naz is an esolang where every instruction is named by a number and a letter.
first, clone this repository, and install its dependencies:
$ npm install
you can then run any naz program like so:
$ node naz.js filename.naz
you can also experiment with naz using the web-based interpreter! this is usually given less priority than the original Node-based implementation, but should work if you're in a hurry!
0-9- number literal. exactly one of these must be placed before every instruction.
a- adds n to the register.
d- divides the register by n, rounding down.
e- conditional equal to. goto function n if the value in the register is equal to the value of the variable referenced before this instruction.
f- function instruction:
- opcode 0 - calls function n.
- opcode 1 - declares function n.
g- conditional greater than. goto function n if the value in the register is greater than the value of the variable referenced before this instruction.
h- halts program execution. this is meant to be used for debugging purposes only.
l- conditional less than. goto function n if the value in the register is less than the value of the variable referenced before this instruction.
m- multiplies the register by n.
n- negates variable n.
o- outputs a value determined by the value in the register:
- 0-9 - outputs that number.
- 10 - outputs a newline.
- 32-126 - outputs an ASCII value.
p- divides the register by n, then sets the register equal to the remainder.
r- sets the register equal to the ASCII value of the n-th character of the input string, then removes that character from the input string.
s- subtracts n from the register.
v- variable instruction:
- opcode 0 - sets the register equal to the value of variable n.
- opcode 2 - sets variable n equal to the value in the register.
- opcode 3 - variable n will be considered when executing the conditional instruction that follows.
x- sets the current opcode to n.
0- normal operation. instructions will execute one at a time, in order.
1- function write. the interpreter must parse a call to the
finstruction first; instructions will then be added onto the end of the referenced function until a newline is parsed or the opcode is explicitly set to 0.
2- variable write. the interpreter must parse a call to the
vinstruction; after this is executed, the interpreter will return to opcode 0.
3- conditional opcode. the interpreter must parse a call to the
vinstruction, followed by a call to a conditional instruction (
g). afterwards, the interpreter will return to opcode 0.
command line flags
--delay- sets the delay between execution steps (default: 1ms) (optional)
--file- sets the file whose contents will be read by the
rinstruction. this takes precedence over the
-iflag (default: none) (optional)
--input- sets the string to use as input, to be read by the
rinstruction (default: none) (optional)
--null- if present, a null byte (U+0000) will be appended to the input
--unlimited- if present, the default limits on integer values will be removed
- by default, the value in the register must always be between -127 and 127 (both inclusive), or program execution will immediately halt. this behavior can be disabled with the
- conditional instructions can only be run in opcode 3.
- anything placed after a
#on a line will be ignored, allowing you to comment your code.
the following naz program will add 9 to the register, multiply by 7, and add 2 (resulting in a value of 65), then output once, resulting in a final output of
for more complicated examples, check the examples folder.
if you're making some changes and need to make sure everything's still working correctly, you can run tests on some of the example programs like so:
$ npm test
naz is provably as powerful as a finite state automaton, because it can implement the esolang dd. given some input file, the example program dd.naz will follow the dd specification and stop reading input when it encounters a null byte.
as posited by quintopia here, naz
-u is capable of implementing a universal Turing machine with 5 states and 7 symbols, making it Turing-complete; this means the original language is equivalent to a bounded-storage machine.
- nazly, written in Python (by Lyxal)
- cnaz, written in C, using an unbounded integer type for naz
the naz interpreter and runner are heavily based on those of the fantastic \/\/>, by torcado. <3
the example program prime.naz was designed by tobiasheineken.
you can support the development of this project and others via Patreon: