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<?php
/**
* @package Joomla.Platform
* @subpackage Database
*
* @copyright Copyright (C) 2005 - 2012 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
* @license GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE
*/
defined('JPATH_PLATFORM') or die;
/**
* Joomla Platform Database Interface
*
* @package Joomla.Platform
* @subpackage Database
* @since 11.2
*/
interface JDatabaseInterface
{
/**
* Test to see if the connector is available.
*
* @return boolean True on success, false otherwise.
*
* @since 11.2
*/
public static function isSupported();
}
/**
* Joomla Platform Database Driver Class
*
* @package Joomla.Platform
* @subpackage Database
* @since 12.1
*
* @method string q() q($text, $escape = true) Alias for quote method
* @method string qn() qn($name, $as = null) Alias for quoteName method
*/
abstract class JDatabaseDriver extends JDatabase implements JDatabaseInterface
{
/**
* The name of the database.
*
* @var string
* @since 11.4
*/
private $_database;
/**
* The name of the database driver.
*
* @var string
* @since 11.1
*/
public $name;
/**
* @var resource The database connection resource.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $connection;
/**
* @var integer The number of SQL statements executed by the database driver.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $count = 0;
/**
* @var resource The database connection cursor from the last query.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $cursor;
/**
* @var boolean The database driver debugging state.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $debug = false;
/**
* @var integer The affected row limit for the current SQL statement.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $limit = 0;
/**
* @var array The log of executed SQL statements by the database driver.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $log = array();
/**
* @var string The character(s) used to quote SQL statement names such as table names or field names,
* etc. The child classes should define this as necessary. If a single character string the
* same character is used for both sides of the quoted name, else the first character will be
* used for the opening quote and the second for the closing quote.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $nameQuote;
/**
* @var string The null or zero representation of a timestamp for the database driver. This should be
* defined in child classes to hold the appropriate value for the engine.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $nullDate;
/**
* @var integer The affected row offset to apply for the current SQL statement.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $offset = 0;
/**
* @var array Passed in upon instantiation and saved.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $options;
/**
* @var mixed The current SQL statement to execute.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $sql;
/**
* @var string The common database table prefix.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $tablePrefix;
/**
* @var boolean True if the database engine supports UTF-8 character encoding.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected $utf = true;
/**
* @var integer The database error number
* @since 11.1
* @deprecated 12.1
*/
protected $errorNum = 0;
/**
* @var string The database error message
* @since 11.1
* @deprecated 12.1
*/
protected $errorMsg;
/**
* @var array JDatabaseDriver instances container.
* @since 11.1
*/
protected static $instances = array();
/**
* @var string The minimum supported database version.
* @since 12.1
*/
protected static $dbMinimum;
/**
* Get a list of available database connectors. The list will only be populated with connectors that both
* the class exists and the static test method returns true. This gives us the ability to have a multitude
* of connector classes that are self-aware as to whether or not they are able to be used on a given system.
*
* @return array An array of available database connectors.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public static function getConnectors()
{
$connectors = array();
// Get an iterator and loop trough the driver classes.
$iterator = new DirectoryIterator(__DIR__ . '/driver');
foreach ($iterator as $file)
{
$fileName = $file->getFilename();
// Only load for php files.
// Note: DirectoryIterator::getExtension only available PHP >= 5.3.6
if (!$file->isFile() || substr($fileName, strrpos($fileName, '.') + 1) != 'php')
{
continue;
}
// Derive the class name from the type.
$class = str_ireplace('.php', '', 'JDatabaseDriver' . ucfirst(trim($fileName)));
// If the class doesn't exist we have nothing left to do but look at the next type. We did our best.
if (!class_exists($class))
{
continue;
}
// Sweet! Our class exists, so now we just need to know if it passes its test method.
if ($class::isSupported())
{
// Connector names should not have file extensions.
