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"""
sphinx.ext.autodoc
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Automatically insert docstrings for functions, classes or whole modules into
the doctree, thus avoiding duplication between docstrings and documentation
for those who like elaborate docstrings.
:copyright: Copyright 2007-2019 by the Sphinx team, see AUTHORS.
:license: BSD, see LICENSE for details.
"""
import re
import warnings
from typing import Any
from docutils.statemachine import StringList
import sphinx
from sphinx.deprecation import RemovedInSphinx40Warning
from sphinx.ext.autodoc.importer import import_object, get_object_members
from sphinx.ext.autodoc.mock import mock
from sphinx.locale import _, __
from sphinx.pycode import ModuleAnalyzer, PycodeError
from sphinx.util import inspect
from sphinx.util import logging
from sphinx.util import rpartition
from sphinx.util.docstrings import prepare_docstring
from sphinx.util.inspect import (
Signature, getdoc, object_description, safe_getattr, safe_getmembers
)
if False:
# For type annotation
from types import ModuleType # NOQA
from typing import Callable, Dict, Iterator, List, Sequence, Set, Tuple, Type, Union # NOQA
from sphinx.application import Sphinx # NOQA
from sphinx.config import Config # NOQA
from sphinx.environment import BuildEnvironment # NOQA
from sphinx.ext.autodoc.directive import DocumenterBridge # NOQA
logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)
# This type isn't exposed directly in any modules, but can be found
# here in most Python versions
MethodDescriptorType = type(type.__subclasses__)
#: extended signature RE: with explicit module name separated by ::
py_ext_sig_re = re.compile(
r'''^ ([\w.]+::)? # explicit module name
([\w.]+\.)? # module and/or class name(s)
(\w+) \s* # thing name
(?: \((.*)\) # optional: arguments
(?:\s* -> \s* (.*))? # return annotation
)? $ # and nothing more
''', re.VERBOSE)
def identity(x):
# type: (Any) -> Any
return x
ALL = object()
INSTANCEATTR = object()
def members_option(arg):
# type: (Any) -> Union[object, List[str]]
"""Used to convert the :members: option to auto directives."""
if arg is None or arg is True:
return ALL
return [x.strip() for x in arg.split(',')]
def members_set_option(arg):
# type: (Any) -> Union[object, Set[str]]
"""Used to convert the :members: option to auto directives."""
if arg is None:
return ALL
return {x.strip() for x in arg.split(',')}
SUPPRESS = object()
def annotation_option(arg):
# type: (Any) -> Any
if arg is None:
# suppress showing the representation of the object
return SUPPRESS
else:
return arg
def bool_option(arg):
# type: (Any) -> bool
"""Used to convert flag options to auto directives. (Instead of
directives.flag(), which returns None).
"""
return True
def merge_special_members_option(options):
# type: (Dict) -> None
"""Merge :special-members: option to :members: option."""
if 'special-members' in options and options['special-members'] is not ALL:
if options.get('members') is ALL:
pass
elif options.get('members'):
for member in options['special-members']:
if member not in options['members']:
options['members'].append(member)
else:
options['members'] = options['special-members']
# Some useful event listener factories for autodoc-process-docstring.
def cut_lines(pre, post=0, what=None):
# type: (int, int, str) -> Callable
"""Return a listener that removes the first *pre* and last *post*
lines of every docstring. If *what* is a sequence of strings,
only docstrings of a type in *what* will be processed.
Use like this (e.g. in the ``setup()`` function of :file:`conf.py`)::
from sphinx.ext.autodoc import cut_lines
app.connect('autodoc-process-docstring', cut_lines(4, what=['module']))
This can (and should) be used in place of :confval:`automodule_skip_lines`.
"""
def process(app, what_, name, obj, options, lines):
# type: (Sphinx, str, str, Any, Any, List[str]) -> None
if what and what_ not in what:
return
del lines[:pre]
if post:
# remove one trailing blank line.
if lines and not lines[-1]:
lines.pop(-1)
del lines[-post:]
# make sure there is a blank line at the end
if lines and lines[-1]:
lines.append('')
return process
def between(marker, what=None, keepempty=False, exclude=False):
# type: (str, Sequence[str], bool, bool) -> Callable
"""Return a listener that either keeps, or if *exclude* is True excludes,
lines between lines that match the *marker* regular expression. If no line
matches, the resulting docstring would be empty, so no change will be made
unless *keepempty* is true.
If *what* is a sequence of strings, only docstrings of a type in *what* will
be processed.
"""
marker_re = re.compile(marker)
def process(app, what_, name, obj, options, lines):
# type: (Sphinx, str, str, Any, Any, List[str]) -> None
if what and what_ not in what:
return
deleted = 0
delete = not exclude
orig_lines = lines[:]
for i, line in enumerate(orig_lines):
if delete:
lines.pop(i - deleted)
deleted += 1
if marker_re.match(line):
delete = not delete
if delete:
lines.pop(i - deleted)
deleted += 1
if not lines and not keepempty:
lines[:] = orig_lines
# make sure there is a blank line at the end
if lines and lines[-1]:
lines.append('')
return process
# This class is used only in ``sphinx.ext.autodoc.directive``,
# But we define this class here to keep compatibility (see #4538)
class Options(dict):
"""A dict/attribute hybrid that returns None on nonexisting keys."""
def __getattr__(self, name):
# type: (str) -> Any
try:
return self[name.replace('_', '-')]
except KeyError:
return None
class Documenter:
"""
A Documenter knows how to autodocument a single object type. When
registered with the AutoDirective, it will be used to document objects
of that type when needed by autodoc.
