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Bazel Rules for Maven Repositories

A bazel ruleset creating an idiomatic bazel representation of a maven repository using a pinned list of artifacts.

Release: 1.2.0
Prerelease: 2.0.0-alpha-5

Version Sha
Release 1.2.0 9e23155895d2bfc60b35d2dfd88c91701892a7efba5afacdf00cebc0982229fe
Prerelease 2.0.0-alpha-5 fde80cafa02a2c034cc8086c158f500e7b6ceb16d251273a6cc82f1c0723e0e8

Table of Contents

Overview

Bazel Rules for Maven Repositories allow the specification of a list of artifacts which constitute maven repository's universe of deps, and exposes these artifacts via a bazel external workspace. The name of the repository specification rule becomes the repository name in Bazel. For instance the following specification:

MAVEN_REPOSITORY_RULES_VERSION = "1.2.0"
MAVEN_REPOSITORY_RULES_SHA = "9e23155895d2bfc60b35d2dfd88c91701892a7efba5afacdf00cebc0982229fe"
http_archive(
    name = "maven_repository_rules",
    urls = ["https://github.com/square/bazel_maven_repository/archive/%s.zip" % MAVEN_REPOSITORY_RULES_VERSION],
    type = "zip",
    strip_prefix = "bazel_maven_repository-%s" % MAVEN_REPOSITORY_RULES_VERSION,
    sha256 = MAVEN_REPOSITORY_RULES_SHA,
)
load("@maven_repository_rules//maven:maven.bzl", "maven_repository_specification")
maven_repository_specification(
    name = "maven",
    artifacts = {
        "com.google.guava:guava:25.0-jre": { "sha256": "3fd4341776428c7e0e5c18a7c10de129475b69ab9d30aeafbb5c277bb6074fa9" },
    }
)

... results in deps of the format @maven//com/google/guava:guava (which can be abbreviated to @maven//com/google/guava)

Dependency versions are resolved in the single artifact list. Only one version is permitted within a repository.

Note: bazel_maven_repository has no workspace dependencies, so adding it to your project will not result in any additional bazel repositories to be fetched. However, you specify .aars in your list, you will need the rules_android to be declared in your WORKSPACE

Supported Types

Currently .aar and .jar artifacts are supported. OSGI bundles are supported by assuming they are normal .jar artifacts (which they are, just have a packaging property of bundle and some extra metadata in META-INF of the .jar file).

.aar artifacts should be specified as "some.group:some-artifact:1.0:aar" (just append :aar onto the artifact spec string).

For any other types, please file a feature request, or supply a pull request. So long as there exists a proper bazel import or library rule to bring the artifact's file into bazel's dependency graph, it should be possible to support it.

Inter-artifact dependencies

This rule will, in the generated repository, infer inter-artifact dependencies from pom.xml files of those artifacts (pulling in only compile and runtime dependencies, and avoiding any systemPath dependencies). This avoids the bazel user having to over-specify the full set of dependency jars.

All artifacts, even if only transitively depended, must be specified with a pinned version in the artifacts dictionary. Any artifacts discovered in the inferred dependency search, which are not present in the main rule's artifact list will be flagged and the build will fail with an error. The error output should suggest configuration to either pin them or exclude them.

Coordinate Translation

Translation from maven group/artifact coordinates to bazel package/target coordinates is naive but orderly. The logic mirrors the layout of a maven repository, with groupId elements (separated by .) turning into a package hierarchy, and the artifactId turning into a bazel target.

For example: com.google.dagger:dagger-compiler:2.16 turns into @maven//com/google/dagger:dagger, and javax.inject:javax.inject:1 becomes @maven//javax/inject:javax_inject (since . is not a valid character for a target).

