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/*
* This is <linux/capability.h>
*
* Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org>
* Alexander Kjeldaas <astor@guardian.no>
* with help from Aleph1, Roland Buresund and Andrew Main.
*
* See here for the libcap library ("POSIX draft" compliance):
*
* ftp://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/libs/security/linux-privs/kernel-2.6/
*/
#ifndef _LINUX_CAPABILITY_H
#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_H
#include <linux/types.h>
struct task_struct;
/* User-level do most of the mapping between kernel and user
capabilities based on the version tag given by the kernel. The
kernel might be somewhat backwards compatible, but don't bet on
it. */
/* Note, cap_t, is defined by POSIX (draft) to be an "opaque" pointer to
a set of three capability sets. The transposition of 3*the
following structure to such a composite is better handled in a user
library since the draft standard requires the use of malloc/free
etc.. */
#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_1 0x19980330
#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_1 1
#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_2 0x20071026 /* deprecated - use v3 */
#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_2 2
#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3 0x20080522
#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_3 2
typedef struct __user_cap_header_struct {
__u32 version;
int pid;
} __user *cap_user_header_t;
typedef struct __user_cap_data_struct {
__u32 effective;
__u32 permitted;
__u32 inheritable;
} __user *cap_user_data_t;
#define XATTR_CAPS_SUFFIX "capability"
#define XATTR_NAME_CAPS XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX XATTR_CAPS_SUFFIX
#define VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK 0xFF000000
#define VFS_CAP_REVISION_SHIFT 24
#define VFS_CAP_FLAGS_MASK ~VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK
#define VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE 0x000001
#define VFS_CAP_REVISION_1 0x01000000
#define VFS_CAP_U32_1 1
#define XATTR_CAPS_SZ_1 (sizeof(__le32)*(1 + 2*VFS_CAP_U32_1))
#define VFS_CAP_REVISION_2 0x02000000
#define VFS_CAP_U32_2 2
#define XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2 (sizeof(__le32)*(1 + 2*VFS_CAP_U32_2))
#define XATTR_CAPS_SZ XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2
#define VFS_CAP_U32 VFS_CAP_U32_2
#define VFS_CAP_REVISION VFS_CAP_REVISION_2
struct vfs_cap_data {
__le32 magic_etc; /* Little endian */
struct {
__le32 permitted; /* Little endian */
__le32 inheritable; /* Little endian */
} data[VFS_CAP_U32];
};
#ifndef __KERNEL__
/*
* Backwardly compatible definition for source code - trapped in a
* 32-bit world. If you find you need this, please consider using
* libcap to untrap yourself...
*/
#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_1
#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_1
#else
#define _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_VERSION _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3
#define _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_3
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES
extern int file_caps_enabled;
#endif
typedef struct kernel_cap_struct {
__u32 cap[_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S];
} kernel_cap_t;
/* exact same as vfs_cap_data but in cpu endian and always filled completely */
struct cpu_vfs_cap_data {
__u32 magic_etc;
kernel_cap_t permitted;
kernel_cap_t inheritable;
};
#define _USER_CAP_HEADER_SIZE (sizeof(struct __user_cap_header_struct))
#define _KERNEL_CAP_T_SIZE (sizeof(kernel_cap_t))