$connectors[] = str_ireplace('.php', '', $fileName);
}
}
return $connectors;
}
/**
* Method to return a JDatabaseDriver instance based on the given options. There are three global options and then
* the rest are specific to the database driver. The 'driver' option defines which JDatabaseDriver class is
* used for the connection -- the default is 'mysqli'. The 'database' option determines which database is to
* be used for the connection. The 'select' option determines whether the connector should automatically select
* the chosen database.
*
* Instances are unique to the given options and new objects are only created when a unique options array is
* passed into the method. This ensures that we don't end up with unnecessary database connection resources.
*
* @param array $options Parameters to be passed to the database driver.
*
* @return JDatabaseDriver A database object.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public static function getInstance($options = array())
{
// Sanitize the database connector options.
$options['driver'] = (isset($options['driver'])) ? preg_replace('/[^A-Z0-9_\.-]/i', '', $options['driver']) : 'mysqli';
$options['database'] = (isset($options['database'])) ? $options['database'] : null;
$options['select'] = (isset($options['select'])) ? $options['select'] : true;
// Get the options signature for the database connector.
$signature = md5(serialize($options));
// If we already have a database connector instance for these options then just use that.
if (empty(self::$instances[$signature]))
{
// Derive the class name from the driver.
$class = 'JDatabaseDriver' . ucfirst(strtolower($options['driver']));
// If the class still doesn't exist we have nothing left to do but throw an exception. We did our best.
if (!class_exists($class))
{
throw new RuntimeException(sprintf('Unable to load Database Driver: %s', $options['driver']));
}
// Create our new JDatabaseDriver connector based on the options given.
try
{
$instance = new $class($options);
}
catch (RuntimeException $e)
{
throw new RuntimeException(sprintf('Unable to connect to the Database: %s', $e->getMessage()));
}
// Set the new connector to the global instances based on signature.
self::$instances[$signature] = $instance;
}
return self::$instances[$signature];
}
/**
* Splits a string of multiple queries into an array of individual queries.
*
* @param string $sql Input SQL string with which to split into individual queries.
*
* @return array The queries from the input string separated into an array.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public static function splitSql($sql)
{
$start = 0;
$open = false;
$char = '';
$end = strlen($sql);
$queries = array();
for ($i = 0; $i < $end; $i++)
{
$current = substr($sql, $i, 1);
if (($current == '"' || $current == '\''))
{
$n = 2;
while (substr($sql, $i - $n + 1, 1) == '\\' && $n < $i)
{
$n++;
}
if ($n % 2 == 0)
{
if ($open)
{
if ($current == $char)
{
$open = false;
$char = '';
}
}
else
{
$open = true;
$char = $current;
}
}
}
if (($current == ';' && !$open) || $i == $end - 1)
{
$queries[] = substr($sql, $start, ($i - $start + 1));
$start = $i + 1;
}
}
return $queries;
}
/**
* Magic method to provide method alias support for quote() and quoteName().
*
* @param string $method The called method.
* @param array $args The array of arguments passed to the method.
*
* @return string The aliased method's return value or null.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function __call($method, $args)
{
if (empty($args))
{
return;
}
switch ($method)
{
case 'q':
return $this->quote($args[0], isset($args[1]) ? $args[1] : true);
break;
case 'qn':
return $this->quoteName($args[0], isset($args[1]) ? $args[1] : null);
break;
}
}
/**
* Constructor.
*
* @param array $options List of options used to configure the connection
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function __construct($options)
{
// Initialise object variables.
$this->_database = (isset($options['database'])) ? $options['database'] : '';
$this->tablePrefix = (isset($options['prefix'])) ? $options['prefix'] : 'jos_';
$this->count = 0;
$this->errorNum = 0;
$this->log = array();
// Set class options.
$this->options = $options;
}
/**
* Connects to the database if needed.
*
* @return void Returns void if the database connected successfully.
*
* @since 12.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
abstract public function connect();
/**
* Determines if the connection to the server is active.
*
* @return boolean True if connected to the database engine.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract public function connected();
/**
* Disconnects the database.
*
* @return void
*
* @since 12.1
*/
abstract public function disconnect();
/**
* Drops a table from the database.
*
* @param string $table The name of the database table to drop.
