A fluent builder Schema.org types and ld+json generator
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README.md

A Fluent Builder For Schema.org Types And ld+json Generator

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spatie/schema-org provides a fluent builder for all Schema.org types and their properties. The code in src is generated from Schema.org's RFDa standards file, so it provides objects and methods for the entire core vocabulary. The classes and methods are also fully documented as a quick reference.

use Spatie\SchemaOrg\Schema;

$localBusiness = Schema::localBusiness()
    ->name('Spatie')
    ->email('info@spatie.be')
    ->contactPoint(Schema::contactPoint()->areaServed('Worldwide'));

$localBusiness->toScript();
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
    "@context": "http:\/\/schema.org",
    "@type": "LocalBusiness",
    "name": "Spatie",
    "email": "info@spatie.be",
    "contactPoint": {
        "@type": "ContactPoint",
        "areaServed": "Worldwide"
    }
}
</script>

Installation

You can install the package via composer:

composer require spatie/schema-org

Usage

All types can be instantiated though the Spatie\SchemaOrg\Schema factory class, or with the new keyword.

$localBusiness = Schema::localBusiness()->name('Spatie');

// Is equivalent to:

$localBusiness = new LocalBusiness();
$localBusiness->name('Spatie');

All types also accept arrays of the expected data type, for example sameAs accepts a string or an array of strings.

All types also implement the SPL's ArrayAccess for accessing the properties via array notation:

$anotherLocalBusiness = new LocalBusiness();
var_dump(isset($anotherLocalBusiness['name'])); // => false
$anotherLocalBusiness['name'] = 'Spatie';
var_dump(isset($anotherLocalBusiness['name'])); // => true
var_dump($anotherLocalBusiness['name']); // => 'Spatie'
unset($anotherLocalBusiness['name']);
var_dump(isset($anotherLocalBusiness['name'])); // => false

Types can be converted to an array or rendered to a script.

$localBusiness->toArray();

$localBusiness->toScript();

echo $localBusiness; // Same output as `toScript()`

Additionally, all types can be converted to a plain JSON string by just calling json_encode() with your object:

echo json_encode($localBusiness);

Enumerations

As of v1.6.0, all Enumeration child types are available as classes with constants.

Schema::book()->bookFormat(Spatie\Schema\BookFormatType::Hardcover);

There's no full API documentation for types and properties. You can refer to the source or to the schema.org website.

If you don't want to break the chain of a large schema object, you can use the if method to conditionally modify the schema.

use Spatie\SchemaOrg\LocalBusiness;
use Spatie\SchemaOrg\Schema;

$business = ['name' => 'Spatie'];

$localBusiness = Schema::localBusiness()
    ->name($business['name'])
    ->if(isset($business['email']), function (LocalBusiness $schema) {
        $schema->email($business['email']);
    });

I recommended double checking your structured data with Google's structured data testing tool

Advanced Usage

If you'd need to set a custom property, you can use the setProperty method.

$localBusiness->setProperty('foo', 'bar');

If you'd need to retrieve a property, you can use the getProperty method. You can optionally pass in a second parameter to provide a default value.

$localBusiness->getProperty('name'); // 'Spatie'
$localBusiness->getProperty('bar'); // null
$localBusiness->getProperty('bar', 'baz'); // 'baz'

All properties can be retrieved as an array with the getProperties method.

$localBusiness->getProperties(); // ['name' => 'Spatie', ...]

Multiple properties can be set at once using the addProperties method.

$localBusiness->addProperties(['name' => 'value', 'foo' => 'bar']);

Context and type can be retrieved with the getContext and getType methods.

$localBusiness->getContext(); // 'http://schema.org'
$localBusiness->getType(); // 'LocalBusiness'

Known Issues

Type Inheritance

The spec rdfa document that's used to generate this code uses single inheritance for the types. However, the spec on http://schema.org uses multiple inheritance in some cases. Read the docs and use Google's structured data testing tool to ensure you're on the right track!

For example, according to the rdfa, a LocalBusiness inherits properties from Organization. However, if you visit the spec page on Schema.org, it inherits properties from Organization and Place. The current solution is by manually specifying properties on the item, as described above in advanced usage.

Schema::localBusiness()

    // `address` is part of `Organization`, so the method exists
    ->address(/* ... */)

    // `openingHoursSpecification` is part of `Place`, so we need to manually add it
    ->setProperty('openingHoursSpecification', /* ... */);

Other Minor Issues

  • The Float type isn't available since it's a reserved keyword in PHP
  • The Physician type isn't available since it extends a type from the health extension spec

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information what has changed recently.

Testing

$ composer test

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Security

If you discover any security related issues, please email freek@spatie.be instead of using the issue tracker.

Postcardware

You're free to use this package, but if it makes it to your production environment we highly appreciate you sending us a postcard from your hometown, mentioning which of our package(s) you are using.

Our address is: Spatie, Samberstraat 69D, 2060 Antwerp, Belgium.

We publish all received postcards on our company website.

Credits

Support us

Spatie is a webdesign agency based in Antwerp, Belgium. You'll find an overview of all our open source projects on our website.

Does your business depend on our contributions? Reach out and support us on Patreon. All pledges will be dedicated to allocating workforce on maintenance and new awesome stuff.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.