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Java agent that enables class reloading in a running JVM
Java Groovy

Welcome to Spring-Loaded

What is Spring Loaded?

Spring Loaded is a JVM agent for reloading class file changes whilst a JVM is running. It transforms classes at loadtime to make them amenable to later reloading. Unlike 'hot code replace' which only allows simple changes once a JVM is running (e.g. changes to method bodies), Spring Loaded allows you to add/modify/delete methods/fields/constructors. The annotations on types/methods/fields/constructors can also be modified and it is possible to add/remove/change values in enum types.

Spring Loaded is usable on any bytecode that may run on a JVM, and is actually the reloading system used in Grails 2.


1.2.3 has now been released: springloaded-1.2.3.RELEASE.jar

1.2.4 snapshots are in this repo area (grab the most recently built .jar):

The download is the agent jar and needs no further unpacking before use.

Running with reloading

java -javaagent:<pathTo>/springloaded-{VERSION}.jar -noverify SomeJavaClass

The verifier is being turned off because some of the bytecode rewriting stretches the meaning of some of the bytecodes - in ways the JVM doesn't mind but the verifier doesn't like. Once up and running what effectively happens is that any classes loaded from jar files (dependencies) are not treated as reloadable, whilst anything loaded from .class files on disk is made reloadable. Once loaded the .class file will be watched (once a second) and should a new version appear SpringLoaded will pick it up. Any live instances of that class will immediately see the new form of the object, the instances do not need to be discarded and recreated.

No doubt that raises a lot of questions and hopefully a proper FAQ will appear here shortly! But in the meantime, here are some basic Qs and As:

Q. Does it reload anything that might change in a class file? A. No, you can't change the hierarchy of a type. Also there are certain constructor patterns of usage it can't actually handle right now.

Q. With objects changing shape, what happens with respect to reflection? A. Reflection results change over time as the objects are reloaded. For example, modifying a class with a new method and calling getDeclaredMethods() after reloading has occurred will mean you see the new method in the results. But this does mean if you have existing caches in your system that stash reflective information assuming it never changes, those will need to be cleared after a reload.

Q. How do I know when a reload has occurred so I can clear my state? A. You can write a plugin that is called when reloads occur and you can then take the appropriate action. Create an implementation of ReloadEventProcessorPlugin and then register it via SpringLoadedPreProcessor.registerGlobalPlugin(plugin). (There are other ways to register plugins, which will hopefully get some documentation!)

Q. What's the state of the codebase? A. The technology is successfully being used by Grails for reloading. It does need some performance work and a few smacks with a refactoring hammer. It needs upgrading here and there to tolerate the invokedynamic instruction and associated new constant pool entries that arrived in Java 7.

Working with the code

git clone

Once cloned there will be some projects suitable for import into eclipse. The main project and some test projects. One of the test projects is an AspectJ project (containing both Java and AspectJ code), and one is a Groovy project. To compile these test projects in Eclipse you will need the relevant eclipse plugins:

AJDT: update site: Groovy-Eclipse: update site:

After importing them you can run the tests. There are two kinds of tests, hand crafted and generated. Running all the tests including the generated ones can take a while. To run just the hand crafted ones supply this to the JVM when launching the tests:


NOTE: When running the tests you need to pass -noverify to the JVM also.

Two launch configurations are already included if you are importing these projects into eclipse, which run with or without the generated tests.

A gradle build script is included, run './gradlew build' to rebuild the agent - it will be created as something like: springloaded/build/libs/springloaded-1.1.5.BUILD-SNAPSHOT.jar

Can I contribute?

Sure! Just press Fork at the top of this github page and get coding. Before we accept pull requests we just need you to sign a simple contributor's agreement - which you can find here. Signing the contributor's agreement does not grant anyone commit rights to the main repository, but it does mean that we can accept your contributions, and you will get an author credit if we do. Active contributors might be asked to join the core team, and given the ability to merge pull requests.

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