* @param boolean $ifExists Optionally specify that the table must exist before it is dropped.
*
* @return JDatabaseDriver Returns this object to support chaining.
*
* @since 11.4
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public abstract function dropTable($table, $ifExists = true);
/**
* Method to escape a string for usage in an SQL statement.
*
* @param string $text The string to be escaped.
* @param boolean $extra Optional parameter to provide extra escaping.
*
* @return string The escaped string.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract public function escape($text, $extra = false);
/**
* Method to fetch a row from the result set cursor as an array.
*
* @param mixed $cursor The optional result set cursor from which to fetch the row.
*
* @return mixed Either the next row from the result set or false if there are no more rows.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract protected function fetchArray($cursor = null);
/**
* Method to fetch a row from the result set cursor as an associative array.
*
* @param mixed $cursor The optional result set cursor from which to fetch the row.
*
* @return mixed Either the next row from the result set or false if there are no more rows.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract protected function fetchAssoc($cursor = null);
/**
* Method to fetch a row from the result set cursor as an object.
*
* @param mixed $cursor The optional result set cursor from which to fetch the row.
* @param string $class The class name to use for the returned row object.
*
* @return mixed Either the next row from the result set or false if there are no more rows.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract protected function fetchObject($cursor = null, $class = 'stdClass');
/**
* Method to free up the memory used for the result set.
*
* @param mixed $cursor The optional result set cursor from which to fetch the row.
*
* @return void
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract protected function freeResult($cursor = null);
/**
* Get the number of affected rows for the previous executed SQL statement.
*
* @return integer The number of affected rows.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract public function getAffectedRows();
/**
* Method to get the database collation in use by sampling a text field of a table in the database.
*
* @return mixed The collation in use by the database or boolean false if not supported.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract public function getCollation();
/**
* Method that provides access to the underlying database connection. Useful for when you need to call a
* proprietary method such as postgresql's lo_* methods.
*
* @return resource The underlying database connection resource.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function getConnection()
{
return $this->connection;
}
/**
* Get the total number of SQL statements executed by the database driver.
*
* @return integer
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function getCount()
{
return $this->count;
}
/**
* Gets the name of the database used by this conneciton.
*
* @return string
*
* @since 11.4
*/
protected function getDatabase()
{
return $this->_database;
}
/**
* Returns a PHP date() function compliant date format for the database driver.
*
* @return string The format string.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function getDateFormat()
{
return 'Y-m-d H:i:s';
}
/**
* Get the database driver SQL statement log.
*
* @return array SQL statements executed by the database driver.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function getLog()
{
return $this->log;
}
/**
* Get the minimum supported database version.
*
* @return string The minimum version number for the database driver.
*
* @since 12.1
*/
public function getMinimum()
{
return static::$dbMinimum;
}
/**
* Get the null or zero representation of a timestamp for the database driver.
*
* @return string Null or zero representation of a timestamp.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function getNullDate()
{
return $this->nullDate;
}
/**
* Get the number of returned rows for the previous executed SQL statement.
*
* @param resource $cursor An optional database cursor resource to extract the row count from.
*
* @return integer The number of returned rows.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract public function getNumRows($cursor = null);
/**
* Get the common table prefix for the database driver.
*
* @return string The common database table prefix.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function getPrefix()
{
return $this->tablePrefix;
}
/**
* Gets an exporter class object.
*
* @return JDatabaseExporter An exporter object.
*
* @since 12.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function getExporter()
{
// Derive the class name from the driver.
$class = 'JDatabaseExporter' . ucfirst($this->name);
// Make sure we have an exporter class for this driver.
if (!class_exists($class))
{
// If it doesn't exist we are at an impasse so throw an exception.
throw new RuntimeException('Database Exporter not found.');
}
$o = new $class;
$o->setDbo($this);
return $o;
}
/**
* Gets an importer class object.
*
* @return JDatabaseImporter An importer object.
*
* @since 12.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function getImporter()
{
// Derive the class name from the driver.
