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SpringerOpen Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT)

The data below is valid on the date provided: 29th June 2017.

For more information, contact info@springeropen.com.

The features and explanations provided below are subject to change and updating at Springer Nature's discretion.

Summary

Criteria Supporting features Remarks and explanations
Section 1194.21 Software Applications and Operating Systems Not applicable
Section 1194.22 Web-based Internet information and applications Supports with exceptions Our target standards are W3C's Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 (to level AA).
We take accessibility very seriously, and are constantly trying to improve. For instance we’ve developed pa11y - a tool that allows automated accessibility testing. We are using this to monitor our accessibility compliance.
Section 1194.23 Telecommunications Products Not applicable
Section 1194.24 Video and Multi-media Products Not applicable
Section 1194.25 Self-Contained, Closed Products Not applicable
Section 1194.26 Desktop and Portable Computers Not applicable
Section 1194.31 Functional Performance Criteria Supports with exceptions The majority of content is marked up for Assistive Technology.
Content provided by third parties may not meet accessibility requirements.
Section 1194.41 Information, Documentation and Support Supports Documentation and support is available to all users via our FAQ pages or can be provided upon request free of charge.

Section 1194.21 Software Applications and Operating Systems

Criteria Supporting features Remarks and explanations
(a) When software is designed to run on a system that has a keyboard, product functions shall be executable from a keyboard where the function itself or the result of performing a function can be discerned textually. Not applicable
(b) Applications shall not disrupt or disable activated features of other products that are identified as accessibility features, where those features are developed and documented according to industry standards. Applications also shall not disrupt or disable activated features of any operating system that are identified as accessibility features where the application programming interface for those accessibility features has been documented by the manufacturer of the operating system and is available to the product developer. Not applicable
(c) A well-defined on-screen indication of the current focus shall be provided that moves among interactive interface elements as the input focus changes. The focus shall be programmatically exposed so that Assistive Technology can track focus and focus changes. Not applicable
(d) Sufficient information about a user interface element including the identity, operation and state of the element shall be available to Assistive Technology. When an image represents a program element, the information conveyed by the image must also be available in text. Not applicable
(e) When bitmap images are used to identify controls, status indicators, or other programmatic elements, the meaning assigned to those images shall be consistent throughout an application's performance. Not applicable
(f) Textual information shall be provided through operating system functions for displaying text. The minimum information that shall be made available is text content, text input caret location, and text attributes. Not applicable
(g) Applications shall not override user selected contrast and color selections and other individual display attributes. Not applicable
(h) When animation is displayed, the information shall be displayable in at least one non-animated presentation mode at the option of the user. Not applicable
(i) Color coding shall not be used as the only means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element. Not applicable
(j) When a product permits a user to adjust color and contrast settings, a variety of color selections capable of producing a range of contrast levels shall be provided. Not applicable
(k) Software shall not use flashing or blinking text, objects, or other elements having a flash or blink frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz. Not applicable
(l) When electronic forms are used, the form shall allow people using Assistive Technology to access the information, field elements, and functionality required for completion and submission of the form, including all directions and cues. Not applicable

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Section 1194.22 Web-based Internet information and applications

