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The SpeechBrain Toolkit

drawing

SpeechBrain is an open-source and all-in-one speech toolkit based on PyTorch.

The goal is to create a single, flexible, and user-friendly toolkit that can be used to easily develop state-of-the-art speech technologies, including systems for speech recognition, speaker recognition, speech enhancement, multi-microphone signal processing and many others.

SpeechBrain is currently in beta.

News: the call for new sponsors (2022) is open. Take a look here if you are interested!

| Discourse | Tutorials | Website | Documentation | Contributing | HuggingFace |

Key features

SpeechBrain provides various useful tools to speed up and facilitate research on speech technologies:

  • Various pretrained models nicely integrated with drawing (HuggingFace) in our official organization account. These models are given with an interface to easily run inference, facilitating integration. If a HuggingFace model isn't available, we usually provide a least a Google Drive folder containing all the experimental results corresponding.
  • The Brain class, a fully-customizable tool for managing training and evaluation loops over data. The annoying details of training loops are handled for you while retaining complete flexibility to override any part of the process when needed.
  • A YAML-based hyperparameter specification language that describes all types of hyperparameters, from individual numbers (e.g. learning rate) to complete objects (e.g. custom models). This dramatically simplifies recipe code by distilling basic algorithmic components.
  • Multi-GPU training and inference with PyTorch Data-Parallel or Distributed Data-Parallel.
  • Mixed-precision for faster training.
  • A transparent and entirely customizable data input and output pipeline. SpeechBrain follows the PyTorch data loader and dataset style and enables users to customize the i/o pipelines (e.g adding on-the-fly downsampling, BPE tokenization, sorting, threshold ...).
  • A nice integration of sharded data with WebDataset optimized for very large datasets on Nested File Systems (NFS).

Speech recognition

SpeechBrain supports state-of-the-art methods for end-to-end speech recognition:

  • Support of wav2vec 2.0 pretrained model with finetuning.
  • State-of-the-art performance or comparable with other existing toolkits in several ASR benchmarks.
  • Easily customizable neural language models including RNNLM and TransformerLM. We also propose few pre-trained models to save you computations (more to come!). We support the Hugging Face dataset to facilitate the training over a large text dataset.
  • Hybrid CTC/Attention end-to-end ASR:
    • Many available encoders: CRDNN (VGG + {LSTM,GRU,LiGRU} + DNN), ResNet, SincNet, vanilla transformers, contextnet-based transformers or conformers. Thanks to the flexibility of SpeechBrain, any fully customized encoder could be connected to the CTC/attention decoder and trained in few hours of work. The decoder is fully customizable as well: LSTM, GRU, LiGRU, transformer, or your neural network!
    • Optimised and fast beam search on both CPUs or GPUs.
  • Transducer end-to-end ASR with a custom Numba loss to accelerate the training. Any encoder or decoder can be plugged into the transducer ranging from VGG+RNN+DNN to conformers.
  • Pre-trained ASR models for transcribing an audio file or extracting features for a downstream task.

Feature extraction and augmentation

SpeechBrain provides efficient and GPU-friendly speech augmentation pipelines and acoustic feature extraction:

  • On-the-fly and fully-differentiable acoustic feature extraction: filter banks can be learned. This simplifies the training pipeline (you don't have to dump features on disk).
  • On-the-fly feature normalization (global, sentence, batch, or speaker level).
  • On-the-fly environmental corruptions based on noise, reverberation, and babble for robust model training.
  • On-the-fly frequency and time domain SpecAugment.

Speaker recognition, identification and diarization

SpeechBrain provides different models for speaker recognition, identification, and diarization on different datasets:

  • State-of-the-art performance on speaker recognition and diarization based on ECAPA-TDNN models.
  • Original Xvectors implementation (inspired by Kaldi) with PLDA.
  • Spectral clustering for speaker diarization (combined with speakers embeddings).
  • Libraries to extract speaker embeddings with a pre-trained model on your data.

Speech Translation

  • Recipes for transformer and conformer-based end-to-end speech translation.
  • Possibility to choose between normal training (Attention), multi-objectives (CTC+Attention) and multitasks (ST + ASR).

