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require 'set'
require 'shellwords'
module Sprockets
# The `DirectiveProcessor` is responsible for parsing and evaluating
# directive comments in a source file.
#
# A directive comment starts with a comment prefix, followed by an "=",
# then the directive name, then any arguments.
#
# // JavaScript
# //= require "foo"
#
# # CoffeeScript
# #= require "bar"
#
# /* CSS
# *= require "baz"
# */
#
# This makes it possible to disable or modify the processor to do whatever
# you'd like. You could add your own custom directives or invent your own
# directive syntax.
#
# `Environment#processors` includes `DirectiveProcessor` by default.
#
# To remove the processor entirely:
#
# env.unregister_processor('text/css', Sprockets::DirectiveProcessor)
# env.unregister_processor('application/javascript', Sprockets::DirectiveProcessor)
#
# Then inject your own preprocessor:
#
# env.register_processor('text/css', MyProcessor)
#
class DirectiveProcessor
VERSION = '1'
# Directives are denoted by a `=` followed by the name, then
# argument list.
#
# A few different styles are allowed:
#
# // =require foo
# //= require foo
# //= require "foo"
#
DIRECTIVE_PATTERN = /
^ \W* = \s* (\w+.*?) (\*\/)? $
/x
def self.instance
@instance ||= new(
# Deprecated: Default to C and Ruby comment styles
comments: ["//", ["/*", "*/"]] + ["#", ["###", "###"]]
)
end
def self.call(input)
instance.call(input)
end
def initialize(options = {})
@header_pattern = compile_header_pattern(Array(options[:comments]))
end
def call(input)
dup._call(input)
end
def _call(input)
@environment = input[:environment]
@uri = input[:uri]
@filename = input[:filename]
@dirname = File.dirname(@filename)
@content_type = input[:content_type]
@required = Set.new(input[:metadata][:required])
@stubbed = Set.new(input[:metadata][:stubbed])
@links = Set.new(input[:metadata][:links])
@dependencies = Set.new(input[:metadata][:dependencies])
data, directives = process_source(input[:data])
process_directives(directives)
{ data: data,
required: @required,
stubbed: @stubbed,
links: @links,
dependencies: @dependencies }
end
protected
# Directives will only be picked up if they are in the header
# of the source file. C style (/* */), JavaScript (//), and
# Ruby (#) comments are supported.
#
# Directives in comments after the first non-whitespace line
# of code will not be processed.
def compile_header_pattern(comments)
re = comments.map { |c|
case c
when String
"(?:#{Regexp.escape(c)}.*\\n?)+"
when Array
"(?:#{Regexp.escape(c[0])}(?m:.*?)#{Regexp.escape(c[1])})"
else
raise TypeError, "unknown comment type: #{c.class}"
end
}.join("|")
Regexp.compile("\\A(?:(?m:\\s*)(?:#{re}))+")
end
def process_source(source)
header = source[@header_pattern, 0] || ""
body = $' || source
header, directives = extract_directives(header)
data = ""
data.force_encoding(body.encoding)
data << header << "\n" unless header.empty?
data << body
# Ensure body ends in a new line
data << "\n" if data.length > 0 && data[-1] != "\n"
return data, directives
end
# Returns an Array of directive structures. Each structure
# is an Array with the line number as the first element, the
# directive name as the second element, followed by any
# arguments.
#
# [[1, "require", "foo"], [2, "require", "bar"]]
#
def extract_directives(header)
processed_header = ""
directives = []
header.lines.each_with_index do |line, index|
if directive = line[DIRECTIVE_PATTERN, 1]
name, *args = Shellwords.shellwords(directive)
if respond_to?("process_#{name}_directive", true)
directives << [index + 1, name, *args]
# Replace directive line with a clean break
line = "\n"
end
end
processed_header << line
end
return processed_header.chomp, directives
end
# Gathers comment directives in the source and processes them.
# Any directive method matching `process_*_directive` will
# automatically be available. This makes it easy to extend the
# processor.
#
# To implement a custom directive called `require_glob`, subclass
# `Sprockets::DirectiveProcessor`, then add a method called
# `process_require_glob_directive`.
#
# class DirectiveProcessor < Sprockets::DirectiveProcessor
# def process_require_glob_directive
# Dir["#{dirname}/#{glob}"].sort.each do |filename|
# require(filename)
# end
# end
# end
#
# Replace the current processor on the environment with your own:
#
# env.unregister_processor('text/css', Sprockets::DirectiveProcessor)
# env.register_processor('text/css', DirectiveProcessor)
#
def process_directives(directives)
directives.each do |line_number, name, *args|
begin
send("process_#{name}_directive", *args)
rescue Exception => e
e.set_backtrace(["#{@filename}:#{line_number}"] + e.backtrace)
raise e
end
end
end
# The `require` directive functions similar to Ruby's own `require`.
# It provides a way to declare a dependency on a file in your path
# and ensures its only loaded once before the source file.
#
# `require` works with files in the environment path:
#
# //= require "foo.js"
#
# Extensions are optional. If your source file is ".js", it
# assumes you are requiring another ".js".
#
# //= require "foo"
#
# Relative paths work too. Use a leading `./` to denote a relative
# path:
#
# //= require "./bar"
#
def process_require_directive(path)
@required << resolve(path, accept: @content_type, bundle: false)
end
# `require_self` causes the body of the current file to be inserted
# before any subsequent `require` directives. Useful in CSS files, where
# it's common for the index file to contain global styles that need to
# be defined before other dependencies are loaded.
#
# /*= require "reset"
# *= require_self
# *= require_tree .
# */
#
def process_require_self_directive
if @required.include?(@uri)
raise ArgumentError, "require_self can only be called once per source file"
end
@required << @uri
end
# `require_directory` requires all the files inside a single
# directory. It's similar to `path/*` since it does not follow
# nested directories.
#
# //= require_directory "./javascripts"
#
def process_require_directory_directive(path = ".")
