default.

There is a second (optional) parameter, through which you can define a custom parallel processing pool. It looks like this:

use Amp\Parallel\Worker\DefaultPool;

$pool = new DefaultPool(8);

$pageSources = collect($urls)->parallelMap(function($url) {
    return file_get_contents($url);
}, $pool);

If you don't need to extend the worker pool, or can't be bothered creating the new pool yourself; you can use an integer the the number of workers you'd like to use. A new DefaultPool will be created for you:

$pageSources = collect($urls)->parallelMap(function($url) {
    return file_get_contents($url);
}, 8);

This helps to reduce the memory overhead, as the default worker pool limit is 32 (as defined in amphp/parallel). Using fewer worker threads can significantly reduce memory and processing overhead, in many cases. Benchmark and customise the worker thread limit to suit your particular use-case.

pluckToArray

Returns array of values of a given key.

$collection = collect([ 
    ['a' => 1, 'b' => 10], 
    ['a' => 2, 'b' => 20], 
    ['a' => 3, 'b' => 30] 
]);
    
$collection->pluckToArray('a'); // returns [1, 2, 3]

range

Creates a new collection instance with a range of numbers. This functions accepts the same parameters as PHP's standard range function.

collect()->range(1, 3)->toArray(); //returns [1,2,3]

rotate

Rotate the items in the collection with given offset

$collection = collect([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]);

$rotate = $collection->rotate(1);

$rotate->toArray();

// [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 1]

sectionBy

Splits a collection into sections grouped by a given key. Similar to groupBy but respects the order of the items in the collection and reuses existing keys.

$collection = collect([
    ['name' => 'Lesson 1', 'module' => 'Basics'],
    ['name' => 'Lesson 2', 'module' => 'Basics'],
    ['name' => 'Lesson 3', 'module' => 'Advanced'],
    ['name' => 'Lesson 4', 'module' => 'Advanced'],
    ['name' => 'Lesson 5', 'module' => 'Basics'],
]);

$collection->sectionBy('module');

// [
//     ['Basics', [
//         ['name' => 'Lesson 1', 'module' => 'Basics'],
//         ['name' => 'Lesson 2', 'module' => 'Basics'],
//     ]],
//     ['Advanced', [
//         ['name' => 'Lesson 3', 'module' => 'Advanced'],
//         ['name' => 'Lesson 4', 'module' => 'Advanced'],
//     ]],
//     ['Basics', [
//         ['name' => 'Lesson 5', 'module' => 'Basics'],
//     ]],
// ];

Full signature: sectionBy($callback, $preserveKeys, $sectionKey, $itemsKey)

simplePaginate

Create a Paginator instance for the items in the collection.

collect($posts)->simplePaginate(5);

This paginates the contents of $posts with 5 items per page. simplePaginate accepts quite some options, head over to the Laravel docs for an in-depth guide.

simplePaginate(int $perPage = 15, string $pageName = 'page', int $page = null, int $total = null, array $options = [])

For a in-depth guide on pagination, check out the Laravel docs.

sliceBefore

Slice the values out from a collection before the given callback is true. If the optional parameter $preserveKeys as true is passed, it will preserve the original keys.

collect([20, 51, 10, 50, 66])->sliceBefore(function($item) {
    return $item > 50;
}); // return collect([[20],[51, 10, 50], [66])

tail

Extract the tail from a collection. So everything except the first element. It's a shorthand for slice(1)->values(), but nevertheless very handy. If the optional parameter $preserveKeys as true is passed, it will preserve the keys and fallback to slice(1).

collect([1, 2, 3])->tail(); // return collect([2, 3])

toPairs

Transform a collection into an array with pairs.

$collection = collect(['a' => 'b', 'c' => 'd', 'e' => 'f'])->toPairs();

$collection->toArray(); // returns ['a', 'b'], ['c', 'd'], ['e', 'f']

transpose

The goal of transpose is to rotate a multidimensional array, turning the rows into columns and the columns into rows.

collect([
    ['Jane', 'Bob', 'Mary'],
    ['jane@example.com', 'bob@example.com', 'mary@example.com'],
    ['Doctor', 'Plumber', 'Dentist'],
])->transpose()->toArray();

// [
//     ['Jane', 'jane@example.com', 'Doctor'],
//     ['Bob', 'bob@example.com', 'Plumber'],
//     ['Mary', 'mary@example.com', 'Dentist'],
// ]

validate

Returns true if the given $callback returns true for every item. If $callback is a string or an array, regard it as a validation rule.

collect(['foo', 'foo'])->validate(function ($item) {
   return $item === 'foo';
}); // returns true


collect(['sebastian@spatie.be', 'bla'])->validate('email'); // returns false
collect(['sebastian@spatie.be', 'freek@spatie.be'])->validate('email'); // returns true

withSize

Create a new collection with the specified amount of items.

Collection::withSize(1)->toArray(); // return [1];
Collection::withSize(5)->toArray(); // return [1,2,3,4,5];

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information what has changed recently.

Testing

$ composer test

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Security

If you discover any security related issues, please email freek@spatie.be instead of using the issue tracker.

Credits

About Spatie

Spatie is a webdesign agency based in Antwerp, Belgium. You'll find an overview of all our open source projects on our website.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.