Its *objtype* attribute selects what auto directive it is assigned to
(the directive name is 'auto' + objtype), and what directive it generates
by default, though that can be overridden by an attribute called
*directivetype*.
A Documenter has an *option_spec* that works like a docutils directive's;
in fact, it will be used to parse an auto directive's options that matches
the documenter.
"""
#: name by which the directive is called (auto...) and the default
#: generated directive name
objtype = 'object'
#: indentation by which to indent the directive content
content_indent = ' '
#: priority if multiple documenters return True from can_document_member
priority = 0
#: order if autodoc_member_order is set to 'groupwise'
member_order = 0
#: true if the generated content may contain titles
titles_allowed = False
option_spec = {'noindex': bool_option} # type: Dict[str, Callable]
def get_attr(self, obj, name, *defargs):
# type: (Any, str, Any) -> Any
"""getattr() override for types such as Zope interfaces."""
return autodoc_attrgetter(self.env.app, obj, name, *defargs)
@classmethod
def can_document_member(cls, member, membername, isattr, parent):
# type: (Any, str, bool, Any) -> bool
"""Called to see if a member can be documented by this documenter."""
raise NotImplementedError('must be implemented in subclasses')
def __init__(self, directive, name, indent=''):
# type: (DocumenterBridge, str, str) -> None
self.directive = directive
self.env = directive.env # type: BuildEnvironment
self.options = directive.genopt
self.name = name
self.indent = indent
# the module and object path within the module, and the fully
# qualified name (all set after resolve_name succeeds)
self.modname = None # type: str
self.module = None # type: ModuleType
self.objpath = None # type: List[str]
self.fullname = None # type: str
# extra signature items (arguments and return annotation,
# also set after resolve_name succeeds)
self.args = None # type: str
self.retann = None # type: str
# the object to document (set after import_object succeeds)
self.object = None # type: Any
self.object_name = None # type: str
# the parent/owner of the object to document
self.parent = None # type: Any
# the module analyzer to get at attribute docs, or None
self.analyzer = None # type: ModuleAnalyzer
@property
def documenters(self):
# type: () -> Dict[str, Type[Documenter]]
"""Returns registered Documenter classes"""
return get_documenters(self.env.app)
def add_line(self, line, source, *lineno):
# type: (str, str, int) -> None
"""Append one line of generated reST to the output."""
self.directive.result.append(self.indent + line, source, *lineno)
def resolve_name(self, modname, parents, path, base):
# type: (str, Any, str, Any) -> Tuple[str, List[str]]
"""Resolve the module and name of the object to document given by the
arguments and the current module/class.
Must return a pair of the module name and a chain of attributes; for
example, it would return ``('zipfile', ['ZipFile', 'open'])`` for the
``zipfile.ZipFile.open`` method.
"""
raise NotImplementedError('must be implemented in subclasses')
def parse_name(self):
# type: () -> bool
"""Determine what module to import and what attribute to document.
Returns True and sets *self.modname*, *self.objpath*, *self.fullname*,
*self.args* and *self.retann* if parsing and resolving was successful.
"""
# first, parse the definition -- auto directives for classes and
# functions can contain a signature which is then used instead of
# an autogenerated one
try:
explicit_modname, path, base, args, retann = \
py_ext_sig_re.match(self.name).groups()
except AttributeError:
logger.warning(__('invalid signature for auto%s (%r)') % (self.objtype, self.name),
type='autodoc')
return False
# support explicit module and class name separation via ::
if explicit_modname is not None:
modname = explicit_modname[:-2]
parents = path and path.rstrip('.').split('.') or []
else:
modname = None
parents = []
self.modname, self.objpath = self.resolve_name(modname, parents, path, base)
if not self.modname:
return False
self.args = args
self.retann = retann
self.fullname = (self.modname or '') + \
(self.objpath and '.' + '.'.join(self.objpath) or '')
return True
def import_object(self):
# type: () -> bool
"""Import the object given by *self.modname* and *self.objpath* and set
it as *self.object*.
Returns True if successful, False if an error occurred.
"""
with mock(self.env.config.autodoc_mock_imports):
try:
ret = import_object(self.modname, self.objpath, self.objtype,
attrgetter=self.get_attr,
warningiserror=self.env.config.autodoc_warningiserror)
self.module, self.parent, self.object_name, self.object = ret
return True
except ImportError as exc:
logger.warning(exc.args[0], type='autodoc', subtype='import_object')
self.env.note_reread()
return False
def get_real_modname(self):
# type: () -> str
"""Get the real module name of an object to document.
It can differ from the name of the module through which the object was
imported.
"""
return self.get_attr(self.object, '__module__', None) or self.modname
def check_module(self):
# type: () -> bool
"""Check if *self.object* is really defined in the module given by
*self.modname*.
"""
if self.options.imported_members:
return True
modname = self.get_attr(self.object, '__module__', None)
if inspect.ispartial(self.object) and modname == '_functools': # for pypy
return True
elif modname and modname != self.modname:
return False
return True
def format_args(self):
# type: () -> str
"""Format the argument signature of *self.object*.
Should return None if the object does not have a signature.
"""
return None
def format_name(self):
# type: () -> str
"""Format the name of *self.object*.
This normally should be something that can be parsed by the generated
directive, but doesn't need to be (Sphinx will display it unparsed
then).
"""
# normally the name doesn't contain the module (except for module
# directives of course)
return '.'.join(self.objpath) or self.modname
def format_signature(self):
# type: () -> str
"""Format the signature (arguments and return annotation) of the object.