Criteria Supporting features Remarks and explanations
(a) A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided (e.g., via “alt”, “longdesc”, or in element content). Supports with exception Mostly supported, with rare exceptions. Working towards supporting fully.
Most images provide meaningful alternate text or descriptions. However, in some instances where images are inserted via a Content Management System, the alternative text is not as descriptive as it should be.
(b) Equivalent alternatives for any multimedia presentation shall be synchronized with the presentation. Does not support Website allows third parties to provide supplemental material that may be in a multimedia format; equivalent alternatives are encouraged but not required.
Currently no method for confirming the inclusion of captions.
(c) Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also available without color, for example from context or markup. Supports
(d) Documents shall be organized so they are readable without requiring an associated style sheet. Supports We ensure HTML is written semantically so that the website is readable without a stylesheet
(e) Redundant text links shall be provided for each active region of a server-side image map. Not applicable
(f) Client-side image maps shall be provided instead of server-side image maps except where the regions cannot be defined with an available geometric shape. Not applicable
(g) Row and column headers shall be identified for data tables. Supports with exception Tables used in fulltext articles are marked up using <thead> and <th> and styled to differentiate them from the table data.
Tables that a Content Management System outputs cannot make this distinction.
(h) Markup shall be used to associate data cells and header cells for data tables that have two or more logical levels of row or column headers. Does not support Our XSLT cannot currently make this association.
(i) Frames shall be titled with text that facilitates frame identification and navigation Supports with exceptions Website does not contain Frames.
Some third parties may use iframes without titles to render advertisements.
(j) Pages shall be designed to avoid causing the screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz. Supports
(k) A text-only page, with equivalent information or functionality, shall be provided to make a web site comply with the provisions of this part, when compliance cannot be accomplished in any other way. The content of the text-only page shall be updated whenever the primary page changes. Not applicable We do not provide alternative presentations or alternate pages - instead we ensure that the original page is accessible, which is the better, more accessible solution. I.e. we never have to create a text-only page.
(l) When pages utilize scripting languages to display content, or to create interface elements, the information provided by the script shall be identified with functional text that can be read by Assistive Technology. Supports with exceptions Some summary information is only available via mouse click / hover.
Content we insert via JavaScript contains functional text readable by assistive technology. However, changing aria attributes and using live-regions accordingly is not currently done, although we are working towards improving this as we rebrand parts of the site.
(m) When a web page requires that an applet, plug-in or other application be present on the client system to interpret page content, the page must provide a link to a plug-in or applet that complies with §1194.21(a) through (l). Does not support Website does not contain applets; links to common plugins, such as PDF viewers, not provided.
(n) When electronic forms are designed to be completed on-line, the form shall allow people using Assistive Technology to access the information, field elements, and functionality required for completion and submission of the form, including all directions and cues. Supports All form fields are labelled and grouped logically, and make use of the “for” attribute to associate labels with their corresponding form element.
(o) A method shall be provided that permits users to skip repetitive navigation links. Supports with exceptions We provide skip links, which allow our users to skip straight to the content on every page. However we do not provide links that to skip every set of navigational links
(p) When a timed response is required, the user shall be alerted and given sufficient time to indicate more time is required. Not applicable We do not require timed responses.

Note to 1194.22: The Board interprets paragraphs (a) through (k) of this section as consistent with the following priority 1 Checkpoints of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 (WCAG 1.0) (May 5 1999) published by the Web Accessibility Initiative of the World Wide Web Consortium: Paragraph (a) - 1.1, (b) - 1.4, (c) - 2.1, (d) - 6.1, (e) - 1.2, (f) - 9.1, (g) - 5.1, (h) - 5.2, (i) - 12.1, (j) - 7.1, (k) - 11.4.

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Section 1194.23 Telecommunications Products

Criteria Supporting features Remarks and explanations
(a) Telecommunications products or systems which provide a function allowing voice communication and which do not themselves provide a TTY functionality shall provide a standard non-acoustic connection point for TTYs. Microphones shall be capable of being turned on and off to allow the user to intermix speech with TTY use. Not applicable
(b) Telecommunications products which include voice communication functionality shall support all commonly used cross-manufacturer non-proprietary standard TTY signal protocols. Not applicable
(c) Voice mail, auto-attendant, and interactive voice response telecommunications systems shall be usable by TTY users with their TTYs. Not applicable
(d) Voice mail, messaging, auto-attendant, and interactive voice response telecommunications systems that require a response from a user within a time interval, shall give an alert when the time interval is about to run out, and shall provide sufficient time for the user to indicate more time is required. Not applicable
(e) Where provided, caller identification and similar telecommunications functions shall also be available for users of TTYs, and for users who cannot see displays. Not applicable
(f) For transmitted voice signals, telecommunications products shall provide a gain adjustable up to a minimum of 20 dB. For incremental volume control, at least one intermediate step of 12 dB of gain shall be provided. Not applicable
(g) If the telecommunications product allows a user to adjust the receive volume, a function shall be provided to automatically reset the volume to the default level after every use. Not applicable
(h) Where a telecommunications product delivers output by an audio transducer which is normally held up to the ear, a means for effective magnetic wireless coupling to hearing technologies shall be provided. Not applicable
(i) Interference to hearing technologies (including hearing aids, cochlear implants, and assistive listening devices) shall be reduced to the lowest possible level that allows a user of hearing technologies to utilize the telecommunications product. Not applicable
(j) Products that transmit or conduct information or communication, shall pass through cross-manufacturer, non-proprietary, industry-standard codes, translation protocols, formats or other information necessary to provide the information or communication in a usable format. Technologies which use encoding, signal compression, format transformation, or similar techniques shall not remove information needed for access or shall restore it upon delivery. Not applicable
(k)(1) Products which have mechanically operated controls or keys shall comply with the following: Controls and Keys shall be tactilely discernible without activating the controls or keys. Not applicable
(k)(2) Products which have mechanically operated controls or keys shall comply with the following: Controls and Keys shall be operable with one hand and shall not require tight grasping, pinching, twisting of the wrist. The force required to activate controls and keys shall be 5 lbs. (22.2N) maximum. Not applicable
(k)(3) Products which have mechanically operated controls or keys shall comply with the following: If key repeat is supported, the delay before repeat shall be adjustable to at least 2 seconds. Key repeat rate shall be adjustable to 2 seconds per character. Not applicable
(k)(4) Products which have mechanically operated controls or keys shall comply with the following: The status of all locking or toggle controls or keys shall be visually discernible, and discernible either through touch or sound. Not applicable

