Steem - The Blockchain That Will Tokenize The Web
Welcome to the official repository for Steem, the blockchain that will revolutionize the web, and soon the blockchain for Smart Media Tokens!
Steem is the first blockchain which introduced the "Proof of Brain" social consensus algorithm for token allocation.
Being one of the most actively developed blockchain projects currently in existence, it's become fertile soil for entrepreneurial pursuits. It has also become home for many cryptocurrency centric projects.
Steem aims to be the preferred blockchain for dApp development with Smart Media Tokens at its core. With SMTs, everyone can leverage the power of Steem.
Originally, Steem was announced on the Bitcointalk forum prior to the start of any mining. (Steem is currently not mineable)
- Whitepaper: steem.io/SteemWhitepaper.pdf
- Bluepaper: steem.io/SteemBluepaper.pdf
- SMT Whitepaper: steem.io/SMTWhitepaper.pdf (not final)
- Developer Portal: https://developers.steem.io/
- Free Transactions (Resource Credits = Freemium Model)
- Fast Block Confirmations (3 seconds)
- Time Delay Security (Vested Steem & Savings)
- Hierarchical Role Based Permissions (Keys)
- Integrated Token Allocation
- Smart Media Tokens (soon)
- Lowest Entry-Barrier for User Adoption in the market
- Dozens of dApps already built on Steem and many more to come
- Currency symbol STEEM
- SBD - Steem's very own stable coin with a one-way peg
- Delegated Proof-of-Stake Consensus (DPOS)
- 10% APR inflation narrowing to 1% APR over 20 years
- 75% of inflation to "Proof of Brain" social consensus algorithm.
- 15% of inflation to stakeholders.
- 10% of inflation to block producers.
Getting started with Steem is fairly simple. You can either choose to use docker-images, build with docker manually or build from source directly. All steps have been documented and while many different OS are supported, the easiest one is Ubuntu 16.04.
Just want to get up and running quickly? We have pre-built Docker images for your convenience. More details are in our Quickstart Guide.
We strongly recommend using one of our pre-built Docker images or using Docker to build Steem. Both of these processes are described in the Quickstart Guide.
But if you would still like to build from source, we also have build instructions for Linux (Ubuntu LTS) and macOS.
Dockerized P2P Node
To run a p2p node (ca. 2GB of memory is required at the moment):
docker run \ -d -p 2001:2001 -p 8090:8090 --name steemd-default \ steemit/steem docker logs -f steemd-default # follow along
Dockerized Full Node
To run a node with all the data (e.g. for supporting a content website) ca. 14GB of memory, and growing, is required:
docker run \ --env USE_WAY_TOO_MUCH_RAM=1 --env USE_FULL_WEB_NODE=1 \ -d -p 2001:2001 -p 8090:8090 --name steemd-full \ steemit/steem docker logs -f steemd-full
We provide a basic cli wallet for interfacing with
steemd. The wallet is self-documented via command line help. The node you connect to via the cli wallet needs to be running the
condenser_api, and needs to be configured to accept WebSocket connections via
See doc/devs/testing.md for test build targets and info on how to use lcov to check code test coverage.
steemd once to generate a data directory and config file. The default location is
steemd. It won't do anything without seed nodes. If you want to modify the config to your liking, we have two example configs used in the docker images. ( consensus node, full node ) All options will be present in the default config file and there may be more options needing to be changed from the docker configs (some of the options actually used in images are configured via command line).
A list of some seed nodes to get you started can be found in doc/seednodes.txt.
This same file is baked into the docker images and can be overridden by
STEEMD_SEED_NODES in the container environment at
time to a whitespace delimited list of seed nodes (with port).
There are quite a few environment variables that can be set to run steemd in different ways:
USE_WAY_TOO_MUCH_RAM- if set to true, steemd starts a 'full node'
USE_FULL_WEB_NODE- if set to true, a default config file will be used that enables a full set of API's and associated plugins.
USE_NGINX_FRONTEND- if set to true, this will enable an NGINX reverse proxy in front of steemd that proxies WebSocket requests to steemd. This will also enable a custom healthcheck at the path '/health' that lists how many seconds away from current blockchain time your node is. It will return a '200' if it's less than 60 seconds away from being synced.
USE_MULTICORE_READONLY- if set to true, this will enable steemd in multiple reader mode to take advantage of multiple cores (if available). Read requests are handled by the read-only nodes and write requests are forwarded back to the single 'writer' node automatically. NGINX load balances all requests to the reader nodes, 4 per available core. This setting is still considered experimental and may have trouble with some API calls until further development is completed.
HOME- set this to the path where you want steemd to store it's data files (block log, shared memory, config file, etc). By default
/var/lib/steemdis used and exists inside the docker container. If you want to use a different mount point (like a ramdisk, or a different drive) then you may want to set this variable to map the volume to your docker container.
Steemd now supports a PaaS mode (platform as a service) that currently works with Amazon's Elastic Beanstalk service. It can be launched using the following environment variables:
USE_PAAS- if set to true, steemd will launch in a format that works with AWS EB. Containers will exit upon failure so that they can be relaunched automatically by ECS. This mode assumes
USE_FULL_WEB_NODE, they do not need to be also set.
S3_BUCKET- set this to the name of the S3 bucket where you will store shared memory files for steemd in Amazon S3. They will be stored compressed in bz2 format with the file name
blockchain-$VERSION-latest.tar.bz2, where $VERSION is the release number followed by the git short commit hash stored in each docker image at
SYNC_TO_S3- if set to true, the node will function to only generate shared memory files and upload them to the specified S3 bucket. This makes fast deployments and autoscaling for steemd possible.
For a full web node, you need at least 110GB of disk space available. Steemd uses a memory mapped file which currently holds 56GB of data and by default is set to use up to 80GB. The block log of the blockchain itself is a little over 27GB. It's highly recommended to run steemd on a fast disk such as an SSD or by placing the shared memory files in a ramdisk and using the
--shared-file-dir=/path command line option to specify where. At least 16GB of memory is required for a full web node. Seed nodes (p2p mode) can run with as little as 4GB of memory with a 24 GB state file. Any CPU with decent single core performance should be sufficient. Steemd is constantly growing. As of August 2017, these numbers were accurate, but you may find you need more disk space to run a full node. We are also constantly working on optimizing Steem's use of disk space.
On Linux use the following Virtual Memory configuration for the initial sync and subsequent replays. It is not needed for normal operation.
echo 75 | sudo tee /proc/sys/vm/dirty_background_ratio echo 1000 | sudo tee /proc/sys/vm/dirty_expire_centisecs echo 80 | sudo tee /proc/sys/vm/dirty_ratio echo 30000 | sudo tee /proc/sys/vm/dirty_writeback_centisecs
No Support & No Warranty
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.