$class = 'JDatabaseImporter' . ucfirst($this->name);
// Make sure we have an importer class for this driver.
if (!class_exists($class))
{
// If it doesn't exist we are at an impasse so throw an exception.
throw new RuntimeException('Database Importer not found');
}
$o = new $class;
$o->setDbo($this);
return $o;
}
/**
* Get the current query object or a new JDatabaseQuery object.
*
* @param boolean $new False to return the current query object, True to return a new JDatabaseQuery object.
*
* @return JDatabaseQuery The current query object or a new object extending the JDatabaseQuery class.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function getQuery($new = false)
{
if ($new)
{
// Derive the class name from the driver.
$class = 'JDatabaseQuery' . ucfirst($this->name);
// Make sure we have a query class for this driver.
if (!class_exists($class))
{
// If it doesn't exist we are at an impasse so throw an exception.
throw new RuntimeException('Database Query Class not found.');
}
return new $class($this);
}
else
{
return $this->sql;
}
}
/**
* Get a new iterator on the current query.
*
* @param string $column An option column to use as the iterator key.
* @param string $class The class of object that is returned.
*
* @return JDatabaseIterator A new database iterator.
*
* @since 12.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function getIterator($column = null, $class = 'stdClass')
{
// Derive the class name from the driver.
$iteratorClass = 'JDatabaseIterator' . ucfirst($this->name);
// Make sure we have an iterator class for this driver.
if (!class_exists($iteratorClass))
{
// If it doesn't exist we are at an impasse so throw an exception.
throw new RuntimeException(sprintf('class *%s* is not defined', $iteratorClass));
}
// Return a new iterator
return new $iteratorClass($this->execute(), $column, $class);
}
/**
* Retrieves field information about the given tables.
*
* @param string $table The name of the database table.
* @param boolean $typeOnly True (default) to only return field types.
*
* @return array An array of fields by table.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
abstract public function getTableColumns($table, $typeOnly = true);
/**
* Shows the table CREATE statement that creates the given tables.
*
* @param mixed $tables A table name or a list of table names.
*
* @return array A list of the create SQL for the tables.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
abstract public function getTableCreate($tables);
/**
* Retrieves field information about the given tables.
*
* @param mixed $tables A table name or a list of table names.
*
* @return array An array of keys for the table(s).
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
abstract public function getTableKeys($tables);
/**
* Method to get an array of all tables in the database.
*
* @return array An array of all the tables in the database.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
abstract public function getTableList();
/**
* Determine whether or not the database engine supports UTF-8 character encoding.
*
* @return boolean True if the database engine supports UTF-8 character encoding.
*
* @since 11.1
* @deprecated 12.3 Use hasUTFSupport() instead
*/
public function getUTFSupport()
{
JLog::add('JDatabase::getUTFSupport() is deprecated. Use JDatabase::hasUTFSupport() instead.', JLog::WARNING, 'deprecated');
return $this->hasUTFSupport();
}
/**
* Determine whether or not the database engine supports UTF-8 character encoding.
*
* @return boolean True if the database engine supports UTF-8 character encoding.
*
* @since 12.1
*/
public function hasUTFSupport()
{
return $this->utf;
}
/**
* Get the version of the database connector
*
* @return string The database connector version.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract public function getVersion();
/**
* Method to get the auto-incremented value from the last INSERT statement.
*
* @return mixed The value of the auto-increment field from the last inserted row.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract public function insertid();
/**
* Inserts a row into a table based on an object's properties.
*
* @param string $table The name of the database table to insert into.
* @param object &$object A reference to an object whose public properties match the table fields.
* @param string $key The name of the primary key. If provided the object property is updated.
*
* @return boolean True on success.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function insertObject($table, &$object, $key = null)
{
$fields = array();
$values = array();
// Iterate over the object variables to build the query fields and values.
foreach (get_object_vars($object) as $k => $v)
{
// Only process non-null scalars.
if (is_array($v) or is_object($v) or $v === null)
{
continue;
}
// Ignore any internal fields.
if ($k[0] == '_')
{
continue;
}
// Prepare and sanitize the fields and values for the database query.