path = expand_relative_dirname(:require_directory, path)
require_paths(*@environment.stat_directory_with_dependencies(path))
end
# `require_tree` requires all the nested files in a directory.
# Its glob equivalent is `path/**/*`.
#
# //= require_tree "./public"
#
def process_require_tree_directive(path = ".")
path = expand_relative_dirname(:require_tree, path)
require_paths(*@environment.stat_sorted_tree_with_dependencies(path))
end
# Allows you to state a dependency on a file without
# including it.
#
# This is used for caching purposes. Any changes made to
# the dependency file will invalidate the cache of the
# source file.
#
# This is useful if you are using ERB and File.read to pull
# in contents from another file.
#
# //= depend_on "foo.png"
#
def process_depend_on_directive(path)
resolve(path)
end
# Allows you to state a dependency on an asset without including
# it.
#
# This is used for caching purposes. Any changes that would
# invalid the asset dependency will invalidate the cache our the
# source file.
#
# Unlike `depend_on`, the path must be a requirable asset.
#
# //= depend_on_asset "bar.js"
#
def process_depend_on_asset_directive(path)
load(resolve(path))
end
# Allows dependency to be excluded from the asset bundle.
#
# The `path` must be a valid asset and may or may not already
# be part of the bundle. Once stubbed, it is blacklisted and
# can't be brought back by any other `require`.
#
# //= stub "jquery"
#
def process_stub_directive(path)
@stubbed << resolve(path, accept: @content_type, bundle: false)
end
# Declares a linked dependency on the target asset.
#
# The `path` must be a valid asset and should not already be part of the
# bundle. Any linked assets will automatically be compiled along with the
# current.
#
# /*= link "logo.png" */
#
def process_link_directive(path)
@links << load(resolve(path)).uri
end
# `link_directory` links all the files inside a single
# directory. It's similar to `path/*` since it does not follow
# nested directories.
#
# //= link_directory "./fonts"
#
# Use caution when linking against JS or CSS assets. Include an explicit
# extension or content type in these cases
#
# //= link_directory "./scripts" .js
#
def process_link_directory_directive(path = ".", accept = nil)
path = expand_relative_dirname(:link_directory, path)
accept = expand_accept_shorthand(accept)
link_paths(*@environment.stat_directory_with_dependencies(path), accept)
end
# `link_tree` links all the nested files in a directory.
# Its glob equivalent is `path/**/*`.
#
# //= link_tree "./images"
#
# Use caution when linking against JS or CSS assets. Include an explicit
# extension or content type in these cases
#
# //= link_tree "./styles" .css
#
def process_link_tree_directive(path = ".", accept = nil)
path = expand_relative_dirname(:link_tree, path)
accept = expand_accept_shorthand(accept)
link_paths(*@environment.stat_sorted_tree_with_dependencies(path), accept)
end
private
def expand_accept_shorthand(accept)
if accept.nil?
nil
elsif accept.include?("/")
accept
elsif accept.start_with?(".")
@environment.mime_exts[accept]
else
@environment.mime_exts[".#{accept}"]
end
end
def require_paths(paths, deps)
resolve_paths(paths, deps, accept: @content_type, bundle: false) do |uri|
@required << uri
end
end
def link_paths(paths, deps, accept)
resolve_paths(paths, deps, accept: accept) do |uri|
@links << load(uri).uri
end
end
def resolve_paths(paths, deps, options = {})
@dependencies.merge(deps)
paths.each do |subpath, stat|
next if subpath == @filename || stat.directory?
uri, deps = @environment.resolve(subpath, options.merge(compat: false))
@dependencies.merge(deps)
yield uri if uri
end
end
def expand_relative_dirname(directive, path)
if @environment.relative_path?(path)
path = File.expand_path(path, @dirname)
stat = @environment.stat(path)
if stat && stat.directory?
path
else
raise ArgumentError, "#{directive} argument must be a directory"
end
else
# The path must be relative and start with a `./`.
raise ArgumentError, "#{directive} argument must be a relative path"
end
end
def load(uri)
asset = @environment.load(uri)
@dependencies.merge(asset.metadata[:dependencies])
asset
end
def resolve(path, options = {})
# Prevent absolute paths in directives
if @environment.absolute_path?(path)
raise FileOutsidePaths, "can't require absolute file: #{path}"
end
uri, deps = @environment.resolve!(path, options.merge(base_path: @dirname))
@dependencies.merge(deps)
uri
end
end
end
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