Speech enhancement and separation

  • Recipes for spectral masking, spectral mapping, and time-domain speech enhancement.
  • Multiple sophisticated enhancement losses, including differentiable STOI loss, MetricGAN, and mimic loss.
  • State-of-the-art performance on speech separation with Conv-TasNet, DualPath RNN, and SepFormer.

Multi-microphone processing

Combining multiple microphones is a powerful approach to achieve robustness in adverse acoustic environments:

  • Delay-and-sum, MVDR, and GeV beamforming.
  • Speaker localization.

Performance

The recipes released with speechbrain implement speech processing systems with competitive or state-of-the-art performance. In the following, we report the best performance achieved on some popular benchmarks:

Dataset Task System Performance
LibriSpeech Speech Recognition CNN + Transformer WER=2.46% (test-clean)
TIMIT Speech Recognition CRDNN + distillation PER=13.1% (test)
TIMIT Speech Recognition wav2vec2 + CTC/Att. PER=8.04% (test)
CommonVoice (English) Speech Recognition wav2vec2 + CTC WER=15.69% (test)
CommonVoice (French) Speech Recognition wav2vec2 + CTC WER=9.96% (test)
CommonVoice (Italian) Speech Recognition wav2vec2 + seq2seq WER=9.86% (test)
CommonVoice (Kinyarwanda) Speech Recognition wav2vec2 + seq2seq WER=18.91% (test)
AISHELL (Mandarin) Speech Recognition wav2vec2 + seq2seq CER=5.58% (test)
Fisher-callhome (spanish) Speech translation conformer (ST + ASR) BLEU=48.04 (test)
VoxCeleb2 Speaker Verification ECAPA-TDNN EER=0.69% (vox1-test)
AMI Speaker Diarization ECAPA-TDNN DER=3.01% (eval)
VoiceBank Speech Enhancement MetricGAN+ PESQ=3.08 (test)
WSJ2MIX Speech Separation SepFormer SDRi=22.6 dB (test)
WSJ3MIX Speech Separation SepFormer SDRi=20.0 dB (test)
WHAM! Speech Separation SepFormer SDRi= 16.4 dB (test)
WHAMR! Speech Separation SepFormer SDRi= 14.0 dB (test)
Libri2Mix Speech Separation SepFormer SDRi= 20.6 dB (test-clean)
Libri3Mix Speech Separation SepFormer SDRi= 18.7 dB (test-clean)
LibryParty Voice Activity Detection CRDNN F-score=0.9477 (test)
IEMOCAP Emotion Recognition wav2vec Accuracy=79.8% (test)
CommonLanguage Language Recognition ECAPA-TDNN Accuracy=84.9% (test)
Timers and Such Spoken Language Understanding CRDNN Sentence Accuracy=89.2% (test)

For more details, take a look into the corresponding implementation in recipes/dataset/.

Pretrained Models

Beyond providing recipes for training the models from scratch, SpeechBrain shares several pre-trained models (coupled with easy-inference functions) on HuggingFace. In the following, we report some of them:

Task Dataset Model
Speech Recognition LibriSpeech CNN + Transformer
Speech Recognition LibriSpeech CRDNN
Speech Recognition CommonVoice(English) wav2vec + CTC
Speech Recognition CommonVoice(French) wav2vec + CTC
Speech Recognition CommonVoice(Italian) wav2vec + CTC
Speech Recognition CommonVoice(Kinyarwanda) wav2vec + CTC
Speech Recognition AISHELL(Mandarin) wav2vec + CTC
Speaker Recognition Voxceleb ECAPA-TDNN
Speech Separation WHAMR! SepFormer
Speech Enhancement Voicebank MetricGAN+
Spoken Language Understanding Timers and Such CRDNN
Language Identification CommonLanguage ECAPA-TDNN

Documentation & Tutorials

SpeechBrain is designed to speed-up research and development of speech technologies. Hence, our code is backed-up with three different levels of documentation:

  • Low-level: during the review process of the different pull requests, we are focusing on the level of comments that are given. Hence, any complex functionality or long pipeline is supported with helpful comments enabling users to handily customize the code.
  • Functional-level: all classes in SpeechBrain contains a detailed docstring that details the input and output formats, the different arguments, the usage of the function, the potentially associated bibliography, and a function example that is used for test integration during pull requests. Such examples can also be used to manipulate a class or a function to properly understand what is exactly happening.
  • Educational-level: we provide various Google Colab (i.e. interactive) tutorials describing all the building-blocks of SpeechBrain ranging from the core of the toolkit to a specific model designed for a particular task. The number of available tutorials is expected to increase over time.