$fields[] = $this->quoteName($k);
$values[] = $this->quote($v);
}
// Create the base insert statement.
$query = $this->getQuery(true);
$query->insert($this->quoteName($table))
->columns($fields)
->values(implode(',', $values));
// Set the query and execute the insert.
$this->setQuery($query);
if (!$this->execute())
{
return false;
}
// Update the primary key if it exists.
$id = $this->insertid();
if ($key && $id && is_string($key))
{
$object->$key = $id;
}
return true;
}
/**
* Method to check whether the installed database version is supported by the database driver
*
* @return boolean True if the database version is supported
*
* @since 12.1
*/
public function isMinimumVersion()
{
return version_compare($this->getVersion(), static::$dbMinimum) >= 0;
}
/**
* Method to get the first row of the result set from the database query as an associative array
* of ['field_name' => 'row_value'].
*
* @return mixed The return value or null if the query failed.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function loadAssoc()
{
$this->connect();
$ret = null;
// Execute the query and get the result set cursor.
if (!($cursor = $this->execute()))
{
return null;
}
// Get the first row from the result set as an associative array.
if ($array = $this->fetchAssoc($cursor))
{
$ret = $array;
}
// Free up system resources and return.
$this->freeResult($cursor);
return $ret;
}
/**
* Method to get an array of the result set rows from the database query where each row is an associative array
* of ['field_name' => 'row_value']. The array of rows can optionally be keyed by a field name, but defaults to
* a sequential numeric array.
*
* NOTE: Chosing to key the result array by a non-unique field name can result in unwanted
* behavior and should be avoided.
*
* @param string $key The name of a field on which to key the result array.
* @param string $column An optional column name. Instead of the whole row, only this column value will be in
* the result array.
*
* @return mixed The return value or null if the query failed.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function loadAssocList($key = null, $column = null)
{
$this->connect();
$array = array();
// Execute the query and get the result set cursor.
if (!($cursor = $this->execute()))
{
return null;
}
// Get all of the rows from the result set.
while ($row = $this->fetchAssoc($cursor))
{
$value = ($column) ? (isset($row[$column]) ? $row[$column] : $row) : $row;
if ($key)
{
$array[$row[$key]] = $value;
}
else
{
$array[] = $value;
}
}
// Free up system resources and return.
$this->freeResult($cursor);
return $array;
}
/**
* Method to get an array of values from the <var>$offset</var> field in each row of the result set from
* the database query.
*
* @param integer $offset The row offset to use to build the result array.
*
* @return mixed The return value or null if the query failed.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function loadColumn($offset = 0)
{
$this->connect();
$array = array();
// Execute the query and get the result set cursor.
if (!($cursor = $this->execute()))
{
return null;
}
// Get all of the rows from the result set as arrays.
while ($row = $this->fetchArray($cursor))
{
$array[] = $row[$offset];
}
// Free up system resources and return.
$this->freeResult($cursor);
return $array;
}
/**
* Method to get the next row in the result set from the database query as an object.
*
* @param string $class The class name to use for the returned row object.
*
* @return mixed The result of the query as an array, false if there are no more rows.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function loadNextObject($class = 'stdClass')
{
JLog::add(__METHOD__ . '() is deprecated. Use JDatabase::getIterator() instead.', JLog::WARNING, 'deprecated');
$this->connect();
static $cursor = null;
// Execute the query and get the result set cursor.
if ( is_null($cursor) )
{
if (!($cursor = $this->execute()))
{
return $this->errorNum ? null : false;
}
}
// Get the next row from the result set as an object of type $class.
if ($row = $this->fetchObject($cursor, $class))
{
return $row;
}
// Free up system resources and return.
$this->freeResult($cursor);
$cursor = null;
return false;
}
/**
* Method to get the next row in the result set from the database query as an array.
