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SPDK Vagrant and VirtualBox

The following guide explains how to use the scripts in the spdk/scripts/vagrant. Both Mac and Windows platforms are supported.

  1. Install and configure Git on your platform.
  2. Install VirtualBox 5.1 or newer
  3. Install VirtualBox Extension Pack
  4. Install and configure Vagrant 1.9.4 or newer

Mac OSX Setup (High Sierra)

OSX platforms already have Git installed, however, installing the Apple xCode developer kit and xCode Command Line tools will provide UNIX command line tools such as make, awk, sed, ssh, tar, and zip. xCode can be installed through the App Store on you Mac.

Quick start instructions for OSX:

  1. Install Homebrew
  2. Install Virtual Box Cask
  3. Install Virtual Box Extentions
  4. Install Vagrant Cask
   /usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
   brew doctor
   brew update
   brew cask install virtualbox
   brew cask install virtualbox-extension-pack
   brew cask install vagrant

Windows 10 Setup

  1. Windows platforms should install Git from git-scm.com.
    • This provides everything needed to use git on Windows, including a git-bash command line environment.
  2. Install VirtualBox 5.1 or newer
  3. Install VirtualBox Extension Pack
  4. Install and configure Vagrant 1.9.4 or newer
  • Note: VirtualBox requires virtualization to be enabled in the BIOS.
  • Note: You should disable Hyper-V in Windows RS 3 laptop. Search windows features uncheck Hyper-V, restart laptop

Configure Vagrant

If you are behind a corporate firewall, configure the following proxy settings.

  1. Set the http_proxy and https_proxy
  2. Install the proxyconf plugin
  $ export http_proxy=....
  $ export https_proxy=....
  $ vagrant plugin install vagrant-proxyconf

Download SPDK from GitHub

Use git to clone a new spdk repository. GerritHub can also be used. See the instructions at spdk.io to setup your GerritHub account. Note that this spdk repository will be rsync'd into your VM, so you can use this repository to continue development within the VM.

Create a Virtual Box

Use the spdk/scripts/vagrant/create_vbox.sh script to create a VM of your choice. Supported VM platforms are:

  • centos7
  • ubuntu16
  • ubuntu18
  • fedora26
  • fedora27
  • freebsd11
$ spdk/scripts/vagrant/create_vbox.sh -h
 Usage: create_vbox.sh [-n <num-cpus>] [-s <ram-size>] [-x <http-proxy>] [-hvr] <distro>

  distro = <centos7 | ubuntu16 | ubuntu18 | fedora26 | fedora27 | freebsd11>

  -s <ram-size> in kb       default: 4096
  -n <num-cpus> 1 to 4      default: 4
  -x <http-proxy>           default: ""
  -r dry-run
  -h help
  -v verbose


  spdk/scripts/vagrant/create_vbox.sh -x http://user:password@host:port fedora27
  spdk/scripts/vagrant/create_vbox.sh -s 2048 -n 2 ubuntu16
  spdk/scripts/vagrant/create_vbox.sh -rv freebsd
  spdk/scripts/vagrant/create_vbox.sh fedora26

It is recommended that you call the create_vbox.sh script from outside of the spdk repository. Call this script from a parent directory. This will allow the creation of multiple VMs in separate directories, all using the same spdk repository. For example:

   $ spdk/scripts/vagrant/create_vbox.sh -s 2048 -n 2 fedora26

This script will:

  1. create a subdirectory named in your $PWD
  2. copy the needed files from spdk/scripts/vagrant/ into the directory
  3. create a working virtual box in the directory
  4. rsycn the ~/.gitconfig file to /home/vagrant/ in the newly provisioned virtual box
  5. rsync a copy of the source spdk repository to /home/vagrant/spdk_repo/spdk
  6. rsync a copy of the ~/vagrant_tools directory to /home/vagrant/tools (optional)

This arrangement allows the provisioning of multiple, different VMs within that same directory hiearchy using the same spdk repository. Following the creation of the vm you'll need to ssh into your virtual box and finish the VM initializaton.

  $ cd <distro>
  $ vagrant ssh

Finish VM Initializtion

A copy of the spdk repository you cloned will exist in the spdk_repo directory of the /home/vagrant user account. After using vagrant ssh to enter your VM you must complete the initialization of your VM by running the scripts/vagrant/update.sh script. For example:

   $ script -c 'sudo spdk_repo/spdk/scripts/vagrant/update.sh' update.log

The update.sh script completes initialization of the VM by automating the following steps.

  1. Runs yum/apt-get update (Linux)
  2. Runs the scripts/pdkdep.sh script
  3. Installs the FreeBSD source in /usr/sys (FreeBSD only)

This only needs to be done once.

Post VM Initializtion

Following VM initializtion you must:

  1. Verify you have an emulated NVMe device
  2. Compile your spdk source tree
  3. Run the hello_world example to validate the environment is set up correctly

Verify you have an emulated NVMe device

  $ lspci | grep "Non-Volatile"
  00:0e.0 Non-Volatile memory controller: InnoTek Systemberatung GmbH Device 4e56

Compile SPDK

  $ cd spdk_repo/spdk
  $ git submodule update --init
  $ ./configure --enable-debug
  $ make

Run the hello_world example script

  $ sudo scripts/setup.sh
  $ cd examples/bdev/hello_world
  $ sudo ./hello_bdev

Additional Setup for Fedora 26

As of this writing the vm_setup.sh script only supports Fedora 26. To complete the full installation of all packages needed to run autotest.sh on your fedora26 VM, run the spdk/test/common/config/vm_setup.sh script. Note: this will take some time. It is recommended that the output of vm_setup.sh is captured in a script log.

   $ script -c 'spdk_repo/spdk/test/common/config/vm_setup.sh -i -t librxe,iscsi,rocksdb,fio,flamegraph,libiscsi' vm_setup.log

Running autorun.sh with vagrant

After running vm_setup.sh the run-autorun.sh can be used to run spdk/autorun.sh on a Fedora 26 vagrant machine. Note that the spdk/scripts/vagrant/autorun-spdk.conf should be copied to ~/autorun-spdk.conf before starting your tests.

   $ cp spdk/scripts/vagrant/autorun-spdk.conf ~/
   $ spdk/scripts/vagrant/run-autorun.sh -h
     Usage: scripts/vagrant/run-autorun.sh -d <path_to_spdk_tree> [-h] | [-q] | [-n]
       -d : Specify a path to an SPDK source tree
       -q : No output to screen
       -n : Noop - dry-run
       -h : This help

         run-spdk-autotest.sh -d . -q
         run-spdk-autotest.sh -d /home/vagrant/spdk_repo/spdk

FreeBSD Appendix

NOTE: As of this writing the FreeBSD Virtualbox instance does not correctly support the vagrant-proxyconf feature.

The following steps are done by the update.sh script. It is recommened that you capture the output of update.sh with a typescript. E.g.:

  $ script update.log sudo spdk_repo/spdk/scripts/vagrant/update.sh
  1. Updates the pkg catalog
  2. Installs the needed FreeBSD packages on the system by calling pkgdep.sh
  3. Installs the FreeBSD source in /usr/src
   $ sudo pkg upgrade -f
   $ sudo spdk_repo/spdk/scripts/pkgdep.sh
   $ sudo git clone --depth 10 -b releases/11.1.0 https://github.com/freebsd/freebsd.git /usr/src

To build spdk on FreeBSD use gmake MAKE=gmake. E.g.:

    $ cd spdk_repo/spdk
    $ git submodule update --init
    $ ./configure --enable-debug
    $ gmake MAKE=gmake