#endif
/**
** POSIX-draft defined capabilities.
**/
/* In a system with the [_POSIX_CHOWN_RESTRICTED] option defined, this
overrides the restriction of changing file ownership and group
ownership. */
#define CAP_CHOWN 0
/* Override all DAC access, including ACL execute access if
[_POSIX_ACL] is defined. Excluding DAC access covered by
CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE. */
#define CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE 1
/* Overrides all DAC restrictions regarding read and search on files
and directories, including ACL restrictions if [_POSIX_ACL] is
defined. Excluding DAC access covered by CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE. */
#define CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH 2
/* Overrides all restrictions about allowed operations on files, where
file owner ID must be equal to the user ID, except where CAP_FSETID
is applicable. It doesn't override MAC and DAC restrictions. */
#define CAP_FOWNER 3
/* Overrides the following restrictions that the effective user ID
shall match the file owner ID when setting the S_ISUID and S_ISGID
bits on that file; that the effective group ID (or one of the
supplementary group IDs) shall match the file owner ID when setting
the S_ISGID bit on that file; that the S_ISUID and S_ISGID bits are
cleared on successful return from chown(2) (not implemented). */
#define CAP_FSETID 4
/* Overrides the restriction that the real or effective user ID of a
process sending a signal must match the real or effective user ID
of the process receiving the signal. */
#define CAP_KILL 5
/* Allows setgid(2) manipulation */
/* Allows setgroups(2) */
/* Allows forged gids on socket credentials passing. */
#define CAP_SETGID 6
/* Allows set*uid(2) manipulation (including fsuid). */
/* Allows forged pids on socket credentials passing. */
#define CAP_SETUID 7
/**
** Linux-specific capabilities
**/
/* Without VFS support for capabilities:
* Transfer any capability in your permitted set to any pid,
* remove any capability in your permitted set from any pid
* With VFS support for capabilities (neither of above, but)
* Add any capability from current's capability bounding set
* to the current process' inheritable set
* Allow taking bits out of capability bounding set
* Allow modification of the securebits for a process
*/
#define CAP_SETPCAP 8
/* Allow modification of S_IMMUTABLE and S_APPEND file attributes */
#define CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE 9
/* Allows binding to TCP/UDP sockets below 1024 */
/* Allows binding to ATM VCIs below 32 */
#define CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE 10
/* Allow broadcasting, listen to multicast */
#define CAP_NET_BROADCAST 11
/* Allow interface configuration */
/* Allow administration of IP firewall, masquerading and accounting */
/* Allow setting debug option on sockets */
/* Allow modification of routing tables */
/* Allow setting arbitrary process / process group ownership on
sockets */
/* Allow binding to any address for transparent proxying */
/* Allow setting TOS (type of service) */
/* Allow setting promiscuous mode */
/* Allow clearing driver statistics */
/* Allow multicasting */
/* Allow read/write of device-specific registers */
/* Allow activation of ATM control sockets */
#define CAP_NET_ADMIN 12
/* Allow use of RAW sockets */
/* Allow use of PACKET sockets */
#define CAP_NET_RAW 13
/* Allow locking of shared memory segments */
/* Allow mlock and mlockall (which doesn't really have anything to do
with IPC) */
#define CAP_IPC_LOCK 14
/* Override IPC ownership checks */
#define CAP_IPC_OWNER 15
/* Insert and remove kernel modules - modify kernel without limit */
#define CAP_SYS_MODULE 16
/* Allow ioperm/iopl access */
/* Allow sending USB messages to any device via /proc/bus/usb */
#define CAP_SYS_RAWIO 17
/* Allow use of chroot() */
#define CAP_SYS_CHROOT 18
/* Allow ptrace() of any process */
#define CAP_SYS_PTRACE 19
/* Allow configuration of process accounting */
#define CAP_SYS_PACCT 20
/* Allow configuration of the secure attention key */
/* Allow administration of the random device */
/* Allow examination and configuration of disk quotas */
/* Allow configuring the kernel's syslog (printk behaviour) */
/* Allow setting the domainname */
/* Allow setting the hostname */
/* Allow calling bdflush() */
/* Allow mount() and umount(), setting up new smb connection */
/* Allow some autofs root ioctls */
/* Allow nfsservctl */
/* Allow VM86_REQUEST_IRQ */
/* Allow to read/write pci config on alpha */
/* Allow irix_prctl on mips (setstacksize) */
/* Allow flushing all cache on m68k (sys_cacheflush) */
/* Allow removing semaphores */
/* Used instead of CAP_CHOWN to "chown" IPC message queues, semaphores
and shared memory */
/* Allow locking/unlocking of shared memory segment */