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Section 1194.24 Video and Multi-media Products

Criteria Supporting features Remarks and explanations
a) All analog television displays 13 inches and larger, and computer equipment that includes analog television receiver or display circuitry, shall be equipped with caption decoder circuitry which appropriately receives, decodes, and displays closed captions from broadcast, cable, videotape, and DVD signals. As soon as practicable, but not later than July 1, 2002, widescreen digital television (DTV) displays measuring at least 7.8 inches vertically, DTV sets with conventional displays measuring at least 13 inches vertically, and stand-alone DTV tuners, whether or not they are marketed with display screens, and computer equipment that includes DTV receiver or display circuitry, shall be equipped with caption decoder circuitry which appropriately receives, decodes, and displays closed captions from broadcast, cable, videotape, and DVD signals. Not applicable
(b) Television tuners, including tuner cards for use in computers, shall be equipped with secondary audio program playback circuitry. Not applicable
(c) All training and informational video and multimedia productions which support the agency's mission, regardless of format, that contain speech or other audio information necessary for the comprehension of the content, shall be open or closed captioned. Not applicable
(d) All training and informational video and multimedia productions which support the agency's mission, regardless of format, that contain visual information necessary for the comprehension of the content, shall be audio described. Not applicable
(e) Display or presentation of alternate text presentation or audio descriptions shall be user-selectable unless permanent. Not applicable

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Section 1194.25 Self-Contained, Closed Products

Criteria Supporting features Remarks and explanations
(a) Self contained products shall be usable by people with disabilities without requiring an end-user to attach Assistive Technology to the product. Personal headsets for private listening are not Assistive Technology. Not applicable
(b) When a timed response is required, the user shall be alerted and given sufficient time to indicate more time is required. Not applicable
(c) Where a product utilizes touchscreens or contact-sensitive controls, an input method shall be provided that complies with §1194.23 (k) (1) through (4). Not applicable
(d) When biometric forms of user identification or control are used, an alternative form of identification or activation, which does not require the user to possess particular biological characteristics, shall also be provided. Not applicable
(e) When products provide auditory output, the audio signal shall be provided at a standard signal level through an industry standard connector that will allow for private listening. The product must provide the ability to interrupt, pause, and restart the audio at anytime. Not applicable
(f) When products deliver voice output in a public area, incremental volume control shall be provided with output amplification up to a level of at least 65 dB. Where the ambient noise level of the environment is above 45 dB, a volume gain of at least 20 dB above the ambient level shall be user selectable. A function shall be provided to automatically reset the volume to the default level after every use. Not applicable
(g) Color coding shall not be used as the only means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element. Not applicable
(h) When a product permits a user to adjust color and contrast settings, a range of color selections capable of producing a variety of contrast levels shall be provided. Not applicable
(i) Products shall be designed to avoid causing the screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz. Not applicable
(j) (1) Products which are freestanding, non-portable, and intended to be used in one location and which have operable controls shall comply with the following: The position of any operable control shall be determined with respect to a vertical plane, which is 48 inches in length, centered on the operable control, and at the maximum protrusion of the product within the 48 inch length on products which are freestanding, non-portable, and intended to be used in one location and which have operable controls. Not applicable
(j)(2) Products which are freestanding, non-portable, and intended to be used in one location and which have operable controls shall comply with the following: Where any operable control is 10 inches or less behind the reference plane, the height shall be 54 inches maximum and 15 inches minimum above the floor. Not applicable
(j)(3) Products which are freestanding, non-portable, and intended to be used in one location and which have operable controls shall comply with the following: Where any operable control is more than 10 inches and not more than 24 inches behind the reference plane, the height shall be 46 inches maximum and 15 inches minimum above the floor. Not applicable
(j)(4) Products which are freestanding, non-portable, and intended to be used in one location and which have operable controls shall comply with the following: Operable controls shall not be more than 24 inches behind the reference plane. Not applicable