Under development

We are currently working towards integrating DNN-HMM for speech recognition and machine translation.

Quick installation

SpeechBrain is constantly evolving. New features, tutorials, and documentation will appear over time. SpeechBrain can be installed via PyPI to rapidly use the standard library. Moreover, a local installation can be used by those users that what to run experiments and modify/customize the toolkit. SpeechBrain supports both CPU and GPU computations. For most all the recipes, however, a GPU is necessary during training. Please note that CUDA must be properly installed to use GPUs.

Install via PyPI

Once you have created your Python environment (Python 3.8+) you can simply type:

pip install speechbrain

Then you can access SpeechBrain with:

import speechbrain as sb

Install with GitHub

Once you have created your Python environment (Python 3.8+) you can simply type:

git clone https://github.com/speechbrain/speechbrain.git
cd speechbrain
pip install -r requirements.txt
pip install --editable .

Then you can access SpeechBrain with:

import speechbrain as sb

Any modification made to the speechbrain package will be automatically interpreted as we installed it with the --editable flag.

Test Installation

Please, run the following script to make sure your installation is working:

pytest tests
pytest --doctest-modules speechbrain

Running an experiment

In SpeechBrain, you can run experiments in this way:

> cd recipes/<dataset>/<task>/
> python experiment.py params.yaml

The results will be saved in the output_folder specified in the yaml file. The folder is created by calling sb.core.create_experiment_directory() in experiment.py. Both detailed logs and experiment outputs are saved there. Furthermore, less verbose logs are output to stdout.

SpeechBrain Roadmap

As a community-based and open source project, SpeechBrain needs the help of its community to grow in the right direction. Opening the roadmap to our users enable the toolkit to benefit from new ideas, new research axes or even new technologies. The roadmap, available on our Discourse lists all the changes and updates that need to be done in the current version of SpeechBrain. Users are more than welcome to propose new items via new Discourse topics!

Learning SpeechBrain

Instead of a long and boring README, we prefer to provide you with different resources that can be used to learn how to customize SpeechBrain to adapt it to your needs:

  • General information can be found on the website.
  • We offer many tutorials, you can start out from the basic ones about SpeechBrain basic functionalities and building blocks. We provide also more advanced tutorials (e.g SpeechBrain advanced, signal processing ...). You can browse them via the Tutorials drop down menu on SpeechBrain website in the upper right.
  • Details on the SpeechBrain API, how to contribute, and the code are given in the documentation.

License

SpeechBrain is released under the Apache License, version 2.0. The Apache license is a popular BSD-like license. SpeechBrain can be redistributed for free, even for commercial purposes, although you can not take off the license headers (and under some circumstances, you may have to distribute a license document). Apache is not a viral license like the GPL, which forces you to release your modifications to the source code. Also note that this project has no connection to the Apache Foundation, other than that we use the same license terms.

Citing SpeechBrain

Please, cite SpeechBrain if you use it for your research or business.

@misc{speechbrain,
  title={{SpeechBrain}: A General-Purpose Speech Toolkit},
  author={Mirco Ravanelli and Titouan Parcollet and Peter Plantinga and Aku Rouhe and Samuele Cornell and Loren Lugosch and Cem Subakan and Nauman Dawalatabad and Abdelwahab Heba and Jianyuan Zhong and Ju-Chieh Chou and Sung-Lin Yeh and Szu-Wei Fu and Chien-Feng Liao and Elena Rastorgueva and François Grondin and William Aris and Hwidong Na and Yan Gao and Renato De Mori and Yoshua Bengio},
  year={2021},
  eprint={2106.04624},
  archivePrefix={arXiv},
  primaryClass={eess.AS},
  note={arXiv:2106.04624}
}