*
* @return mixed The result of the query as an array, false if there are no more rows.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function loadNextRow()
{
JLog::add('JDatabase::loadNextRow() is deprecated. Use JDatabase::getIterator() instead.', JLog::WARNING, 'deprecated');
$this->connect();
static $cursor = null;
// Execute the query and get the result set cursor.
if ( is_null($cursor) )
{
if (!($cursor = $this->execute()))
{
return $this->errorNum ? null : false;
}
}
// Get the next row from the result set as an object of type $class.
if ($row = $this->fetchArray($cursor))
{
return $row;
}
// Free up system resources and return.
$this->freeResult($cursor);
$cursor = null;
return false;
}
/**
* Method to get the first row of the result set from the database query as an object.
*
* @param string $class The class name to use for the returned row object.
*
* @return mixed The return value or null if the query failed.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function loadObject($class = 'stdClass')
{
$this->connect();
$ret = null;
// Execute the query and get the result set cursor.
if (!($cursor = $this->execute()))
{
return null;
}
// Get the first row from the result set as an object of type $class.
if ($object = $this->fetchObject($cursor, $class))
{
$ret = $object;
}
// Free up system resources and return.
$this->freeResult($cursor);
return $ret;
}
/**
* Method to get an array of the result set rows from the database query where each row is an object. The array
* of objects can optionally be keyed by a field name, but defaults to a sequential numeric array.
*
* NOTE: Choosing to key the result array by a non-unique field name can result in unwanted
* behavior and should be avoided.
*
* @param string $key The name of a field on which to key the result array.
* @param string $class The class name to use for the returned row objects.
*
* @return mixed The return value or null if the query failed.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function loadObjectList($key = '', $class = 'stdClass')
{
$this->connect();
$array = array();
// Execute the query and get the result set cursor.
if (!($cursor = $this->execute()))
{
return null;
}
// Get all of the rows from the result set as objects of type $class.
while ($row = $this->fetchObject($cursor, $class))
{
if ($key)
{
$array[$row->$key] = $row;
}
else
{
$array[] = $row;
}
}
// Free up system resources and return.
$this->freeResult($cursor);
return $array;
}
/**
* Method to get the first field of the first row of the result set from the database query.
*
* @return mixed The return value or null if the query failed.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function loadResult()
{
$this->connect();
$ret = null;
// Execute the query and get the result set cursor.
if (!($cursor = $this->execute()))
{
return null;
}
// Get the first row from the result set as an array.
if ($row = $this->fetchArray($cursor))
{
$ret = $row[0];
}
// Free up system resources and return.
$this->freeResult($cursor);
return $ret;
}
/**
* Method to get the first row of the result set from the database query as an array. Columns are indexed
* numerically so the first column in the result set would be accessible via <var>$row[0]</var>, etc.
*
* @return mixed The return value or null if the query failed.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function loadRow()
{
$this->connect();
$ret = null;
// Execute the query and get the result set cursor.
if (!($cursor = $this->execute()))
{
return null;
}
// Get the first row from the result set as an array.
if ($row = $this->fetchArray($cursor))
{
$ret = $row;
}
// Free up system resources and return.
$this->freeResult($cursor);
return $ret;
}
/**
* Method to get an array of the result set rows from the database query where each row is an array. The array
* of objects can optionally be keyed by a field offset, but defaults to a sequential numeric array.
*
* NOTE: Choosing to key the result array by a non-unique field can result in unwanted
* behavior and should be avoided.
*
* @param string $key The name of a field on which to key the result array.
*
* @return mixed The return value or null if the query failed.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function loadRowList($key = null)
{
$this->connect();
$array = array();
// Execute the query and get the result set cursor.
if (!($cursor = $this->execute()))
{
return null;
}
// Get all of the rows from the result set as arrays.
while ($row = $this->fetchArray($cursor))
{
if ($key !== null)
{
$array[$row[$key]] = $row;
}
else
{
$array[] = $row;
}
}
// Free up system resources and return.
$this->freeResult($cursor);
return $array;
}
/**
* Locks a table in the database.
*
* @param string $tableName The name of the table to unlock.
*
* @return JDatabaseDriver Returns this object to support chaining.