/* Allow turning swap on/off */
/* Allow forged pids on socket credentials passing */
/* Allow setting readahead and flushing buffers on block devices */
/* Allow setting geometry in floppy driver */
/* Allow turning DMA on/off in xd driver */
/* Allow administration of md devices (mostly the above, but some
extra ioctls) */
/* Allow tuning the ide driver */
/* Allow access to the nvram device */
/* Allow administration of apm_bios, serial and bttv (TV) device */
/* Allow manufacturer commands in isdn CAPI support driver */
/* Allow reading non-standardized portions of pci configuration space */
/* Allow DDI debug ioctl on sbpcd driver */
/* Allow setting up serial ports */
/* Allow sending raw qic-117 commands */
/* Allow enabling/disabling tagged queuing on SCSI controllers and sending
arbitrary SCSI commands */
/* Allow setting encryption key on loopback filesystem */
/* Allow setting zone reclaim policy */
#define CAP_SYS_ADMIN 21
/* Allow use of reboot() */
#define CAP_SYS_BOOT 22
/* Allow raising priority and setting priority on other (different
UID) processes */
/* Allow use of FIFO and round-robin (realtime) scheduling on own
processes and setting the scheduling algorithm used by another
process. */
/* Allow setting cpu affinity on other processes */
#define CAP_SYS_NICE 23
/* Override resource limits. Set resource limits. */
/* Override quota limits. */
/* Override reserved space on ext2 filesystem */
/* Modify data journaling mode on ext3 filesystem (uses journaling
resources) */
/* NOTE: ext2 honors fsuid when checking for resource overrides, so
you can override using fsuid too */
/* Override size restrictions on IPC message queues */
/* Allow more than 64hz interrupts from the real-time clock */
/* Override max number of consoles on console allocation */
/* Override max number of keymaps */
#define CAP_SYS_RESOURCE 24
/* Allow manipulation of system clock */
/* Allow irix_stime on mips */
/* Allow setting the real-time clock */
#define CAP_SYS_TIME 25
/* Allow configuration of tty devices */
/* Allow vhangup() of tty */
#define CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG 26
/* Allow the privileged aspects of mknod() */
#define CAP_MKNOD 27
/* Allow taking of leases on files */
#define CAP_LEASE 28
#define CAP_AUDIT_WRITE 29
#define CAP_AUDIT_CONTROL 30
#define CAP_SETFCAP 31
/* Override MAC access.
The base kernel enforces no MAC policy.
An LSM may enforce a MAC policy, and if it does and it chooses
to implement capability based overrides of that policy, this is
the capability it should use to do so. */
#define CAP_MAC_OVERRIDE 32
/* Allow MAC configuration or state changes.
The base kernel requires no MAC configuration.
An LSM may enforce a MAC policy, and if it does and it chooses
to implement capability based checks on modifications to that
policy or the data required to maintain it, this is the
capability it should use to do so. */
#define CAP_MAC_ADMIN 33
#define CAP_LAST_CAP CAP_MAC_ADMIN
#define cap_valid(x) ((x) >= 0 && (x) <= CAP_LAST_CAP)
/*
* Bit location of each capability (used by user-space library and kernel)
*/
#define CAP_TO_INDEX(x) ((x) >> 5) /* 1 << 5 == bits in __u32 */
#define CAP_TO_MASK(x) (1 << ((x) & 31)) /* mask for indexed __u32 */
#ifdef __KERNEL__
/*
* Internal kernel functions only
*/
#define CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) \
for (__capi = 0; __capi < _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S; ++__capi)
/*
* CAP_FS_MASK and CAP_NFSD_MASKS:
*
* The fs mask is all the privileges that fsuid==0 historically meant.
* At one time in the past, that included CAP_MKNOD and CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE.
*
* It has never meant setting security.* and trusted.* xattrs.
*
* We could also define fsmask as follows:
* 1. CAP_FS_MASK is the privilege to bypass all fs-related DAC permissions
* 2. The security.* and trusted.* xattrs are fs-related MAC permissions
*/
# define CAP_FS_MASK_B0 (CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_CHOWN) \
| CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_MKNOD) \
| CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE) \
| CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH) \
| CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_FOWNER) \
| CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_FSETID))
# define CAP_FS_MASK_B1 (CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_MAC_OVERRIDE))
#if _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S != 2
# error Fix up hand-coded capability macro initializers
#else /* HAND-CODED capability initializers */
# define CAP_EMPTY_SET ((kernel_cap_t){{ 0, 0 }})
# define CAP_FULL_SET ((kernel_cap_t){{ ~0, ~0 }})
# define CAP_INIT_EFF_SET ((kernel_cap_t){{ ~CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_SETPCAP), ~0 }})
# define CAP_FS_SET ((kernel_cap_t){{ CAP_FS_MASK_B0 \
| CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE), \