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Section 1194.26 Desktop and Portable Computers

Criteria Supporting features Remarks and explanations
(a) All mechanically operated controls and keys shall comply with §1194.23 (k) (1) through (4). Not applicable
(b) If a product utilizes touchscreens or touch-operated controls, an input method shall be provided that complies with §1194.23 (k) (1) through (4). Not applicable
(c) When biometric forms of user identification or control are used, an alternative form of identification or activation, which does not require the user to possess particular biological characteristics, shall also be provided. Not applicable
(d) Where provided, at least one of each type of expansion slots, ports and connectors shall comply with publicly available industry standards Not applicable

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Section 1194.31 Functional Performance Criteria

Criteria Supporting features Remarks and explanations
(a) At least one mode of operation and information retrieval that does not require user vision shall be provided, or support for Assistive Technology used by people who are blind or visually impaired shall be provided. Supports with exceptions See 1194.22
(b) At least one mode of operation and information retrieval that does not require visual acuity greater than 20/70 shall be provided in audio and enlarged print output working together or independently, or support for Assistive Technology used by people who are visually impaired shall be provided. Supports Our markup is written with support for assistive technology.
Fonts are set as rems for browsers that support them.
Website does not impede user from zooming into page, or from increasing the font size via their browser settings. As the site is zoomed, the layout will respond via media queries to be more readable.
(c) At least one mode of operation and information retrieval that does not require user hearing shall be provided, or support for Assistive Technology used by people who are deaf or hard of hearing shall be provided Supports with exception The majority of our content is text based.
However, article content can contain audio and video. Our guidelines encourage authors to provide a transcript of these, but this is not mandatory.
Video can also be added to pages via a Content Management System, and in these cases transcriptions or captions are not mandatory.
(d) Where audio information is important for the use of a product, at least one mode of operation and information retrieval shall be provided in an enhanced auditory fashion, or support for assistive hearing devices shall be provided. Not applicable
(e) At least one mode of operation and information retrieval that does not require user speech shall be provided, or support for Assistive Technology used by people with disabilities shall be provided. Not applicable
(f) At least one mode of operation and information retrieval that does not require fine motor control or simultaneous actions and that is operable with limited reach and strength shall be provided. Supports with exceptions The majority of content is accessible via keyboard. Mouse interactions necessary for some features.
Third-party scripts (Figshare, Disqus and Recommended) are used to provide additional information and functionality for article content that is not fully keyboard navigable.

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Section 1194.41 Information, Documentation and Support

Criteria Supporting features Remarks and explanations
(a) Product support documentation provided to end-users shall be made available in alternate formats upon request, at no additional charge Supports Information available on the website via FAQ page and additional information can be requested for free by contacting support.
(b) End-users shall have access to a description of the accessibility and compatibility features of products in alternate formats or alternate methods upon request, at no additional charge. Supports https://www.springeropen.com/accessibility - linked to in the footer of the website.
More information can be provided upon request.
(c) Support services for products shall accommodate the communication needs of end-users with disabilities. Supports The page outlining our approach to accessibility can be read by assistive technologies. Additional information can be requested via email, telephone or post. Details of contact information can be found on the contact us page.

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