Let the user process it via the ``autodoc-process-signature`` event.
"""
if self.args is not None:
# signature given explicitly
args = "(%s)" % self.args
else:
# try to introspect the signature
try:
args = self.format_args()
except Exception as err:
logger.warning(__('error while formatting arguments for %s: %s') %
(self.fullname, err), type='autodoc')
args = None
retann = self.retann
result = self.env.events.emit_firstresult('autodoc-process-signature',
self.objtype, self.fullname,
self.object, self.options, args, retann)
if result:
args, retann = result
if args is not None:
return args + (retann and (' -> %s' % retann) or '')
else:
return ''
def add_directive_header(self, sig):
# type: (str) -> None
"""Add the directive header and options to the generated content."""
domain = getattr(self, 'domain', 'py')
directive = getattr(self, 'directivetype', self.objtype)
name = self.format_name()
sourcename = self.get_sourcename()
self.add_line('.. %s:%s:: %s%s' % (domain, directive, name, sig),
sourcename)
if self.options.noindex:
self.add_line(' :noindex:', sourcename)
if self.objpath:
# Be explicit about the module, this is necessary since .. class::
# etc. don't support a prepended module name
self.add_line(' :module: %s' % self.modname, sourcename)
def get_doc(self, encoding=None, ignore=1):
# type: (str, int) -> List[List[str]]
"""Decode and return lines of the docstring(s) for the object."""
if encoding is not None:
warnings.warn("The 'encoding' argument to autodoc.%s.get_doc() is deprecated."
% self.__class__.__name__,
RemovedInSphinx40Warning)
docstring = getdoc(self.object, self.get_attr,
self.env.config.autodoc_inherit_docstrings)
if docstring:
return [prepare_docstring(docstring, ignore)]
return []
def process_doc(self, docstrings):
# type: (List[List[str]]) -> Iterator[str]
"""Let the user process the docstrings before adding them."""
for docstringlines in docstrings:
if self.env.app:
# let extensions preprocess docstrings
self.env.app.emit('autodoc-process-docstring',
self.objtype, self.fullname, self.object,
self.options, docstringlines)
yield from docstringlines
def get_sourcename(self):
# type: () -> str
if self.analyzer:
return '%s:docstring of %s' % (self.analyzer.srcname, self.fullname)
return 'docstring of %s' % self.fullname
def add_content(self, more_content, no_docstring=False):
# type: (Any, bool) -> None
"""Add content from docstrings, attribute documentation and user."""
# set sourcename and add content from attribute documentation
sourcename = self.get_sourcename()
if self.analyzer:
attr_docs = self.analyzer.find_attr_docs()
if self.objpath:
key = ('.'.join(self.objpath[:-1]), self.objpath[-1])
if key in attr_docs:
no_docstring = True
docstrings = [attr_docs[key]]
for i, line in enumerate(self.process_doc(docstrings)):
self.add_line(line, sourcename, i)
# add content from docstrings
if not no_docstring:
docstrings = self.get_doc()
if not docstrings:
# append at least a dummy docstring, so that the event
# autodoc-process-docstring is fired and can add some
# content if desired
docstrings.append([])
for i, line in enumerate(self.process_doc(docstrings)):
self.add_line(line, sourcename, i)
# add additional content (e.g. from document), if present
if more_content:
for line, src in zip(more_content.data, more_content.items):
self.add_line(line, src[0], src[1])
def get_object_members(self, want_all):
# type: (bool) -> Tuple[bool, List[Tuple[str, Any]]]
"""Return `(members_check_module, members)` where `members` is a
list of `(membername, member)` pairs of the members of *self.object*.
If *want_all* is True, return all members. Else, only return those
members given by *self.options.members* (which may also be none).
"""
members = get_object_members(self.object, self.objpath, self.get_attr, self.analyzer)
if not want_all:
if not self.options.members:
return False, []
# specific members given
selected = []
for name in self.options.members:
if name in members:
selected.append((name, members[name].value))
else:
logger.warning(__('missing attribute %s in object %s') %
(name, self.fullname), type='autodoc')
return False, sorted(selected)
elif self.options.inherited_members:
return False, sorted((m.name, m.value) for m in members.values())
else:
return False, sorted((m.name, m.value) for m in members.values()
if m.directly_defined)
def filter_members(self, members, want_all):
# type: (List[Tuple[str, Any]], bool) -> List[Tuple[str, Any, bool]]
"""Filter the given member list.
Members are skipped if
- they are private (except if given explicitly or the private-members
option is set)
- they are special methods (except if given explicitly or the
special-members option is set)
- they are undocumented (except if the undoc-members option is set)
The user can override the skipping decision by connecting to the
``autodoc-skip-member`` event.