CAP_FS_MASK_B1 } })
# define CAP_NFSD_SET ((kernel_cap_t){{ CAP_FS_MASK_B0 \
| CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE), \
CAP_FS_MASK_B1 } })
#endif /* _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S != 2 */
#define CAP_INIT_INH_SET CAP_EMPTY_SET
# define cap_clear(c) do { (c) = __cap_empty_set; } while (0)
# define cap_set_full(c) do { (c) = __cap_full_set; } while (0)
# define cap_set_init_eff(c) do { (c) = __cap_init_eff_set; } while (0)
#define cap_raise(c, flag) ((c).cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(flag)] |= CAP_TO_MASK(flag))
#define cap_lower(c, flag) ((c).cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(flag)] &= ~CAP_TO_MASK(flag))
#define cap_raised(c, flag) ((c).cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(flag)] & CAP_TO_MASK(flag))
#define CAP_BOP_ALL(c, a, b, OP) \
do { \
unsigned __capi; \
CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) { \
c.cap[__capi] = a.cap[__capi] OP b.cap[__capi]; \
} \
} while (0)
#define CAP_UOP_ALL(c, a, OP) \
do { \
unsigned __capi; \
CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) { \
c.cap[__capi] = OP a.cap[__capi]; \
} \
} while (0)
static inline kernel_cap_t cap_combine(const kernel_cap_t a,
const kernel_cap_t b)
{
kernel_cap_t dest;
CAP_BOP_ALL(dest, a, b, |);
return dest;
}
static inline kernel_cap_t cap_intersect(const kernel_cap_t a,
const kernel_cap_t b)
{
kernel_cap_t dest;
CAP_BOP_ALL(dest, a, b, &);
return dest;
}
static inline kernel_cap_t cap_drop(const kernel_cap_t a,
const kernel_cap_t drop)
{
kernel_cap_t dest;
CAP_BOP_ALL(dest, a, drop, &~);
return dest;
}
static inline kernel_cap_t cap_invert(const kernel_cap_t c)
{
kernel_cap_t dest;
CAP_UOP_ALL(dest, c, ~);
return dest;
}
static inline int cap_isclear(const kernel_cap_t a)
{
unsigned __capi;
CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) {
if (a.cap[__capi] != 0)
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
/*
* Check if "a" is a subset of "set".
* return 1 if ALL of the capabilities in "a" are also in "set"
* cap_issubset(0101, 1111) will return 1
* return 0 if ANY of the capabilities in "a" are not in "set"
* cap_issubset(1111, 0101) will return 0
*/
static inline int cap_issubset(const kernel_cap_t a, const kernel_cap_t set)
{
kernel_cap_t dest;
dest = cap_drop(a, set);
return cap_isclear(dest);
}
/* Used to decide between falling back on the old suser() or fsuser(). */
static inline int cap_is_fs_cap(int cap)
{
const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_FS_SET;
return !!(CAP_TO_MASK(cap) & __cap_fs_set.cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(cap)]);
}
static inline kernel_cap_t cap_drop_fs_set(const kernel_cap_t a)
{
const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_FS_SET;
return cap_drop(a, __cap_fs_set);
}
static inline kernel_cap_t cap_raise_fs_set(const kernel_cap_t a,
const kernel_cap_t permitted)
{
const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_FS_SET;
return cap_combine(a,
cap_intersect(permitted, __cap_fs_set));
}
static inline kernel_cap_t cap_drop_nfsd_set(const kernel_cap_t a)
{
const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_NFSD_SET;
return cap_drop(a, __cap_fs_set);
}
static inline kernel_cap_t cap_raise_nfsd_set(const kernel_cap_t a,
const kernel_cap_t permitted)
{
const kernel_cap_t __cap_nfsd_set = CAP_NFSD_SET;
return cap_combine(a,
cap_intersect(permitted, __cap_nfsd_set));
}
extern const kernel_cap_t __cap_empty_set;
extern const kernel_cap_t __cap_full_set;
extern const kernel_cap_t __cap_init_eff_set;
/**
* has_capability - Determine if a task has a superior capability available
* @t: The task in question
* @cap: The capability to be tested for
*
* Return true if the specified task has the given superior capability
* currently in effect, false if not.
*
* Note that this does not set PF_SUPERPRIV on the task.
*/
#define has_capability(t, cap) (security_real_capable((t), (cap)) == 0)
/**
* has_capability_noaudit - Determine if a task has a superior capability available (unaudited)
* @t: The task in question
* @cap: The capability to be tested for
*
* Return true if the specified task has the given superior capability
* currently in effect, false if not, but don't write an audit message for the
* check.
*
* Note that this does not set PF_SUPERPRIV on the task.
*/
#define has_capability_noaudit(t, cap) \
(security_real_capable_noaudit((t), (cap)) == 0)
extern int capable(int cap);
/* audit system wants to get cap info from files as well */
struct dentry;
extern int get_vfs_caps_from_disk(const struct dentry *dentry, struct cpu_vfs_cap_data *cpu_caps);
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* !_LINUX_CAPABILITY_H */