*
* @since 11.4
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public abstract function lockTable($tableName);
/**
* Method to quote and optionally escape a string to database requirements for insertion into the database.
*
* @param string $text The string to quote.
* @param boolean $escape True (default) to escape the string, false to leave it unchanged.
*
* @return string The quoted input string.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function quote($text, $escape = true)
{
return '\'' . ($escape ? $this->escape($text) : $text) . '\'';
}
/**
* Wrap an SQL statement identifier name such as column, table or database names in quotes to prevent injection
* risks and reserved word conflicts.
*
* @param mixed $name The identifier name to wrap in quotes, or an array of identifier names to wrap in quotes.
* Each type supports dot-notation name.
* @param mixed $as The AS query part associated to $name. It can be string or array, in latter case it has to be
* same length of $name; if is null there will not be any AS part for string or array element.
*
* @return mixed The quote wrapped name, same type of $name.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function quoteName($name, $as = null)
{
if (is_string($name))
{
$quotedName = $this->quoteNameStr(explode('.', $name));
$quotedAs = '';
if (!is_null($as))
{
settype($as, 'array');
$quotedAs .= ' AS ' . $this->quoteNameStr($as);
}
return $quotedName . $quotedAs;
}
else
{
$fin = array();
if (is_null($as))
{
foreach ($name as $str)
{
$fin[] = $this->quoteName($str);
}
}
elseif (is_array($name) && (count($name) == count($as)))
{
$count = count($name);
for ($i = 0; $i < $count; $i++)
{
$fin[] = $this->quoteName($name[$i], $as[$i]);
}
}
return $fin;
}
}
/**
* Quote strings coming from quoteName call.
*
* @param array $strArr Array of strings coming from quoteName dot-explosion.
*
* @return string Dot-imploded string of quoted parts.
*
* @since 11.3
*/
protected function quoteNameStr($strArr)
{
$parts = array();
$q = $this->nameQuote;
foreach ($strArr as $part)
{
if (is_null($part))
{
continue;
}
if (strlen($q) == 1)
{
$parts[] = $q . $part . $q;
}
else
{
$parts[] = $q{0} . $part . $q{1};
}
}
return implode('.', $parts);
}
/**
* This function replaces a string identifier <var>$prefix</var> with the string held is the
* <var>tablePrefix</var> class variable.
*
* @param string $sql The SQL statement to prepare.
* @param string $prefix The common table prefix.
*
* @return string The processed SQL statement.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function replacePrefix($sql, $prefix = '#__')
{
$escaped = false;
$startPos = 0;
$quoteChar = '';
$literal = '';
$sql = trim($sql);
$n = strlen($sql);
while ($startPos < $n)
{
$ip = strpos($sql, $prefix, $startPos);
if ($ip === false)
{
break;
}
$j = strpos($sql, "'", $startPos);
$k = strpos($sql, '"', $startPos);
if (($k !== false) && (($k < $j) || ($j === false)))
{
$quoteChar = '"';
$j = $k;
}
else
{
$quoteChar = "'";
}
if ($j === false)
{
$j = $n;
}
$literal .= str_replace($prefix, $this->tablePrefix, substr($sql, $startPos, $j - $startPos));
$startPos = $j;
$j = $startPos + 1;
if ($j >= $n)
{
break;
}
// Quote comes first, find end of quote
while (true)
{
$k = strpos($sql, $quoteChar, $j);
$escaped = false;
if ($k === false)
{
break;
}
$l = $k - 1;
while ($l >= 0 && $sql{$l} == '\\')
{
$l--;
$escaped = !$escaped;
}
if ($escaped)
{
$j = $k + 1;
continue;
}
break;
}
if ($k === false)
{
// Error in the query - no end quote; ignore it
break;
}
$literal .= substr($sql, $startPos, $k - $startPos + 1);
$startPos = $k + 1;
}
if ($startPos < $n)
{
$literal .= substr($sql, $startPos, $n - $startPos);
}
return $literal;
}
/**
* Renames a table in the database.
*
* @param string $oldTable The name of the table to be renamed
* @param string $newTable The new name for the table.