"""
ret = []
# search for members in source code too
namespace = '.'.join(self.objpath) # will be empty for modules
if self.analyzer:
attr_docs = self.analyzer.find_attr_docs()
else:
attr_docs = {}
# process members and determine which to skip
for (membername, member) in members:
# if isattr is True, the member is documented as an attribute
isattr = False
doc = getdoc(member, self.get_attr, self.env.config.autodoc_inherit_docstrings)
# if the member __doc__ is the same as self's __doc__, it's just
# inherited and therefore not the member's doc
cls = self.get_attr(member, '__class__', None)
if cls:
cls_doc = self.get_attr(cls, '__doc__', None)
if cls_doc == doc:
doc = None
has_doc = bool(doc)
keep = False
if want_all and membername.startswith('__') and \
membername.endswith('__') and len(membername) > 4:
# special __methods__
if self.options.special_members is ALL and \
membername != '__doc__':
keep = has_doc or self.options.undoc_members
elif self.options.special_members and \
self.options.special_members is not ALL and \
membername in self.options.special_members:
keep = has_doc or self.options.undoc_members
elif (namespace, membername) in attr_docs:
if want_all and membername.startswith('_'):
# ignore members whose name starts with _ by default
keep = self.options.private_members
else:
# keep documented attributes
keep = True
isattr = True
elif want_all and membername.startswith('_'):
# ignore members whose name starts with _ by default
keep = self.options.private_members and \
(has_doc or self.options.undoc_members)
else:
# ignore undocumented members if :undoc-members: is not given
keep = has_doc or self.options.undoc_members
# give the user a chance to decide whether this member
# should be skipped
if self.env.app:
# let extensions preprocess docstrings
try:
skip_user = self.env.app.emit_firstresult(
'autodoc-skip-member', self.objtype, membername, member,
not keep, self.options)
if skip_user is not None:
keep = not skip_user
except Exception as exc:
logger.warning(__('autodoc: failed to determine %r to be documented.'
'the following exception was raised:\n%s'),
member, exc, type='autodoc')
keep = False
if keep:
ret.append((membername, member, isattr))
return ret
def document_members(self, all_members=False):
# type: (bool) -> None
"""Generate reST for member documentation.
If *all_members* is True, do all members, else those given by
*self.options.members*.
"""
# set current namespace for finding members
self.env.temp_data['autodoc:module'] = self.modname
if self.objpath:
self.env.temp_data['autodoc:class'] = self.objpath[0]
want_all = all_members or self.options.inherited_members or \
self.options.members is ALL
# find out which members are documentable
members_check_module, members = self.get_object_members(want_all)
# remove members given by exclude-members
if self.options.exclude_members:
members = [
(membername, member) for (membername, member) in members
if (
self.options.exclude_members is ALL or
membername not in self.options.exclude_members
)
]
# document non-skipped members
memberdocumenters = [] # type: List[Tuple[Documenter, bool]]
for (mname, member, isattr) in self.filter_members(members, want_all):
classes = [cls for cls in self.documenters.values()
if cls.can_document_member(member, mname, isattr, self)]
if not classes:
# don't know how to document this member
continue
# prefer the documenter with the highest priority
classes.sort(key=lambda cls: cls.priority)
# give explicitly separated module name, so that members
# of inner classes can be documented
full_mname = self.modname + '::' + \
'.'.join(self.objpath + [mname])
documenter = classes[-1](self.directive, full_mname, self.indent)
memberdocumenters.append((documenter, isattr))
member_order = self.options.member_order or \
self.env.config.autodoc_member_order
if member_order == 'groupwise':
# sort by group; relies on stable sort to keep items in the
# same group sorted alphabetically
memberdocumenters.sort(key=lambda e: e[0].member_order)
elif member_order == 'bysource' and self.analyzer:
# sort by source order, by virtue of the module analyzer
tagorder = self.analyzer.tagorder
def keyfunc(entry):
# type: (Tuple[Documenter, bool]) -> int
fullname = entry[0].name.split('::')[1]
return tagorder.get(fullname, len(tagorder))
memberdocumenters.sort(key=keyfunc)
for documenter, isattr in memberdocumenters:
documenter.generate(
all_members=True, real_modname=self.real_modname,
check_module=members_check_module and not isattr)
# reset current objects
self.env.temp_data['autodoc:module'] = None
self.env.temp_data['autodoc:class'] = None
def generate(self, more_content=None, real_modname=None,
check_module=False, all_members=False):
# type: (Any, str, bool, bool) -> None
"""Generate reST for the object given by *self.name*, and possibly for
its members.
If *more_content* is given, include that content. If *real_modname* is
given, use that module name to find attribute docs. If *check_module* is
True, only generate if the object is defined in the module name it is
imported from. If *all_members* is True, document all members.
"""
if not self.parse_name():
# need a module to import
logger.warning(
__('don\'t know which module to import for autodocumenting '
'%r (try placing a "module" or "currentmodule" directive '
'in the document, or giving an explicit module name)') %
self.name, type='autodoc')
return
# now, import the module and get object to document
if not self.import_object():
return
# If there is no real module defined, figure out which to use.
# The real module is used in the module analyzer to look up the module
# where the attribute documentation would actually be found in.
# This is used for situations where you have a module that collects the
# functions and classes of internal submodules.
self.real_modname = real_modname or self.get_real_modname() # type: str
# try to also get a source code analyzer for attribute docs
try:
self.analyzer = ModuleAnalyzer.for_module(self.real_modname)
# parse right now, to get PycodeErrors on parsing (results will
# be cached anyway)
self.analyzer.find_attr_docs()
except PycodeError as err:
logger.debug('[autodoc] module analyzer failed: %s', err)
# no source file -- e.g. for builtin and C modules
self.analyzer = None
# at least add the module.__file__ as a dependency
if hasattr(self.module, '__file__') and self.module.__file__:
self.directive.filename_set.add(self.module.__file__)
else:
self.directive.filename_set.add(self.analyzer.srcname)
# check __module__ of object (for members not given explicitly)
if check_module:
if not self.check_module():
return
sourcename = self.get_sourcename()
# make sure that the result starts with an empty line. This is
# necessary for some situations where another directive preprocesses
# reST and no starting newline is present
self.add_line('', sourcename)
# format the object's signature, if any
sig = self.format_signature()
# generate the directive header and options, if applicable
self.add_directive_header(sig)
self.add_line('', sourcename)
# e.g. the module directive doesn't have content
self.indent += self.content_indent
# add all content (from docstrings, attribute docs etc.)
self.add_content(more_content)
# document members, if possible
self.document_members(all_members)
class ModuleDocumenter(Documenter):
"""
Specialized Documenter subclass for modules.