Artifact Configuration

Sha verification

Artifacts with SHA256 checksums can be added to artifacts, in the form:

    artifacts = {
        "com.google.guava:guava:25.0-jre": { "sha256": "3fd4341776428c7e0e5c18a7c10de129475b69ab9d30aeafbb5c277bb6074fa9" },
    }

Artifacts without SHA headers should configured as insecure, like so:

    artifacts = {
        "com.google.guava:guava:25.0-jre": { "insecure": True },
    }

The rules will reject artifacts without SHAs are not marked as "insecure".

Note: These rules cannot validate that the checksum is the right one, only that the one supplied in configuration matches the checksum of the file downloaded. It is the responsibility of the maintainer to use proper security practices and obtain the expected checksum from a trusted source.

Testonly

An artifact can be declared testonly - this forces the testonly = True flag for the generated target to be set, requiring that this artifact only be used by other testonly rules (e.g. test-libraries with testonly = true also set, or *_test rules.)

maven_repository_specification(
    name = "maven",
    artifacts = {
        "com.google.truth:truth:1.0": {"insecure": True, "testonly": True},
        # ... all the other deps.
    },
)

Exclude

Since 2.0.0

An artifact can have some (or all) of its direct dependencies pruned by use of the exclude property. For instance:

maven_repository_specification(
    name = "maven",
    artifacts = {
        "com.google.truth:truth:1.0": {
            "insecure": True,
            "exclude": ["com.google.auto.value:auto-value-annotations"],
        },
        # ... all the other deps.
    },
)

This results in truth omitting a dependency on the auto-value annotations - useful to avoid dependencies not specified as <optional>true</optional> in the pom.xml, but which are not necessary for correct operation of the artifact. A good example of this would be robolectric, which contains dependencies on a lot of maven download code which is not needed in a bazel build.

Note: This feature is incompatible with "deps": [...] and "build_snippets": "..." mechanisms.

Include

Since 2.0.0

An artifact can have additional dependencies added using the include property. For instance:

maven_repository_specification(
    name = "maven",
    artifacts = {
        "com.helpshift:android-helpshift-aar:7.8.0": {
            "insecure": True,
            "include": [
                # Bazel dependencies 
                "@//some/local/dependency", # in the root workspace of this build
                "@some_workspace//some/other/dep", # in some external workspace of this build

                # While theoretically in the root workspace, because this occurs inside the maven
                # workspace maven may interpret this as being inside the @maven workspace. Use
                # the @// prefix to force it into the root workspace
                "//some/local/dependency",

                # Useful for referencing some custom thing added by a snippet on another artifact.
                ":some_target_in_the_same_package",

                # Maven artifact coordinates, which will be interpreted relative to the presently
                # configured maven workspace. These will also result in errors if their versioned
                # artifacts have not been pinned in the artifact dictionary.
                "androidx.cardview:cardview",
                "androidx.recyclerview:recyclerview",
                "com.google.android.material:material",
            ]
        },
        # ... all the other deps.
    },
)

This results in the bazel workspace generating additional dependencies, converting maven-style some.group.id:artifactId pairs to @maven//some/group/id:artifactId and passing bazel-style dependencies (:foo, //foo/bar, @someWorkspace//foo/bar:baz) through as text, relying on bazel itself to resolve and complain if they are incorrect.

These additions are performed after automatically detected dependencies are processed (and after excludes are processed). It can be used to add missing deps from badly specified pom files, or it can add-back-in optional dependencies (which are not included by default).

Note: This feature is incompatible with "deps": [...] and "build_snippets": "..." mechanisms.