* @param string $backup Table prefix
* @param string $prefix For the table - used to rename constraints in non-mysql databases
*
* @return JDatabaseDriver Returns this object to support chaining.
*
* @since 11.4
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public abstract function renameTable($oldTable, $newTable, $backup = null, $prefix = null);
/**
* Select a database for use.
*
* @param string $database The name of the database to select for use.
*
* @return boolean True if the database was successfully selected.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
abstract public function select($database);
/**
* Sets the database debugging state for the driver.
*
* @param boolean $level True to enable debugging.
*
* @return boolean The old debugging level.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function setDebug($level)
{
$previous = $this->debug;
$this->debug = (bool) $level;
return $previous;
}
/**
* Sets the SQL statement string for later execution.
*
* @param mixed $query The SQL statement to set either as a JDatabaseQuery object or a string.
* @param integer $offset The affected row offset to set.
* @param integer $limit The maximum affected rows to set.
*
* @return JDatabaseDriver This object to support method chaining.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
public function setQuery($query, $offset = 0, $limit = 0)
{
$this->sql = $query;
$this->limit = (int) max(0, $limit);
$this->offset = (int) max(0, $offset);
return $this;
}
/**
* Set the connection to use UTF-8 character encoding.
*
* @return boolean True on success.
*
* @since 11.1
*/
abstract public function setUTF();
/**
* Method to commit a transaction.
*
* @return void
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
abstract public function transactionCommit();
/**
* Method to roll back a transaction.
*
* @return void
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
abstract public function transactionRollback();
/**
* Method to initialize a transaction.
*
* @return void
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
abstract public function transactionStart();
/**
* Method to truncate a table.
*
* @param string $table The table to truncate
*
* @return void
*
* @since 11.3
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function truncateTable($table)
{
$this->setQuery('TRUNCATE TABLE ' . $this->quoteName($table));
$this->execute();
}
/**
* Updates a row in a table based on an object's properties.
*
* @param string $table The name of the database table to update.
* @param object &$object A reference to an object whose public properties match the table fields.
* @param array $key The name of the primary key.
* @param boolean $nulls True to update null fields or false to ignore them.
*
* @return boolean True on success.
*
* @since 11.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public function updateObject($table, &$object, $key, $nulls = false)
{
$fields = array();
$where = array();
if (is_string($key))
{
$key = array($key);
}
if (is_object($key))
{
$key = (array) $key;
}
// Create the base update statement.
$statement = 'UPDATE ' . $this->quoteName($table) . ' SET %s WHERE %s';
// Iterate over the object variables to build the query fields/value pairs.
foreach (get_object_vars($object) as $k => $v)
{
// Only process scalars that are not internal fields.
if (is_array($v) or is_object($v) or $k[0] == '_')
{
continue;
}
// Set the primary key to the WHERE clause instead of a field to update.
if (in_array($k, $key))
{
$where[] = $this->quoteName($k) . '=' . $this->quote($v);
continue;
}
// Prepare and sanitize the fields and values for the database query.
if ($v === null)
{
// If the value is null and we want to update nulls then set it.
if ($nulls)
{
$val = 'NULL';
}
// If the value is null and we do not want to update nulls then ignore this field.
else
{
continue;
}
}
// The field is not null so we prep it for update.
else
{
$val = $this->quote($v);
}
// Add the field to be updated.
$fields[] = $this->quoteName($k) . '=' . $val;
}
// We don't have any fields to update.
if (empty($fields))
{
return true;
}
// Set the query and execute the update.
$this->setQuery(sprintf($statement, implode(",", $fields), implode(' AND ', $where)));
return $this->execute();
}
/**
* Execute the SQL statement.
*
* @return mixed A database cursor resource on success, boolean false on failure.
*
* @since 12.1
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
abstract public function execute();
/**
* Unlocks tables in the database.
*
* @return JDatabaseDriver Returns this object to support chaining.
*
* @since 11.4
* @throws RuntimeException
*/
public abstract function unlockTables();
}
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