"""
objtype = 'module'
content_indent = ''
titles_allowed = True
option_spec = {
'members': members_option, 'undoc-members': bool_option,
'noindex': bool_option, 'inherited-members': bool_option,
'show-inheritance': bool_option, 'synopsis': identity,
'platform': identity, 'deprecated': bool_option,
'member-order': identity, 'exclude-members': members_set_option,
'private-members': bool_option, 'special-members': members_option,
'imported-members': bool_option, 'ignore-module-all': bool_option
} # type: Dict[str, Callable]
def __init__(self, *args):
# type: (Any) -> None
super().__init__(*args)
merge_special_members_option(self.options)
@classmethod
def can_document_member(cls, member, membername, isattr, parent):
# type: (Any, str, bool, Any) -> bool
# don't document submodules automatically
return False
def resolve_name(self, modname, parents, path, base):
# type: (str, Any, str, Any) -> Tuple[str, List[str]]
if modname is not None:
logger.warning(__('"::" in automodule name doesn\'t make sense'),
type='autodoc')
return (path or '') + base, []
def parse_name(self):
# type: () -> bool
ret = super().parse_name()
if self.args or self.retann:
logger.warning(__('signature arguments or return annotation '
'given for automodule %s') % self.fullname,
type='autodoc')
return ret
def add_directive_header(self, sig):
# type: (str) -> None
Documenter.add_directive_header(self, sig)
sourcename = self.get_sourcename()
# add some module-specific options
if self.options.synopsis:
self.add_line(' :synopsis: ' + self.options.synopsis, sourcename)
if self.options.platform:
self.add_line(' :platform: ' + self.options.platform, sourcename)
if self.options.deprecated:
self.add_line(' :deprecated:', sourcename)
def get_object_members(self, want_all):
# type: (bool) -> Tuple[bool, List[Tuple[str, object]]]
if want_all:
if (self.options.ignore_module_all or not
hasattr(self.object, '__all__')):
# for implicit module members, check __module__ to avoid
# documenting imported objects
return True, safe_getmembers(self.object)
else:
memberlist = self.object.__all__
# Sometimes __all__ is broken...
if not isinstance(memberlist, (list, tuple)) or not \
all(isinstance(entry, str) for entry in memberlist):
logger.warning(
__('__all__ should be a list of strings, not %r '
'(in module %s) -- ignoring __all__') %
(memberlist, self.fullname),
type='autodoc'
)
# fall back to all members
return True, safe_getmembers(self.object)
else:
memberlist = self.options.members or []
ret = []
for mname in memberlist:
try:
ret.append((mname, safe_getattr(self.object, mname)))
except AttributeError:
logger.warning(
__('missing attribute mentioned in :members: or __all__: '
'module %s, attribute %s') %
(safe_getattr(self.object, '__name__', '???'), mname),
type='autodoc'
)
return False, ret
class ModuleLevelDocumenter(Documenter):
"""
Specialized Documenter subclass for objects on module level (functions,
classes, data/constants).
"""
def resolve_name(self, modname, parents, path, base):
# type: (str, Any, str, Any) -> Tuple[str, List[str]]
if modname is None:
if path:
modname = path.rstrip('.')
else:
# if documenting a toplevel object without explicit module,
# it can be contained in another auto directive ...
modname = self.env.temp_data.get('autodoc:module')
# ... or in the scope of a module directive
if not modname:
modname = self.env.ref_context.get('py:module')
# ... else, it stays None, which means invalid
return modname, parents + [base]
class ClassLevelDocumenter(Documenter):
"""
Specialized Documenter subclass for objects on class level (methods,
attributes).
"""
def resolve_name(self, modname, parents, path, base):
# type: (str, Any, str, Any) -> Tuple[str, List[str]]
if modname is None:
if path:
mod_cls = path.rstrip('.')
else:
mod_cls = None
# if documenting a class-level object without path,
# there must be a current class, either from a parent
# auto directive ...
mod_cls = self.env.temp_data.get('autodoc:class')
# ... or from a class directive
if mod_cls is None:
mod_cls = self.env.ref_context.get('py:class')
# ... if still None, there's no way to know
if mod_cls is None:
return None, []
modname, cls = rpartition(mod_cls, '.')
parents = [cls]
# if the module name is still missing, get it like above
if not modname:
modname = self.env.temp_data.get('autodoc:module')
if not modname:
modname = self.env.ref_context.get('py:module')
# ... else, it stays None, which means invalid
return modname, parents + [base]
class DocstringSignatureMixin:
"""
Mixin for FunctionDocumenter and MethodDocumenter to provide the
feature of reading the signature from the docstring.
"""
def _find_signature(self, encoding=None):
# type: (str) -> Tuple[str, str]
if encoding is not None:
warnings.warn("The 'encoding' argument to autodoc.%s._find_signature() is "
"deprecated." % self.__class__.__name__,
RemovedInSphinx40Warning)
docstrings = self.get_doc()
self._new_docstrings = docstrings[:]
result = None
for i, doclines in enumerate(docstrings):
# no lines in docstring, no match
if not doclines:
continue
# match first line of docstring against signature RE
match = py_ext_sig_re.match(doclines[0])
if not match:
continue
exmod, path, base, args, retann = match.groups()
# the base name must match ours
valid_names = [self.objpath[-1]] # type: ignore
if isinstance(self, ClassDocumenter):
valid_names.append('__init__')
if hasattr(self.object, '__mro__'):
valid_names.extend(cls.__name__ for cls in self.object.__mro__)
if base not in valid_names:
continue
# re-prepare docstring to ignore more leading indentation
self._new_docstrings[i] = prepare_docstring('\n'.join(doclines[1:]))
result = args, retann
# don't look any further
break
return result
def get_doc(self, encoding=None, ignore=1):
# type: (str, int) -> List[List[str]]
if encoding is not None:
warnings.warn("The 'encoding' argument to autodoc.%s.get_doc() is deprecated."
