Pragmatically search through models and other sources
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README.md

𝕷𝖆𝖗𝖆𝖛𝖊𝖑 𝕾𝖊𝖆𝖗𝖈𝖍𝖆𝖇𝖑𝖊

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This package makes it easy to get structured search from a variety of sources. Here's an example where we search through some models. We already did some small preparation on the models themselves.

$searchResults = (new Search())
   ->registerModel(User::class, 'name')
   ->registerModel(BlogPost::class, 'title')
   ->search('john');

The search will be performed case insensitive. $searchResults now contains all User models that contain john in the name attribute and BlogPosts that contain 'john' in the title attribute.

In your view you can now loop over the search results:

<h1>Search</h1>

There are {{ $searchResults->count() }} results.

@foreach($searchResults->groupByType() as $type => $modelSearchResults)
   <h2>{{ $type }}</h2>
   
   @foreach($modelSearchResults as $searchResult)
       <ul>
            <li><a href="{{ $searchResult->url }}">{{ $searchResult->title }}</a></li>
       </ul>
   @endforeach
@endforeach

In this example we used models, but you can easily add a search aspect for an external API, list of files or an array of values.

Installation

You can install the package via composer:

composer require spatie/laravel-searchable

Usage

Preparing your models

In order to search through models you'll have to let them implement the Searchable interface.

namespace Spatie\Searchable;

interface Searchable
{
    public function getSearchResult(): SearchResult;
}

You'll only need to add a getSearchResult method to each searchable model that must return an instance of SearchResult. Here's how it could look like for a blog post model.

use Spatie\Searchable\Searchable;
use Spatie\Searchable\SearchResult;

class BlogPost extends Model implements Searchable
{
     public function getSearchResult(): SearchResult
     {
        $url = route('blogPost.show', $this->slug);
     
         return new \Spatie\Searchable\SearchResult(
            $this,
            $this->title,
            $url
         );
     }
}

Searching models

With the models prepared you can search them like this:

$searchResults = (new Search())
   ->registerModel(User::class, 'name')
   ->search('john');

The search will be performed case insensitive. $searchResults now contains all User models that contain john in the name attribute.

You can also pass multiple attributes to search through:

// use multiple model attributes

$searchResults = (new Search())
   ->registerModel(User::class, 'first_name', 'last_name')
   ->search('john');
   
// or use an array of model attributes

$searchResults = (new Search())
   ->registerModel(User::class, ['first_name', 'last_name'])
   ->search('john');

To get fine grained control you can also use a callable. This way you can also search for exact matches.

$searchResults = (new Search())
   ->registerModel(User::class, function(ModelSearchAspect $modelSearchAspect) {
       $modelSearchAspect
          ->addSearchableAttribute('name') // return results for partial matches on usernames
          ->addExactSearchableAttribute('email'); // only return results that exactly match the e-mail address
});

Creating custom search aspects

You are not limited to only registering basic models as search aspects. You can easily create your own, custom search aspects by extending the SearchAspect class.

Consider the following custom search aspect to search an external API:

class OrderSearchAspect extends SearchAspect
{
    public function getResults(string $term): Collection
    {
        return OrderApi::searchOrders($term);
    }
}

This is how you can use it:

$searchResults = (new Search())
   ->registerAspect(OrderSearchAspect::class)
   ->search('john')

Rendering search results

Here's an example on rendering search results:

<h1>Search</h1>

There are {{ $searchResults->count() }} results.

@foreach($searchResults->groupByType() as $type => $modelSearchResults)
   <h2>{{ $type }}</h2>
   
   @foreach($modelSearchResults as $searchResult)
       <ul>
            <a href="{{ $searchResult->url }}">{{ $searchResult->title }}</a>
       </ul>
   @endforeach
@endforeach

You can customize the $type by adding a static property $searchType on your model or custom search aspect

class BlogPost extends Model implements Searchable
{
    static $searchType = 'custom named aspect';
}

Testing

composer test

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information on what has changed recently.

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Security

If you discover any security related issues, please email freek@spatie.be instead of using the issue tracker.

Postcardware

You're free to use this package, but if it makes it to your production environment we highly appreciate you sending us a postcard from your hometown, mentioning which of our package(s) you are using.

Our address is: Spatie, Samberstraat 69D, 2060 Antwerp, Belgium.

We publish all received postcards on our company website.

Credits

Support us

Spatie is a webdesign agency based in Antwerp, Belgium. You'll find an overview of all our open source projects on our website.

Does your business depend on our contributions? Reach out and support us on Patreon. All pledges will be dedicated to allocating workforce on maintenance and new awesome stuff.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.