Deps

Since 2.0.0

An artifact can have its dependencies entirely specified (overriding the automated detection via maven resolution) using the deps property. For instance:

maven_repository_specification(
    name = "maven",
    artifacts = {
        "com.helpshift:android-helpshift-aar:7.8.0": {
            "insecure": True,
            "deps": [
                # Bazel dependencies 
                "@//some/local/dependency", # in the root workspace of this build
                "@some_workspace//some/other/dep", # in some external workspace of this build

                # While theoretically in the root workspace, because this occurs inside the maven
                # workspace maven may interpret this as being inside the @maven workspace. Use
                # the @// prefix to force it into the root workspace
                "//some/local/dependency",

                # Useful for referencing some custom thing added by a snippet on another artifact.
                ":some_target_in_the_same_package",

                # Maven artifact coordinates, which will be interpreted relative to the presently
                # configured maven workspace. These will also result in errors if their versioned
                # artifacts have not been pinned in the artifact dictionary.
                "androidx.cardview:cardview",
                "androidx.recyclerview:recyclerview",
                "com.google.android.material:material",
            ]
        },
        # ... all the other deps.
    },
)

This results in the bazel workspace ignoring the dependencies from resolved metadata, and using the supplied list instead. It converts maven-style some.group.id:artifactId pairs to @maven//some/group/id:artifactId. It passes bazel-style dependencies (:foo, //foo/bar, @someWorkspace//foo/bar:baz) through as text, relying on bazel itself to resolve and complain if they are incorrect.

Note: This feature is incompatible with "include": [...] "exclude": [...] and "build_snippets": "..." mechanisms, as it entirely takes responsibility for the deps list.

Substitution of build targets

Note: Because this feature entirely takes over snippet generation, it is more brittle than other features that may address the relevant use-cases. Please prefer those features over this one, if they can solve your problem, as it overrides a lot of validation and guarantees, and a given snippet may become stale with version changes of the artifacts specified.

It is useful, however, if you cannot address your case with other features.

One can provide a BUILD.bazel target snippet that will be substituted for the auto-generated target implied by a maven artifact. This is very useful for providing an annotation-processor-exporting alternative target. The substitution is naive, so the string needs to be appropriate and any rules need to be correct, contain the right dependencies, etc. To aid that it's also possible to (on a per-package basis) substitute dependencies on a given fully-qualified bazel target for another.

A simple use-case would be to substitute a target name (e.g. "mockito-core" -> "mockito") for cleaner/easier use in bazel:

maven_repository_specification(
    name = "maven",
    artifacts = {
        "org.mockito:mockito-core:2.20.1": {
            "sha256": "blahblahblah",
            "build_snippet": """maven_jvm_artifact(name = "mockito", artifact = "org.mockito:mockito-core:2.20.1")""",
        },
        # ... all the other deps.
    },
)

This would allow the following use in a BUILD.bazel file.

java_test(
  name = "MyTest",
  srcs = "MyTest.java",
  deps = [
    # ... other deps
    "@maven//org/mockito" # instead of "@maven//org/mockito:mockito-core"
  ],
)

More complex use-cases are possible, such as adding substitute targets with annotation processing java_plugin targets and exports. An example with Dagger would look like this (with the basic rule imports assumed):

DAGGER_PROCESSOR_SNIPPET = """
# use this target
java_library(name = "dagger", exports = [":dagger_api"], exported_plugins = [":dagger_plugin"])

# alternatively-named import of the raw dagger library.
raw_jvm_import(
    name = "dagger_api",
    jars = "@com_google_dagger_dagger//maven",    
)

java_plugin(
    name = "dagger_plugin",
    processor_class = "dagger.internal.codegen.ComponentProcessor",
    generates_api = True,
    deps = [":dagger_compiler"],
)
"""

The above is given as a substitution in the maven_repository_specification() rule. However, since the inferred dependencies of :dagger-compiler would create a dependency cycle because it includes :dagger as a dep, the specification rule also should include a dependency_target_substitution, to ensures that the inferred rules in the generated com/google/dagger/BUILD file consume :dagger_api instead of the wrapper replacement target, or use include and exclude statements on the com.google.dagger:dagger-compiler artifact to have it depend on the now-renamed target (see the test/test_workspace for an example of this)