% self.__class__.__name__,
RemovedInSphinx40Warning)
lines = getattr(self, '_new_docstrings', None)
if lines is not None:
return lines
return super().get_doc(None, ignore) # type: ignore
def format_signature(self):
# type: () -> str
if self.args is None and self.env.config.autodoc_docstring_signature: # type: ignore
# only act if a signature is not explicitly given already, and if
# the feature is enabled
result = self._find_signature()
if result is not None:
self.args, self.retann = result
return super().format_signature() # type: ignore
class DocstringStripSignatureMixin(DocstringSignatureMixin):
"""
Mixin for AttributeDocumenter to provide the
feature of stripping any function signature from the docstring.
"""
def format_signature(self):
# type: () -> str
if self.args is None and self.env.config.autodoc_docstring_signature: # type: ignore
# only act if a signature is not explicitly given already, and if
# the feature is enabled
result = self._find_signature()
if result is not None:
# Discarding _args is a only difference with
# DocstringSignatureMixin.format_signature.
# Documenter.format_signature use self.args value to format.
_args, self.retann = result
return super().format_signature()
class FunctionDocumenter(DocstringSignatureMixin, ModuleLevelDocumenter): # type: ignore
"""
Specialized Documenter subclass for functions.
"""
objtype = 'function'
member_order = 30
@classmethod
def can_document_member(cls, member, membername, isattr, parent):
# type: (Any, str, bool, Any) -> bool
# supports functions, builtins and bound methods exported at the module level
return (inspect.isfunction(member) or inspect.isbuiltin(member) or
(inspect.isroutine(member) and isinstance(parent, ModuleDocumenter)))
def format_args(self):
# type: () -> str
if inspect.isbuiltin(self.object) or inspect.ismethoddescriptor(self.object):
# cannot introspect arguments of a C function or method
return None
try:
if (not inspect.isfunction(self.object) and
not inspect.ismethod(self.object) and
not inspect.isbuiltin(self.object) and
not inspect.isclass(self.object) and
hasattr(self.object, '__call__')):
args = Signature(self.object.__call__).format_args()
else:
args = Signature(self.object).format_args()
except TypeError:
if (inspect.is_builtin_class_method(self.object, '__new__') and
inspect.is_builtin_class_method(self.object, '__init__')):
raise TypeError('%r is a builtin class' % self.object)
# if a class should be documented as function (yay duck
# typing) we try to use the constructor signature as function
# signature without the first argument.
try:
sig = Signature(self.object.__new__, bound_method=True, has_retval=False)
args = sig.format_args()
except TypeError:
sig = Signature(self.object.__init__, bound_method=True, has_retval=False)
args = sig.format_args()
# escape backslashes for reST
args = args.replace('\\', '\\\\')
return args
def document_members(self, all_members=False):
# type: (bool) -> None
pass
class DecoratorDocumenter(FunctionDocumenter):
"""
Specialized Documenter subclass for decorator functions.
"""
objtype = 'decorator'
# must be lower than FunctionDocumenter
priority = -1
def format_args(self):
args = super().format_args()
if ',' in args:
return args
else:
return None
class ClassDocumenter(DocstringSignatureMixin, ModuleLevelDocumenter): # type: ignore
"""
Specialized Documenter subclass for classes.
"""
objtype = 'class'
member_order = 20
option_spec = {
'members': members_option, 'undoc-members': bool_option,
'noindex': bool_option, 'inherited-members': bool_option,
'show-inheritance': bool_option, 'member-order': identity,
'exclude-members': members_set_option,
'private-members': bool_option, 'special-members': members_option,
} # type: Dict[str, Callable]
def __init__(self, *args):
# type: (Any) -> None
super().__init__(*args)
merge_special_members_option(self.options)
@classmethod
def can_document_member(cls, member, membername, isattr, parent):
# type: (Any, str, bool, Any) -> bool
return isinstance(member, type)
def import_object(self):
# type: () -> Any
ret = super().import_object()
# if the class is documented under another name, document it
# as data/attribute
if ret:
if hasattr(self.object, '__name__'):
self.doc_as_attr = (self.objpath[-1] != self.object.__name__)
else:
self.doc_as_attr = True
return ret
def format_args(self):
# type: () -> str
# for classes, the relevant signature is the __init__ method's
initmeth = self.get_attr(self.object, '__init__', None)
# classes without __init__ method, default __init__ or
# __init__ written in C?
if initmeth is None or \
inspect.is_builtin_class_method(self.object, '__init__') or \
not(inspect.ismethod(initmeth) or inspect.isfunction(initmeth)):
return None
try:
return Signature(initmeth, bound_method=True, has_retval=False).format_args()
except TypeError:
# still not possible: happens e.g. for old-style classes
# with __init__ in C
return None
def format_signature(self):
# type: () -> str
if self.doc_as_attr:
return ''
return super().format_signature()
def add_directive_header(self, sig):
# type: (str) -> None
if self.doc_as_attr:
self.directivetype = 'attribute'
super().add_directive_header(sig)
# add inheritance info, if wanted
if not self.doc_as_attr and self.options.show_inheritance:
sourcename = self.get_sourcename()
self.add_line('', sourcename)
if hasattr(self.object, '__bases__') and len(self.object.__bases__):
bases = [b.__module__ in ('__builtin__', 'builtins') and
':class:`%s`' % b.__name__ or
':class:`%s.%s`' % (b.__module__, b.__name__)
for b in self.object.__bases__]
self.add_line(' ' + _('Bases: %s') % ', '.join(bases),
sourcename)
def get_doc(self, encoding=None, ignore=1):
# type: (str, int) -> List[List[str]]
if encoding is not None:
warnings.warn("The 'encoding' argument to autodoc.%s.get_doc() is deprecated."
% self.__class__.__name__,
RemovedInSphinx40Warning)
lines = getattr(self, '_new_docstrings', None)
if lines is not None:
return lines
content = self.env.config.autoclass_content
docstrings = []
attrdocstring = self.get_attr(self.object, '__doc__', None)
if attrdocstring:
docstrings.append(attrdocstring)
# for classes, what the "docstring" is can be controlled via a
# config value; the default is only the class docstring
if content in ('both', 'init'):
initdocstring = self.get_attr(
self.get_attr(self.object, '__init__', None), '__doc__')
# for new-style classes, no __init__ means default __init__
if (initdocstring is not None and
(initdocstring == object.__init__.__doc__ or # for pypy
initdocstring.strip() == object.__init__.__doc__)): # for !pypy
initdocstring = None
if not initdocstring:
# try __new__
initdocstring = self.get_attr(
self.get_attr(self.object, '__new__', None), '__doc__')
# for new-style classes, no __new__ means default __new__
if (initdocstring is not None and
(initdocstring == object.__new__.__doc__ or # for pypy
initdocstring.strip() == object.__new__.__doc__)): # for !pypy
initdocstring = None
if initdocstring:
if content == 'init':
docstrings = [initdocstring]
else:
docstrings.append(initdocstring)
return [prepare_docstring(docstring, ignore) for docstring in docstrings]
def add_content(self, more_content, no_docstring=False):
# type: (Any, bool) -> None
if self.doc_as_attr:
classname = safe_getattr(self.object, '__qualname__', None)
if not classname:
classname = safe_getattr(self.object, '__name__', None)
if classname:
module = safe_getattr(self.object, '__module__', None)
parentmodule = safe_getattr(self.parent, '__module__', None)
if module and module != parentmodule:
classname = str(module) + '.' + str(classname)
content = StringList([_('alias of :class:`%s`') % classname], source='')
super().add_content(content, no_docstring=True)
else:
super().add_content(more_content)
def document_members(self, all_members=False):
# type: (bool) -> None
if self.doc_as_attr:
return
super().document_members(all_members)
def generate(self, more_content=None, real_modname=None,
check_module=False, all_members=False):
# type: (Any, str, bool, bool) -> None
# Do not pass real_modname and use the name from the __module__
# attribute of the class.
# If a class gets imported into the module real_modname
# the analyzer won't find the source of the class, if
# it looks in real_modname.
return super().generate(more_content=more_content,
check_module=check_module,
all_members=all_members)
class ExceptionDocumenter(ClassDocumenter):
"""
Specialized ClassDocumenter subclass for exceptions.
"""
objtype = 'exception'
member_order = 10
# needs a higher priority than ClassDocumenter
priority = 10
@classmethod
def can_document_member(cls, member, membername, isattr, parent):
# type: (Any, str, bool, Any) -> bool
return isinstance(member, type) and issubclass(member, BaseException)
class DataDocumenter(ModuleLevelDocumenter):
"""
Specialized Documenter subclass for data items.
"""
objtype = 'data'
member_order = 40
priority = -10
option_spec = dict(ModuleLevelDocumenter.option_spec)
option_spec["annotation"] = annotation_option
@classmethod
def can_document_member(cls, member, membername, isattr, parent):
# type: (Any, str, bool, Any) -> bool
return isinstance(parent, ModuleDocumenter) and isattr
def add_directive_header(self, sig):
# type: (str) -> None
super().add_directive_header(sig)
sourcename = self.get_sourcename()
if not self.options.annotation:
try:
objrepr = object_description(self.object)
except ValueError:
pass
else:
self.add_line(' :annotation: = ' + objrepr, sourcename)
elif self.options.annotation is SUPPRESS:
pass
else:
self.add_line(' :annotation: %s' % self.options.annotation,
sourcename)
def document_members(self, all_members=False):
# type: (bool) -> None
pass
def get_real_modname(self):
# type: () -> str
return self.get_attr(self.parent or self.object, '__module__', None) \
or self.modname
class MethodDocumenter(DocstringSignatureMixin, ClassLevelDocumenter): # type: ignore
"""
Specialized Documenter subclass for methods (normal, static and class).