maven_repository_specification(
    name = "maven",
    artifacts = {
        "com.google.dagger:dagger:2.20": {
            "sha256": "blahblahblah",
            "build_snippet": DAGGER_PROCESSOR_SNIPPET,
        },
        "com.google.dagger:dagger-compiler:2.20": { "sha256": "blahblahblah" },
        "com.google.dagger:dagger-producers:2.20": { "sha256": "blahblahblah" },
        "com.google.dagger:dagger-spi:2.20": { "sha256": "blahblahblah" },
        "com.google.code.findbugs:jsr305:3.0.2": { "sha256": "blahblahblah" },
        # ... all the other deps.
    },
    dependency_target_substitutes = {
        "com.google.dagger": {"@maven//com/google/dagger:dagger": "@maven//com/google/dagger:dagger_api"},
    }
)

Thereafter, any target with a dependency on (in this example) @maven//com/google/dagger will invoke annotation processing and generate any dagger-generated code. A similar pattern could be used for AutoFactory and AutoValue, configuring kotlinc plugins, etc.

Such snippet constants can be extracted into .bzl files and imported to keep the WORKSPACE file tidy. In the future some standard templates may be offered by this project, but not until deps validation is available, as it would be too easy to have templates' deps lists go out of date as versions bumped, if no other validation prevented it or notified about it.

Note: This feature is incompatible with "include": [...] "exclude": [...] and "deps": "..." mechanisms, as it entirely takes responsibility for the targets written into the build file, and therefore, any dependencies. It also overrides a lot of warnings.

Caching

Bazel Maven Repository 1.2.0 and prior: Bazel can cache artifacts if you provide sha256 hashes. These will make the artifacts candidates for the "content addressable" cache, which is machine-wide, and survives even bazel clean --expunge. The caveat for this is that if you put the wrong hash, and if that hash is to a file you already have downloaded, bazel's internal download mechanism will serve that file instead of the remote file. This can cause you to accidentally supply a wrong version, wrong artifact, or wrong kind of file if you're not careful. So take caution when recording the sha256 hashes, both for security and performance reasons. The hash will be preferred over the artifact as a way to identify the artifact, under the hood.

Pom.xml files are not cached, and will be re-downloaded when your workspace needs regenerating.

Bazel Maven Repository 2.0 and later: The rules will cache maven artifacts and metadata via the ~/.m2/repository "local repository" exactly as maven would.

Limitations

  • Doesn't support -SNAPSHOT dependencies (#5) (pending 2.0)
  • Doesn't support multiple versions of a dependency (by design).
  • Doesn't support multiple calls to maven_repository_specification() due to collisions in the implicit fetching rules it creates. This limitation will be lifted in a version. (#6) (pending 2.0)
  • Doesn't support -source.jar downloading and attachment. (#44) (pending 2.0)

Other Usage Notes

Caches

Because of the nature of bazel repository/workspace operation, updating the list of artifacts invalidates the analysis cache, and force a re-run of workspace operations (and possibly reduce incrementality of the next build). As of 2.0, the workspace generation is drastically faster.

Clogged WORKSPACE files

It may make sense, if one's maven universe gets big, to extract the list of artifacts into a constant in a separate file (e.g. maven_artifacts.bzl) and import it.

Kotlin

ijar (abi-jar) and inline functions

Bazel Maven Repository uses a raw_jvm_import target which does not invoke ijar as it is known to break Kotlin artifacts with inlined operators and inlined types.

rules_kotlin and maven integration paths

[rules_kotlin] currently break when running in full sandbox mode (without the kotlin compilation worker). Specifically, it misinterprets paths in the sandbox. Therefore, if using [rules_kotlin] it is crucial to include --strategy=KotlinCompile=worker either on the command-line, or in the project's .bazelrc or your personal .bazelrc. Otherwise, the annotation processor will fail to find the jar contents for annotation processors such as Dagger 2 or AutoValue or AutoFactory.

License

License Copyright 2018 Square, Inc.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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A bazel ruleset creating a more idiomatic bazel representation of a maven repo using a pinned list of artifacts.

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