"""
objtype = 'method'
member_order = 50
priority = 1 # must be more than FunctionDocumenter
@classmethod
def can_document_member(cls, member, membername, isattr, parent):
# type: (Any, str, bool, Any) -> bool
return inspect.isroutine(member) and \
not isinstance(parent, ModuleDocumenter)
def import_object(self):
# type: () -> Any
ret = super().import_object()
if not ret:
return ret
# to distinguish classmethod/staticmethod
obj = self.parent.__dict__.get(self.object_name)
if obj is None:
obj = self.object
if inspect.isclassmethod(obj):
self.directivetype = 'classmethod'
# document class and static members before ordinary ones
self.member_order = self.member_order - 1
elif inspect.isstaticmethod(obj, cls=self.parent, name=self.object_name):
self.directivetype = 'staticmethod'
# document class and static members before ordinary ones
self.member_order = self.member_order - 1
else:
self.directivetype = 'method'
return ret
def format_args(self):
# type: () -> str
if inspect.isbuiltin(self.object) or inspect.ismethoddescriptor(self.object):
# can never get arguments of a C function or method
return None
if inspect.isstaticmethod(self.object, cls=self.parent, name=self.object_name):
args = Signature(self.object, bound_method=False).format_args()
else:
args = Signature(self.object, bound_method=True).format_args()
# escape backslashes for reST
args = args.replace('\\', '\\\\')
return args
def document_members(self, all_members=False):
# type: (bool) -> None
pass
class AttributeDocumenter(DocstringStripSignatureMixin, ClassLevelDocumenter): # type: ignore
"""
Specialized Documenter subclass for attributes.
"""
objtype = 'attribute'
member_order = 60
option_spec = dict(ModuleLevelDocumenter.option_spec)
option_spec["annotation"] = annotation_option
# must be higher than the MethodDocumenter, else it will recognize
# some non-data descriptors as methods
priority = 10
@staticmethod
def is_function_or_method(obj):
# type: (Any) -> bool
return inspect.isfunction(obj) or inspect.isbuiltin(obj) or inspect.ismethod(obj)
@classmethod
def can_document_member(cls, member, membername, isattr, parent):
# type: (Any, str, bool, Any) -> bool
if inspect.isattributedescriptor(member):
return True
elif (not isinstance(parent, ModuleDocumenter) and
not inspect.isroutine(member) and
not isinstance(member, type)):
return True
else:
return False
def document_members(self, all_members=False):
# type: (bool) -> None
pass
def import_object(self):
# type: () -> Any
ret = super().import_object()
if inspect.isenumattribute(self.object):
self.object = self.object.value
if inspect.isattributedescriptor(self.object):
self._datadescriptor = True
else:
# if it's not a data descriptor
self._datadescriptor = False
return ret
def get_real_modname(self):
# type: () -> str
return self.get_attr(self.parent or self.object, '__module__', None) \
or self.modname
def add_directive_header(self, sig):
# type: (str) -> None
super().add_directive_header(sig)
sourcename = self.get_sourcename()
if not self.options.annotation:
if not self._datadescriptor:
try:
objrepr = object_description(self.object)
except ValueError:
pass
else:
self.add_line(' :annotation: = ' + objrepr, sourcename)
elif self.options.annotation is SUPPRESS:
pass
else:
self.add_line(' :annotation: %s' % self.options.annotation, sourcename)
def add_content(self, more_content, no_docstring=False):
# type: (Any, bool) -> None
if not self._datadescriptor:
# if it's not a data descriptor, its docstring is very probably the
# wrong thing to display
no_docstring = True
super().add_content(more_content, no_docstring)
class InstanceAttributeDocumenter(AttributeDocumenter):
"""
Specialized Documenter subclass for attributes that cannot be imported
because they are instance attributes (e.g. assigned in __init__).
"""
objtype = 'instanceattribute'
directivetype = 'attribute'
member_order = 60
# must be higher than AttributeDocumenter
priority = 11
@classmethod
def can_document_member(cls, member, membername, isattr, parent):
# type: (Any, str, bool, Any) -> bool
"""This documents only INSTANCEATTR members."""
return isattr and (member is INSTANCEATTR)
def import_object(self):
# type: () -> bool
"""Never import anything."""
# disguise as an attribute
self.objtype = 'attribute'
self._datadescriptor = False
return True
def add_content(self, more_content, no_docstring=False):
# type: (Any, bool) -> None
"""Never try to get a docstring from the object."""
super().add_content(more_content, no_docstring=True)
def get_documenters(app):
# type: (Sphinx) -> Dict[str, Type[Documenter]]
"""Returns registered Documenter classes"""
return app.registry.documenters
def autodoc_attrgetter(app, obj, name, *defargs):
# type: (Sphinx, Any, str, Any) -> Any
"""Alternative getattr() for types"""
for typ, func in app.registry.autodoc_attrgettrs.items():
if isinstance(obj, typ):
return func(obj, name, *defargs)
return safe_getattr(obj, name, *defargs)
def setup(app):
# type: (Sphinx) -> Dict[str, Any]
app.add_autodocumenter(ModuleDocumenter)
app.add_autodocumenter(ClassDocumenter)
app.add_autodocumenter(ExceptionDocumenter)
app.add_autodocumenter(DataDocumenter)
app.add_autodocumenter(FunctionDocumenter)
app.add_autodocumenter(DecoratorDocumenter)
app.add_autodocumenter(MethodDocumenter)
app.add_autodocumenter(AttributeDocumenter)
app.add_autodocumenter(InstanceAttributeDocumenter)
app.add_config_value('autoclass_content', 'class', True)
app.add_config_value('autodoc_member_order', 'alphabetic', True)
app.add_config_value('autodoc_default_flags', [], True)
app.add_config_value('autodoc_default_options', {}, True)
app.add_config_value('autodoc_docstring_signature', True, True)
app.add_config_value('autodoc_mock_imports', [], True)
app.add_config_value('autodoc_warningiserror', True, True)
app.add_config_value('autodoc_inherit_docstrings', True, True)
app.add_event('autodoc-process-docstring')
app.add_event('autodoc-process-signature')
app.add_event('autodoc-skip-member')
return {'version': sphinx.__display_version__, 'parallel_read_safe': True}
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